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UP TO DATE. f !By PavER.} j The debate in the House of Commons 011 Friday last on the amendment of Sir Charles Dilke dealing" with the appointment of county magistrates has opened the eyef of many to the abominable manner j in which the Bench has been packed in the past. I can safelv say that the majority of those who know anything at all about the way in whicn j magistrates are appointed. and the mode in which justice is dealt out consider the whole thing a perfect farce. Of course there are exceptions to every rule, and I do not exclude the magisterial J bench. No matter how perfect and upright a man may be if he does not happen to side with a I particular side or even makes himself too in- dependent, there is little hope of his being elevated I to the bench. Personally, I consider that the appointment of magistrates should ba carried out with the greatest eare, and without the slightest thought as to party questions. I am pleased to say that only one Welsh member voted against Sir Charles Dilke's amendment, and he found himself in the minority. Mr. A. J. Williams. M.P., was in his place and voted with the majority. --0- The state of things in Wales withreapcot to the magisterial bench is indicated by the fact that in tho county of Cardigan, out of a total of 130 magistrates, there are only nineteen Liberals. ¡ Within recent date nine new magistrates have j boon added to the of whom only two are Liberals. How fa.r this agrees with the political complexion of the country will appear from the circumstance that Cardiganshire is re- presented by a Liberal member, who at the general j election was returned by a majority of nearly two to one over a Dissentient Liberal. Mr, Boweu Rowlands has called the Home Secretary's atten- tion to this matter, which it is to be hoped, after the result of Friday night's debate, the Lord I Chancellor will deal with. Many potions trouble themselves to ascertain, who the solitary pass alloted to gallant little Wales went,-to on the'occa.sioa ef the introduction of the Home Rule Bill. Tho Western Mail has opened the eyes of many by the following aanouceraent y .1 The Cardi may go elowkbut ho gets these all the same. Mr. W. Bowen Rowlands, Q.O., WAS the lucky Welsh member who secured the single ticket which fell to Wales in the ballot for seats in the Gallery when the Prcrnier in. troduced the Home Hule Bal. It now transpires that the paf's went to Mr. W. Jones, grocer, Dyffrynoeri, Rhydlewis, near Newcastle Bmlyn I could have had any money for it" he told our. Barry correspondent. Radical inclined to be envious will be delighted to know that Mr, Jones is a Conservative of the good old sort. --(j- The National Anti-Gambling 'League is ap- parently making 'great progress, and judging from their enthusiastic meeting held by them in Loudon last week, under the chairmanship of the Rev. Hugh Price Hughes, they have done good work. One of the speakers hit the Press exceedingly hard, and deplored the publication of betting intelli- gence in the newspapers. He also expressed the opinion that progress on that question conld be affected more surely by education than by legisla- tion. Betting, he considered, was eating the heart out, of English field sports. Another speaker said he fonurl the remedy for gambling in the co- operation of the five p's that were hard to move, namely, the public, Press, Parliament, the police, and publio sentiment. -0- ?t Some Co-operative Supply Association which, under various names, flourish, manage to evade payment of income-tax by registering their asso- ciations under the Industrial and Provident Associations Act. The Chancellor of the Ex- chequer's attention has been called to this, and he haa been invited to consider how the law may be amended so as to bring the enormous profits of these companies within the jurisdiction of the Income Tax Commissioners. --0- I It is reported, the Pull Mali says, that one result of the Government's determination to undertake no legislation for England* Scotland, or Wales until the Home Rule Bill is out of the way has been to revive the dissatisfaction pre- viously expressed of the Welah Radicals. An ex- change of views has already taken place between a number of the Welsh members, and they are con- sidering in*- what direction they can best bring pressure to bear on the Government to give the Disestablishment Bill a chance of being-discussed iuad adopted by the Commons. I -0- Some of our volunteering friends appear to be oo(tMng remarkably well. A contemporary states that a local volunteer battalion has recently received its cheque for the capitation grant earned last year, and that this amounts to £,200 per com- pany. As the battalion consists of twelve com- panies, the total sum is a very handsome addition to the corps' funds. The earnings per company aro very high indeed, and demonstrate an almost un- expected decree of vitality in the Volunteer move- ment in Glamorganshire. —o— Labour demonstrations have during the past week been the order of the day, and in UlRtly places the number of persons that took part in them have Iteen very large. As usual, tt.e Londoners held their May Day gathering on Sunday, and it was -iai(I to have been the best organised, the most orderly, and the largest ever held. Commenting -upon the gathering, that well-known labour organ, {he Morning Leader, says The advocates of an eight hours day had every reason to be jubilant on Sunday. Only the other day they carried their point in the House of Commons so far as minera are concerned, and received on that occasion the support of Mr. Gladstone. Of course the eight-hours day advo- cates would find that the House which decided in their favour when they brought forward a par- ticular industry to which the regulation could be easily applied, and with regard to which it ia demanded by nine-tenths of the workers, would would not listen so readily te a, vague claim for an eight hours day for everybody everywhere. Perhaps the most striking and satisfactory feature of Sunday's huge gathering was the eniphatie manner in which John Burns enforoed the d.octrine of legal and Parliamentary agita- tion and the folly of strikes so long as they can in any way be avoided. Tho fact, too, that these sentimentf were received with great cheering ahowa tha.t the men can recognise and a,ppreciato good sense when they hear it. -0- As I stated in last week's notes, on Saturday a disputation, organised by the Amalgamated Glass Trade Association of Gre.1t Britain, and directly ^representative of between 250,008 and SOO.OOO British artizana, and including delegates from the Trades' Councils of London. Manchester, Glasgow, Sunderland, Predion, Halifax, Crewe, Sheffield, and St. Helen's, waited on Mr. Muadella, the President of the Beard of Trade, to urge upon the Government the paramount necessity of every foreign article imported being marked with the place iai origin. The deputation was a very large and was introduced by Colonel Howard Yincent, who explained its object. Mr. Mundella sawl ho was anxious for the maintenance of the .supremacy of our coiMMeroe aad manufactories. Ho disoumed the histçry of the Merchandise Marks Act in detail, and said that no earnest trades- could conntellanee the frauds to which re- ference had beea made. Eraty false representation under the Act was made pes»l. It was, however, impossible to put the mark of origin on all foreign. gooda which come to this country, and that had been the conclusion como to by the Committee which had inquired into the subject. What was w- aiitgcl wis that the present Act should be tiwroughly administered, and that he promised to *see carried out.









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