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LOCAL NOTES, -o T I IE.Cf.E OR PUBMC LAM VS. In another column our readers will notice a report of a discussion that took place last Tuesday at the Local Board meeting with regard .to permitting the Y.M.C.A. to place ihe letters Y.M.C.A. on a public lamp •wgiich happens to be just outside their premises. It by all parties in the State alike viz., that public money must go to public purposes. We consider that Mr. Jewel Williams was perfectly in the right in objecting to have a public lamp used for ad- vertising purposes. The Working Men's Club jit Holton may, with equal right and propriety, ask the Board to allow them to advertise the club on a public lamp, for that also is an institution to which all may belong- It is no excuse to say that the Y.M.C.A. is a religious institution and the club is not, for the Local Board has no more to do with the success of religion than it has with the success of a club. THE IIOLTON DEPUTATION. On Tuesday a deputation from Holton waited on the Local Board to ask them to leave in abeyance one of their bye-laws. The bye- law in question provides that a tank and proper flushing apparatus should be attached to every water-closet in the district. The deputation complained (i.) that the bye-law was being enforced, (il.) that it was enforced unfairly and unequally, and (iii.) that it was enforced against the wish of the ratepayers. We were sorry to see that several members of the Board seemed disposed to truckle to the deputation, and to allow the bye-law to remain in abeyance. This is a very serious matter, and we can not believe that it lies within the power of the Board not to enforce their bye-laws. The bye-law of a local authority is a private law, which is as binding within the Local Board :y,rea as ail Act of Parliament is in her Majesty s dominions. We vpry much doubt whether the Board can legally allow the bye-law to remain in abeyance, and we feel sure that it will be out of order for the Board to discuss the matter at the next meeting. RESCIND THE BYE-LAW OR ENFORCE IT. There are only two courses open to the Board, In our opinion they can either rescind the bye- law in question or they must make up their minds to enforce it. Some of the members, as we have said, seem inclined to adopt a policy of funk" while others have always frankly opposed the bye-law, as it presses too hard, ac- cording to them, on the property-owners. But the remedy lies, not in refusing to enforce the bye- law, but in rescinding fit. But before the bye-law can be rescinded, the consent of the Local Government Board must be obtained and whatever the faults of the Board may be, it cannot be laid to its charge that it will prefer the interests of the property owners to the interests of sanitation. It is because they recognise the impossibility of ridding the pro- perty owners of their just and legal obligations with the aid of the Local Government Board, that the representatives of the property owners on the Board propose that the bye law should remain among the Board's bye-laws, but that it should not be enforced. THE I!YE-LAW NOT UNFAIRLY JCN RCED. ( The bve-law has not been unl T enforce, It has been in existence since w .?oard ftas been in existence exery propert./ owner built his houses knowing, or having the means of knowing, that such a by<3-law did exist. It is absurd to say that Holton has been picked out specially by the Board for the enforcement of that bye-law for notices similar to those which have been served in Holton. have been served or will shortly be served all over the district. It is equally untrue to say that Mr. Phillips has been unfairly dealt with in being picked out for prosecution by the Board. The Board wished to make an example, which would have a good effect on other property owners therefore they had to get a man who would fight his case. Mr. Phillips was said to be willing to tight the Board and Mr. Phillips 1 11 was, therefore, threatened with legal pro- ceedings. WHERE THE UNFAIRNESS COMES IN. The unfairness, nay the injustice, would come in if the Board were to refuse to enforce the bye-law. All over the district property owners have been compelled to put up proper flushing apparatus in consequence of the bye- law. Why should some owners be compelled to do this. while others arc let olV, simply bccaus e they have possessed more hardihood to defy the Board, and to jeopardise the health of the district ? There is no manner of unfairness or injustice in compelling property owners to put up proper Hashing apparatus. There is no class of people who have done better at Barry than the owners of property, and we question whether there are any who arc doing so well at the present time. We believe we are right in saying that few of them get less than f> per cent, on their investments rents are even yet higher at Barry than they are at Cardiff and by asking the property owners to spend some money in providing proper sanitation for the district, the Local Board are only asking those who are best able to do it, and those who as a class, have reaped the greatest benefit out of the district. AIIE THE i; VTKl'AYKItS (C'PU.-ED TO THE liYE-LAM" 'i We were told over and over again by the deputation that the ratepayers were against the enforcement of the bye-- law, and that the Board knew it. But is that so ? If the ratepayers are opposed to it, they should have made it. as General Lee said, the test question at the last election. Since that w not done. we may be pcrmittc.1 to express our disbelief in any such opposition on the part of the ratepayers. No one who knows the state of our sewers, after a week's fine weather, can deny that something must bo done if we are to make Barry a healthy town. The deputation suggested that it would be cheaper if the Board would thi.sh the sewers, instead of insisting that each water- closet should be flushed. We quite agree with the deputation it would be eheaper-for the property-owners. But would it be cheaper for the ratepayers V In the first place, the Local Board, <.>■. the ratepayers, would have to provide proper apparatus for flushing the Board s men and the Board s horses would be used and the Board would have to pay the Company for the water used. At present every householder has to pay the water company for water for a flushing appara- tus which, in inaMy cases, lie never gets. If the suggestion of the deputation were adopted, the water would be paid for twice—by the Board and by the householder—and the only pocket saved would be that of the pro- perty owner. HEALTH HEFORE WILil.T fi. It is by this time a truism to say that there is a great future in store for Barry. But the greatest legacy of all that we can hand down to our successors is a healthy town. whose sanita- tation is as perfect as possible. It is far better that the percentage of the owners of property should be a little less than that the town should be rendered unhealthy through defective sani- tary arrangements. It is said that the cholera has saved more people than it has kiiled, because it has compelled our Govern- ment and our local authorities to pay more attention to sanitation. The near approach of the cholera will, we trust, outweigh even the selfish grumblings of our property ownors. We hope that we shall hear no more of the cholera at this time: and if we do not have a return of hot weather, it may be taken for granted ,) ::> that there will be little fear of an outbreak of choiera in England this year. But we jnust look to the future. THE <iOi.Ei;a. Eugene Sue, in his once popular novel, The Wandering Jew." imagined that the cobbler, who refused to. allow Christ to rest on his windowsill on the way to Calvary, was cursed with a fatal immortality, and that wherever an irresistible impulse took him, the dread sco«rge j of the cholera would follow. Though this, of course, was but a phantom of a novelist's imagi- nation, it is curious to observe how slowly the cholera epidemic does travel, exactly as if i^ fol- lowed the leisurelv movements of an immortal. In 1847-8 and 181)4-5 its route was something like this. One year it would be heard of in Persia or some country still farther j east next year it would have travelled to the seaport towns of Western Europe: and the following year it would devastate our own country. The present epidemic has hitherto followed the same course. Last year it was in the east, this year it is in Hamburg, Havre, and the continental towns if the precedents of former years will be followed, next year we will have it in our midst. It is, therefore, of the most vital importance that we should make the sanitary arrangements of the district as perfect as possible. Dr. Thompson, the Local Government Board inspector, laid the greatest stress on the enforcement of the bye-law which has proved such a rock of offence to property owners. We would advise the Board to hearken to the disinterested advice of a *■■a.ntnt. rather than to the grumblings of a pampered j ;lass.






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