A TRAMP ACROSS "WALES, [BY THE REV. J. H. STOWELL, M.A.] YII I. STOIDfY ASCEXT OF SXOWDON SCEX E PROAt FAUST—THE SUMMIT—G-LASLYN—PENY- PASS—PENYGWRYD — A CELEBRATED POEM- (JAPEIj CURIO—HOTEL DOGS—BETTWS-Y-COED SWALLOW FALLS—MIXERS' BRIDGE-COXW A Y FALL—PENTRE VOELAS. On Monday morning, May 30th, exactly a. week after leaving Barry, I looked eagerly out of the window of the Quellyn Arms Hotel at Rhyd Ddu to see what prospect there was of a fair-weather ascent of Snowdon. To my dismay the clouds were still low and the wind was high, and. con- sidering my failure of the previous day. chances seemed sadly against me. Did the landlady think it possible ? No. She thought it out of the ques- tion for a stranger, and especially one attempting it alone. Would it be safe with a guide ? Perhaps. She would send and ask. And so the guide came, a lanky man with sandy whiskers and very little English. I told him that I must get to the top of Snowdon. Yes." he said, five shillings. -'And I want to go down on the other side." "Yes," he continued, that is ten shillings." These were high prices, I thought, for a free and open moun- tain but I agreed that he should take me to the top and see me safely on to the descending road towards Penygwryd for 5s. So we started. Before getting quite clear of the village he asked me to wait, and making for one out of a row of small stone cottages, and shout- ing a significant message to a neighbour, about Y Wyddfa, and the prospective five shillings he returned, not with alpenstocks and ropes as I half expected he would, but with a large baggy umbrella, his only weapon. ALer about twenty minutes climb we paused for breath, and enjoyed the only real piece of scenery visible on the whole ascent. The green sides of the hills were now clear, and far below us were two small lakes and to the west along a kind of telescope, formed three parts by the valley, and the fourth by the heavy white mist just above us, we could see the distinct outline of Carnarvon Castle, and the gleam of water beyond. A few minutes later we came to ,some old sheep pens and a heap of stones, land- marks for which I had vainly sought on the previous day. The heap of stones my book in- formed me Marks the spot where Mr. Cox, a tourist, who had ascended Snowden in winter, died of ex- haustion so I was curious to see it. My living guide said nothing until I called his attention to it, and then he informed me solemnly "A man is dead here." Higher up, if I may be permitted the paradox, the scenery became very grand though there was nothing to see mist, dry white mist driving in a perfect tempest, formed the only landscape. I had to holla for my guide more than once, he strode on at such a rate and disappeared as though carried off in a whirlwind. The most ex- citing moment was when we reached the long narrow ridu'fTof Bvvlch-y-Maeu with a precipice apparently on each side. Certainly the path was five or six feet across, but the wind was like someone trying to push you over, and the roar and bellowing of these two bottomless abysses made me think of Faust on the Brocken. As my strange looking guide turned to give me a warning I could easily picture him as Mephistopheles speaking :— Firmly seize The old projections of the ribbed rock- Else it will blow you down into the chasm Yawning below us like a sepulchre. the wild winds through tke rain Are howling, hissing, and hallooing Down the valleys how they sweep, Round and round, above and under, Rend the giant cliffs asunder, And with shout and scream appalling, Catch the mighty fragments falling I was glad to get safely to the broader ground bevond, and finally to the top. We had started about ten o'clock, and about mid-day we were seated on the cairn at the summit thinking of what we would like to drink. There were several amall wooden refreshment rooms on this elevated building site. but they were strongly barred and bolted (waiting, I suppose, for better weather and larger custom). So we had to content ourselves with 'mv condensed milk. I made a fresh hole in the tin a larger one. specially for the benefit of the guide, and he took a long drink. But I don't think he liked it; he would'nt have any more. However I pacified him. and helped him to get the taste out of his mouth with some honest lunch biscuits; and as the mist shewed no signs of lifting nor the wind of abating we determined to move on at once. He was to put me safely on the road to Penygwryd. But his movements at first by no means inspired me with confidence. After going a short distance down a gentle slope he went to one side, and grasping his hat in one hand and his umbrella in the other he peered long and anxiously into the mist. And then he shook his head and proceeded a little further along, and repeated this peering process. What was he doing Looking for the road to Penygwryd. I shuddered at the thought of the blind leading the blind about the summit of Snowdon; but there was nothing for it but to trust him. At length he seemed satisfied, and point- ing down the mountain side said to me, That is the road." Dear me," I said, it doesn't look like it. Are your sure ?" Yes," he replied. Is it. a straight road ?" "Yes." Straight all the way to Penygwryd Yes," he replied unblushingly, though common sense told me he was uttering an ■A impossible untruth. But I took him to mean the road was easy to find. After making him pledge limself with every solemnity short of an oath that ^-couldn't fail to descend in safety, I paid him and L him go. And then I almost instantly wished iadn't. for I could see no road. I went a few ps in the direction he had pointed to me, and ind myself going diagonally across a very steep fountain side, on a. wilderness of loose stones, and tf a furious tempest of wind and mist. I could 18 only three or four yards ahead. But in a little time the mist decreased, and I could trace a path- way. and presently a small lake came in sight and I found myself in Glaslyn, a deserted mining settlement at the side of the lake. From here the way was an unmistakable cart road, and I was now in the clear bright atmosphere far below the inist. The tops of the hills were all hidden. But by 1.30 p.m. the weather had so improved that the distant hills in front of me gradually showed themselves completely sunlit, and only the top of Snowdon remained behind the veil. Along the shore of Llyn Llydaw and out into the main road from Llanberis, through the wild scenery of Peny- pass. I went, arriving about 2.15 p.m. at the inn .at Penygwryd, famous for the verses which Charles Kingsley and Thomas Hughes, the author of Tom Brown's School Days," have left in the hotel book. I did not go in to inspect the original, but quote the following specimen from the version in my guide- book Oh. my dear namesake's breeches, yon never see the like, He bust them all so shameful a crossing of a dyke But Mrs. Owen patched them as careful as a mother 'With flannel of three colours-she hadn't got no other." I reached Capel Curig at 3.45 in very good trim, contenting myself with wayside drinks and the lunch biscuits from my knapsack, thinking to have a late tea on arrival at Bettws-y-Coed. The ,weather began to be as charming as could be desired, and again and again I turned to enjoy the mag- nificent views that were to be had of the huge Moel Siabod and the now distant Snowdon Range, of which only the highest peak was still hid in a ileecy cloud, and it was with considerable satis- faction that I reflected on the labours of the morn- ing. and realised that I had come verily from ont of=that same fleecy cloud to the broad bosom of earth since mid-day that I had been as far into the sky as it is possible to get in Eng- land or Wales, and had come safely back again. There is a very large hotel at Capel Curig, and for miles along a splendid carriage road between this place and Bettws there are small hotels and boarding-houses apparently prepared for a great influx of visitors. My note-book here contains the following reflection :—"Hotel dogs seem to know likely customers by the wag' of their tails." By this I meant not to reflect on any peculiarity, caudal or otherwise, in the customers, but to remark the obsequious affability of the sleepy -dogs that abound in these lodging-houses. They seem to me to have been trained to tout for customers. Instead of looking business-like and barking a little, as any conscientious watch-dog will do at a stranger, these animals the moment they spied me would come in a subdued caper, positively smiling, and wagging their tails with mingled welcome and deference, and then trot off to their front door (ever open to new-comers so early in the season), and return again as though to say, I am so glad you have come the rooms are quite ready, and we shall do our utmost, you may be sure, to make you quite comfortable." This, and the plaintive disappointment eloquently ,expressed in their whole attitude and expression as I ruthlessly passed on. would have afforded a study for Landseer. At five p.m. I drew near Bettws-y-Coed and lingered at one or two very picturesque points in the approach to this most beautiful of all Welsh inland towns. A,river runs for several miles in a ravine on the left, and sud- denly,descends something like 120 feet in three fine cascades known as the Swallow Falls. Beyond this the stream goes on cascading on a smaller scale for a considerable distance, adding an inde- finable charm to the otherwise rich natural attrac- tiveness 'of the scenery. Near the town another of the local show-places is the Miners' Bridge, a narrow gangway across this same tumbling stream rising nt an angle cf 45 degrees from the low gravel on one side to the rocks 30 feet above on the other side. Bettws itself is the centre of a natural para- dise. the spot where three valleys converge, each teeming with luxuriant foliage, and each with its clear and dashing stream. In every direction there is rest and entertainment for the eye. But if Bettws has a fault it is that it is too well appre- ciated. The town is little else than a colony of hotels and boarding-houses the unsophisticated rustic is conspicuous by his absence, and at every corner the insidious tout will pounce upon the unwary visitor. I fled from Bettws. It was 'still early in the evening, and I hoped to cover some of the road to- wards Bala before nightfall. Grand views of Snowdon opened out as I passed along the great Holyhead turnpike. This is regarded, I believe. as one of the best roads in the country, broad and level, an ideal road for cyclists. A mile or two out from Bettws, close by the roadside. I was delighted with another huge leap of water in the Conway Fall. The river Conway, both at this spot and for several miles further, struck me as being the prettiest of all the streams I had yet seen in Wales. At 9.15 p.m. I arrived thoroughly tired, but feeling that I had enjoyed the great and central day of my tour after having covered about 28 miles on foot at the ancient and highly respectable village of Pentre Voelas. Here I found a first-rate hotel, and satisfaction for a gigantic appetite. (To be contin ued.)
BRIDGEND NOTES. The new School Board for the United district of Bridgend met for the first time on Tuesday. The first business, that of the election of chairman, did not present any great difficulty in the way of mem- bers, as all were unanimous in stating that they could not elect a. chairman of greater experience or ability than the retiring chairman (Mr. Thomas Stockwood). This important matter having been settled to the satisfaction of all, the general busi- ness was then proceeded with. The chief item of interest was the report (ablv drawn up by the Clerk), and anyone interested in the educatum of the young in this district will read with pleasure the narrative of progress and success which that report reveals. Satisfaction is expressed at the continued success of the Bridgend scholars at their annual examina- tions. and the fact that the highest possible sum has been earned in grant is duly noted. This is a matter which vitally interests the ratepayers, and their thanks are due to the teachers for the care and attention they have bestowed upon their duties. A large portion of the sum derived during the last three years from the rates was devoted to paying for the buildings, and this is an item which, of course, the Board cannot avoid. If the children are to have the benefit of meeting in large and suitably erected premises-and the importance of this is admitted by all-then the policy of paying off each year a portion of the principal as well as the interest is one of which most people will approve. The success which has attended the annual anniversary services at the English Congregational Chapel is referred to. with satisfaction by all members of the Christian community in Bridgend. The congregationalists are, perhaps, not so strong in point of numbers in this locality as some other Churches, but the manner in which the services were conducted on Sunday proves conclusively that they have members who are able and willing to devote their services to promote the religious well-being of the district. The anthems were rendered most creditably, and powerful sermons were delivered by the Rev. J..H. Lochore. of Swansea. The cycling world is rather quiet in this locality just now on account of so many cyclists being away at Aldershot with their regiment. The cyclists made a good show as they proceeded to the railway station on Friday evening last on their way to foreign service. A large number of towns- people witnessed the departure of the troops. The proceedings at the last Bridgend Local Board meeting re the alleged road obstructions were read with interest, and the letter of Mr. S. H. Stockwood, on behalf of Mr. C. P. Davies, J.P., denying that the public ever possessed the right to take carts past his residence makes things all the more interesting. In face of the expressed deter- mination of the Board to jealously guard the public interest in the road, the further progress of the matter will be keenly watched. On all hands one hears nothing but approval of the decision of the Board to support the action of their surveyor in resisting all road obstructions and encroachments. At the same time, there is no doubt that Mr. McGaul was quite justified in seeking for more definite informa- tion as to the public right of way before the Board pledged itself to any particular mode of action. Bathing is a pastime which, if indulged in at a proper time and at a proper place, is one to. be highly commended. Surely, however, these condi- tions cannot be said to be fulfilled when the would-be swimmers select a portion of the River Ogmore for their exercises immediately adjoining a y I public road. Could not something be done to put a stop to the selection of a bathing place with such manifest disadvantages ? Perhaps the powers that be will see to this when they have a little spare time.
PORTHCAWL NOTES. With the whirligig of time this excellent holiday. which should be made and called Christmas instead of the cold dreary one at the end of the year, has come around once again, and the thousands of young with the old have had a chance of a thorough holiday, especially at Porthcawl. where the younsters can romp and play to their hearts content with no danger of any kind near them. By road and by rail 10,000 visited Porthcawl as usual there was nothing here to attract anyone, and the weather being rather boisterous there were clouds of dust flying about, and the dust here is not of the blackish appearance found elsewhere. It is more like the dust of tobacco-whitish. The excursionists were as busy as any lot we ever saw at the place, for ever on the move, either perambulating upon the shores or dipping in the sea. There is one thing certain, the visitors are bent upon having the worth of their money when they come. With the advent of the dusty colliers into the place, there seems to come over all a change that they can no account for. All cold, formal greet- ings along the Dock. Esplanade, and Beach are dispensed with, and instead of all the formalities there comes a hearty greeting, and an expression in words one can't mistake. What warmth and deep reality there seems to be attached to these words And the most trite saying seems to flow from their lips as water down a hill, but it is when the collier applies colliery terms to things nautical that he seems to be most amusing. The most mixed meta- phor uttered with the greatest earnestness and gravity. 0. C. Evans presided at the weekly temperance meeting, and made an introductory speech dealing with drunkeness as a social blot. Miss Priscilla Howe made a short telling address. Dr. Williams sang and so did .Mr. Thomas Williams, Cardiff. Rev. W. Davies. Treorky, and Mr. T. James ad- dressed the meeting in English. Ten pledges were taken. On Sunday evening a united service was held on the Green." The Welsh singing of the fervent hymns was most impressive. There were a num- ber of English ignoramuses who thought they were doing the grand by smoking their cigars. Poor fellows How small some idiotic people can make themselves before hundreds. By mixing a little with the colliers they will learn a little of true gentlemanliness. Rev. J. H. Miles spoke in a capital strain of the Resurrection as manifested in the Gospel of Christ." Mr. Thomas, a student from Morriston. spoke well of the influence of true religion in forming lives. Mr. Anthony Lewis spoke also, and concluded with prayer. There was a large concourse of people.
-.> CONSUMPTION CURED.-An old Physician, retired from practice, had placed in his hands by an East India. Missionary the formula of a simple vegetable remedy for the speedy and permanent cure of Con- sumption. Bronchitis, Catarrh, Ashma, and all Throat and Lung Affections, also a positive and radical cure for Nervous Debility and all Nervous Complaints. Hav- ing tested its wonderful curative powers in thousands of cases, and desiring to relieve human sufferiug, I will send free of charge, to all who wish it, this receipt in German, French, or English, with full directions for preparing and using. Sent by post by addressing, with stamp, naming this paper, Dr. J. P. MOUNTAIN, .W3, Percy-street, London, W. .116, Percy-street, London, W.
OGMORE AND GARW LOCAL BOARD. An ordinary meeting of the Ogmore and Garw Local Board was held at Brynmenin on Tuesday evening, when there were present—Mr. J. Blandy Jenkins (chairman), Messrs. John Owen, Llewellyn, n. S. Rees, John Williams, D. Edwards, Thomas Rees, Jenkin Williams, Daniel Price, S. H. Stock- wood (clerk), and H. Dawkin Williams (surveyor). FINANCE COMMITTEE. Amongst other accounts ordered to be paid was a sum of £60 for the clerk's salary for half a year. and £2/; lIis. for expenses incurred by him. Mr. Edwards said he understood that the £ 80 each half-year paid to the clerk was intended to cover out of pocket expenses.—The Chairman (Mr. Llewellyn), however, said that such was not the case, and that it was the custom of the Board to pay for the items charged in the clerk's account. —Mr. Edwards thereupon withdrew his opposi- tion, and a cheque was ordered to be signed for the clerk for :I;: 86 15s. A POLLUTED WATER SUPPLY. The medical officer of health (Dr. Thomas) re- ported that he had inspected the water supply at Greenhill street, Pontycymmer, and Mount Pleasant. Greenhill had its supply from an un- covered well. situated within about 12 yards of a closet, which stands on a much higher level than the well, and might at any time percolate to the well. If any infectious matter got to that closet the great probability was that the well would be- come contaminated, and he had no hesitation in condemning that supply as being very dangerous for dietary purposes. Mount Pleasant derived its supply from a spout which formed the terminus of an open gutter—which gutter was accessible to the ramblings of fowls, pigs. and kindred animals— (laughter)—and during rainy weather that source became charged with so many dirty solids as to render the water quite turbid. That source was quite unfit to be used for drinking purposes on account of its liability to contamination, and should at once be stopped by order of she Board. The Chairman asked if there was any reason why the owners of the property referred to in the medical officer's report should not be ordered to provide a proper water supply.—The Surveyor stated that there was no reason why that should not be done, as the houses in question abutted upon the road through which the mains passed. He had re- ported upon a similar case at Pontycymmer, and what he suggested there was that a standpipe be erected.—The Chairman asked who were the owners of the houses, but the Surveyor could not say.— Mr. Llewellyn You are not quite clear as to these houses being close to the mains, are you '—The Surveyor Yes.—The Chairman said there did not seem to be any reason why the owners should not be served with notice to provide the houses with a proper water supply. He moved that that be done, and this was resolved unanimously. Mr. Llewellyn said he expected that when the owners got the notices they would think they had been hardly dealt with as there were other pro- perties in the district not supplied with a proper water supply. The tenants had to pay pretty stiff rents, and it would be as well if they as a Board took steps to get them a proper water supply.— The Chairman said the Inspector ought to report such cases.—Mr. Llewellyn was afraid that the Inspector had reported them, and nothing had been done by the Board.—The Chairman said the Board were serving notices where they knew there was a defective supply. THE ELECTRIC LIGHT. The Surveyor (Mr. H. D. Williams) reported that, iti reply to his inquiry, he was informed that at Abercanaid—a mining village—the charge was £80 per annum for 25 electric lamps (incandescent). The lamps were of 16 candle power. At Lynmouth the lamps were equal to 32 candle power at a cost of 50s. per lamp. A letter was read from the Electric Lighting Company asking that the Board would consent to the omission of the provision in the contract for a deposit of £1,000 by the Company as a guarantee that the work would be completed. The Company pointed out that they had already expended more than that sum on works in the district, and sug- gested that that was quite a sufficient guarantee that the Company would, in its own interests, complete the lighting of the district.—Upon the proposition of the Chairman, the Board unani- mously decided that it be a recommendation to the Board of Trade to omit that clause requiring the deposit of £1,000. The Electric Light Company also wrote offering to supply the district with 100 lamps at 60s. each per annum, 125 lamps at 55s., or with 150 lamps at 50s. per annum. The Surveyor stated that the cost to the Board of the oil lamps now in use was £2 18s. 6d. each per annum.
BRIDGEND SCHOOL ABOARD. The first meeting of the newly-elected Bridgend School Board was held at the Board School, Bridgend, on Tuesday morning. The members present were Rev. W. John, Messrs. T. Stockwood, W. MoGaul, J. Evans, W. Powell, and W. Buckley. ELECTION OF CHAIRMAN. Mr. Buckley having taken the chair pro tcm., the Rev. W. John moved that Mr. Thomas Stock- wood be re-elected chairman. He said that the old Board was greatly indebted to Mr. Stockwood for the manner in which he had discharged the duties of chairman, and they could not do better than retain his services in that capacity.—The motion was seconded by Mr. J. Evans and unani- mously adopted.—Mr. Stockwood then took the chair, and briefly thanked the members for his appointment. FINANCIAL. The Clerk reported that the balance in the bank was £207 9s. 7d. REVIEW OF THE BOARD'S WORK. The Clerk (Mr. W. Cooke) reviewing the work of the late Board, stated that the members were elected on the 22nd July, 1889. the first meeting being held on the 6tli August, 1889. The members were* Mr. W. Buckley, Rev.' T. Cole, Rev. F. W. Edmonds, Mr. T. Jenkins, Rev. W. John, Mr. T. T. Lewis, and Mr. T. Stockwood. Mr. T. Stockwood was elected chairman, and the Rev. T. Cole, vice-chair- man. The Board sustained a severe loss through the death of the Vice-chairman (Rev. T. Cole) on the 28th March, 1891. The Rev. W. John was chosen vice-chairman, and Mr. J. Evans was elected to fill the vacancy on the Board. Thirty-six ordinary and 11 adjourned and special meetings of the Board were held during the past three years, and the following is f list of the attendances of the members:—Mr. Thomas Stockwood,42 attendances; Mr. W. Buckley, 3!1; Rev. F. W. Edmondes, 38 Rev. W. John. 29 Mr. T. Tamplin Lewis, 23 Mr. T. Jenkins. 23; Mr. J. Evans. 16: and Rev. T. Cole, 12. The amount drawn from the rates during the three years for current expenses (including six instalments of loans and interest amounting to £935 6s. 6d.) was £1,990, equal to 3*77 in the £ or nearly 8d. in the £ per annum on the rateable value of £20,OWI. There had been no change in regard to the head teachers of the Boys' and In- fants. Miss Francis who had held the position of head mistress of the Girls since November, 1882, having resigned, Miss D. Lougher was appointed to the post in October, 1890. The reports of exami- nations held by Her Majesty's Inspectors had been uniformly satisfactory, the grants earned being the highest obtainable. On the passing of the Elementary Education Act 1891, the Board adopted it, and the schools became free from 1st September, 1891, the Education Department giving a fee grant of 10s. per annum for each child — over 3 and under 15—in average attendance, in lieu of the school fees previously charged. A census of the children in the United School District of Bridgend was taken in March of this year, which showed the following results —Children between 5 and 14 years of age-boys, 397 girls, 423 total. 820. Between 3 and 5 years of age—boys, 67 girls, 89 total, 1;,6. Total number of children between 8 and 14 years of age, 976 children attending public schools, 781 ditto attending private schools, 125 chil- dren under 14 who were working, having passed the standard, 24 invalids, 9. Children not ac- counted for—boys, 10; girls, 27 total, 37. These were chiefly children under five years of age, who would be sent to school after the examinations. In connection with the Science and Art Depart- ment, South Kensington, andtthe Technical In- struction Committee of the Glamorgan County Council, classes had been conducted in art, mathe- matics, botany, geometry and artizan cookery had now been introduced. These classes had been fairly well attended, and promised to be of much service under the Welsh Intermediate Education Act. Bridgend had been chosen as a centre, and arrangements were being made for the erection of an intermediate school. The teaching staff at the Board Schools now consisted of—Boys' School one head master, two assistant masters, the ex-P.T.. and two probationers, the average attendance of scholars being 164. Girls' School one head mistress, two assistant mistresses, three pupil teachers, and one probationer. The average attendance was 152. Infants' School one head mistress, one assistant mistress, and two pupil teachers, with an average attendance of 122. The members expressed their .pleasure at the success which had attended the efforts of the old Board. The Board then adjourned.
BRIDGEND PETTY SESSIONS. SATURDAY.—Before Mr. R. W. Llewellyn, Mr. C. P. Davies, Mr. R. K. Pritchard, and Mr. R. L. Knight. fTEMPORARY TRANSFER.—The licence of the Royal Oak, Kenfig Hill, was temporarily trans- ferred to David Jenkins, from William Jones Jenkins. A DANGEROUS CROSSING. — Gomer Walters, Court Ucha-terrace, Taibach. was summoned for trespassing on the Great Western Railway at Port Talbot.—Inspector Bamford said that he saw defendant crossing the line about 500 yards from Port Talbot.-It being stated that the company did not wish to press for a severe penalty, defen- dant was fined 10s., including costs.—Mr. Smith, jun. (Messrs. W. Robinson and Son), Swansea, prosecuted. WIFE ASSAULT AT BLAENGARW. — Howell Lewis, 7. Railway-terrace, Blaengarw, was sum- moned for assaulting his wife, Sephoreh Lewis.- Mr. T. J. Huerhes appeared for complainant, and stated that the husband had repeatedly assaulted and ill-treated his wife with his fists, but now he had got to using the poker on her.-Sephoreh Lewis, 7, Railway-terrace, Blaengarw, said they had been married eleven years. The oldest child was nine and the youngest just over a year. He had blackened hAr eyes more than once, and had bruised her in January last. He had bruised her frequently before January. Up till last Monday he had been content with using his fist. At 1.30 on Monday last he returned home after drinSTng, but he was sober. She had got his dinner ready in the oven, and was engaged suckling the baby. He was in a bad temper. She turned to the pantry to prepare some food for the child. lie followed her and commenced to strike her and illuse her. He hit her on the face and on the body. and she had marks on her then. She went into the kitchen and he followed her. She fell on the floor; and he kicked her. The baby was on the table. She told him that it would cost him dear, when, he said" Come here you old —, and I will finish with you." He then got hot hold of the poker and struck her on the face with it. She was afraid that her life was in danger.—David Williams, Railway-terrace, Blaengarw. said he was the owner of the house were complainant and defendant lodged. He saw complainant after the assault, unconscious. He asked defendant what he had been doing, and he said that he had done it and did not care a bit. He added that he would take a month for it on account. She had got a temper, but was a good sort of a woman.-Defendant pleaded that he was drunk at the time, and did not know what he was doing. The Bench ordered -him to go to gaol for one month. ARREARS OF GAS RENT.—Mr. T. B. Boucher was summoned by the Llynvi Gas Company, Maesteg, for £ 11 12s.. for gas supplied. Mr. Scale appeared for the Company, and stated that the case was brought under a special Act of Parlia- ment obtained by the Company. He put in a letter from defendant admitting his liability. Defen- dant did not appear, and the Bench made an order for payment. ASSAULT AT BLAENGARW. — Thomas Jones, Pontycymmer, and Benjamin Davies. Blaengarw, were summoned for unlawfully assaulting Alfred Evans, timberman, 23. David street, Blaengarw. Mr. T. J. Hughes, Bridgend, prosecuted, and said that the facts of the case were very simple. Com- plainant was walking home from Pontycymmer on Saturday night last, about 8.30, when he met two young ladies whom he knew. After wishing them good night the defendants came up. and one of them said. It was for vou that I had to pay that pound down at Bridgend." Complainant said he knew nothing about it, but defendants pushed him, and ultimately kicked him.—Com- plainant having given evidence in accordance with Mr. Hughes' statement, Naomi Price corroborated. For the defence, Edward Hopkins stated that com- plainant first assaulted Jones, but this. the Chair- man intimated, the Bench did not believe.—Wm. LI. Watts also stated that complainant struck Jones first, and said Jones struck complainant in self-defence.—Jones was fiued X2 and Davies £3. THROWING A STONE AT AN ENGINE. — Joseph Herbert, aged nine, Taibach, was summoned for throwing a missile at an engine on the G.W. Ry. Mr. Smith, Junior, of Swansea, prosecuted. Evi- dence was given to the effect that as an engine was passing, defendant threw a missile which struck the cab of the engine, and then struck the driver, Walter Dickenson.—Mr. Smith said that if the clinker or piece of slag which defendant bad thrown had not fortunately first caught the cab the consequences might have been very serious indeed.-The Chairman said that as the boy was very young and had at once admitted his offence, he would be ordered to receive only one stroke with the birch rod. The magistrates hoped that having had one stroke, he would not want any more. but would behave himself in future -BREACH OF COLLIERY RULES.—Jos. Trezise, collier, 38. Rock-street, Maesteg. was summoned, by William Tamblyn, colliery manager, for riding on a moving carriage contrary to the rules of the No. 9 Colliery, Maesteg. Defendant who did not appear was fined £ 2. Mr. Randell prosecuted. BRIDGEND LOCAL BOAuD AND MR. GEORGE JAMES.—Mr. T. J. Hughes stated that thts case had been adjourned for three months in order to allow of certain work being completed. The work was being proceeded with, and the Board wished time to be allowed for it to be finally completed. He asked the Bench to grant a turther adjourn- ment. The case w is was adjourned for a month. ABERKENFIG MEN AT VARIANCE.—Richard Baker, labourer, Bryncoch, was summoned for assaulting Evan Hughes, mason. 3, Brook-row, Aberkenfig.-A. summons was also issued by defendant against complainant.—Mr. T. J. Hughes represented Evan ilughes.—Baker stated that Hughes kicked him on Monday evening last. and threatened to kill him. Hughes was now lodging where he used to lodge until he was ordered out. Baker caused some amusement by declaring- that it was not the first time nor the second that he had been turned out of lodgings. He said that the first time he saw Hughes the latter invited him into his house, and that as soon as he got in told him that the sooner and the quicker he went out again the better.—Evan Hughes denied having asked Baker to go into his house, and said that Baker, who was drunk, entered the house, hung his coat up, and said that they would have to clear out of that house, as he was going to stop there. Eventually they managed to put him out. He denied having assaulted Baker until the latter attempted to kick him.—Mrs. Mary Ann Bryant gave evidence, and said she had to get the police to turn Baker out of her house.-The magistrates dismissed both cases. p ALLEGED ASSAULT WITH AN AXE. — A sum- mons had been issued against Edward Edwards, of Price Town, for assaulting Wm. Jones, 11, Dinham- street, Nantymoel. Mr. T. J. Hughes stated that he had just been instructed to prosecute, but now he understood that the complainant had settled the case with the defendant. He had told the com- plainant that he would require the sanction of the Bench before the case could be settled.—The Chairman Certainly, we must know something of the case before we allow it to be settled.—Com- plainant then entered the box and stated that defendant aimed a blow at him with the axe pro- duced. Fortunately he saw the blow coming, so managed partially to avoid it, or it might have been more serious.—Mr. C. P. Davies If he had struck you with that axe you would not have been here to-day.—It having been explained that de- fendant had paid complainant a pound to settle the case, the Chairman remarked that complainant did not value his head very much if he would risk it for a pound. The case must be proceeded with next week.—Adjourned for a week accordingly.
REV. J. H. LOCHORE ON I POLITICAL ACTIVITY. Preaching at the English Congregational Chapel on Sunday morning, upon the occasion of the anniversary sermons, the Rev. J. H. Lochore, after enlarging upon his text. Enoch walked with God," alluded to the benefits enjoyed by the present generation which would never have been secured but by the activity of previous generations. There were some men, he said, who looked upon all political activity as almost sinful. They need not get alarmed. He had not gone there to ask them whether they were Tories or Liberals. Still there were some men, and good men too, who looked upon political activity as a thing too polluted for a Christian man's fingers to touch. He had no hesitation whatever in saying that the true state of the case was exactly the reverse, and that the sin lay—if sin there was—in Christian men in these times being selfishly indifferent about, and selfishly idle concerning the generation that would succeed them. Men should seek to hand down to the next generation intaot those blessings for which they had neither toiled nor spun—those privileges earned for them by the sufferings and labours of their forefathers. They should also do their very best to sweep away every other injustioe that might yet remain.
HOW TO MAKE MONEY FAST AND HONESTLY. -According to the character or extent of your business, set aside a liberal percentage for printing and adver- tising, and do not hesitate. Keep yourself unceasingly before the public and it matters not what business of utility you make choice of, for if intelligently pursued fortune will be the result.—" Jftmt's Merchant Ma,g<i* ine"
COLLIERY FATALITY AT BLAENGARW TERRIBLE EXPERIENCES OF TWO COLLIERS. An inquiry was held on Tuesday afternoon, before Mr. Thomas Stockwood, coroner, at the Xanthir Hotel, Blaengarw. touching the death of c r' Frederick Compton, aged 30, labourer, James-road, who was killed at the International Colliery on Thursday night week.—James Morgan, banksman, 30. Railway-terrace, Blaengarw, said that he last saw deceased alive on Thursday evening, about nine o'clock. Witness asked deceased to go down in the carriage. William Morgan had asked him to load the rails in the carriage. They had three rails 21ft. in length: Deceased did not help witness to carry the rails, but two other men helped him. Compton. was in the carriage, having been told by witness to get in. Deceased was engaged in guiding the rails into the carriage. Alfred Bishop accompanied deceased by witness's orders.—The Coroner Tell us all about it. You seem as if you are trying to hide something.— Witness lowered the carriage, or gave the signal for it to be lowered, the men in the carriage having said that they were alright. It was the custom to occasionally lower rails in the manner described. The rails leaned against the hoop of the carriage.-The Inspector Have you sent men down in the cage with rails before ? Witness Yes.—In- spector Well. take care you don't do it again. Continuing his evidence, witness said that he stayed at the top whilst the cage was. lowered. Almost directly after they had started they had a signal from the bottom to stop the cage. and they stopped it accordingly. Presently ithey had a signal to lower the cage quietly, which they did. The cage was lowered a short distance and was then stopped as signalled by the hitcher. A second time they received a signal to lower, which they did until stopped- by signal. The cage had not been lowered far. They r, then learned that some- thing had caught the carriage, so witness sent for the mechanic, who came in about half an hour. In the meantime the cage was standing. The mechanic aud two other men went down the pit in a bucket and freed the cage, which was then pulled to the top. Only bishop was in the cage when it came to the top, and only two of the three rails. The cage was in good order. By Mr. Grey The cage was being let down very steadily, and at a much less rate than it was lowered when the men were going down. He could not say whether there was any- thing the matter with the guides. The pit-man was not present. He allowed the labourers to go with the rails because it was the custom. The two men, Bishop and Reed, had never gone with rails before, He could not say whether or not the accident would have been prevented had the rails been lashed. He had known rails to be sent down with mechanics, pitmen, and fitters, but he had never known labourers to go down before. The Inspector Now, if I had been sending those rails down. I would have lashed them, and would not have dreamt of allowing anybody to go down with them and that's what you must do in future. Alfred Bishop, Pontycymmer, night labourer at the International Colliery, said he had worked there since March. He went down in the cage with deceased and the rails. He and deceased were sent from the bottom to the top by William James, the night overman, to assist the last witness with the When they got to the top: other men helped to put the rails in the carriage, and witness and deceased guided them into the middle of the carriage. The carriage was stationary. Witness thought that before the carriage would be lowered he and deceased would be allowed to get out of it. But. instead of- that, the carriage was lowered. He would have refused to get into the carriage had he known that it would be lowered whilst he and leceased were in it. No one told them bo go down the pit with the rails but the carriage was in such a, position that they could not get out without its being raised. They were both without lamps. They were asked were the rails alright, and they replied Yes." but they never thought they were going to be lowered with the rails. He should think that the rails became disarranged when they got Z, y 11 ibout a quarter of the way down, and one or two fell out. Then the cage was stopped, and Comp- ton said. Alfred, it's all over with us. X don't think it's far from the bottom I can hear their voices so plain. I am going to get out and climb iown the guide." Witness begged of him to stay where he was until some one came to them but he said, It's no use. It's all over with us, and I wn going to get down the guide." Two men came to him and cleared the carriage. Witness could not see who they were, as he had been in the dark so long. It was then about oue o'clock, in the morning. Mr. Grey Surely you were not in that position for four hours. Witness Yes, I was. Witness thought deceased had lost his head, and thought the danger was more than it was. Wit- ness heard him shouting out as loud as he could to the hitcher, I'm coming down the guide." Then there seemed a short in- terval. and witness heard a sound as of something giving a whack to the bottom. The cage swayed about a lot before it came to a standstill, and the deceased shouted to the bottom that the cage was going all to one side. Deceased also shouted to those at the top to lower more gently. Deceased was very excited, and all his cry was to get out of the cage. Jenkin Hughes, mechanic at the International Colliery, said he had been engaged at that position about ten years. Last Thursday night he was sent for about 9.30, and he went to the top of the pit. He was told that there was something wrong in the pit. He went down to the Victoria Seam in the other pit and then to the pit, and shouted out to deceased and Bishop to know if they were alright. They said they were. He told them to wait, and subsequently went down in a bouk and brought Bishop. He found the cage about half way down the pit. Bishop said that his mate had just gone down the guides, and that he thought he was alright. The jury returned a. verdict of "Accidental Death."
FAILURE OF A BARRY DOCK HAULIER. The first meeting of the creditors of Charles Eyles, 27, Evan-street, Barry Dock, haulier, was held on Tuesday at the office of the Official Re- ceiver. The debtor was represented by Mr. Joseph Henry Jones, solicitor. A statement of affairs. produced and put on the proof showed unsecured creditors expected to rank for dividend, £193 4s. 3d. assets, £ 1 His. 9d.. being the surplus from property in the hands of secured creditors. The debtor attributed his failure to loss through the death of six horses, and to heavy expenses of wear and tear to carts in consequence of the rough state of the roads. The Official Receiver reported that the receiving order was made upon a creditor's petition, the act of bankruptcy being failure to oomply with a bankruptcy notice issued on June 15 last by a creditor for £132 4s. 3n. The debtor appears to have commenced business as a haulier at Barry Dock in October, 1889, with a capital of £ 15. During the past twelve months six of his horses died, of the estimated value of £ 1<>0. On the 9th of April, 1892, he executed a bill of sale upon the whole of his effects to secure £.300, £.200 being for a past debt and the balance cash ad- vanced at the time. The effects are now claimed by the holder. The debtor admitted that before the bill of sale was executed he had been served wiAh a writ by the petitioner, and that he knen^he w s unable to pay all creditors in full at the timfc. Questioned at the meeting, he said he was unable to make any offer to his creditors, and was ad- judicated a bankrupt, the matter being left yith the Official Receiver.
PORTHCAWL GOLF CLUB. The above club had its first meeting for summer play on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, 28th, 29th, and 30th ult. The ground was in capital condition. There was a splendid list of entries. The handsome and valuable prizes competed for consisted of the president's cup, the Waring Cup, spirit stand, and a gold medal given by the club. Very keen interest was taken in each event. The finals will be played off in September. On Satur- day a very successful smoker" was held at the headquarters of the club, the Porthcawl Hotel.
CADOXTON-BARRY GRAMMAR SCHOOL. The school broke up for the Midsummer vacation on Friday, July 29. Charles Meltby, of Draycott, Derbyshire, took the senior prize, and W. Hoddinott of the Witchill Hotel, Cadoxton, that for junior pupils. The examination passed off most creditably and reflect the highest credit on the teaching re- ceived at the school. Practical Chemistry has now been made an important feature of the curri- culum. Before leaving, hearty cheers were given for the headmaster. Mr, Roes G, Morris.
| CORRESPONDENCE. THE IRISH NATIONAL LEAGUE. TO THE EDITOR OF THE" SOUTH WALES STAR," SIR,-I was much hurt to find such poor atten- dance at the last meeting of this the Barry Branch of the National League. There are a good number of names upon the register, but there seems to be a lack of interest in the business done at the meetings. They have an able president in Dr. O Donnell, and Mr. McDonnell, the secretary, dis- charges his duties in an efficient manner, yet the at- tendance is but small, comparatively speaking. Now, it is the natural duty of every Irishman to further the interests of his country, and no matter what place an Irishman calls his home Ireland remains bis country. This is a trait which exists only in an Irish heart, for even in the furthest corner of this great world, wherever there is an Irishman his thoughts and good wishes are with the land of his forefathers. And in addition to this Irishmen, who are Irishmen, well know the necessity Ireland has for their help and attention, and the National League was instituted as a medium through which the Irish in Irelandfwould be ever in touch with Irishmen all over the world. for this reason we should be anxious to make proper use of the League and regularly attend its meetings. Ireland is now nearer the end of her tedious journey than ever before, but we must bear in mind this gem of Liberty, so dear to an Irishman's heart, has not yet been secured, and until we can feel ourselves free from the irksome shackles of foreign government, till we can move at will without clinking the chains of tyranny, it is our duty to remain a solid body and adhere to the old proverb of Unity. It is not through a love of Ireland that the Irish question has attained its present prominence, but by the work of her sons. who have had her wrongs only too deeply fixed upon their senses, and now in the nearing of the end we should remember the disgraceful mistakes of an alien government, and use our power to press on the cause that will make dear old Ireland once more a land of the free. A LEAGUEMAN. Cadoxton. THE CLAIMS OF WALES. TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SOUTH WALES STAR." SIR,—There is nothing written hardly in the daily or in the weekly Press that has not a little election feeling in it: the great concern for the health of the G.O.M. and its possible failure seems to move the Tory Press in. the most mysterious manner. They are so much afraid that he cannot bear the strain and fatigue of a tremendously heated session-the issues are so momentous and they are afraid of sacrificing a life so full of ability to a question like this. Noble sentiments But they are uttered by false lips for false purposes. They fear his marvellous power over men. There are many who suggest that the chief business for which the Liberal party are returned now should be suspended whilst the party put itself into a better fighting trim. This is wrong. Workmen have some little faith in the promises ef honour- able men and it will be a national calamity to damage and uproot it. They have voted for two great primary reforms-viz., Home Rule for Ire- land and Disestablishment and Disendowment for Wales. These should not be shelved on any account. Faith should not be broken with the constituencies and I think, Sir, that the time has come for the Welsh members to enforce their claims for attention upon the leaders. In my humble judgment—and I firmty believe it—the question of Disestablishment should be brought forward at once as soon as the first reading of the Home Rule Bill has been effected. The second great question should be discussed failing an arrangement like that. I think, Sir, the Welsh members would be well advised if they took counsel, one with another at once. and arrange the terms of their support. Such conduct some will say is most reprehensible, but we must j ud ge every movement of a body like our members by the result. I see by an able article written for the Gh.urch TilllrN, and copied for the Mail that Churchmen will have as much to fear from the Tories as the Radicals. The writer thinks both lots of politicians untrustworthy. Well, Sir. if the estimate of the leader writer for the Church- Tn'nex ifc a correct one, then I think the Welsh members have a chance in this and future sessions with the same electoral results at the polls that Welsh representatives have never had before. If there is such a possibility as the one shown taking place, we must avail ourselves of the chance. We can see what are the fruits of the Irish independancy. I would welcome the breaking up of the great historical party of progress into sections. Lev them be aloof and come together when such allegiance will be beneficial to both, Welsh Liberalism in the past has not been adequately rewarded. We have been patted on the back too long with fair enticing words. We must have actions now. I trow that the Welsh repre- sentatives of to-day are made of a different sub- stance to those gingerbread men of old. We have them now racy of the soil. We have the aspira- tions of the workshops, the colliery, and the homestead truly represented in the House. If the voice of Wales in the coming session will sound as it did in the po ling booth there will be no com- promise. Nothing done because it is expedient. Perdition takes the word let's have true honest work yn ngwyneb haul llygad goleuni.—I am, fcc., b VULCAN. e RELIGIOUS EDUCATION. TO THE EDITOR OF THE SOUTH WALES STAR. SIR,—From the enclosed report of a speech which the Bishop of Llandaff made at the distribu- tion of prizes last Tuesday at Llandaff Cathedral School, it will be seen that what the advocates of so-called religious education want is '• Sectarian religion. The Bible isn't good enough for his Lordship of Llandaff unless it is supplemented by the Athanasian Creed and the other anomalies contained in a Prayer Book made up of a fifth, century creed and a sixteenth century rubric. Let Nonconformists take warning in time, and nip in the bud the nefarious attempt that is being made to introduce Sectarianism into our national system of education. Here is the extract which is eloquent of much :—Not the least important de- partment of that work was the religions instruc- tion and high training which the boys of that school received. He believed that was really at the bottom of the high tone which these boys carried, with them into the larger schools to which they 11 y passed when their work was done there. (Ap- plause.) When he spoke of this matter he spoke with great anxiety as to the future. There were likely to be established under Act of Parliament in that country a new class of schools, in which such religious teaching as that given in the Cathedral School would be impossible. That was to say, there would be no teaching in the faith and principles of the Church of which they were members. There would be some sort of teaching of the Bible in the schools to which he was allud- ing, but the teaching would be imparted to the children without any guide as to what use they were to make of it. He questioned whether such training would be of much benefit to those who received it. He was particularly grateful, there- fore, to know that religion in this school took a definite shape, and was established on a true creed. (Hear, hear.) None of your readers, any more than myself object to Sectarian teaching, but the ex- pense-the whole expense-connected with that should be borne by the sect whose creed is being taught. I wish to thank you, in conclusion, for the gallant way you have been fighting for the good cause in tho South Wales St nr.—I am. icc., OBSERVER. Cardiff.
SPORTS AT ABERKENFIG. A very successful athletic sports meeting was held at Aberkenfig on Monday last, under the auspices of the licensed victuallers of Tondu and Aberkenfig. During the afternoon the Coity Brass Band pleasingly rendered choice selections. The prizes were awarded as followers :— 120 Yards Flat Race.—1st, Joseph Thomas, Bridgend, k 5 2nd, W. M. Jones, Bridgend. £ 2. Boys' Race.—1st, B. John 2nd, E. Lloyd. One Mile Flat Race.-lst, £3, Morgan Perkins, Forth 2nd. £ 1, A. Townsend, Bridgend. Donkey Race.—1st. 7s. 6d., D. Bowen 2nd, 2s. 6d., Rees John. 440 Yards Flat Race.—1st, £ 3, D. C. Alford, Maesteg 2nd, £1, Fred Davies, Aberkenfig. One Mile Handicap BicvclS Race. — 1st, T. Thomas (scratch); 2nd, James Morgan, Ponty- cymmer.
VOLUNTEER INTELLIGENCE. 11TH COMPANY. !2SD GLAMORGAN ARTIL- LERY VOLUNTEERS. COMPANY ORDERS.-Barry Dock, 5th Aug., 1892. Drills for the week commencing 8th Aug., 1892:— Monday 8th, Gun Drill. Tuesday 9th, Gun Drill. Wednesday 10th, Repository Exercise. Thursday 11th, Gun Drill. Friday 12th, Repository Exercise. Hours of Drills, 7.30 to 8.30 p.m. All Carbines and Swords, Great Coats, ite., and Camp Kits to be returned to Store (clean) as 800.1 as possible. By Order, (Signed) J. JUST. HAYDCOCK, C Lpt., Commanding lith Company.
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