fERRIBLE WRECK OFF SULLY. GALLANT LIFEBOAT RESCUE. EXCITING SCENES. The terrible gale which broke over the entire listrict on Wednesday was brimful of grim fore- bodings as to serious casualties at sea. When rhursday morning broke a four-masted vessel was liscerned from all quarters of the Barry district to be in great difficulties near Sully Island, and it was at ance surmised that the ship had struck upon the island rocks, and was extremely likely to become a complete wreck. Unfortunately, this was only too true, and it transpired that the ill-fated vessel ship was the large Drumblair, of London, which Left Barry Dock on Wednesday with a largo of coke and iron for Port Said. A.fter the vessel left Barry she encountered the full force of the bad weather, and had to remain Ln Barry Roads, where she anchored during the night. The fearful storm soon broke her adrift, and during the night she was forced with the gale in the direction of Sully, and after a terrible night's experience finally struck—at about eight o'clock in the evening-on the rocks on Sully Island. The men on duty at the Barry and Penarth coastguard stations were not slow in sighting the vessel and her signals of distress, and bhe coastguard wagons, heavily freighted with the apparatus and the men to work bhem, were soon proceeding in the direction of Sully. By this time the beach for a long distance was lined with excited and rapidly- increasing numbers of onlookers who watched the various measures being taken to save the lives of the poor fellows aboard the vessel with painful interest. It was now seen that a number of the sailors had taken to one of the ship's boats, which was at length launched in the rough sea. After a deal of difficulty they were picked up by one of the tugboats which had by this time stood by to render assistance, and were taken up channel. A couple of small boats were now requisitioned by the coastguardsmen to convey portions of their life-saving apparatus across to the island, which took some little time. At length a rope was got aboard the vessel (which had become embedded in the rocks), but by this time the Penarth lifeboat had arrived, and to the joy of the hundreds of spectators on shore, even- tually succeeded in rescuing the remainder of the men, many of whom were suffering from extreme exhaustion and exposure to the bitter elements. The total number of men rescued was twenty-five. After some difficulty a rope was connected be- tween a tugboat and a lifeboat, and the latter, with its living freight of gallant men and rescued sailors, towed up to Cardiff, where the men were landed. The lifeboat men acted most gallantly and courageously throughout. The tide was now rapidly coming up, and by mid-day had washed over the decks of the vessel, which was expected to become a total wreck. The Drumblair has been lately, apparently, a most unfortunate ship. While she was lying at Barry Dock the steward committed suicide by taking a dose of laudanum, the mate met with a serious accident, and the vessel itself met with some severe casualty. It is stated that the captain, who was to have sailed in the vessel, together with is wife. is suffering from influenza at the Barry Hotel. Hundreds of persons on Thursday visited the scene of the wreck.
THE RECENT DISASTER AT BARRY. FINDING OF ONE OF THE BODIES. On Tuesday evening, Mr. Daniel Rees. jun., Sully House, discovered, on the sea-side of Sully Island, close under the cliffs, the body of a man, which had apparently been in the water for some time. The features were so disfigured as to be utterly unrecognisable, but from the clothing it was subsequently identified as the body of one of the unfortunate men who were drowned, on the day of the terrible storm, near the entrance to Barry Dock a few weeks ago. Accompanied by Acting-Sergeant Davies, Mrs. Jackson, of 4, Fryatt- street, Barry Dock, the widow of one of the missing men, proceeded to Sully and identi- fied the body as that of her husband, John Frederick Jackson, aged 53, who was one of the two men who made such a gallant attempt to rescue the boatman M'Donald, who also lost his life. The inquest on the body, which is lying in Sully churchyard—there being no mortuary in the whole district—will be held at the Sully National Schoolroom on Friday. An exceedingly painful circumstance of the affair is the fact that this is the second husband the widow has lost through drowning.
THE POST-OFFICE DINNER.—A correspondent writes:—The employees at the Post-office have reason to be proud of the way in which their dinner was carried out, the spread and the after-meeting was everything that could be desired. Mr. Arthur Williams, M.P., occupied the chair, and I could not help thinking of the change that has come over the country. The writer is not very old, but he can well remember the time when there was a great gulf between an M.P. and those that he represented. At the above dinner I heard our member addressing many of those present by their names just as if they were his own brothers. Mr. David Phillips, in re- sponding to one of the toasts, said he did not believe in making donkeys of our rural postmen, that they should be supplied with conveyances to take parcels to certain depots. Quite right, but he could also include the station work. Bridgend is so situated that it is very laborious work to convey big baskets on a very heavy hand truck to and from the station. A word of praise is duo to Mr. E. David (secretary) and a)so the committee for bringing everything to such a. taccessful issue. P
CADOXTON POLICE COURT. rHURSDAY. — Before Major General Lee and Major Thornley. ALLEGED ASSAULT.—W. Sayers,a sub-contractor, charged T. J. Davies, contractor, of Cardiff, with assaulting him on the 9th ult.. on the Waycock- road. There was a cross-summons. Mr. Alfred Jackson appeared for T. J. Davies. A number of witnesses were called on bothisides.'and the parties were bound over to keep the peace for six months in the sum of £10. ASSAULT.—David John summoned John Bastow for an assault which took place on the 4th inst. A number of witnesses were called, and defendant was fined 5s. and costs. DKUNKS."—The following persons were fined for being drunk :—Dennis Dwyer, 5s.; Jeremiah Seine, 5s. and costs John Moss, 5s.; Thomas Phillips, 5s. George M'Kenzie, 2s. 6d. Isaac Herbert, 5s., John Chappell, 5s.; Daniel Donovan, 5s. and costs. A VIOLENT FELLOW.—John Harfoot, plasterer, was charged with assaulting Police-constable Phillips and refusing to quit, on the 8th December, at the Royal Hotel.—Mr. B. G. Davies appeared on behalf of Mr. Williams, the proprietor.—Defen- dant expressed his regret, but was fined 10s. in each case. KEEPING GUNPOWDER WITHOUT A LICENSE.— For this offence J. Phillips, ironmonger, was fined .61, and George Rutter, contractor, Barry, AL 1. POACHING.—Leopold Settford was charged by John Werdt, gamekeeper for Mr. John Cory, J.P., I Porthkerry. with trespassing in pursuit of game on the 3rd inst.—Fined 10s., or seven days. SCHOOL ATTENDANCE CASES.—For not regularly I sending their children to school Michael Bryan and Charles Metherel were each fined 5s. LARCENY.—William Can oil, a boarding-house keeper's runner, was charged on remand with stealing two coats and a pair of boots, value 36s., belonging to a Barry Dock boarding-house keeper named Halversen. He was remanded to Penarth on Monday, bail being allowed in the sum of k25 and a surety of £10.
Epps's COCOA.—GRATEFUL AND COMFORTING. By a thorough knowledge of the natural laws which govern the operations of digestion and nutrition, and by a careful application of the fino properties of well-selected COCOA, Mr. Epp", has provided our breakfast tables with a delicately flavoured beverage which may save us many heavy doctor's bills. It is by the judicious use of such articles of diet that a constitution may be gradually built uu until strong enough to resist every tendency to disease. Hun- dreds of subtle maladies are floating around us ready to attack wherever there is a weak point. We may escape many a fatal shaft by keeping ourselves well fortified with pure blood and a properly nourished frame."—Civil Service Gazette.—Made simply with boiling water or milk. Sold only in packets, by Grocers, labelled—" JAMES EPPS it CO., Homoeopathic Chemists, London.Also makers of Epps's After- noon Chocolate Essence. [522-1
BARRY & CADOXTON LOCAL BP AO, THE ACCOUNTS of the Receipts and Expen- j. diture of the above Board for the year ending 25th March. 1891, will be AUDITED on SATUR- DAY, 2nd day of January, 1892. at the Offices of the said Board, at VERE STREET, Cadoxton, commencing at 10.20 o'clock in the forenoon, and the said Accounts will be deposited as required by Section 247 of the Public Health Act, 1875, at such Office for seven clear days before the said 2nd day of January, 1892. By Order. J. ARTHUR HUGHES,. Clerk. Local Board Office, Vere-street, Cadoxton, December, 1891. [568 F. J. jjooper & SON, CERTIFIED UNDERTAKERS AND COM- PLETE FUNERAL FURNISHERS. The Best and Cheapest in the District for all Classes of Funeral Cars, Hearses, Shellibiers, Mourning Coaches, at Mayne, Hooper dc Co., High-street, Barry; and at 30, Windsor-road, Penarth. JONES rpHOMAS <b CO., UNDERTAKERS & COMPLETE FUNERAL FURNISHERS. EVERY REQUISITE FOR FUNERALS OF ALL CLASSES. The only Proprietors of Hearses, Shellibiers, dso, in the district. ( HOLTOX-ROAD, BARRY DOCK. OFiiOAh I VERE-STREET, CADOXTON. Cadoxton Theatre, IDDESLEIG H-STREET. (Five Minutes' Walk from Cadoxton Station.) Lessee & Manager 1tIR. JAMES ELPHINSTONE. Assistant Manager MR. C. J. WELCH. FOR THE WEEK COMMENCING Monday, Dec. 14th, 1891, Grand Variety Entertainment. Special engagtment of Miss 4MY CARLTON'S ANGLO-SAXON BPITANNIA7 3 NAVAL COMBINATIONS, Under the management of Mr. HARRY SINCLAIR MISS MAGGIE SPIERS (THE ORIGINAL FLIRT). MR. WILL MULES, DESCRIPTIVE VOCALIST. MISS LIN A PRICE, THE TWO IRISH DIAMONDS MR. HENRY SINCLAIR. :'MISS MADGE DALY. PRICES OF ADMISSION.—Stalls, 2s. (Half-price at 9) Chairs, Is. (Half-price at 9) Pit, 6d. (Half- price at 9) j Gallery, 4d. (No Half-price). [406 The 'Hero' Eemedy of the Age. Hughes's Blood Pills Hughes's Blood Pills Hughes's Blood Pills Create New Blood Create New Blood Create New Blood Rev. PRINCIPAL EDWARDS, Pontypool. 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ROUND THE TOW N. The ratepayers should re me caber Mr. Earstow's unselfish sense of public duty on the Barry Local Board when he seeks re-election. At nine o'clock on Tuesdoy night. at the Public Works Com- mittee meeting', lie asked co bo excused from further attenunnce that evening as he had not had dinner By the way, Dr. O'Donnell is a terrible opponent of public thoroughfares being blocked up by carts, &c., and is continually compiling statistics bearing on the subject. For instance, he counted fourteen carts causing a blockade on Tuesday at Greenwood, and while on his way to a prayer meeting on Sunday he discovered niueteen similar articles obstructing the same street. Oh the length of the jaw of a mother-in-law are the words of a familiar comic song, but it is a shock to hear how a Cow bridge bankrupt attri- but.es his failure to the length of his mother-in- j law's illness. '■ Aiiquis says that he recently met Mr. D. Ljoyd-GIcorge. 1T.P.. in London, who had just re- turned from Brighton, where he had beer speak- ing at a Church of England temperance meeting, with a parson in the chair The hon. member tikes il Theodore Dodd's" criticisms very well. By some mistake, it was thought that Theodore Dodd" had said that Mr. G eorge was a Baptist preacher, and ever since he has been inundated with invitations to preach at Baptist chapels in South Wales. The North TVales Oh.i-rar will, we are pleased to learn, shortly be increased in size. and an effort will be made to circulate it widely through North Wales. We wish it every success. It is a Nationalist paper, and believes in ales, and is not an ordinary official print. Good luck to it in preaching the healthy gospel of Nationalism., which is the salt of politics. "Aiiquis met Mr. J.Theodore Dodd the other day in London. Mr. Dodd is terribly cut up about his name being used as the writer of the Star's'. Open Letters," and feels it deeply, particularly as he drafted Mr. Alfred Thomas's National Council Bill and attended the Llandrindod Conference, Once again, then, for his satisfaction, we wish to make it known that he is not Theodore Dodd," but the other Dodd. The Dean of St. Asaph does not allow the Disestablishment campaign to interfere with private friendship, for he is very polite even to Mr. D. Lloyd George. M.P., when he meets him. Mr. W." Bowen Rowlands, the member for Cardiganshire, has been unable to visit his con- stituents lately on account of ill-health. Not lorrg ago he took a house and lived in the con- stituency for two months, but was two ill during that time te address any political meetings. He was even obliged to cancel engagements to speak at the Glasgow and Manchester great temperance gatherings. It was therefore somewhat unkind for Theodore Dodd to taunt him with neg'ecting his constituents. The young man who journeyed from Pontypridd the other day with the intention of travelling from Cardiff to the Midlands by an excursion from Cardiff, which he supposed started at midnight, must have felt very small when he found that the train had gone 12 hours before, and most laughable to his hearers must have been the" tale of woe he told of having to go round the town to look for a bed at midnight. The Police-court is not always g place for a joke, but the Ystrad Police-court and the public therein heartily enjoyed a joke at the expense of Mr. James Phillips, solicitor, on Monday last. The learned gentleman was cross-examining a hastile witness—a woman, she could hardly be called a lady-and she replied somewhat boldly and impu- dently. when Mr. H. Porcher, our jovial deputy magistrates' clerk, remarked Mr. Phillips. this woman is a widow perhaps she knows that you are a widower. Widows are good at casting nets A correspondent wants to know when the new Wesleyan Chapel in course of erection at Holton, Barry Dock, is to be completed. Not being the contractors we are unable to say, but at the same time agree that our correspondent's question is a very pertinent one. Have you seen the Cardiff streets lately, asks a correspondentThey aie in a very beastly condition, and Barry roads will now compare very favourably with those of the Metropolis of Wales. Last year the Barry streets were bad, but now they are good except where the private improve- are not done. Wilson's band—better known as the faithful Scotch piper who figured so prominently at the late Cardiff strike—honoured Barry with a visit last Saturday, but appeared disgusted with the immense quantity of mud about, and the scarcity cf monetary patronage accorded his piping. Captain Davies, at the Barry School Board meet- ing on Monday, compared one of the schools to a pigstpe, and the cleaner has now sent in his resignation., The headmasters and teaching stalls of the Barry and Cadoxton Board Schools are to be con- gratulated upon the result of the school examina- tions. The references to the Cadoxton School in the report are especially complimentary. Business was at a standstill for nearly an hourv at the Penarth Police-court on Monday, owing to the absence of magistrates. Mr. Ware was the only one who eventually put in an appear- ance, and the more important cases had to be adjourned. You oughtn't to get drunk on Sunday-fined 10s." The speaker was Mr. Ware at Penarth, and the victim was a fireman who startled at the enormity of the fine, as if he had been sentenced to death. The road sweepings on Weston Hill. Cadoxton, caused a deal of swearing on Saturday and Sunday nights. Instead of being cleared away on the former day, they were left in several beautiful heaps, and the absence of lamps enabled a number of persona to besmear their boots, dresses, and trousers in no stingy measure. Local Board sur- veyor, please note. Nid da lie gellir gwell" is the motto on the Barry School Board seal. Welsh readers will see the point when we say that this motto is a good one, but it could be better. It was premature on our part to state that the Barry School Board have instructed their archi- tect to prepare plans for a school at Barry parish. Of course, it is intended to do so. but as a matter of fact the instruction has not yet been given. "My lords regret to learn that—and—were guilty of copying at the collective examinations, and accordingly are regarded as having failed by the government inspector." This is an extract from the report of the Barry a.nd Cadoxton Schools examinations, and two female teachers have been ploughed in consequence. According to recently compiled statistcs the number of letters which passed through the Bridgend Post-office in a week last year was 35,000. In 1370 they were only 11,000 telegrams received in the year 1870. 88,000; 1890, 37.000. In 1870 there were only 16 sub-post offices in the district of Bridgend. at present there are 34. The number of parcels received at present exceed 1,000 per week. and the number of saving bank depositors is over 5,000. With this large increase the indoor staff has teen raised from three to eight, while three additional postmen has been engaged for the town delivery. These figures are amply demonstrative of the necessity for the better accommodation which the officials of Bridgend will soon enjoy in the new building in course of erection. Mr. T. Richards, Pontycymmar, looks scarcely any the worse for the operation he has undergone in London. He especially refers to the kind hospitality of Mr. T. Marchant Williams and his genial helpmate during his stay with them. The audience, at a concert in one of our rural villages near Bridgend, like poor Oliver Twist. persistently cried for more, although there was a good fare provided. 0 South Glamorgan's Tory candidate, the genial jubilee knight, is announced to speak at Cadoxton next Thursday. Good old future member," wire in and lose. The windows of the Barry Dock Seamen's Institute want cleaning badly. The Barry Public Libraries Committees should do everything in their power to prevent the read ing-rooms from becoming the resort of small boys. The Cadoxton Reading-room was a perfect pande- monium, ten young ragamuffins playing sad havoc with the illustrated papers, while three idle boobies roared outrageously at our poor reporter's fruitless search to find a certain religious maga- zines "I am sure baked potatoes are very nice." said the chairman of the Barry Local Board at a com- mittee meeting on Tuesday night. The other members did not disagree with this, but objected to these baked potato machines remaining in the same position in the public streets for three or four hours, and causing an obstruction. During the past year 18 houses, rendered unfit for habitation, have been either pulled down, re- built, or made untenantable within the district of the Bridgend Local Board. The word surreptitiously seemed a regular stick-jaw for the chairman of the Bridgend Local Board a fortnight ago, but on Tuesday,night last he tongued it as glibly as a Bright. Surely, expe- rience is a faithful teacher, but on the other hand,i; use stumbleth not on abuse." One would think that strikes are splendid things for workmen, judging by the manner some of the Barry painters have been on the spree during the work. What came of the prize, asks a correspondent, that was offered for the nearest guess as to the population of Bridgend. Your readers have been told twice that the result would appear in our next." Perhaps Brutus will let us know some- thing P. bo lit it in your Christmas Number.— [Brutus has met with an accident, but we hope this will make us hear from him again.—EDITOR S. ir..S'.]
THE PAINTERS' STRIKE AT BARRY AND CADOXTON. WHAT IS THE POIXT IN DISPUTE? INTERVIEWS WITH THE MASTERS AND THE MEN. This week a most unfortunate trade dispute has broken out at Cadoxton and Barry between the master painters and their men. Both sides seem determined to hold out to the bitter end. The point in dispute is not of much consequence in itself, but the men assert that it touches the first principle of Trades' Unionism, while the masters say that it affects the independence of every em- ployer. It will be seen more fully from the interviews that we publish how each party looks upon the matter. The important point in the men's favour is the fact that their rules have been subscribed to by every master painter in the district, and that the alteration proposed by;the master is distinctly con- trary to these rules. The last part of the first rule reads as follows :— From eight weeks before till eight weeks after Christmas the ordinary hours of work to be from 7 a.m. till 5 p.m. for the first five days of the week, with one hour for meals. Saturdays from 7 a.m. till 1 p.m. with half an hour for meals." The masters wish to alter this rule, and, instead of the men working from seven to fiva with an hour's interval for meals, they should work from half-past seven till half-past four with only half an hour's interval for meals. In short, the masters wish to reduce the working hours from nine to eight and a half hours a day. This we consider the masters are primci facia perfectly justifid in doing. It is well-known that there is less painting and plastering work done in winter than in summer. Indeed, the men's rules provide for this, and there are fewer working hours in winter than in summer. A slacker time than usual may come in winter, and the masters may have very little work to do. It seems reason- able, at first sight, that they should be allowed to reduce the number of hours. In some Trades Unions, e.g.. the Printers', the working hours are the same here as in Cardiff. This is not, however, the case with the Painters' Union. The number of hours worked vary, we believe, in Barry, Penarth, Cardiff, and Newport. We think we are right in saying that the number of hours worked in Barry is larger than the number of hours worked at any of the other places. It seems hard, there- fore, that the masters should not be able to change the first rule, if they find it necessary. Unluckily for the employers, however, when they attached their names to the rules which the Barry and Cadoxton Branch ox the Painters' Union drew up, they confirmed a rule which provided that, before any or all of the rules could be altered, notice to that effect must be given on or before January 1st; and the rule or rules so altered would come into force on the] st of May following. The masters, therefore, are clearly breaking a rule, to which they have subscribed, in forcing on the men a re- duction in the hours of work. The masters contend that the men were them- selves the first to break their own rules. The first rule provided that work should be started at seven in the morning, whereas the men only com- menced work at half-past seven. The men, on the other hand, say that the rule was not broken, inasmuch as during the first half hour they took their breakfast, and only took another half hour to dinner so that, though they did not begin work till half-past seven, the first half hour was provided for in their rules, which allowed them one hour each day for meals. The whole dispute, it will be seen, has arisen from a trivial point—whether the men should work nine or eight and a half hours a day. It would seem to be a thing hardly worth disputing, especially since at Cardiff and elsewhere the men work fewer hours than even the reduced hours which the masters propose. But there is a broader and more important issue at stake. One of the first principles of Trades Unionism is that the men should not be dependent on the pleasure or caprice of their employers as to the number of hours which they work or the amount of wages which they earn. Both the hoars and payment of work must be regulated by fixed rules, which have been agreed to by employers and employed. No sudden alteration in the rules can be made by either of the parties concerned notice of such alteration must be given and a certain period must elapse before the alteration can come into force. If the men break any of the rules, the masters have an easy and effective remedy they can dismiss them. If the masters break any of the rules, or are allowed, contrary to an express provision in the rules, to alter the hours or the payment of work, there is nothing to prevent them from further reducing the hours of work at their own unchecked 1 will, and thus make Trade Unionism a farce. ] which will be powerless to help ;the men. If there is an injustice or a hardship in the present 1 state of things, it is an injustice which the masters have ,by attaching their names to the rules, con- sented to. We consider that the masters, if they wished to bring about a change in the rules, should have proceeded in the right way, and have given notice of their intention before the first of January. By breaking a rule, to which they agreed some few months ago, the masters have 1 clearly put themselves in the wrong. We sin- cerely hope that better counsels will soon prevail, and that the dispute, affecting as it does about thirty or forty people, and arising out of, in one sense, a trivial mattar, will be amicably settled. INTERVIEW WITH MR. J. W. HOWELL. In order to hear both sides of the question in the dispute our representative interviewed Mr. J. W. Howell, the chairman of the local branch of the Painters and Decorators' Society. What is the exact point in dispute, Mr. Howell I" asked our representative. Our rules replied Mr. Howell, which have been agreed to by all the employers in the district, provide that the working hours should be from seven to five with an hour's interval for meals. The masters wish to reduce the working hours from half-past seven to half-past four, with half an hour's interval for meals." But what if times are slack and work is scarce ? How can the employers provide sufficient work They can always dismiss some of their men." What you want, then, is that the masters should stick to their agreement ?" Exactly. They are now breaking the agree- ment which they entered into a few months ago." Is it true that the hours worked differ in different towns ?" Yes each local branch regulates the hours of work." The masters contend that you were the first to break the rules by not commencing work at 7 in the morning ?" Well, you can't compel men to work, and of course we don't get paid except for the hours which we do work." But suppose the masters want a certain work finished by a certain time, what remedy have they got against men who don't turn up at the right time ?" As I said, the masters can always compel the men to stick to the rules. They can always punish ] them with dismissal." Isn t it a fact that after half-past four you have to work by candle-light ?" Yes but last year, when there were no rules in force, we did the same and the masters, though they knew it, entered into this agreement with us." So you take your stand on the fact that they have broken an agreement which they entered into with open eyes ?" That's exactly our point." IXTEEVIETWITH 3IR. ARTHUR MORGAN'. 1 a Our represemtive then had an interview with ( Mr. Arthur Mofan, of the firm of Messrs. Morgan Brothers, and te of the largest employers in the I the district. I "This unfciunate dispute, Mr. Morgan, is about half an our a'dr.y! 3 Yes the len wish to work from seven to five while w want them to work from half-past seven to half-ist four." li Why do yd wish to make any alteration 7" 1 "We find tit the men do not turn up at seven, according to:he rules. We contend, therefore, ] that if they;an turn up when they please, we 1 should have ie power to finish at half-past four. ( If they wanto lose time why should they lose it 1 during- daylilt ? But the ten say you can force them to come ] in time by dmissing the offenders." ] Yes buthe remedy would be worse than the 1 disease. Wcnight have to dismiss a man when we might wd him particularly on the very day, 1 and so put uto inconvenience." u I see. Bt: didn't you subscribe to an agreement which said lat the rules should not be altered without due otice. Yes buthe rules provide also that the men should beginvork at seven. The men break this rule constany, and are nearly always irregular in turning u]: and we don't see that they should have a monorly in breaking the rules." Why do yu want them to finish at half-past four ? After thatime they ha,ve to work by candle- light. Good ainting can't be done except by day- light, and so i isn't fair either to our customers or to ourselves, ho have to pay them by the hour." Then youiay that the men cannot do you or your custoitiet justice after half-past four ?" Yes. It cn't be otherwise." Is there ay other point you would wish to mention ?" I would oly like to say that our books will show that thaiumber of hours worked has been greatly in excM of the demands of the men. Some of them, as ur books will show, have worked lately over 60iours a week, while there are others who have bea very irregular even when their rules were in )rce. and have worked far less than we offer themiow." TO THE EDITOR OF THE SOUTH WALES STAR. SIR.—We tink it but right that the inhabitants of Cadoxton ad Barry district should know the true cause VlY the painters of the district are on strike. We. therefore, respectfully ask you to publish ourviews on the matter. The Painters' Union have a existing code of working rules signed by the mployers of the district, which came in force on Ma 1st, 1891. The first rule relates to the: hours of Lbour-viz., that from eight weeks before to eigh weeks after Christinas the hours of labour shall t from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m., with one hour for mealsfor the first five days of the week, that is nine hars per day. We, a fortnight ago, at the employes wish, modified that rule by start- ing at 7.30 a.n. leaving off at 5 p.m., with half an hour for mea3, that is having breakfast before starting, still -<orking nine hours per day. Rule 8 of the mentiaed rules state:—No alteration in these rules to take place without notice in writing on or before 1st January in any year, such alteratior to come in force on 1st of May following." The employes on Tuesday passed la resolution that the rule rferring to the time to be worked in the winter lonths will not in future be recog- nised, that the'ime to be worked from Nov. 13th to Feb. 5th incusive, be from 7.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m., with half an hour for dinner, thereby only making 8t hoirs per day. So it is plainly show that the empayers are decidedly breaking the rules that they as gentlemen, signed so short a time ago. Mesrs. Morgan Bros. and Dando and Son gave notic on Saturday that all men were to leave work c 4.30 p.m. for the future. A letter appeared in tiis morning's papers from Messrs. Morgan Brothes stating that it was impossible for men to work ij semi-darkness. Now, we would ask them, Ho\«:an men work overtime after dark ? as they statedto a deputation of their own men on Monday thsfc overtime may be worked. Now,if overtime may e worked after dark, surely half an hour could beworked with artificial light—from 4.30 to 5. So^e conclude that it is the employers' object to brak our rules. We would wish it understood tha Messrs. Morgan Brothers were the first instigator of the Painters' Society by words used by thee to their men at an outing last summer twelvmonths. Last summer Mr. Arthur Morgan, at the annual outing, made use of these n>rds, which we take from the South Wales Star of July 24 :— The Chairnm (Mr. A. W. Morgan), in respond- ing, hoped thefriendly relations existing between themselves anL their employes would ever con- tinue. Referrng to the union which the employes had joined in he course of the past year, he said that they wer approached at the time of its for- mation to acqiesce to the conditions laid down by the men. He was bound to say that they saw nothing unreasonable in them. Also they saw by adopting uiionism among their workmen they would be secuing the best men, and a pre-eminent feature in ther labour was that they performed it skilfully aid well. (Cheers.) If the men, therefore, woild only act up to the conditions, there would b nothing wanting on their part. (Cheers.)" We also wish to state that E. Lewis and Co., Cadorton, and F. Edmunds, Holton, are still adhering t> the rules of the society. Signed on Iphalf of the Amalgamated Society of House Deccrators and Painters, JOHJ WM. HOWELLS, Sec. pro. tern. P.S.—The min affected-both union and non- union—are stil determined to hold out, as the strike is only fIr our rights. The followiig letter of support has been for- warded to the nasters :— Dear Sirs,—Though not an employer in Barry, I for one resoestfully tender my sympathy to the master painters of that place in the present dis- pute, and as ar old practical hand, have had great experience as o the time allowed to be worked in whiter byjoptrative painters in all parts of England, and never until I reached Wales did I ever know a frm to permit their men to work except from eifht a.m. until 4.30 p.m., breakfast ilready got before commencing work, and in- variably an h(ur as usual for dinner, I, there- bherefore assure you the offer of time you give to your employet exceeds that of any other part of the country. I hope the men will quickly realise their preposterous blunder,—I am, yours fcc., E. BANES. Decorative Artist, 68, Adam-street, Cardiff, Decsmber 12th, 1891
GILCHRIST LECTURES AT PONTYPRIDD. A committee has been formed for making ar- rangements fcr the holding of a number of Gilchrist lectujes at Pontypridd and the Rhondda Valley. We hsve been favoured with a biographi- cal sketch of Dr. Gilchrist, which we publish below:— SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF DR. GILCHRIST. John Borth^vick (Gilchrist was born at Edin- burgh in June, 1759. He studied medicine at the University of Idinburgh, and at the age of twenty- three became assistant surgeon in Bengal, under the East India Company. Here not only had he medical charge of the native troops, but on one occasion, at 1e.st, he took the command of a party of them, and successfully repelled an attack by a large body of Pindarees. Feeling very deeply the disadvantages under which he and other Europeans in India laboured, owing the ignorance of the native languages he set himself vigorously to the task of acquiring Hindostanee. As there was then no way of doing this except by intercourse with the Hindoos, he obtained long leave of absence from his post, quitted European society, dressed as a native, became at length an accomplished Hindostanee scholar, and by his dictionary, grammar, and numerous similar writ- ings, smoothed the way for Europeans also to become such. On the establishment of the Marquis of Wellesley's College, at Calcutta, he was offered the post of professor of Hindostanee, with a handsome salary, and at once threw up his medical appointment (he was head surgeon) to accept it. But at the end of five years his health broke down, and he returned to England in 1804 on II. very scan typension. For a year or two he lectured gratuitously in London, and afterwards in Edin- burg, to gentlemen about to go to India, living mainly on the sale of his books. At Edinburgh, 1808, he became a banker, and so remained until 1815, when his business passed to a joint stock company, in which he retained a large holding, and was incorporated with the Commercial Bank of Scotland. Returning to London he persuaded th'J Er si India Company to institute a professorship of Hindostanee, which he held for several years. Meantime, and for the rest of his life, he was an irdent promoter of popular education, and other philanthropic movements. He joined Birkbeck in starting Mechanics' Institutions, and assisted Hume and others in founding what is now University College; London, in which, for a time, he was Professor of Hindostanee. He became president of the London Oriental Institution and also of the London Gym- nastic Society (for he was enthusiastic on the value of physical training), and he projected a National Philological Society, which, among other pood objects, was to promote the establishment of rapid, comprehensive, cheap, but efficient system f juvenile education." That Dr. Gilchrist never lost his interest in hilanthropic effort is shown by the earnest sup- ort which he gave to the Anti-Slavery Associa- ion formed in 1840. When nearly eighty-one ears of age, he wrote from Paris, desiring his name o be inserted as one of the Association (to which .e sent a contribution), "that next year I may ither attend in propria j>erxo/ia, or again depute a lecuniary substitute in my stead." During the last years of his life Dr. Gilchrist laid frequent visits to the Continent and it I vas in Paris that he breathed, his last, on the 8th if January, 1841. Having made suitable pro- 'ision for his wife and family, he left the proceeds if his estate to found that trust which bears his Lame, and which, as the words of his will testify, gone. of the broadest educational trusts ever ounded by a single man. The words of the tequest are as follows :—He directs that the rustee or trustees of his will shall, at Mrs. Srilchrist's death, appropriate the principal fund, 1 in such manner as they, my said trustees or rustee shall, in their absolute and uncontrolled liscretion, think proper and expedient, for the >enefit, advancement, and propagation of educa- ion and learning in every part of the world as 'ar as circumstances will permit." The property of the said trust is mninly derived rom The Commercial Bank of Scotland." men- tioned above, and from an investment in land at sydney, which, upon the growth of that town, 'ealised a considerable sum. The will was contested by the heir-at-law but svantually, by a judgment of the House of Lords, >robate was granted, and the direction of the istate given to the trustees to carry out the inten- sions of the testator in the manner they considered >est. Accordingly the trustees founded scholar- ships in India, Ceylon, the West Indies, Canada, md at various local colleges in England. They lave also made considerable grants of money from iime to time to cduc tional institutions, and- the irustees have for some years spent large sums in procuring the delivery, by distinguished men of icience, of lectures on scientific subjects to work- ng men in the various towns of England. The lope of the trustees is that the lectures may be nstrumental in leading to some permanent educa- ;ional result in each town or district in which they tre given, by furthering the establishment of large facilities for higher education for those en- gaged in the regular business of life.
SHIPPING CASUALTIES AT PENARTH AND BARRY. The French vessel Ville de Conets reports chain cable snapped when heaving up anchor in Penarth Roads on Monday owing to heavy sea, thereby losing anchor and 15 fathoms' chain. The steamer Sophia Couppa when docking at Penarth, on Monday morning, Îouled theNorwegian barque, Robert Scrafton, carrying away the latter's figurehead and doing other damage. The steamer Lord Charlemont when moving up the Dock at Barry, on Monday morning, fell against the German steamer Australia, damaging latter's main rail and rigging rail. While the steamer Prinz Soltykoff, was proceed- ing up dock on Sunday she collided with the steamer Ethelgonda, considerably damaging latter stern. The steamship Thornaby, of West Hartlepool (light), for Barry Dock, drove up to Penarth Roads during the gale on Monday.