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GILCHRIST LECTURES AT PONTYPRIDD. A committee has been formed for making ar- rangements fcr the holding of a number of Gilchrist lectujes at Pontypridd and the Rhondda Valley. We hsve been favoured with a biographi- cal sketch of Dr. Gilchrist, which we publish below:— SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF DR. GILCHRIST. John Borth^vick (Gilchrist was born at Edin- burgh in June, 1759. He studied medicine at the University of Idinburgh, and at the age of twenty- three became assistant surgeon in Bengal, under the East India Company. Here not only had he medical charge of the native troops, but on one occasion, at 1e.st, he took the command of a party of them, and successfully repelled an attack by a large body of Pindarees. Feeling very deeply the disadvantages under which he and other Europeans in India laboured, owing the ignorance of the native languages he set himself vigorously to the task of acquiring Hindostanee. As there was then no way of doing this except by intercourse with the Hindoos, he obtained long leave of absence from his post, quitted European society, dressed as a native, became at length an accomplished Hindostanee scholar, and by his dictionary, grammar, and numerous similar writ- ings, smoothed the way for Europeans also to become such. On the establishment of the Marquis of Wellesley's College, at Calcutta, he was offered the post of professor of Hindostanee, with a handsome salary, and at once threw up his medical appointment (he was head surgeon) to accept it. But at the end of five years his health broke down, and he returned to England in 1804 on II. very scan typension. For a year or two he lectured gratuitously in London, and afterwards in Edin- burg, to gentlemen about to go to India, living mainly on the sale of his books. At Edinburgh, 1808, he became a banker, and so remained until 1815, when his business passed to a joint stock company, in which he retained a large holding, and was incorporated with the Commercial Bank of Scotland. Returning to London he persuaded th'J Er si India Company to institute a professorship of Hindostanee, which he held for several years. Meantime, and for the rest of his life, he was an irdent promoter of popular education, and other philanthropic movements. He joined Birkbeck in starting Mechanics' Institutions, and assisted Hume and others in founding what is now University College; London, in which, for a time, he was Professor of Hindostanee. He became president of the London Oriental Institution and also of the London Gym- nastic Society (for he was enthusiastic on the value of physical training), and he projected a National Philological Society, which, among other pood objects, was to promote the establishment of rapid, comprehensive, cheap, but efficient system f juvenile education." That Dr. Gilchrist never lost his interest in hilanthropic effort is shown by the earnest sup- ort which he gave to the Anti-Slavery Associa- ion formed in 1840. When nearly eighty-one ears of age, he wrote from Paris, desiring his name o be inserted as one of the Association (to which .e sent a contribution), "that next year I may ither attend in propria j>erxo/ia, or again depute a lecuniary substitute in my stead." During the last years of his life Dr. Gilchrist laid frequent visits to the Continent and it I vas in Paris that he breathed, his last, on the 8th if January, 1841. Having made suitable pro- 'ision for his wife and family, he left the proceeds if his estate to found that trust which bears his Lame, and which, as the words of his will testify, gone. of the broadest educational trusts ever ounded by a single man. The words of the tequest are as follows :—He directs that the rustee or trustees of his will shall, at Mrs. Srilchrist's death, appropriate the principal fund, 1 in such manner as they, my said trustees or rustee shall, in their absolute and uncontrolled liscretion, think proper and expedient, for the >enefit, advancement, and propagation of educa- ion and learning in every part of the world as 'ar as circumstances will permit." The property of the said trust is mninly derived rom The Commercial Bank of Scotland." men- tioned above, and from an investment in land at sydney, which, upon the growth of that town, 'ealised a considerable sum. The will was contested by the heir-at-law but svantually, by a judgment of the House of Lords, >robate was granted, and the direction of the istate given to the trustees to carry out the inten- sions of the testator in the manner they considered >est. Accordingly the trustees founded scholar- ships in India, Ceylon, the West Indies, Canada, md at various local colleges in England. They lave also made considerable grants of money from iime to time to cduc tional institutions, and- the irustees have for some years spent large sums in procuring the delivery, by distinguished men of icience, of lectures on scientific subjects to work- ng men in the various towns of England. The lope of the trustees is that the lectures may be nstrumental in leading to some permanent educa- ;ional result in each town or district in which they tre given, by furthering the establishment of large facilities for higher education for those en- gaged in the regular business of life.