MR. A. A. WESTON, AUCTIONEER, VALUER, & ESTATE AGENT, AUCTION MART, MAIN-STREET, CADOXTON. HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE and TRADES- MEN'S STOCKS Soul at the above Rooms on Commission. Goods intended for Friday s Sale should be sent in not later than Wednesday each week. [472 MESS US. JOHN SAMUEL ó: CO., AUCTIONEERS, ESTATE -\GE\TS AND VALUERS. INSURANCE AGENTS AND MORTGAGE BROKERS. PEMBROKE CHAMBERS, HOLTON-ROAD. BARRY DOCK. [530 YEZ OYF.Z 'This is to <rive notice, that MR. WILLIAM MUNDAY. the original Cadoxton and District TOWN CRIER l;^ to give notice that he is open to DI^TrJBL IE all kinds of BILLS, and do the Town Crying on the Shortest Notice. Estimates forwarded No con- nection with any other. Note the address-29, Harvey-street, Cadoxton. God save the Queen." [506 LOST. OST Stolen ()1" Strayed, a Black and White lj SETTER PUP (bitchy about two months old. Information to i, Hunter-street, Cadoxton. [¡A3 WANTED. LI'ITTGEXTS WANTED, to form Clubs for wltir Clock,. Jewellery. Silver Plate Opeia Glasses. Musical Insts., Ac DEKT, week Terms, Catalogues, Ac. KENDAL 106. Cheapside, London. Gent's^ Siiver cess. Mention Paper. Ladies ["523 Levers 42s.. worth 70?. [523 "XXT VVTFD YOUNG GIRL, 16 years old, W for the Binding Department-Apply, Sta, Office, Vcre-street, Cadoxton. -m r \ppTFn COUPLE Require APARTMENTS krry -Moderate terms. -Apply, S., St«r Office, Cadoxton, L.m[*55 TTTivn^n in an Architect's Office, an Articled W PUPIL -Apply Bruton and Williams, Barry Dock Ch»SC»4,xt.m [p« 1 r- N'TED GENERAL SERVANT, aee 17 to W 20 country girl Referred—Apply, Mrs. Cutter, Vere-street, Cadoxton. s~\ VF rC R BOY, to run errands and make himself handwriting, XIV., Star Office, Cadoxton. Lf00__ Do Y011 wanT vour FINGER BILLS. HandbUjs jj and. Circulars conscientiously Dismbuted m town and eonntryP-Apply X. X. X., > < > Cadoxton. r?TTFRS W A.NTED at their homos, evenings IS mv-Sce the PEOPLE'S FIRESIDE AH' Newsagents and Smith's Stalls Id. 2d., from 59, Newman Street. London, W. TO LET. O >>e LET or SOLD, HILLSIDE VILLAS Portakerry-xoad, Barry, containing drawing and dining-rooms, kitchen, scullery, outhouses, five bed- rooms, bath-room, w.c.. hot and cold water through- out, large garden front and back. Price £450.-Apply Mr. Richards, senior, builder, Porthkerry-road, Barry. BUSINESS ANNOUNCEMENTS inserted in the SOUTH WALES STAR, the most widely-read newspaper in South and Mid-Glamorgan, at compara- tively low terms, for periods ranging from three to twelve months. Q" LET. — COTTAGES in Arthur-street, Mount JL Plea-int. Cadoxton: painted and papered rhroughoul water laid on 7s. per week. J. A Hughes, Solicitor, Cadoxton. -TA-ROOMED VILLAS TO LET, at York-place, jU Birrv -Vpolv, Mr. E. Thomas. 85, Castleland- street, Barrv Dock," or Mr. R. L. Thomas, builder, Frankford Villa, on the spot. [p42 FOR SALE. TO BE SOLD. Cheat), a Plate-giass Front, air-tight Enclosure, with Fittings all complete, suitable i. Enclosure, with Fittings all complete, suitable for a watchmakcr, tobacconist, or a fancy business.— Apply 42, Commercial-street. Newport. [53 FVY -VND TRAP. Genuine. Dealers need not r apply-.—Address, Pattison, 7, Main-street, Cadox ton. 'U_ XTILLAb, TO BE LET or SOLD, 1. 2, and 3, V Park-crescent, Barry 3 rooms and bathroom, hot and cold water throughout. Lease 999 years- Apply, H. J. Money, Builder, Barry. [p50 PRINTING ORDERS of Every Description at JT the Office of this Paper. EDUCATIONAL. »-J-^ AY SCHOOL FOR GIRLS HEBBLE HOUSE, CADOXTON, BARRY. Principal MISS BARSTOW. BARRY PREPARATORY SCHOOL, ATHER- D STOXE, WINDSOR-ROAD. PRINCIPAL MISS BURBIDGE, R.A.M., -1 Assisted bv thoroughly efficient Governesses. Thorough English, French, Music, and other ° Accomplishments. Kindergarten Taught. "BOlftDIM AiTD DA.Y SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, •RECTORY-ROAD, CADOXTOX-BARRY. PRINCIPAL MISS SMALL. "Prospectus on application. A Coiss ior Little Boys. FRENCH, Spanish. Italian, Gorman, Private t' Tuition. Classes. Special Classes for Commercial ^Correspondence and Conversation. Candidates pre- pared for the Medical, Law, Civil Service, Excise am; 'Customs Examinations Scholarships through the post Arithmetic. Book-keeping,Shorthand. Mr. W Haines Public Translator, 25, Park-street, Cardiff. DRAWING AND PAINTI}TG IN OIL & WATEH COLOURS, PASTEL, &c. AB C \LEDFRYN"S CLASSES meet on SATlJR A DAYS, at the GRAIG SCHOOLS. PONTY PRIDD. at 10.30 a.m.. and at YN\S"WE> SCHOOLS. TREORKL at 3 p.m.—For terms, app)) to AB Caledi'ryn. Artist, Pontypndd; or, for Treorfc. Section, to Mr. E. R. Jones, Ynyswen House. MISS CALEDFRYN (late of the Royal Acadenn of'Mu«ic London), is prepared to take PUPILS for the PIANOFORTE, VIOLIN, and ORG \N —For terms, address to No. 1, Devon lllas, Ponty- pridd.. MUSIC MADE EASY.—Ir.fallible, easy, practical method to play piano, harmonium, wit.hou: knowledge of music; no knowledge of keys required Is.—Rev. WM. HUGHES, Oldbury, Birmingham. [473 QCHOOITADVKRTISEMENTS. — Principals of Private and other Schools will do well to adver- tise in the So»'h H'ah'* Star, which circulates very largely in the South. East, West, ar.d Rhondda Di- visions of Glamorganshire. Quotations for a series mav be had en application to the Manager at the Office, Vere-street, Cadoxton, Barry, or of the local representatives. E. W. SMALLDIUDGE, HAS A FEW VACANCIES FOR THE PIANOFORTE. Terms, apply 55, Castleland-street. Barry Dock FOR High-class Confectionery, Melton Mowbray Pies, Palethoipe's Sausages, Sweets, &c., GO TO PAGETT'S, 50, VERE STREET. (Next door to Mr. Hopkins'. Chemist.) CADOXTON. CLEANLINESS AND CIVILITY A SPECIALITY. Note the Address — 50, VERE-ST., CADOXTON. ALSOP, BROADMEAD, BRISTOL. c.c ==- c=-+- :3 ü t:S Of] .) g b B rh' ? h g" 8 c.> ;1 <12 0:> 0:> P. :zrT' Barry Agent: Mrs, G. Green, Beer Dealer. PALE WliU ALES. 1\ u P, I S T OL IX GALLON CASKS FROM 10D. PER GALLON. PORTER AND STOUT FROM Is. PER GALLON. CAEDIFF STORES: 9. WORKING-STREET. NEWPORT STORES: COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS. CHEPSTOW STORES: BEAUFORT-SQUARE Cacloxton Agents: South Wales Provision Stores. NOTICE. All communications for publication must be addressed. The Editor. THE SOUTH WALES STAR, Cadoxton. near Cardiff." and must reach the Editor not later than Thursday morning All communications must be written on one side of the paper only, and the full name and address of the writer must be enclosed, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith. All business communications must be sent to the Manager. Mr. H. MoitG-AX, Smith Walcx Star Offices, Vere-street, Cadoxton-Barry. The rate of Subscription to the SOUTH AT.ES STAR, posted to addresses within the United Kingdom, payable in advance, is as follows:— One Year 6s. Gil. Half-year 3s. 31 One Quarter Is. 8d.
BARRY RAILWAY COMPANY'S BILL. "In Parliament—Session 1892." How full of excitement most of the inhabitants of the Barry district will be when they read the first four words of the Parliamentary notice which appears in our columns. What are the Barry Company going to apply for ? has been the question in every mouth during the week. We propose briefly to detail what their Bill contains. First of all, powers are sought to make a new dock. The new dock is to be where the timber pond now is, and the entrance is to be at the north-east corner of the present dock. The Cadoxton River, already once di- verted, is to be diverted still further east, the diversion commencing near Mill Cottage and running near the Hayes Farm House. The Bill also seeks powers to construct three rail- ways, viz.. (1) a railway starting half-way be- tween Cadoxton Station and Weston Bridge, and joining the present railway (low level) nearly opposite the centre of the Grav- ing Dock (2) a railway starting from Xo. 1 railway, near the northern corner of the Timber Pond, and running out to near the passage between the basin and the present dock and (3) a railway starting from where the Taff line from Sully joins the Barry line, and finishing near Barry Dock station. This last railway will necessitate a bridge over the road near Cadoxton Station, a another near Weston Bridge, and will enable the Com- pany to run the coal trains clear of Cadoxton Station. This will be a great improvement as at present the Cogan passenger trains, the Sully passenger trains, and the coal trains all liass over the same lines. When a passenger service of trains to Pontypridd is opened they would also pass over the same lines. Once the new railways are started it will be far easier for t"ie Barry Company to accede to the wishes of the Pontypridd Local Board, and run passenger trains on the Barry Line between Pontypridd and Barry. The future of Barry, for some years at any rate, lies in the hands of the Barry directors. There is no day in all the year more important to Barry than the one which publishes what the Barry .Company propose to do. Local trade has undoubtedly begun to languish, and building has been overdone. Now, however, comes the news that the Barry directors are not content with the position that Barry Dock has already won, but that they are determined that the enterprise, the vigour, the pluck, which characterised the first Barry Board shall not be wanting in its successors. Some of the most active of the first Board are resting after life's fitful fever, but their mantle has fallen Oll worthy -L successors, and Barry "go" is still as marked as it was in the first great contest for the Barry Bill. Hitherto "Barry luck" has been pro- verbial. We heartily hope that the Company will succeed in getting powers to make this new dock and the necessary railways for working it. It will mean increased and renewed pros- perity for all of us, and tend to build, up still more rapidly the great town which belongs to the near future. We can safely assure the Barry directors that anything which the in- habitants of the Barry district can do to help the Board will gladly be done. There have been times when we have thought that the interests of the town and of the company have clashed, and we have not been afraid to express with such force as lies in us our candid opinion, but on this matter there cannot be two opinions, and the interest of the town is the same as that of the Com- pany. The success of the latter will entail the prosperity of the former. No doubt Cardiff and the TafE Bute interests will bitterly oppose the Bill, but the Barry Directors have faced such opposition before with success, and we heartily hope that they will be able to repeat I the operation. THE CRISIS IN WELSH AGRICULTURE. The Wf>xtern J[ui! is rendering a great service to the country by publishing a series of articles and interviews on the Agricultural depres- sion" in Wales. We have from time to time written strongly on the subject, being in- timately acquainted with the necessities of Welsh farmers and labourers. The grievance is one of long standing, but Wales, in this, as in many other respects, is only now finding articulate utterance. The farmers of the Princi- pality have always lived a hard life but it is only during the last thirty or forty years that their grievances have become well nigh intoler- able. Until that period the sparseness of the population, the poorness of the soil, and the poverty of the people forbade competition between the tillers of the land. Since then, however, a great change has taken place in the country. The population has enormously in- creased the spread of education has raised the status and aspirations of the people the open- ing up of the mining and manufacturing districts and the improved means of communication and transit have added immensely to the wealth of the country, and have accustomed its inhabit- ants to luxuries undreamt of in the old world days the high wages that can be earned in our mining, manufacturing, and seaport towns have attracted agricultural labourers and emptied our rural parishes of their inhabitants the scarcity of the supply has occasioned enormous increase in the price of agricultural labour the development of science has placed America at our doors, and free trade has enabled the States and Russia to successfully compete with our farmers and while the prices of cattle and produce have gone down the wages of labour have gone up, and the rent of land has since 1853 increased something like 20 per cent. Where once smiling homesteads stood, there is nothing now but deserted ruins. The popula- tion of our rural parishes has constantly diminished, while the population of our towns has been on a steady increase. The aggregate wealth of the Principality has multiplied ex- ceedingly, while the tillers of the soil arc sink- ing lower and lower into poverty and insigni- ficance. Ireland has already gone through a similar crisis, and is only now, during the last ten years, beginning to recover from it. More than a century ago the Irish poet wrote-- I III fares the land, to hastening ills a prey, Where wealth accumulates and men decay, and the ovents of modern, as well as of ancient history, have verified his forebodings. The system of latifundia,"—the aggregation of huge tracts of land into one hand—lay at the root of the decline and fall of Imperial Rome. It was literally, as well as figuratively, true of her policy, urbem fecisti orbem terrarum." Such is the policy that, consciously' or uncon- sciously, England has for a long time pursued. It is only shirking the real issue to advise State-aided emigration. "I have no sym- pathy," said Sir William Harcourt once, with a policy which 1 improves' a country by getting rid of its people. I cannot accept the policy of making a solitude and calling it political economy." Nor must it be forgotten that, whatever may be true of agricultural labourers, our small peasants have an extraordinary attach- ment to the soil. What Goldsmith, one of the greatest masters of human nature, wrote of '2 Irish peasants in the last century, is true of the Welsh farmer of to-day. Dear is the shed to which his soul conforms, And dear the hill which lifts him to the storms And as a child, when scaring sounds molest, Clings close and closer to his mother's breast So the loud torrent and the whirlwinds roar, But bind him to his native mountains more. That this year is one of exceptional hardship to the farmer is readily admitted but an excep- tional crisis only serves to point out more clearly the real and permanent difficulty and injustice. The great potato famine in Ireland was an exceptional one but it opened the eyes of English statesmen to the iniquities of the land system and the crushing hardship of pro- tective tariffs. The bad harvests of this year have been unparalleled in recent times fodder is scarcer and dearer than usual, and the bad- ness of the season has prevented the growth of lattermath. Add to this that labour is growing dearer, and it will be seen that the position of our farmers is well nigh desperate. What is to '7 be done ? The disease is a deadly one, and requires a sharp but simple medicine. The people must be restored to the land. In old times the labourers were the small freeholders of the country. Each man possessed and cultivated his own plot of land, and voted as a freeholder in the county elections. That class has almost wholly disappeared. In England, almost alone of the countries of Europe, the people have been divorced from the land. To the land they must be restored. A return must be made to the old conditions, and the old class of yeomen, who were at one time the ¡ most independent and the most prosperous class of the community, must be re-established upon the land. There is hardly a civilised in country in the world in which legislation comparatively recent times has not been devised to re-establish the small owners of the land. Why should England lag behind ? LEGAL JOBBERY. The Lair Times, which is the accredited organ of the legal profession, continues its criticism of the appointment of Mr. Cecil Beresford as county-court judge, on the ground of his utter incompetency for the work. Though differing from our opinion- las to the necessity for Welsh-speaking judges for Welsh districts, the Times has not hesitated to denounce the present appointment as a scan- dalous job. In its issue of the 7th inst. it stated that 32 Queen's Counsel were among the applicants for the post, and this week a corre- spondent, signing himself "A Barrister- at-law," supplements this statement by saying that A far greater number of competent juniors also applied. In face of these facts," we continue to quote from the Ln>r Times, "what excuse can be found for the appointment of a young gentleman of whom nothing is known, and who is without experience ? Lord Halsbury has appointed his brothers, his wife's relations, his friends' friends, and occasionally those who have done service to the party,' but it never seems to have occurred to him that it is necessary for a man to be a good lawyer, and to have had experience at the bar, in order to be a fit county-court judge." The barefaced statement of a recent corre- spondent in the Times to the effect that there are scarcely any Welsh-speaking barristers who have the necessary qualification, betrays an utter ignorance of the Welsh circuits. Without ransacking the law list we may mention the following as being qualified for the post, both by standing, and a knowledge of Welsh. Messrs. B. F. Williams, Q.C., Morgan Lloyd, Q.C., Abel Thomas, David Lewis (the recorder of Swansea), T. W. Lewis (the stipendiary of Cardiff), Ignatius Williams (the stipendiary of Pontypridd), William Evans, Arthur Lewis, David Jones Lewis, and, if we mistake not, Edmund Vincent (the quondam Times Special Correspondent), besides othets to whom the objection might be raised that their experience has not been large enough, though they possess the necessary standing. There are also other Welsh-speaking barristers who either belong to other circuits or practice at the Chancery Bar, and, therefore, do not "go" circuit, but who arc none the less qualified for the post Roughly speaking there would be about a dozen such barristers, any of whom might have been chosenr particularly as there was a precedent for appointing a Chancery barrister in so recent a case as the appointment of His Honour Judge Owen. Any attempt at defending the present job simply adds insult to the injury already done to the- public generally, to Welsh Nationality, and to that long suffering race of men who practice at the Bar. It is no wonder, therefore, that the Late Tim?* returns to the question this week with a significant and highly opportune article on "Legal patronage," in which it urges the appointment of a Board of Legal Patronage so as to I- put an end once and for all to the ever-recurring complaints of jobbery in the appointments of revising barris- ters and clerks of assize." We in Wales have already taken the lead in this matter also, for Mr. Alfred Thomas's Bill provides for a method to relieve the Lord Chancellor of that patronage which he has recently so grossly abused. 11 LABOURERS AND ALLOTMENTS. In this age of progress it is satisfactory to note that the labourers of the Vale of Glamor- gan are beginning to wake up. We understand that in Qt. Bride's Major they have formed a com-nittco for the purpose of obtaining allot- ments. The Allotment Act of the present Government is a sham measure, so far as com- pulsion goes almost as bad as their sham Agricultural Holdings Act. But it has had one good effect. It has brought home to the great landlords the duty which Lord Tollemache-a good old Tory landlord—so well discharged of giving every labourer on his estate an acre or two of land. We hope the action taken by the St. Bride's men will induce Lord Dunraven to do likewise. But we may at once say that no change will give the farmer a chance which does not give the workmen a chance also. The grave diffi- culty as to wages can only be solved by provid- ing the farm labourer on reasonable terms with small holdings. In this way, without neglect- ing his duty to the farmer, he would be able, with the help of his wife and children, to increase the means of subsistence for his family, and in doing this he would be solving the great wages difficulty. For it is plain that* he will be able to give the farmer his services on more reasonable terms than when he de- pended entirely on his wages. True. lie will still have the temptation of higher wages in the colliery and forge. But the comfort and satis- faction of his own little homestead will be very different from his present wretched condition. We commend the;.e observations to both farmer and labourer. THE BRIDGEND LOCAL BOARD. It is such an easy thing to criticise the actions of a local authority, which is generally credited with far more extensive powers than it really possesses under the present insane system of local government, that we have always hesitated to criticise its shortcomings, and when we have felt that criticism was im- perative, we have always endeavoured to apply it in a fair and reasonable spirit. We trust that in dealing with the recent action of the Bridgend Local Board we will, be able to exer- cise the same moderation and fairness, even though the matter affects our own interests and position. The Board has determined to apply for a provisional order to enable it to acquire land for a new cemetery. Section 17ii of the Public Health Act provides that a notice of such an application must be published in some local newspaper circulating in their district." Such a notice was inserted in the last two issues of the SUitll, Tlv.7r.s- Star. At the last meeting of the Local Board one or two members, ani- mated by feelings which we will not stop to inquire into and analyse, objected to this arrangement on the ground that the Stai- was not a local paper. We are both sorry and sur- prised that men holding the responsible position which these gentlemen hold, and who arc applying for power to spend a large sum of the ratepayers' money, should display suoh grave ignorance of the contents and meaning of the Act which they wish to put into force. That some of the members should bo ignorant of the provisions of the Act is not surprising but that the whole body of the members who wore present, with the exception of Mr. W. Francis, should not have known the requirerrionts of the Act, and should not have been ashamed to talk what we must characterise as arrant nonsense about the Act, is, to our mind, both lamentable and perilous to the interests of the ratepayers. We need only say that the Star is a local paper according to the requirement of the Public Health Act for it publishes local news and circulates in the district. A Bridgend contem- porary has promised to supply its readers with information as to the relative circulation of local paper:; in the dis- trict. We confidently invite inquiry, and we believe that the Star, though it is the youngest born. will compare very favourably with its older rivals. It has been urged, also, that the Star is not printed at Bridgend, and that the advertisements of the Board should only be given to those offices situate in the town. We would wish most respectfully to remind the Board that one of the papers was, until recently, printed at Cardiff, and that no objection was then raised on that score to the insertion of the Board's 'advertisements in that paper. We would wish, also, to point out that neither of the papers printed at Bridgend is purely a Bridgend paper. One of the partners of one of them lives in Neath and both jour- nals are more Neath than Bridgend papers. Nor do either of these, notwith^titnding their pious anger against us, refuse to accept the money of the Neath and Aberavon ratepayers, though they are not printed at those places. One of the papers in question, which has distinguished itself by a personal and litter attack on the Clerk of the Local BnrJ. is not even printed altogether in Bridgend. Last week nine columns, at least, of this journal were set up in London, orsome place where stereo is supplied. We are not concerned to defend the Clerk of the Board in the matter all who know Mr. Hughes know also that he can well defend himself. It is but fair, however, to say that the bitterness with which this paper has attacked him may be accounted for by the fact that a few months ago the paper in question was com- pelled to print an apology to the Clerk for a libel that it had published. But. as we said. this matter does not concern us. We have only taken up the cudgels in our own defence. We are only concerned to prove that the Stay is as much a local paper as any of the others, and we can only again express our surprise and regret that the members of the Local Board should not have taken the trouble to make themselves acquainted with an Act whoso provisions they wish to enforce. The counterblast of the supporters of the alien Establishment at Pontypridd has fallen, somewhat flatly. The Welsh people do not seem to feel an intenser affection for the Church, now that its paid advocate. Mr. W. Helm, has publicly asser- ted a calumny which we had hoped had died with Mr. Raikes, that Wales was not a nation. That remark illustrates exactly how it is the Church has failed in Wale-, and what we mean when we say that it is an alien Church. We care not whether it can claim a historic or sacerdotal con- tinuity with the ancient British Church we leave that to theologians and antiquarians and faddist- to determine. It is sufficient for us that the Church is an Anglican Establishment which is. and has been, out of sympathy with the National aspirations of the Welsh people. We do not say that every individual churchman is out of sym- pathy with our nationality we feel certain that men like the Bishop of Bangor and Dean Owen would never be guilty of asserting what Mr. Helm in his ignorance said. But the Establish- ment, as a whole, has been used as a machinery to crush out our nationality, and to Anglicise our language, our customs, our institutions. It is significant, too, that the Church has been com- pelled to bring Englishmen to defend the Church in Wales. The only Welshman among the speakers was a clergyman. If the progress of the Church is so marked in Wales as it is said to be. how is it that we don't have more lay churchmen who can defend the Establishment in the Welsh language ? We are afraid that Mr. Lenox has drawn a wrong conclusion from insufficient premises when he thinks it propable that their Nonconformist brethren could be 'converted' to their way of thinking." He arrives at this conclusion from the fact that" during a residence of nearly 30 years in the neighbourhood he had always found the Non- conformist brethren and Churchmen had worked hand in hand in every Christian charity." This should dispel any belief that the Nonconformist brethren" are animated in their opposition to the Establishment by any enmity towards the Church. It should also dispel any gloomy foreboding os to the future of religion, when the Church is disesta- blished for the removal of the religious inequality which the Establishment entails would enable the different Christian denominations to combine more effectually and cordially against vice and infidelity. It certainly does not moan that Nonconformists can be easily converred" to a Church, which their fathers left and which has neglected their country. -A— Sir Morgan Morgan never made a more fatuous assertion that when he said the other day at Pontyclown that at the election in 1S85 for South Glamorgan the Conservatives cculd not get a fair hearing, and that their speakers were actually hooted down. There is absolutely not the slightest foundation for such a statement, and Mr. Arthur Williams has done well touring Sir Morgan to book. Sir Morgan has only answered Mr. Williams's letter by the vaguest generalities. He has adduced no single proof of his grave and insulting charge against the electorate he seeks to represent: and. failing to do this, it would have been a manlier and wiser policy on his part to withdraw, uncon- ditionally. a charge which he cannot substantiate. Not only was his charge- an insult to the consti- tuency, but it was far from being complimeiitary to Sir John Llewellyn, whose geniality and per- sonal popularity made him the strongest Conserva- tive candidate that South Wales could put for- ward. The motives of Sir Morgan Morgan in making the statement arc obvious. He wished to show that his chances are rosier than were those of Sir John Llewelyn, and that this improvement in the Conservative chances of success is due to his own commanding personality. How far these im- plications are correct everyone who is acquainted with the coustitueucyand with Sir Morgan Morgan will know. The gospel of Welsh nationalization is preached in partibus inliih-U.im by no one with greater enthusiasm than it is by Mr. J. Arthur Price, barrister-at-law, Lincoln s inn. X ot long ago he carried a resolution in favour of Welsh Disestab- lishment at a meeting of the Uardwicke Society, which is largely composed of junior barristers. Last week he brought the same subicct before the Union Society, The members of which are mostly- men who have been members of the X uion [ Societies of Oxford aud Cambridge. We regret that Mr. Price's previous good fortune did not attend him on this, occasion, but his powerful historical argument, showing how in almost every age the religious genius of the elsh people have materially differed from that of the English, must have set many a member thinking on the problem. It was also gratifying to see M.. Sevasly, -x French- American. and a staunch Roman Catholic, lending his support as a member of another oppressor! nationality to Nonconformist Wales in its deo&M&d for religious liberty. Welsh Nonconformity also had Mr. Lleufcr Thomas there fl." its represeutcuive and spokesman, but though the combined eloquence of those and other gentlemen has not enough to convince the society, still the case of Wales was fairly and eloquently put so as to enlist on its side much interest, some sympathy, and a general desire to do it justice. We think it only just to the members of the Barry Local Board to exonerate them from blame in the matter of the sad condition of Guerei-streei. Barry Dock. It was said at the inquest held on a little child last Wednesday that the state of Gueret-strc-et was lamentable, and the Coroner said that he would not1 care to live in the street. Dr. Lloyd-Edwards attributed the death of the child to the position of the street, and to the fact that a cesspool, which frequently overflowed, was near the house. The Local Board have done their best to abate the nuisance, a-nd they must be exonerated from all blame in the matter. The nearest public sewer is in Dock View-road, and in order to get to it, it would be necessary either to pass through the sewers of the Barry Dock Land Syndicate or to make a new sewer. This new sewer would pro- bably cost something like £6uu, and would be per- fectly useless in five or six months' time, when the Syndicate's roads will have been taken over by the Local Board. The Board asked the Syndicate to allow the overflow of the cesspool to pass through their sewers to the public sewers in Doc": View- road. Tins the Syndicate absolutely refused to do. though they assigned no reason for their refusal. The members of the Llangeinor School Board have determined to introduce Biblte-teaching into the schools under their control. We do not intend. at present, to enter into a discussion as to whether it is advisable or not that the Bible should be taught in schools supported by public money. We will only remark, in passing, that it is surely in- consistent in those who oppose the Establishment to promote religious teaching by grants from the public funds. On the other hand. it seems hard to understand why tales of Robin Hoed or Rob Rov. often written in indifferent English, should be allowed to be read. while the beautiful Bible storjes of Joseph and David and Daniel, written in classical English by past masters of the art. should. be excluded. But all this is beside our present, point. Rightly or wrongly, a considerable section—per- haps the majority—of the constituents of the members are averse to Bible-reading in the Board's schools. A meeting was recently held at Blaen- garw to condemn the proposal of the Board, and much dissatisfaction is felt throughout the Ogmorc and Garw Valleys with the action of the Board. As the present School Board will have to dissolve in March of next year, it would have been far wiser for the members to have postponed passing a resolution which is. at least, opposed to to the well-known previous policy and convictions of Welsh Nonconformists, until a chance had been given to test the feeling of the electors on the question. It is right that representatives should act independently on some occasions but when a proposal is introduced to which the electors have been hitherto opposed or on which they have not had the opportunity to express an opinion, it is contarary to all fairness and custom to agree -te, such a proposal without previously consulting the electorate.
LEGAL JOBBERY AND THE WELSH LANGUAGE THE BISHOP OF BAXGOR. Palace. Bangor, Nov. 12th. 1891. DEAl: Sin.—I regret that absence from Bangor has preyentcd mc frwm replying to your note of October 31st uIt. I think that it would be wise and expedient, to appoint- men aeciuainted Avir-h the IVelsh language to public offices in which the work cannot be efficiently and impartially discharged without a knowledge of Welsh. In legal office- legal knowlege is of primary importance, and I should be sorry to say that Welsh- men cannot been found ]J0s"essed of leg-il as well as linguistic qualifications for the office to which you call attention. I have no means of knowing whether the gentleman appointed tiJ thp post- you refer tn possess or d-es not possess these requisite qualifications. — I am. your obedient servant, D. L. 1)AX<;oii. MR. J. BRYX ROBERTS, M.P. 9. Old Square. Lincoln's Inn. Nov. 17th, 1891. DEAn SIR,—You have done public service in draw- ing attention to the recent County Court appointment in Wales. A colloquial knowledge of Welsh ought to be deemed absolutely essential in every person ap- pointed to judicial offices in the Welsh-speaking districts of Wales. I would not regard it as the most important qualification. That should always be sound knowledge of law combined with ample practical experience. Still a familiar knowledge of the ver- nacular should be considered a s/v.' 'Ju,¡ and Parliament and the press should take care that it shall be so henceforth.—Yours faithfully. BKYN ROSEUTS. The Editor S(/-ith Wa/<< Star. Speaking at Carmarthen on Tuesday night Major Jones, one of the candidates for the repre- sentation of the boroughs, said :-It was positively shocking to think that judges were appointed by the Imperial Government to try Welshmen before Welsh jurors to whom the language of the court was a foreign language, while the language of the accused and of the iurors was entirely unknown.to the judge upon the bench. He said that this was a disgrace and an injustice against which the entire nature of the Welsh revolted, and the breach of faith shown by the present Government in the appointment of a monoglot Englishman to the office of Countv-court judge in a Welsh-?peaking district was a thing which would undoubtedly be re-ventilated in Parliament, and would, as he verily believed, be the last instance of its class. (" Hear. hear." and cheers.) In responding to a vote of thanks for presiding over the public meeting in connection with the Xational Eisteduvod, held at Pontypridd on Tues- day evening, his Honour Judge Gwilym Williams said that considerable agitation had been going on lately with reference to gentlemen qualified to holcfoffice in Wales. It had been stated that i: was all very well for them to say Wales- for the Welsh, and'to contend that all public offices in Wales should, everything else being equal, be given to Welshmen, but some people had not only, hinted, but had stated boluly. that they had no opportunity for making such a choice, hat had been stated, and what he (his Honour) had seen, stated in the public press was not altogether a fact. It was now said that there are not a dozen men. who are qualified, by a knowledge of the language, to take the post mentioned, at the English bar or at the Welsh bar. The matter has been ex- aggerated. no doubt: but. as I have said before, there is so much truth in it that I should like to ei impress now upon parents bringing up children the necessity to teach children Welsh, and to .speak Welsh habitually in their homes with their children. Continuing, his Honour said that for some time to come, and, possibly, during the ages of the children now brought up. a know- ledge of Welsh—they might take it from hila— would be indispensable in this country—'hear, hear)-to those who were to fill public appoint- ments in Church and State in the country. (Loud applause.)—The Rev. S. R. Jones, vicar of Glyn- iaff. also spoke to the same effect. Welshmen did not demand Wales for the Welsh, but claimed that Englishmen. Scotchmen, and Irishmen should compete with them in Wales upon equal grounds by learning the WeL-h language.—Speaking at Bala Mr. Tom Ellis said with reference to the recent appointment*of Mr. Beresford that they had already broken down this treatment by securing Widsh-speaking Bishops and W-d;-h-sptakiug iu- sivetors. and the- would not bate one i ot or tittle till justice was administered in Wales by judges who know the language. (Loud aud pi-ciouged applause.) Z!l The Ti/.<t -*r Dy'll says:—"That which has been writte:* is but the expression of what the body of the- people thmfcs. The appointment of alien Englishmen, kne-wing not a word of our language, and without sympathy with our aspira- tions, our judge*, is an insult to us and an insult on our Wehh barristers, quite as compe- tent, who are passed by. The editor of the South ll'^fc.s- Star has appealed to a number of Welsh mwnben. and others who are deemed to be leader for their opinion, on the subject, and they Ire almost all oi one mind that all who are appointed to be fudges in our courts should understand the language of the people, though all of theis* no not think that the appointment of Englishmen ig^qr. j j ant of Welsh is in every oase a • legal job,
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