BARRY DOCK. TO BUTCHERS. FARMERS, CONTRACTORS, AND OTHERS. IMPORTANT SALE OF CATTLE, SHEEP, HORSES, CARTS, Ac. MR. "W M. THOMAS has been instructed by several gentlemen in I'IO neighbourhood to SELL by AUCTION. near the VICTORIA Hotel. Barry Dock, on THURSDAY. October 1st, 1891, 7 MILCH COWS, in full profit, 3 Barren Cows, 70 Fat and Breeding Ewes, 5 Store Pigs, about 20 Capital Cart Horses. Cobs, and Ponies and several good Tip-carts. Sale to commence at One o'clock sharp. Auctioneer's Office, Yere-street, Cadoxton. [7 EO^TI&AEY PASKrPEIMAMT lfEAR BARRY. SALE OF 32 HEAD OF CATTLE. 180 SHEEP, 8 HORSES. PIGS, AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS, i-c. MESSRS. STEPHENSON A ALEXANDER are instructed by Hr. Thomas Matthews, who is living up this Farm, to SELL by AUCTIOX. on MONDAY, the 28th September Next, on the Premises as ahovo, the v,<>le of his Valuable F ARlvlING STOCK, Comprising 32 head of Cattle, 80 very prime Cotswold Ewes. 70 Lambs, and 20 prinie Fat Sheep, 8 Cart Horses and Colts, together with a number of Pigs, Poultry, and the whole of the Agricultural Implements. Also a Mow of Wheat Straw, about 20 tons, and u. M <v of very prime 1889 Clover Hay. Three Months' Credit upon approved security. Lunch at Twelve. Sale at One o'clock. Catalogues, giving full details, can be obtained upon application to the Auctioneers, 5, High-street, Cardiff. Ystiadyfodwg Local Board. TO CONTRACTORS. CLYDACH YALE SEWEE. rilHo above-named Board invite TENDERS for X LAYING complete about 1.525 LINEAL YARDS of 12-inch STONEWARE PIPE SEWER. about 39 Lineal Yards of 12-inch Cast-iron Pipe Sewer, a.nd about 310 Lineal Yards of 9-inch Sconeware Pipe Sewer, including manholes, scone pier*. and all other works found necessary for the completion of the contract. Plans and Specification may be seen and Form of Tender obtained at the Surveyor's Office. Local Hoard Offices. Pentre. Rhondda. to the 30th inst. All tenders to be delivered at the said Offices under seal, addressed to the Chairman, not later than the 1st pros., endorsed "Tender 2 or Sewer at Clydach Yale. The Board does not; bind itself to accept the lowest or any Tender. By Order. J. W. JONES. Surveyor, loth September. 1821.  Ystradyiodwg local Board. TO CONTRACTORS. THE above-named Board invite TENDERS for JL the GENERAL IMPROVEMENT of LLWYX- PIA-ROAD. Contract No. 2. The works include ex- cavations. retaining- wills, kerb and channelling-, drains, pavement?, and works necessary. Plans and specifications may be seen, and form oi tender obtained, at the Surveyor's Offices. Locai Board Offices, Pentre Rhondda. to the 30th inst. All Tenders to be sent under seal, addressed to thi Chairman of the Local Board, before the 1st proximo, endorsed Tender for LP,vynpia-roa.il Improvement. The Board do nob bind themselves to accept the lowest or any tender. By Order. J. W. JONE^. Surveyor, loch Sept.. 1331. =2J Ystradyfodwg Local Board, TO CONTRACTORS. WILLIAMSTO WX. PEXYG-RAIG. AND DINAS DISTRICT MAIN SEWER. THE above-named Board invite TENDERS for LAYING complete about 278 l-3rd LINEAL YARDS of 15-inch STONEWARE PIPE SEWER, r.V.-at 1.637J- lineal yards of 12-inch stoneware pipo-sewer. and about 1.848J lineal yards of 9-inch stoneware pipe-sewer, including about 51 lineal yards of cast-iron pipes, manholes, and flushing tanks, and all other works found necessary for the completion of the contract. Plans and Specifications may be seen, and form of Tender obtained, at the Surveyor's Onice, Local Board Offices, Pentre Rhondda. to the 30th inst. All Tenders to be delivered at the saidOfSces, under seal, addressed to tha Chairman, not later than the 1st pros., endorsed Tender for Williams- town. S:c.. Sewer." The Board does not bind itself to accept the lowest or any tender. By order. J. W. JONES, Surveyor. Eth September, 1381. "31 Ystradyiodwg Local Board. THE above-named Board invite TENDERS for JL the MANUAL end TEAM LABOUR neces- sary in CLEARING AWAOT all HOUSES and STREETS REFT. bE. occ. (viz., the efficient Scaveng- ing- of the said district), from the 29th September, 1351. to the 30th September. 1802. Specification may be seen and forms of Tender obtained at the Surveyor's Office. Local Board Offices, Pentra. Rhondda. to the 23th inst. All • Tenders to be delivered, under seal. not later than the 23th inst., addressed to the Chairman of the Local Board, endorsed. "Tender for Scavenging District (or Districts) No. — The Board do not bind itself to accept the lowest or any Tender. By Order, M. JOXES. Surveyor. 14th September. 1391. [5[ TOBlilLMRS lilTCOIiTEAGTOES. THE YSTRADYFODWG SCHOOL BOARD JL invite TENDERS for the ERECTION AND COMPLETION OF NEW SCHOOLS At CWMCLYDACH and TYLORSTOWN. Plans and specifications can be seen at the re- sidence of Mr. J. Rees. Architect. Pentre. Ystrad. Tenders are i<ibe delivered at the School Board Offices, on or before Saturday. October 10th. 1891, endorsed. Tenders for Schools." The Board do not bind, themselves to accent the lowest or any Tender. W. G. HOWELL, Clerk to the Board. Pentre. July 13th, 1331. BARRY & CADOXTON LOCAL BOARD 1\ OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that the above 1. Board intend to apply after the expiration of one month from this date FOR CONFIRMA- TION OF BYE-LAWS made by the said Board acting as the Urban Sanitary Authority with re- sopect to Public Bathing. AND FURTHER NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that a copy of the proposed Bye laws has been deposited at the Office of the said Board, at Vere- street, Cadoxton, and will be open for inspection of the ratepayers of the district without" fee or reward during o31ce hours for one month from this date. By Order. J. ARTHUR HUGHES. Clerk. Local Board Office. Cadoxton, 3rd September, 1S:)1. TO BE tKT. The Market IIall, COURT-ROAD. CADOXTON. SITUATE in centre of ris'iig district, with a population of 10.000, suitable for Concert or Assembly-room, Musical or other Entertainments, or would be let as a Market. There are two retiring-rooms, with usual ofEces well lit with rp? seating room for 2.O00 persons. Can be taken 4,'jt a term or an annu il tenancy. Apply, by sealed tender, not later than Ocfcobei "3r<1. 1331, to tho Secretary of the Market Company :">3. Vare-str^et, Cadoxton. rn PjIELIMIN A'.IY AN N 0 UN CEMENT. TTITE GIT AND ANNUAL .c. ,7 Á"I V -4 L\ EVENING CONCERT (In connection with Bsthosda Welsh Congreationrl Cliap-1, Barry"), will be held at BAKBY PUBLIC HALL, ON WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 4TH. SPECIAL ARTISTES ENGAGED. rot- further Particulars, see future Bills. For the Committee. JAMES EVANS, Secretary. .GREAT BARGAINS. AND CORNER OF Barry-road k lain-st., Cadoxton, Also 40 and 41, BRIDGE STREET, CARDIFF, HAS FOR SALE THE VNDEI?-MENTIONED BARGAINS :— Splendid Patterns GOLD ALBERT, French make. Splendid Design, cost 129 10s; to be sold at a great Sacrifice 75s. GOLD CURB ALBERT AND LOCKET, every Link Stamped, could not be bought New for three times the price only 70s. LOSG SILVER GUARD, Double Link, Fancy Pattern, c-rginally cost 30s. Price asked now only 12s. 3d. A Splendid Set of GOLD BROOCH AND EARRINGS, in case, Handsome Pattern, very Neat and Splendidly Finished, a Bargain, only IPs. A Large Assortment of Gold Wedding- Ring's, Keepers, Dress Uings, and Signet Rings for Sale. Silver Alberts (Ladies and Gents') in Variety. "Watolies of all Kinds. New and Second-hand Clothing always in Stock. NOTE OUR OLD-ESTABLISHED ADDRESSES FOLLICK, .lL..J .L.j Corner of Barry-road and Main-street, CADOXTON. Also 40 and 41, Bridge street, Cardiff. MICHAELMAS, 1891. B. Evans & Company ARE NOW MAKIXG A SPECIAL SHOW OF CABIN Err 1-" t> J Carpets, Curtains, Table-Covers, Draperies, Linoleums, Oilcloths, Fllrllisllillg) Ironmongery, China and Glass, Bedsteads, Bedding, Blinds, Cretonnes, Household Linens, Blankets, Quilts, &c. A VISIT OF INSPECTION INVITED. CATALOGUE FREE OX APPLICATION. TEMPLE STREET, SWANSEA. ts ,t 1_> L, JL W. H. GIBBY, 85, High Street, BARKY, FUMISHIM AID G-EIEML IUOIIOICtER, PESDERS. TIn YELLIXC; TRCXIŒ FIRE IROSS, OOAL VASES, GREAT LAMPS IX VARIETY. GREAT VARIETY. AKD BEDDH,'(} OF EVERY BEST OIL. DESCRIPTIOX. CARPENTERS" & JOINERS' TOOLS. SUPERIOR TABLE & POCKET CUTLERY. Sole Agent for the ALBO CAHBOS LIGHT. The Brighest, Steadiest, and Most Economical of Gaslights BENJAMIN LEWIS, GROCER, BAKER AND PROVISION IERCHAIT, PALMERSTOWN AND BARRY ROAD, CADOXTON-BARRY. Try our High-Class Provisions at Low Prices. SPECIALITIES IN TEAS GOOD FAMILY, Is. Gel.; SPLENDID BLEND, 2s. AND FINEST GROWN, 2s. Gd. Lewis's Bread is the bread of the day, Lewis's Bread defies competition, Lewis's Bread is the best, people say Lewis's Bread withstands opposition Lewis's Bread is the bread for the young, Lewis's Bread is both wholesome and pure. Lewis's Bread for the weak and che strong Lewis's Bread will just suit you. I'm sure. Lewis's Bread for the navvy is best, Lewis's Bread for workmen to carry, Lewis s Bread is the bread to dig-est; Lewis's Bread is known down in Barry Lewis's Bread for the Welsh Bard, Lewis's Bread lias a very wide fame, Lewis's Bread for all men who work hard. Lewis's Bread bears B. Lewis's name. N.B.—Tea Meetings Supplied on Reasonable Terms. ,r- THE OABOXTOU COAOH AID WHEEL WORKS, ADJOINING BANK BUILDINGS. CADOXTON, BARRV. MR. A. R. LEWIS BEGS to call the attention of the public generally that he is now prewired to EXECUTE ALL IUS IX" of 1:; L CARRIAGES, TRAPS, &e, In the most mod rn scylps. ESTIMATES idÜ:2. EXPERIENCED WORKMEN £ *PMjy| £ D; CARRIAGE PAINTING IN ALL ITS BRANCR iiS. GENERAL SMITHY AND REPAIRING WORK EXECUTED ON THE SHORTEST NOTICE A. R. L. begs to refer the public to his most recent accomplishments for several of th,> gentry and tradesmen of the district, including Dr. O'Domieli. Mr. J J Wil'iims it F jr J v 5 Williams, and J. A. Davies (Barry Hotel). E. Hoddmott, New Tljeatre ^oyal, CADOXTON. Lessee & Manager MR. JAMES ELPHINSTONE. Assistant Manager MR. C. J. WELCH. IMPORTANT ENGA GEMENT FOR SIX NIGHTS, Commencing MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 28TH, 1891. A PASSION BY E. J. LAJIPARD. Eirst-elass Company. First-class Scenery. First-class Everything. PRICES OF ADMISSION.-—Stalls, 2s. (Half-price at 9) Chairs, Is. (Half-price at G) Pit, 6d. (Half- price at fJ); Gallery, 4d. (No Half-price). [f 13 LOOK OUT FOR THE GREAT BRASS BAND CONTEST AID RACES AT TEE PONTYPRIDD, PONTYPRIDD, ON MABON'S DAY NEXT, OCTOBER 51'H, 1891. For all particulars apply to Mr. A. C. BEERE, Secretary. BRISTOL CHANNEL PASSENGER SERVICE (LIMITED.) SPECIAL EXCURSIONS FBOM CAUDIFF TO AND I LYNMOUTH ILFRACOMBE (Wind, weather, and circumstances permitting), on FRIDAY, SEPT. 25TH, EARL OF DUNRAVEN, LAST -EXCURSION OF THE SEASON TO LYNMOUTH AND ILFRACOMBE, I Leave Cardiff 10.0 a.)r., Ilfracombe 5.0 p.m., Lynmouth 5.45 p.m. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23th, BOXXIE DOON. HALF-HOLIDAY TRIP to ILFRACOMBE Direct Leave Cardiff 2.45 p.m.. Ilfracombe 7.30 p.m. Special To-and-Fro Fares This Trip, Fore Cabin, 2s. 6d., Saloon. 3s. Fares To-and-Fro:—Single, Fore Deck, 2s. 6d.' Saloon. 3s. 6d.; To-and-Ero. Same Day, 3s. 6d. and 4s. 6d. NOTICE—The Company will not hold them- selves responsible for the safety of any passenger, or intending passenger before embarking on or after disembarking from any of their Steamers. EDWARDS, ROBERTSON and CO., Agents. 10;). Bute Docks, Cardiff. BRISTOL CHANNEL PASSENGER SERVICE LIMITED. DAILY SERVICE between CARDIFF and JL7 WESTON by the Saloon Steamer" LADY MARGARET." or other suitable Steamer (wind, weather and circumstances permitting ) SEPTEMBER. 1891. LEAVE CARDIFF. LEAVE WESTON Sat. Sept. 26, 9.33 a.m., 12.10 S.t,. Sept. 26, 10.25 a.m., 1.20, 3.0 l>.iu. 8.0 p.m. Moil. Sfi>t. 28, 12 15, 2.30, 5.15 Mon. Sept. 23, 1.15, 3.3C, p.m. 6.15 p.m. TUPS. Sept. 29, 1.15, 3.30, 5.45 Tues. Sept. 29, 2.15, 4.33, p.m. 6.45 p.m. Wei. Sept. 30, 8.15 a.m., 3.30, .re.1. S<:j>t. 30, 2.0. 4.3), 6.45 5.45 p.m. P.m. Fares to r.nl fro (day of issue only), Fore Deck Is. 6:1., Saloon 2s., Single Is. 6d. 0'1 Wednesdays and 1 Saturdays (except Saturday MAY loth), the fares VviU after 2 o'clock, ti» and fro, j Poi3 Dock, is. 3- Saiow §:l, Single Fove Deck, j h., Salo0" ,Lil,l (ill other .Lys alter 5 p.m. Passes and Sen son Tickets not available on Whit- Monday. SL'ASOTrCKETS.—A hmited number will be f ^'stiod at £ 2 2s. each, available for the Company's ctll>e Bristol Channel Passenger Service (including T.rm ->ut,h, Ilfracombe, and other places. Bank Holi- d-ir- r.-r. "r|ted). Books of Family Tickets are also ;<Vn'd i- pi. '^)1e betv.-oen Cardill and Weston. Prices I}'7« Dogs and bicycles Is. each way EDW VS'Y RC 3ERTS0N & CO, AGENTS, J 1 A!"D>' KV" 105, Bute Docks, Cardiff. J A D 0 X T O >F J1J P TEL, CADOXTON, I UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT. I I,)R Terms, apply to the ManagerF Mr. M. P. I V/ARBURTON, who solicit.? the a«?rstance of Twelve Gentlemen to form an Elocution Clasa and Dramatic Club at the above premises. WHY DO YOU SUFFER ? WHY DO YOU SUFFER? GrWILYM EVANS' QUININE BITTERS. Containing something needed by Mi:x who 8uffer from Colds. GWILYM EVANS' BITTERS. Contains something needed by M I'N who s,lffer from HK.VUTBI-HN. GWILYM EVANS' QUININE BITTERS. Contains somethiuèi needed by WoitKX Wh0 suffer from LANG OUR. GWILYM EVANS' BITTERS. Contains something needed by Women who suffer from FT.ATri.KXCK. GWILYM EVANS' QUININE BITTERS- Contains something 11ce<lcd by CIIIL1;HEX who are XERVOCS or FKRTFUL. GWILYM EVANS' BITTERS. Contains something needed by C:rrLuIŒx who suffer from "\YEA1'¡X¡':Ss. GWILYM EVANS' QUININE BITTERS. Coutains something needed by MEN who suffer from Nekyousxkss. GWILYM EVANS' BITTERS. Contains sODlctllÍ1¡¡! needed by :1l:x' who suffer from LIVKH DJ.SOKUEHS. GWILYM EVANS' QUININE BITTERS. Contains sometliing nee.1e,1 by WOMEN' who snÍfH from CIíEST AVi-'EC-riONs. GWILYM EVANS' BITTERS. COlltitÍlP something neolcl hy WOMKN who suffer from IfUUTATU.Mi'V OF TK.MI'Kn. GWILYM EVANS' QUININE BITTERS. Contains something needed by CIIIT.DTtr:X who "uffer from NEURALGIA. GWILYM EVANS' BITTERS. Contains something needed by CHILDREN' who are EXCITAHI.E. DO YOU NEED IT? DO YOU NEED IT ? Read the following wonderful testimony of Pitiable Sufferings Relieved :— Hope J:hl! Bcthesda, Crvrnarronshire. P> Sir.—I feel that T am under great personal "■■■J ol ■ligations to yoiv as the discoverer of the now world-i-eiiowno! Qrrvixi: C'ITTEUS. TO it I owe restoration of bodily health and strength GWILYM when all other remedies and doctors had failed to give me rtny [(¡.,tin:! brm-Jft. Few c, men have suffered more than I have done E VAiSi O 1U1.1 certainly there can he hut fewcnscswliich could he considered 1110re hopeless thm1 mine ATTTvyj-vr-n before X tried your invaluable remedy. I was ^UJ-iMALi compelled to be very careful as to what food I partook of, as nearly everything I afe gave l-iTTT^f"RC< me great pain. My stomach was distended with wind, which again pressed upon the other great organs of the body, ¡:UC11 as the FOR lungs, liver, and heart, npon the fulfilling, of whose functions proper bodily health, comfort, anl strength lleecssa;'i1\' depend. INDIGES- So srroat was this distension at times'that I often feared JD)" heart would stop its rr,TA,T beating for ev(r.' I felt weak, dis- 1 IOjN v spirited, and nervous. I feared to speak a word in public, and I felt I might nt, any moment fall dead. My breathing was difficult, rapid, and weak. while sometimes my heart beat so loudly that people who snt ill the fsame room with me could plainly hear it. My life was a burden to me and a trouble and anxiety to others. In this unhanri" condition I was persuaded to try your QUININE BITTERS, GWILYM though from my experience of other remedies which I had trie;! in vain I had verv little faith in this remedy. I tried a 2s. fill."bottle. E VAN'S' Before I hadfunshed taking this I fettsnoh n. decided change for the better that I detcr- TT^ mined upon tryine a larger bottle—4s. 6d. V, C J. N i i_* Jii The benefit I received was so evident that I readily obtained another 4s. 6d. bottle, with PTTTT/T> Q niost happy ccjise^(iiei)ces. is'ov,- I am 131 ,L HiitO strong and healthy—pencetlv liealthv—and have been so from that time until J1<I' FOIl stronger in mind and hodv than I had been for years previously, and nil that at a cost of only lIs. 9d. Since then I have recommended INDIGES- it to dozens of others, and I have never vet seen anyone give it a fair tried without being TTAV benefitted by it and perfectly satisfied with it. E.W.JONES GWILYM EVANS' BITTERS. CAUTION. Above itH, see that you get the right article, with the name "Gw'ITJYAI EVANS" on Stamp Label, and Dottle, without which none is genuine. Refuse all imitations an 1 insist noon having NOTHING BUT GWILYM EVANS' QUININE BITTERS. Trices 2s. 9d Double Size, l.q. f, cases containing throe 4s. 6d. bottles at 12s. per case. Sold by all Chemists. Agents in all parts of the World. Equally suite I for all climates. Puor-niKTORS '■— QUININE BITTERS MANUFACTURING COMPANY (LIMITED), LLANEILY, SOUTH WALES. THE GLOBE FURNISH [NO CO., 19 £ ][:ST0^ JJOUSE gTREET. CARDIFF, THE MOST SUCCESSFUL FURNISHING HOUSE, THEIR GOODS RECEIVE UXIVERSAL APPROVAL. 'THEY SELL AT EXTRAORDINARY LOW PRICES. If you are buying Furniture of any description, it will pay you to go to the Globe," as they make it their special aim to see that the goods they manufac- ture are soundiy constructed and properly finished. If you purpose purchasing upon our System of EASY PAYMENTS, We guarantee that our Prices!, will be from 20 to 30 per cent. below those of any Hire Furnishing House. WE DO NOT CHARGE ANY FAXCY PRICES. If you wish to pay CASH, W e dlow you Special Large Discounts. The splendid success and continued increase in our business is a proof of the satisfaction we give. We have just completed considerable extensions and alterations to our premises, and we can now guarantee orders to be executed with'promptitude Our terms for easy payments are the lowest in the trade. ALL GOODS DELIVERED FREE. THE GLOBE FURNISHING COMPANY, 0USTOM JJTOUSE STREET, ARDIFF. Baiiy Agent: Nrs. 0. toen, Beer Dealer. 4k PALE ALES. lug fiRlSTO^- IN 4J GALLON CASKS i.ROM 10D. PER GALLON. PORTEIt AND STOUT F11031 Is. PER GALLON. CARDIFF STOKES: 9. WOMING-STREET, KEWPORT STORES: COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS. CHEPSTOW STORES: BEAUPORT-SQUAREJ; Cadoxton Agents: South Vales Provision Stores,
NOTICE. All communications for publication must be addressed. The Editor, THE: SOUTH WALES STAE. Cadoxton. near Cardiff." and must reach the Editor not later than Thursday morning All communications must be written on one side of the paper only, and the full name and address of the writer must be- enclosed, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith. All business communications mrwt be sent to the Manager, South Wtdrx Star Offices, Vere-streeo, Cad oxt on Ba r r y. The rate of Subscription to the SOUTH WALKS STAR, posted to addresses within the United Kingdom, payable in advance, is as frtlor.-s :— One Year Gs. 6d. Half-year 3s. 3d One Quarter Is. 8d.
NOTICE. We arc sorry that Theodore Dodd's Open Letter to Mr." STUART RENDEL is unavoidably kept over till next v.x-ek.
RURAL LIFE. The London Du'ly News has for some weeks been employing a. Special Commissioner to supply it with reports of the life in the viJIaw-s of Essex and the home counties. Vvre havo our- selves once or twice deplored the depopulation of our country districts, and the sad—almost hopeless—condition of tho agricultural labourer. Some time ago there appeared some very instructive correspondence on this subject in our Welsh column. It is a fact that cannot be denied that our rural population is decreasing year by year. Especially is this the case in "Vales. The last census shows us a decrease in every agricultural county in Wales, and a tre- mendous increase in the population of our towns. The depopulation of the country dis- tricts is a great danger—indeed, it is about the greatest danger which England will have to face. Latin writers spoke with ominous fore- boding of the migration of the rural population to the towns, and of the system of latlfw.dia, big farms," which L was one of its causes. These forebodings were verified by subsequent events. When the barbarians came the people, enervated by urban life, wore unable to defend themselves, and fell an easy prey to the more active barbarians. We '=-, l: Q. in England arc in danger of losing our physical power through overcrowding in our large towns. Work is scarce in our towns hence many are constantly half-starving, because they are often without work, and many more we compelled by circumstances to preys to the iniquitous sweating system. Before;we can apply a remedy, we must dig- cover the cause of the disease. Why is it that our rural population migrate to the towns ? It is because the people have learned that vigorous health and strong arms are better valued in the I towns. Education has given them ideas which cannot be attained in the country, and the mul- plicity of railways tempts them to seek their fortune from home. Life in our villages" is c- practically no life at all. The labourer, espe- cially in England, takes no part in public business, and he has little or nothing to look forward to or hope for. Mr. John Morley, a a little time ago, quoted a very striking passage from a speech of the late Mr. Fawcett, who was himself the son of a farmer, and who was therefore very well acquainted with village life. Theirl., Mr. Fawcett said, "is a life of inces- sant toil for wages too scauty to give them a sufficient supply of the first necessaries of life. No hope cheers their monotonous career. A life of constant labour brings them no other pros- pect than that when their strength is exhausted they must crave as suppliants a pittance for parish relief." Not only are their ivaaes small, but, in England even more than°in Wales, no amusement of any sort is provided them. Wales has its singing schools, its com- petitive meetings, anditseiateddfodau. But the English labourer has none of these things. His is a dull existence, uncheered by a gleam of sun- shine or a pleasure higher than he can ex- perience at the village taproom. We think that it has been proved that the tilling of land c.m even be made to pay even with America as a competitor, and some Americans are of opinion ion that the States will cease to export anything like the same quantity of cereals after next year as they do at present. There was one very cheering letter, which appeared in the Daily Neirs.t, from one who calls himseif Hodge." "Hodge" is a man who has risen from the position of labourer into that of a prosperous farmer. And this is what he says of the cultiva- tion of land. "If I had to start life again as poor as I was twenty years ago, with only 5s. in my pocket, I would choose the land. If I had to start afresh to-morrow, with a balance of a thousand pounds at my bankers, I would choose the land. Nothing is so grateful for care and intelligent management as the land." It is not the impossibility of competing with America that has compelled farmers to pay their labourers badly, for according to Hodge with good management the land ought to pay. The reason for the change is that our whole land system is bad. What then are the remedies ? In the first place, agricultural labourers should receive wages which would be sufficient for them to maintain a wife and family with some degree of comfort. In many English counties, especially in the southern cunties, often labourers do not earn more than 12s. a week' and in Wales we have known many instances of men working for only lis. p. week. A small allotment should be given to each labourer, which lie could culti- vate himself, and out of winch he could make a little profit. Agricultural education- ought to be provided for in our schools,, and labourers should be taught,, while still young" to take more interest and pride in their work- The labourer's life should be made more cheeriul. As it is now, he is practically at his- master's mercy, and he has nothing to fall back upon. He should be made secure in his little allotment-he should have fixity of tenure, as long as he paid his rent.. More amusements ought to be provided him. He has nothing now to do but to adjourn to the village inn,, or some such place. He should be provided with other, better amusements,, with concerts,, and,, as Air. Morley pointed out the other night,, with the management of local affairs in the Parish CounciL When we consider the dullness,, the dreariness, the hopelessness of the lot of the agricultural labourer,, his hard work, his inse- curity, his scanty wages,, his want of healthy amusements, we need not wonder at the deple- tion of the country districts. Well may we ask with the D^tly Néln, Where have been the conscience and the sympathy of those wealthy cili i r c, who. all the while have had this stagnant village life at their doors ?"
LOCAL KOTES. The chief matci-r raider discussion at the special meeting of the Barry Local Board last Tuesday was the question of acquiring Cadoxton Commoa- All the members present, with the exception of Mr. Yv. Thomas, of Yere-street. were unanimous in thinking it desirable to acquire control of the Common. Mr. Thomas is apparently of opinion, that the Common is, in its present wild state, a thing of beauty, and that no good would be obtained by enclosing it and laying it out as a. recreation ground. We think Mr. Thomas is wrong, and we believe nine-tenths of the inhabit- ants. of Cadoxton will agree with us. The upper portion of Cadoxton Common would make a very pretty and a very suitable recreation ground, and we are very glad to sea the Local B taking too matter up with energy. The only question about which the majority of the members w jre not agreed was as to ivhat steps should be taken to acquire the Common. There are two courses open to the Board, viz.—either to obtain a provisional order uuder the Public Health Act, authorising- the Board purchase the Common, or to obtain a provisional order under the Com- mons Acts, which woutd give the Board a certain limited control over the Common. The first course would give the Board actual possession of the Common, with full power over it, whilst the second course would only s'lve a very limited con- trol. The matter has been adjourned in order to allow the clerk to obtain full information as to what powers can be obtained under the provisional order under the Commons Acts, and until that in- formation is obtained it is useless attempting to decide which is the best course to adopt. We are glad to find that a public slaughter- house will shortly be constructed on th§ piece of land leased by the Board from Mr. Xiclltdr-H Jenkins. The land runs from Barrv-road to the new road which is now to be called Court-road. About five acres of land have been taken, and 9.- portion of it is to be utilised at once as a depot for the carts belonging to the Board, nve extinguish- ing appliances, steam road roller, and a temporary public slaugliter-house, and a temporary mortuary will also be erected. Both are very much wanted. Owing to the want of a public slaughter-house, the Board has been compelled to allow the bye-laws to be broken, and slaughtering has taken place at the back of private houses and in buildings not pro- perly constructed as slaughter-houses. All this will now be stopped, and slaughtering will only be permitted in the public slaughter-house or in any private slaughter-houses which the Board may license. The public mortuary is also very much needed. More than once already there has been great difficulty in finding a place where the body of a sailor can be placed whose ship is sailing. The ship cannot be delayed until the grave is ready. Besides, a steamer w a very unsuitable place in which to keep a dead body. There has been hitherto no place where a dead body, under such circum- stances, could be taken to. The necessity for pro- viding a public mortuary was brought before the Board by the district coroner some time ago, and we are glad to find that at last the matter is in » fair way to completion. The Rhondda Temperance Defence League and the Temperance Party in general received a. damper at Pontypridd. In all cases, with the exception of one—and that was the first-the bench decided against them. It was a pity that they had been so careless in the serving of the notices, for had one or more of them who knew the publicans personally accompanied the young per- son who served the notices, and pointed out to him the man who should receive the notice, their able advocate, Mr. Joseph Henry Jones, Would not have been placed at such great disadvantage and so often ruled out of court. As it was in almost every case, the police had to proceed against the applications without the aid of counsel, and in the face of a well-organised opposition con- ducted by the leading Welsh barrister, Mr. Abel Thomas, M.P.. and the highest authority on the licensing laws, Mr. James Patter- son, M.A. The Temperance party are to blame, and very much so—not for organising their forces, but for their gross and inexcusable carelessness in not properly serving the notices, for it was pointed out to them at the sessions held a month ago that the notices would have to be sewed personally on the landlord of the public-house, and how could they expect a young man, an utter stranger to the locality, to hand the same to the landlord of a hotel whom he had never seen before. The school of experience is dear, and very dear has it cost the Temperance party in this case, but we are certain that they will take greater care in the future, and make better preparation fur the day of battle. '• Justice's justice" has almost b-jcome a house- hold phrase, and wo venture to think that the action of the rhonOLdi-L magistrates in dealing with a case of assaulting the police on Monday last will tend rather to popularise the phrase than otherwise. Mr. T. Pascoe ,Jenkins is usually con- sidered a fair specimen of the great unpaid, but in