SIR DYCE DUCKWORTH AND THE USE OF ALCOHOL. By THE REV. L. Tox Evxxs. Many of the readers of the South Wales Star have undoubtedly read extracts from the paper written by the above scientist at the Congress of Hygiene re the beneficial results of using alcohol. As an abstainer of some years standing, and one wito endeavours to lead men and women to a life of sobriety, I may be allowed to make some re- marks under the above heading in the way of reply to the writer's assertions, especially as these ap- peared in your contemporary. The temperance party have very little to thank scientists, legisla- tors, or even editors for the encouragement and help hitherto given to the cause of total abstin- ence. The reason for this want of sympathy. rnd in some cases bitter opposition shown to the party which has more than once been branded as fanati- cal water drinkers may be easily explained. Members of Parliament, ministers, and magis- trates not a few are implicated in the liquor trade. Publicans also, who in addition to being promoters of cricket grounds, club rooms, and other concomi- tants which belong now to the modern beer-house. are large advertisers and good customers of the press, whose interests in return have been made a special study and always secured the greatest amount of attention possible. Teetotalers cannot very well expect a generous treatment at their hands, or justly lay any claim to general news- paper patronage when they remember that their members only reckon in the minority, and that a consistent advocacy of teetotalism involves sacri- fice which all newspaper proprietors are not yet prepared to make. There are, however, a few noble exceptions to this as to every other rule still, we are sorry to say that even those who are apparently favourable to abstinerce, indulge oc- casionally in insulting insinuations, which thev think necessary in -order to prove to the reading public, and may be publicans, their impartiality and straightforwardness, for fear any one should suspect them of having donned the blue and joined the army of temperance reform. While so many interests have to be considered, we must. I suppose, content ourselves a little longer with the existing state of things, and fight our own battles again until the day diwns when we shall find the present powers of receiving or refusing licences transferred to a tribunal, whose treatment of thi^ and kindred questions will be more in accord with the general wisn and opinion of ratepaying people. For some time a number of periodicals have been conducted whose columusare exclusively devoted to the advocacy of teetotalism and pro- hibition. These educational means have rendered most valuable service and advanced the cause of temperance considerably of late years. A lar"-e and growing number of members of Parliament and of the medical profession are rallying- at pre- sent on our side. This fact. with the double defeat of the Government on the compensation clauses. the uniform testimony of witnesses before the Royal Commission on Sunday Closing in Wales, together with the lords' recent decision in the si e Sharpe r. Wakefield case, prove conclusively that the party which a few years ago was held up to public ridicule and reproach is becoming a mighty power, whi?h has to be reckoned with at every election in town and country. While we con- gratulate ourselves on this change of things, and the number of leading politicians and scientists who have recently espoused our cause, and are ad- vocating most strenuously in practice as well as in theory, in public as well as in private, the prin- ciples of total abstinence, there are still as we have just seen, a few of the Sir Dyce Duckworth stamp, disciples of the old sciiool, who, happily for us and the righteous cause we have at heart, carrv but little weight in the scientific world, clinginf firmly to the old exploded notion that' alcoholic liquors are a necessity to good health. Temperance people, however, need not be in the least alarmed at the paper read by the worthy doctor at the Congress. When it will be taken, as taken it will by the thousands of working men and others in its proper and true light, Sir Dyce's animadversions will not only serve to show the terrible danger and injurious effects of taking alcohol in such forms and quantities as arc now indulged in by the community, but the side-lights cast here and there through his wonderful production will indeed support the contention of every abstainer that total abstinence in principle as well as in practice is safe and sound. There are three statements in the paper of Sir Dree Duckworth to which I shall call attention, and show that they are mere asser- tions, without any foundation in fact:-(I) We ♦ are told that Alcohol on humanity is beneficial, and that the misuse is only one variety of intem- p3rance." A large number of people think that alcohol is a production of creation, like corn, or that it is the result of some living process in Nature, like milk. Now it does not require much scientific knowledge to discover the mythical nature of such a notion. Alcohol is produced bv an artificial process, like laudunum or chloroform, and is no more the Good creature of God than chalk is cheese. It is an historic fact that alcohol was not discovered or separated from the other ingredients of wine until the beginning of the 13th century. The first time the word was used with any scientific meaning was in the year 1698 by Lemert in his work on chemistry. In speaking on this subject Dr. Richardson, a writer far more Com- petent than Sir Dyce to pronounce judgment on the nature of this drug. emphatically savs that Alcohol, like chloroform, is a narcotic, and is in no sense food it reduces the animal heat and force, overtaxes the heart, weakens the muscles, and paralyses the brain and nervous system generally." Sir William Gull, who was recognised as one of the greatest authorities on hygiene, gave it as his opinion that Alcohol is the most destruc- tive agent that we are aware of in this country and that a very large number of persons are dyin^ day by day poisoned by alcohol." In addition to the above, a host of others could be easily quoted whose denunciation of this poison is equally as strong. As a narcotic, no doubt, alcohol, 'like chloroform, diminishes the sensibilities of the nerves, and causes those who are under its influ- ence to become unconscious of what o-oes on in and around them hence many have been led away by the idea that they have been benefitted by the draught, when really the only benefit received is* that the recipient has become totally uncon- scious of the fatigue or pain suffered from and previously complained of. We have known the self-same persons in winter and in summer, in weakness and in wearies resorting to alcoholic liquors. Now, it is a well- known fact that alcohol can never produce heat, and that it is most dangerous to drink durin<r ex- posure to cold. Any man with common sense will at once see the absurdity of the idea that alcohol can serve so many purposes, and may be used as a panacea for all human sufferings. The explanation of this apparent relief which the drinker ex- periences, but mistakens for a cure, is that the effect of alcohol upon the nerve is to deaden it, and make the man or weman for the time being quite insensible (in proportion to the quantity taken) of the cold, heat, or weariness which they once felt. Such benefits, forsooth, have cost their lives to thousands of poor creatures, who. while in this state of frenzy, have committed crimes which have led them to penal servitude and the gallows, while others have laid themselves down to sleep in fields, cow-sheds, streets, coke ovens, and limekilns' never again to open their eyes in this world. It is a well-known fact that those who entirely abstain from the use of all alcoholic drinks, other things being equal, enjoy far better health and live to°a greater age. The following comparison w?s in- stituted some years ago between the abstaining Rechabites and the moderate-drinking Oddfellows of the district of Bradford during the period of eight years, the truth of which, as far as I kn iw. has not yet been challenged :— Time sick per member. Actual deaths. I:-1 Oddfellows .13 days 10 hours 1 out of every 44 Rechabuea 4 days 2 hours 1 out of every 141. Let the reader judge from the above how far the use of alcoholic liquors is beneficial. (2) Ao-ain Dr. Duckworth tells us that It had been found that the greatest number of the best men and women doing the best work are partakers of alcohol. We are not told by what standard the doctor judges the quality and quantity of the work neither, as far as I have seen, that he has supplied those whom he wishes to believe his statements with a list, or even the name of a single individual who. on account of his alcoholic pro- clivities. is doing better and nobler work than water-drinkers. I am inclined to think that the men and women referred to have no other exis- tence than in the imagination of the writer him- self. Now, before any fair comparison can be made, there must be a close investigation insti- t Ited. so as to ascertain the educational advantages and mental capacities of the persons compared. Total abstinence does not profess to give brain power to any man. neither compensate for the lack of early educational training. What it professes. and also does, is to grant to those already possessed with these powers the free use of such, unimpaired by the effects of intoxicating drinks. We, of course, readily admit that there are persons of rare powers, and doing excellent work, who occa- sionally make use of alcohol; but we most strongly assert that these men and women, if free from the influence of this narcotic, would be able, not only to do more, but produce a better quality of work than at present. Dr. Livingstone, the heroic Christian explorer of central Africa, said I find that I can stand every hardship best by using water, and water only." Surgeon-General W. C. Maclean, M.D., C.B., lecturing before the Royal Service Institution in 1874 gave utterance to the following :—" If there be any point of military hygiene, that may now be regarded as settled beyond doubt, or cavil, it is this, that spirits are not only not helpful, but are harmful to the marching soldier." The British Medical Journal, for the year 1875, contains the following statement It is a somewhat remark- fact that many of the most-worked professional men in London are habitual abstainers from alchohol, and have been so for some years, on the basis of personal experience, and from the fact that they have found the use of alcohol to inter- fere with their physical health and mental acti- vity." The above pronouncement of opinion, and many oi hers which could be adduced as to the re- sult produced by the use of alcohol, is a direct refutation of the vagaries of Sir Dyce Duck- worth, and most clearly shows that even 1 or n ounce daily, and that in its purest form cannot be taken without injuring oneself both physically and morally. Let us not, therefore, allow our- selves to be duped by any scientist to partake, even in the smallest quantity, that which admitted by all is frought with the greatest evils known. We should be firm, and follow the noble examp'e set before us by Hector, the oldest son of Priam, who. we are told, when requested by Hecuba to refresh himself with wine, on the ground that alcohol would strengthen and em- bolden the warrior, exclaimed :— Far hence be Bacchus' gifts, the chief rejoined Inflaming wine, pernicious to mankind, Unnerves the limbs, and dulls the noble mind. (3) Sir Dyce assures us. or rather says that, He is convinced that total abstinence was no remedy for the careless and vicious." In reply to this I may say that we as a temperance party are far from believing that intemperance is the only form of evil, and that a man, because he is a teetotaller, is perfect. While we do not hesitate to assert, without the least fear of contradiction, that most of the misery, immorality, and crime of our country to-day can be directly traced to the quantity of intoxicating liqnours consumed we, as temperance people, believe that sin has its seat deeper than the cup or cask. For out of the heart come forth evil thoughts, &c." The well must be purified before the stream can be clean. This purifying and cleansing can only be effected by the regene- rating, and sanctifying grace of God. While we look to Good for the power of converting and changing the nature and desires of the heart, total abstinence, which is an essential part of religion, or another form which the Gospel assumes to deal with this particular evil, is the only real remedy for drunkenness. Moderation has ignominiously failed. The large and daily increas- cl r., ing army of drunkards in our land at this very moment have all, without a single exception, come from the ranks of moderation. Not a single total abstainer has ever been known to get drunk. Neither has one been seen under the influence of Sir John. There are some, it is true. who profess abstinence, but indulge to a certain extent in alcohol seen at times visiting beer-houses and shebeens by means of the backdoors. These we, as a party, do not recognise, they are none of us. They belong to the moderation or drunken class. whether they own it or not. It is admitted that there are certain cases in which great difficulties have been experienced in dealing with the victims of intemperance, this, however, only shews the terrible evils of alcohol. Though many of these have been converted, still the injuries done to the physical and moral system is such that these once victims of the drink can never be com- pletely cured therefrom while in life. Man can- not sin with impunity. Though many temperance reformers are actuated by strictly Christian motives in their efforts against the drink, very much has been accomplished in the way of total- abstinence which does not, perhaps, come directly under the term religious work, but do neverthe- less partake largely of its nature. Little over two years ago the Governor Kansas publicly de- clared as his inaugural address on prohibition, that fully nine-tenths of the drink and drunken- ness prevalent in Kansas eight years ago have been abolished, and I affirm with earnestness and emphasis that this state is to-day the most temperate, orderly, sober community of people in the civilised world. The abolition of the saloons has not only promoted the personal happiness and general prosperity of our citizens, but it has enormously diminished crime, filled thousands of homes where vice dud want and wretchedness once prevailed with peace, plenty, and content- ment." Now this great change in Kansas has been brought about by what we may term political and legislating agitators backed up by secular and sacred education. If this can be done in America, it can also be accomplished in our own country with the same beneficial results. Not- withstanding the difficulty we often have in dealing with confirmed drunkards we are in a position to prove if needs be the great success which has followed the exertions of temperance people from time to time in their efforts to rescue the perishing, and some of these proofs may be found in Cadoxton. The institution established for inebriates has also been 'a great success in this direction. Dr. Xorman Ker gives us an instance of a lady of means who suffered from dipsomania giving up the drink after breaking the pledge four times. John B. Gough and thousands more we are happy to state have been thus saved from the clutches of this terrible monster. All this go to prove the incorrectness of the statement of Dr. Duckworth whose knowledge of temperance and temperance work must, indeed, be very limited. While the temperance party are determined to bring pressure to bear on legislators, county councillors, justices, and policemen as regards their duty to regulate, and if possible check a traffic which is admitted by all to be the source of most of the unhappiness, poverty, and crime which now defames this fair Isle of ours we shall continue to educate the people in the principles of sobriety, create a healthy sentiment amongst the members of the community, and preach in season and out of season the pure simple gospel of Christ Jesus as the only true panajea for the evils of the world. So lived our Sire". the doctors learned to kill, And multiplied with theirs the weekly bill, The first physicians by debauch were made Excess began, and sloth sustains the trade. > By chase our long liv'd fathers earn'd their food, Toil strung their nerves, and purified their blood, But we their sons, a pampered race of men, Are dwindled down to three score years and ten. Better to hunt in fields for health unboueht, Than fee the doctor for a nauseous drought, The wise for cure on exercise depend God never made His work for man to niond." God never made His work for man to niond."
RHONDDA RAMBLINGS. The Bwllfa House Coal colliers who went out on strike ten days ago have resumed work since Wednesday last, having acceded to the masters' terms to throw the "holing" small coal. into the G. 0. B." The action of the men in striking is certainly not justifiable, seeing that there are so many, complaints against the"very bad coal, but the secret of the whole business lies with about three men, who, it is reported, for the last full fortnight worked, turned out as many as eighty trams each of what should be coal. No man and a boy can possibly send such an oufrput of clean coal. These three men with three boys turned an aggregate of 240 trams in twelve working days consequently there was a large percentage of rub- bish. which rendered the whole of the coal un- saleable by the company, Messrs. Perch tnd Co., Cardiff. As an example of the exorbitant price asked for labour in the Rhondda to-day, especially amongst the building class, a tender for the erec- tion of thirty cottages was received by a certain building club at the figure of £ 5,0G0" or a little over A 19 2 per house. The cottages were to be of an ordinary kind for colliers, viz., back and front rooms, three bedrooms, and a slppe with outhouses. Needless to say, the tender was not accented. The committee of the recent fire at Ystrad- Rhondda met to receive subscriptions from the canvassers on Friday last, when. at the close, it was found that ou of 27 books only seven had been brought in, bringing a total in-cf £ 75. Of course, there are twenty books to be returned yet, and it is anticipated that a considerable amount will be realised from merchants and others. Any items, however small, will no doubt be received on behalf of the committee by either Mr. D. Lloyd (chairman), Mr. T. Thomas (treasurer), or Mr. Arthur Gay (secretary). The loss by the fire is estimated at £ 800. Mr. Clifford Cory. of Cardiff, is likely to be put forward at Ystrad-Rhondda as a candidate for the coming County Council election in March. He would undoubtedly make a good addition to that noble public body, and, seeing the interest he takes generally in the working man, the colliers would be amply repaid by supporting him. We may have something further to say in the coarse of a few weeks.
MID-RHONDDA GLEANINGS. LBy MIRZA.] At last a sadly-wanted public-hall has been commenced at Tonypandy. The promoters have formed themselves into a company, and the hall is being built over the brook at the Post-office. One disappointing feature is the size, for it will only be capable of seating an estimated 800. The promoters, however, say that this means a holding capacity of 1,200 in case of afl emergency. At present the places of worship were the only avail- able buildings for holding public meetings, and the enterprise of the shareholders is sure to be productive of good dividends to them, and well they deserve it. A considerable number of fatalities have taken place lately in the Mid-Rhondda the latest being that of Morgan Eales, of Penygraig. Deceased, it seems, was riding on a journey of trams towards the pit's mouth to go home, and in attempting to jump off fell under the ropes, and received such injuries that there was no hope of recovery, and he lingered till the next morning. Deceased leaves a widow, and was only 25 years of age. Our fellow-workmen are so inured to danger, that they treat it with indifference-an indifference which too often brings fatal results. Something is wanted to provide places for the teeming thousands in the valley to go to, without frequenting the public-house. One can hardly thread one's way through the crowds on Saturday, all of whom are wandering listlessly about, with no place to go to except the public-house. Now that the Public-hall will come ready in a short time, it would lle well if the temperance party organised penny or threepeny concerts and entertainments. Preaching temperance is a good thing, but it is much better providing counter- attractions for those who have no desire for public- houses. but who perforce have to go. if only to while the time away. Sixpenny pops or three- penny eisteddfods would be a good thing, and if this is not possible by private enterprise, the Churches should take the matter in hand. There are plenty of splendid lecturers whose services are available if only appealed to, with scientific or literary treasures to display to the masses. The well-known bard preacher Elved Lewis gave at Ystrad to the Cymmrodorion a splendid lecture on the poetry of Gwilym Hiraethog, which was well enjoyed by the room-full present. Let us hope some move will be made in this direction. It is gratifying to find that Jerusalem Chapel is practically out of debt. The church has worked splendidly, and I am sure no one will begrudge Councillor Williams his meed of praise as an organiser. All the members have joined hand in hand and worked splendidly, and have not con- fined themselves merely to the debt, but this year they have raised over j660 to the missionary funds. Bravo. Jerusalem you are giving Nonconformity the greatest help imaginable by demonstrating the power of the voluntary principle.
PENARTH POLICE COURT. MONDAY.—Before Major Thornley and Mr. T. R. Thompson. ALLEGED ASSAULT OX A TRADE LINTON OFFI- CIAL.—John Knight, a pilot at Barry, was charged with assaulting James Harrison, local secretary of the Seamen and Firemen's Union.-The complain- ant stated that he was in the Barry Dock Hotel on the 27th August in company with two men named Maguire and Butler. Knight was also there in company with another man. He heard Knhrht make the remark, There is the secretary. I will have a ———— blarney with him." Witness paid no attention to this, and Knight came for- ward and shook hands in a friendly manner. He then said. What about that k 3 12s. 6d ?" Witness replied. What do you refer to and defendant rejoined. The £ 3 12s. 6d. you owe me. If you do not pay it me I will take a dozen 0-3 12s. 6d.'s out of you." Defendant then struck witness on the nose. Witness took up a stool in self-defence. The stool was taken from him by the man Butler. Defendant then struck witness, loosening some of his teeth and cutting his lips.—Cross-examined by Mr. Yorath. who represented the defendant, wit- ness denied owing the money. He did not say. Come outside, and I will settle it with you." —Richard Butler, a brother-in-law of com- plainant, gave corroborative evidence. — James Maguire, who had been subpoenaed by both parties, gave his version of the affair. He said that Knight asked Harrison when he intended to pay the money, whereupon Harrison invited him to go outside and have it out. Knight said. I-Yoif are just the man I want: come on. then." and caught hold of Harrison to pull him on. The complainant then picked up a camp stool and brought it down on Knight's head.— Without calling any further evidence the case was dismissed. ASSAULT AT CADOXTON.—Thomas Smith was charged with assaulting his wife, Kate Smith, re- siding at 14. Holme-street. Cadoxton. on the 23rd day of June last.—Complainant said her husband was all right except when in drink. He had assaulted her before. She did not wish him to be sent to gaol. for she had eight children for him to support.-Prisoner said he had met with several severe accidents, and when he had any drink it always affected him. It was entirely due to the drink that he assaulted his wife.-The bench said being drunk was no excuse for the assault, and he would be fined £ 1 and costs, or 21 days' hard labour. STEALING WIRE NETTING—George Thorne, 19, Churchill place. Cadoxton. charged with stealing a quantity of wire netting, the property of Mr. Jenkin Jones, of Weston Farm, on Monday, the 31st August, was fined £1, including costs, or 14 days. LOOTING AX ORCHARD.—George Maxwell (14) and George Harris (17), both of Grangetown. were charged with stealing apples and pears from the garden of Mr. Blake, Cogan Hall farm. Police-constable Evan Bowen said on Sunday, the 6th inst.. he saw defendants in the garden. Harris broke off a bough from one of the trees and gathered the pears, and then they went lo another tree and gathered some apples, filling their pockets and hats.—Mr. Blake estimated the damage done to the trees at £ 1.—The Bench said they con- sidered Harris, who was three years older than Maxwell, the mcst to blame, and he would have to pay a fine of 10s. and costs, or 14 days and Maxwell 5s., or seven days. STEALING A WATCH. — James Weston was charged with stealing a watch, the property of Thomas Ryan.—John Pulford said he was at the Barry Dock Hotel on the 2nd September, when he saw the prisoner take the watch from the waist- coat pocket of Ryan. who was asleep. David Gunn said he bought the watch from prisoner, giving 5s. for it.-Weston. in answer to the charge, said he could not remember anything about it. The watch was of no use to him.—He was ordered to gaol for 21 days with hard labour.
BRIDGEND POLICE-COURT, SATURDAY. — Before Mr. R. W. Llewellyn (chairman). Col. Franklen, Messrs. C. P. Davies, W. S. Powell, and R. L. Knight. ILLBGAL FISHING.— William Jenkins. collier, Aber Houses, Nantymoel. was charged with fish- ing without a licence in the river Ogmore. Mr. R. C. Griffiths prosecuted. Defendant was fined 10s. including costs. KEEPING A DANGEROUS DOG.—Bradford James, woollen factor. Aberkenfig, was charged by John Collier, of the same place, with keeping a danger- ous dog.—The complainant stated that on the flower show day the dog bit his child.—Defendant was ordered to keep the dog under proper control and to pay the costs. ALLEGED ASSAULT. — George Davey, engine driver, Tynewydd, was charged with assaulting William Turner, collier, of the same place. Com- plainant kicked him for running after his sister, which was untrue.—Case dismissed. BREACH OF COLLIERY RULES.—Joshua Xunce and David Jones, colliers. Maesteg, were sum- moned for committting a. breach of colliery rule 8.—H. J. G. Barrow, agent of the Garth Merthyr Colliery, said that on the previous Thursday he found D. Jones with lamp unlocked.—The Bench having requested the evidence of the lampmen, the case was adjourned for a fortnight. ASSAULT.—Thomas Sinnett was summoned by James Johnson with assaulting him.-Fined 10s., including costs. v
HORRORS OF AN ASYLUM.—Details have just reached New York of the horrors recently enacted at the Weston Insane Asylum, in West Virginia. A most brutal system of torture and neglect appears to have prevailed, and the inmates are said to have committed suicide after suicide without either inquest or investigation. It is reported that some hanged themselves, not only with the know- ledge but within sight of the guards, and that one at least drowned himself in a vat of boiling water. A STRANGE INSURANCE SCHEME.—Yei another strange insurance scheme is to be tried in France. In anticipation of the approaching winter a plan is being arranged to insure against damage by frost. It is calculated that the annual loss during the inclement weather to agriculture and kindred industries amounts to £ 3,000,000, and for that reason the subject is being exhaustively discussed.
GLYNTAFF BURIAL BOARD, THE PROPOSED EXTENSION OF BOUNDARY. The ordinary monthly meeting of the Glyntaff (Pontypridd) Burial Board was held on Friday evening last, Mr. Richard Rogers (in the chair). The other members present were Messrs. J. Coombes, James Richards, W. Morgan, F. Judd. W. Jones, and J. Hiscock, together with Mr. E. Llewellyn (deputy clerk), and Mr. E. Rees (sexton).-It was reported that the sub-committee of the Board had come to an arrangement with the owner of the monument that had been wrongly placed in the cemetery.-After a considerable amount of discussion it was decided on the motion of Mr. James Richards, seconded by Mr. W. Morgan, to abandon the scheme for the proposed telephonic communication between the office and the cemetery.-A long desultory conversation took place also with reference to the proposed heating of the Chapel and Church in the cemetery during the time funerals took place.—The Chairman and Mr. Coombes contended that this was unnecessary inasmuch as the fires now provided in the vestries fully answered the purpose.—Mr. W. Jones and Mr. J. Hiscock, however, thought that in the interest of the public the place should be thoroughly warmed by means of a heating ap- paratus, but on the question being voted upon this proposition was lost, only two—Messrs. Jones and Hiscock-voting for it.-It was reported that the sub-committee had recommended the erection of a green-house at the cemetery, and the deputy- clerk said that two tenders had been received for the erection the same one from Mr. W. M. Lawrence. Llantrissant-road, who offered to do the work for £29 129., and another for £ 47 10s.—Mr. Combes did not think they were justified in spend- ing money on such .an unnecessary thing, for it meant that they would have to go to a consider- able expense for repairs every year.—Mr. Morgan said a large sum was spent annually in seeds, and besides they had green-houses in cemeteries in London and on the Continent. (Laughter.)—Mr. Rees (the sexton) said he had spent over P,4 last year for seeds, and that he had paid the same out of his own pocket.-It was finally decided that a sub-committee, consisting of Messrs. Richards. Judd and Morgan, should see the builders, and make arrangement for the carrying out the work.—The deputy-clerk reported that he had received tenders for the furnishing of the vestry rooms, and on the motion of the Chairman, seconded by Mr. Coombes. the matter was left in the hands of the same committee. THE EXTENSION OF THE CEMETERY. Mr. W. Jones said that the committee had re- solved to recommend to the Board to employ Mr. A. O. Evans, architect, to prepare a plan of the proposed extension. The Board purposed taking in a part of the property of the Macintosh, it being understood that, unless the clerk could come to a reasonable agreement with the owner, com-. pulsory powers should be asked for in the Parlia- mentary Act they were going to have.—The Chair- man said that the land proposed to be taken in was about 12 acres.—Mr. W. Jones pointed out that there was no time to be lost, and proposed that Mr. A. O. Evans be employed to survey the land.-This was seconded by Mr. Judd, and carried new. eon. THE EXTENSION OF BOUNDARY. Mr. COOlll bes asked leave to point out, before any discussion took place on the boundary ques- tion, that a deputation would wait upon the Local Board asking them to go in for a charter of in- corporation. Before the Burial Board went into any expense with this proposed new Act, it would be well to know whether they could not let the matter in the hands of the Local Board, for he was under the impression that if the town was in- corporated the Burial Board would be taken over and its jurisdiction would extend along the whole of the area proposed to be incorporated. If that was so it would save the ratepayers the expense of obtaining an Act—something like £ 800—and he begged to move that no expense be incurred in promoting the Act for the present. Mr. W. Jones thought it was rather late to bring in such a resolution. At the last meeting their clerk had told them that it was impossible for the area. of the Burial Board, or any authority, to be extended without securing an Act of Parliament. And he did not think it was possible for the Burial Board district to be mode co-terminus with the proposed extended district of the Local Board or the new Town Council without a special Act. Besides, they had asked the ratepayers, and they had given their permissiou to the proposed exten- sion and their consent to spend the money. There was a possibility of the application for a charter to fail, although they all hoped it would not. And if the new Town Council could not extend the area without a special Act, the Burial Board would have done the work for them. Mr. Morgan said that if the money could be saved it was well worth while waiting a little longer. The Chairman asked, if the town was incor- porated, whether the corporation would have the power to take in the outlying district of the Burial Board. Mr. Jones No. There is no existing authority who has the power to merge any district in ours without an Act of Parliament. Even the Town Council would have to go to Parliament for the purpose. Mr. Coombes thought that if a charter was ob- tained, the Council would have full powers to make the Burial Board's area of jurisdiction co- terminus with their own. He did not wish to oppose their arrangements, but it would be wise to have further information before they spent the money, and proposed that the matter be adjourned until such information was forthcoming. Mr. Morgan seconded. Mr. Richards thought it would be well if the matter be adjourned until the next meeting, in order that the clerk's views might be obtained.' Mr. Jones pointed out that the time for giving notice to Parliament was fast approaching and suggested that a special meeting should be held as soon as possible, and it was ultimately decided that a meeting should be held on Tuesday next, ?nd that the clerk should be communicated with in the meantime. MISCELLANEOUS. It was decided that the sub-committee should make arrangement with reference to having a new gate to the cemetery. A few bills and plans were passed, and the meeting terminated.
IVORITES ANNIVERSARY AT OEFN CRIBBWH, <It On Monday last the Amddiffynfa'r Ffos held their annual anniversary at the Farmers' Arms. The members came together in strong numbers about eleven o'clock, and a procession was formed in the following order Mr. Evan Richards head- ing the dispensation, following which was a large banner. The members, including a large number of juveniles, were orderly and respectable. A return was made, and about two o'clock the vast number sat down to an excellent dinner, which had been prepared in an excellent manner by the host and hostess, Mr. and Mrs. George Rees. The cooking was superintended by Mrs. William Wat- kins, who, as in former years, discharged her duties admirably. Mrs. Watkins was assisted by Mrs. Jones. After the cloth had been removed some of the members mentioned the case of Mr. John Roberts, who is one of the oldest members of the society, and who has been recently seized with a paralytic stroke consequently he has been unable to follow his employment. The matter was warmly taken up, and a handsome col- lection was made towards assisting the old gentle- man, who warmly thanked them for their kindness. -An entertainment was held in the evening, pre- sided overly Mr. Lewis Morgan. We append the programme :-Address by the chairman selection by the band song, Yr hogyn gyru'r wedd," by Mr. Thomas Richards, Coity; song. Y Deryn Pur," Mr. John Davies song, "Anwyl yw Gwalia fy ngwlad," Mr. William Roberts, Coity poetical lines by Mr. David Roberts, manager, Tynewydd Ogmore Vale, which had been sent for the occasion' were then read, and created much laughter sono-' "Eisteddai merch ar ganfa'r cae," Mr. Daniel Smith selection by the band song. Y Gadlys Mr. John Rowdon song (comic). Mr. Richards Coity song, The ship that never returned." Mr! David John, Coity song, Yn yr haf." Mr. Evan Smith song. The song that reached my heart," Mr. James Richards, Coity following which Mr. Richard John, Cefnwyson, gave a poetical address, and was loudly applauded song, '• Mentra Gwen," Mr. John Francis, Coity song, y bwthyn ynrr nghanol y wlad," Mr. Howell Morgan. The Health of the Queen and the Royal Family was heartily drunk. Hearty votes of thanks were given to the host and hostess, and all who had taken part throughout the day. Messrs. Edwin Ace, treasurer of the ^district, and David Powell, also gave addresses during the evening, and a most enjoyable day was brought to a. close by singing the Welsh National Anthem.
A MODERN PATRIARCH-A man named Martin Smith, living at Montville Connecticut, has just celebrated his 107th birthday. Mr. Smith lived 101 years and six months in the house in which he was born, and after that moved into a more modern structure. He has over 200 descendants in America. The day that Mr. Smith was 100 he won a rifle match with shooters of all ages, from sixteen to sixty years.
Ifayberry Williams' GREAT ANNUAL SUfl(pi( SALE IS NOW PROCEEDING. All Season Goods at a Great Reduction in Price. PATTERNS FPEE. Carriage Paid oq all Parcels to the value of 20s. aqd upwards. TERMS :-STRICTLY CASH. NOTE THE ADDRESS :— MAYBERRY WILLIAMS Taff-street, PONTYPRIDD. I I 9 HJayberry Williams' GREAT ANNUAL SUMMER SALE IS NOW PROCEEDING. All Season Goods at a Great Reduction in Price. PATTERNS FREE. Carriage Paid on all Parcels to the value of 20s. and upwards. TERMS STRICTLY CASH. NOTE THE ADDRESS :— X MAYBERRY WILLIAMS, Taff-street, PONTYPRIDD. 0 THE ROYAL STORES IN THE HAYES, CARDIFF, FORMOZA TEA AT PER 1 S. 8D. LB. THE BEST AND MOST LUXURIOUS IN ENGLAND AT THE PRICE. 1 T II E iI' ROYAL STORES IN THE HAYES, CARDIFF
INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL AT BARRY. THE JOINT EDUCATION COMMITTEE for -L the COUNTY OF GLAMORGAN having offered to establish and maintain an Intermediate School in the Barry District, on condition that a freehold site be obtained free of cost, and the sum of £1,500 raised towards the cost of erecting a suitable building, it has been decided to appeal to the public for subscriptions towards this object. The Barry Dock Town Syndicate, Limited, have very generously offered an acre of land near Barry Dock Police Station free, for a term of 99 years, and Mr. Thurston Bassett has consented to grant the reversion, thus making the site a freehold one. The following subscriptions have already, been promised :— £ s. d. J. Corv .250 0 0 J. C. Meggitt 50 0 0 Barry Estate Company 50 0 0 Romilly Estate 50 0 0 J. A. Hughes. 50 0 0 L.W.Jones 25 0 0 Dr. Neale 20 0 0 J.J.Williams. 10 10 0 P. J. O'Donnell 10 0 0 W.L.Edwards 10 0 0 D. S. Jones 5 5 0 E. F. Blackmore 5 5 0 J. P. Davies 5 5 0 J. C. Pardee 3 3 0 W.R.Hopkina. 3 3 0 T.Jenkins 22 0 J. S.Hosgood 2 2 0 D. Roberts 2 2 0 S. Woodham 2 2 0 J. Moon, Mayfield 1 1 0 Mrs. Moon, Mayneld. 1 l 0 W. Evan, Draper, Barry 1 1 0 J. Lloyd, draper, Barry 1 1 0 L. Y. Owen, Cadoxton 1 1 0 J.Beckworth,High-streeb, Barry. 110 J. Taylor, High-street, Barry 1 1 0 W. Saunders, Moors-road,1 Cadoxton 110 Dr. Powell 1 1 .0 J. Abernethy 1 0 0 J. Mitchelmore 1 0 0 Jenkin Lewis 1 0 0 J- Cox 0 10 6 John Hayes 0 10 0 J. Davies 0 10 6 W. Paterson 0 10 0 John Evans 0 10 0 LI. Thomas 0 5 0 J. Williams 0 5 0 E. Ankers 0 5 0 JohnDavies, -0 5 0 Samuel Milsom 0 5 0 J. Gifford 0 3 0 J. Llewellyn, Barry 0 2 fi J. Jones, Barry 0 2 0 T. Dovey, Ship Hotel. 0 2 0 £ 574 16 0 Subscriptions will be received by the treasurers., secretary, or at the Soutii Wales Union Bank. J.CORY, 1* O. H. JONES. Treasurers. J. ARTHUR HUGHES, Hon. Sec.
THE BARRY TRADING COMPANY, LIMITED,. TII03IPS0X-STREET,.B.IBBY DOCK. Household Furniture and Ironmongery, CHEAPEST AND BEST. BEDSTEADS AND BEDS, TABLES AND STANDS. SOFAS AND CHAIRS, KETTLES AND PANS,. Easy Hire Purchase. CORN SEEDS AND HAY, OATS AND MIXED CORN FOR HORSES, POULTRY MIXTURE, GARDEN SEEDS, &c., &0. BUILDING MATERIALS, COAL AND IRON. T. PEARCE, HAIRDRESSER. TOBACCONIST, & NEWS- H AGENT. 12, VERE STREET, CADOXTON. HAIR-BRUSHING BY MACHINERY. E. J. ROBERTS, PLUMBER, GASFITTER. SIGN-WRITER HOUSE-DECORATOR, &c., HAS REMOVED to more commodious Premises at 81. HIGH STREET, BARRY, where he hopes for a continuance of past favours, his being the oldest established house in the- district. Thousands of Pieces of Paper from 2d. per Piece and upwards always in Stock. Largest Establishment for PAPER HANGINGS and GAS FITTINGS in the District. ESTIMATES GIVEN. W. TOWNSENI), NEWSAGENT & STATIONER, BARRY ROAD, CADOXTON (BARRY.) j CLEAN WASTE PAPER at 10f- per Cwt. W WATTS AND SON, SHIPPING AND FAMILY BUTCHERS, 4, MARKET BUILDINGS, BARRY. SHIPPING AND FAMILIES SUPPLIED ON THE SHORTEST NOTICE. I T T S RAPID CURE. PACKAGES fwith MIXTURE, PILLS and LOTION) 4s. fid. Cures in a few days all DISCHARGES, either Constitutional or Acquired. Kidney Troubles Pains in the Back. CONTAINS NO MERCURY. J^OST ^7IG0IJR RESTORED BY KITTS VITAL RESTORATIVE. THE GREAT REMEDY for MENTAL and PHYSICAL DEPRESSION. Invaluableto the Single and Married. 4s. 6d. The above can be obtained, post free, from KITT & CO,, MEDICAL HALL, 39, BUTE-ST., CARDIFF. IF YOU SUFFER .FROM BILIOUSNESS, HEADACHES, INDIGESTION, OR LIVER COMPLAINT, TRY KERNICK'S VEGETABLE PILLS. They are easy to swallow, being very small, re- quire no confinement indoors, strengthen the system, and have been tried by thousands, who pronounce them to be the BEST MEDICINE IN THE WORLD. KERNICK'S VEGETABLE PILLS strengthen the system, brace the nerves, and purify the blood, and are universally declared to be the best medicine ever discovered. They are specially re- commended to females of all ages. Sold in 7id., Is. Id., and 2s. 9d. Box-. Sold by Chemists, &c., or direct of KERNICK and SON, Wholesale Druggists, 12, New-street, Cardiff.