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TALKS ON WELSH TOPICS.
TALKS ON WELSH TOPICS. [BY J. YOUXC; EVAXS. CORPUS CHRISTI COL- LEGE. OXFORD.] CHAPTER IlL-On: SYLLABUS. In some respects, it is a highly dangerous pro- ceeding to issue a syllabus of articles which arc to appear serially in a newspaper. The writer may discover, when too late, that he ought to have attended to the warnings conveyed in the parables of the king who went to war without previously reviewing his forces, and of the builder who proceeded to work without first reckoning the cost. Moreover, hinting at the specific topics to be treated, is somewhat like prefacing a novel with an outline of the plot a very effective way. undoubtedly, to relieve the reader of any further interest in the story. And lastly, from a polemical point of view—and innocuous as my treatment of the subjects will be. I cannot hope to avoid col- lisions with somebody or other—the writer is in danger of showing his hand, and thus showing himself a poor strategist. What justification can I. therefore, claim for a course fraught with a triple evil.' Well. this chapter is. as a theologian would say, apologetic, and not dogmatic. Indeed, throughout the series. I shall not attempt to dogmatise at all. but merely to throw out a few suggestions on subjects which do not appear to me to receive a due share of no- tice. And. in the case of these, my hope is to elicit the opinions of persons more qualified than myself, by experience and position. Xor shall I attempt to evolve a logical order of topics. Such a policy would be difficult to carry out systemati- cally. and would give the series an appearance of formality and rigidity which should be above all things avoided in a popular discussion. One of the many critics of a certain Welsh so- ciety in Oxford alluded to the members, some time ago. as a clique of young men under the delusion that they were entrusted with the mission of regenerating Wales. It b not my place to praise the society in question, and it seems likely that the Mark Antony who shall come to bury it will not be pressed for time to compose the funeral oration. So far as I know, no member has. as a matter of fact, put forth any proposals for re- generating his country. All that some of the members have in their individual capacity con- tributed to the discussion of current questions, has been educational or literary matter. But I am not now called upon to refute a calumny, and I have only mentioned this typical reference to some of the Oxford Welsh because it is an acknow- legment of the existence of a new factor of the national movement. A very happy phase of the work of the present awakening is the great division of labour which has been almost automati- cally evolved, and the various departments work in an ever increasing harmony. Politicians and preachers, journalists and councillors, we have never wanted for. But it is. I think, within the present decade only that an interest in the educational prosperity of the country has been. I dc not say merely evince d. by persons still re- ceiving their own education, but actually made operative upon the thought of the community. For my own part, comparing the importance attached by the elsh press and platforms to University matters now-a-days. with the rare and scanty references to Oxford and Cambridge when I was at school. I cannot help lamenting—although the interval has been but short—that I was one born out of due time. To this university movement the name Philoxonism has been given, a term whose use may be justified by necessity, and whose form is based on the anology of words like Phil-Hellenism (love of Greece), etc. This will be the first topic we shall discuss, and so far as possible, we shall en- deavour to trace its rapid growth within the last few years. Not entirely unconnected with Philoxonism is the perplexed question of Non- conformity and Athletics." a problem which cer- tainly exemplifies the manner in which the dis- cussion of matters like athletics, which at first sight appear equally indifferent both to religion and to its opposite, are involved with sectarian considerations, prejudices, and traditions. But it is utterly fallacious to regard the liberality of sen- timent on this question which now characterises the more enlightened section of Welsh Xoncon- formists in the light of a revolt against their own faith and creed. I must be allowed to dissent entirely from the dictum of the well-known Welsh reviewer of one of the Cardiff dailies, who. in speaking of Mr. M elldon's recent address on amusements said. if I remember rightly, that the views of the younger body of Calvinists were a virtual admission that Calvinism had ceased to be a creed adapted to the present age. In this very matter I consider the Corff has, to use the Dar- winian locution, showed a surprising power of adaptability to environment. No doubt it was very superstitious to imagine that football had some connection with the result of the blood- thirstiness of Herodias, and very slovenly exegesis to make out that St. Paul forbade Timothy to take bodily exercise. But, thanks mainly to Principal Edwards, the Methodists have changed all that in a very few years. And at the same time the con- nexion has to-day at least equally faithful and numerous adherents, as it had when the last synodieal anathema was pronounced against foot- ball. The adversaries of Methodism may be sure that the spread of culture in Wales, and the srrowth of robust Christianity which Charles Kingsley preached, will have on the religious thought of the Principality only the result which Principal Edwards anticipated in his parting address to the Abcrystwith students. These in- fluences will make it purer, stronger and more humane.
OITIIOKE AND GAItW LOCAL BOAUI)…
OITIIOKE AND GAItW LOCAL BOAUI) JOTTINGS. [BY WAXDEREU], It is marvellous how much important work the Ogmore and Garw Local Board has been able to perform since its formation. This is mainly due to the interest displayed in the work by every individual member of the Board, and the applica- tion of a great deal of ability and experience to the work. The Board is extremely fortunate in possessing a splendid lot of officers, more especially the clerk and the surveyor the former perform- ing a great deal of important work with characteristic zeal and ability, the latter official, upon whose shoulders rest the onerous duties and heavy responsibilities of archi- tect and surveyor of work of great magni- tude throughout the valleys. I feel assured, judging by the work already accomplished by the surveyor, that when the many important im- provements now being proceeded wirh throughout both valleys are completed, they will be a source of pleasure to the inhabitants and an honour to the official. Rapid progress is being made with the private improvements at Tynewydd, which were sorely needed. The Llest road in the Garw is vastly im- proved. and also the road between Pantynawel and Tynewydd Cemetery in the Ogmore. Active preparations are beincr made to carry out the Gilfach drainage scheme in a satisfactory manner. This is work which was highly neces- sary. and its accomplishment will be looked for- ward to with gratification. I have now a complaint to lay before the Board. It was. a few days ago, my duty to travel through several places in their district, and the want of a water cart was forcibly brought to my mind. It is a terrible nuisance to tradesmen es- pecially. in both valleys, that there is no means employed for laying the dust. If the Board granted this boon they would greatly benefit the district. As I have offered one suggestion, the members of the Board will pardon me making another, and that is. that a slush cart should be also provided for carrying away the road scrapings. An ordin- ary cart is unsuitable for the purpose, and a nuis- ance to tht ratepayersis the consequence.
.THE BITER BIT.
THE BITER BIT. Tims snith the CnvVifi' .-1 taking up its parable anent Newspaper immorality":—"Scarcely a week passes without something occurring to show how quietly, but surely the Argn* exercises an influence in some respects more powerful than the dailies. Two weeks since, we took occ:1.sion to rebuke the way in which certain case* thnt came before the magistrates were reported in a local weekly paper. Our paragraph was copied into anothpr-an opposition paper-with italics to give it an emphasis and an animus that did not exist in our own. As we desired the paper in question—though no name was mentioned—followed our advice, and a sjimilar atse reported lust week, was done in a way which we must commend, and at the same time express a hope that the opposition paper will follow the example now set by the Star. It would :11.0 be well. to bear in mind a very old proverb, Those who live in glass houses should never throw stones. What if the Argus saw the "opposition paper's contents' bills ?
SOME HINTS ON INTERMEDIATE…
SOME HINTS ON INTERMEDIATE EDUCATION. [By E. Axwyl, B.A., Oriel and Mansfield Colleges, Oxford. ] CHAPTER IV. Hitherto we have dealt in a somewhat general way. it may be. with the desirability of adequate scientific teaching in the New Intermediate Schools. That we may introduce a little variety into our articles, we shall this time rcake some remarks concerning the teaching of modern languages, especially French and German in the new schools. These remarks may very properly be introduced in connection with our remarks on natural science. Natural science and modern languages may be said to go almost hand in hand in modern educa- tion. And the reason for this is very obvious. Scientific studies have been so '.extensively culti- vated in France and Germany, and such dis- tinguished men have written on science in the languages -of these countries, that if the eager and ambitious student is anxious to obtain at first hand much of the latest information concerning scientific objects, it is absolutely essential that he should possess the key to the lit mature of his subject. Happily for those who have not sufficient knowledge of French or German to read the works in the original, many of them have been of recent years translated, but a translation is hardly ever up to date. In some branches of knowledge it is comparatively un- important that one should read the latest works in science however, which is nothing nowadays, if not progressive, it is of the greatest importance. We scarcely expect just yet that the cleverest boys in our Intermediate Schools- will be so advanced that they will have exhausted all the in- formation given in the chief English text-books, and the value of the teaching of French and Ger- man will be more for future than for immediate use. We sincerely hope. however, that a time will come in the lives of many of the boys of the Welsh Intermediate Schools when they will find it necessary f. nd useful to turn to foreign text-books. When that time comes many a man will be thank- ful if in his school davs he has received sufficient knowledge of French and German to be able to read these languages with ease. For one whose whole mind is occupied with scientific research, and scientific research needs the concentration of the man's whole soul upon the subject in hand. it will be irksome in the extreme to have to turn aside to study the minutia; of the grammar, let us say of the German language, or to acquire its vocabulary. And the study of German books on science is rendered more difficult perhaps than it ought to be for the following reasons. The German, instead of employing the technical terms derived from Greek and Latin, which are used in French and English, and Italian and Spanish, are prone, pos- sibly from an excess of patriotism, to use words derived from purely German roots. This is similar to what has been done in many Welsh books which have treated of scientific subjects. We wish to call especial attention to the neces- sity of teaching German. French, of course, is sure to be taught, but we fear very much that there will be a tendency for many reasons to pass by German. But we venture to think that, how- ever necessary it is that French be taught in the Intermediate Schools, it is even more necessary that. at any rate. the elements of German be taught there. The abler boy, who will discover the necessity of being able to read French, will, if he knows Latin, find little difficulty in acquiring a knowledge of the language for himself. And he will be greatly aided by the fact that French books are generally written in a style which is beautifully lucid and interesting. German books are renowned more for their solidity and the amount of information contained in them, than for the charm of their style. The long German sentence is grammatically correct enough, but a considerable acquaintance with German is needed before is able to follow easily all its windings. The studext (whether of science or of any other subject) who finds it necessary to read German, will he far more thankful for being taught Ger- man at school than for being taught French. Of late years there has been a growing tendency in England to employ Englishmen who have graduated in modern languages at the universities for the teaching of French and German. The reason that is generally given for this—whether it be altogether true or not. we cannot say—is that the English masters on the whole keep better discipline. It is clear that there is room for the existence of many exceptions to such a generaliza- tion as this but it would be absurd to say that there are no grounds to it in fact. However, this fact tends to open careers for many who take an interest in modern languages, and it seems to us highly probable that Welsh boys who have already a knowledge of two very dissimilar modern languages will be greatly impelled in this direction, But the practical point of which we wish to speak is this. Those English masters who graduate in modern languages will have a knowledge of German as well as French, so that, so far as they are concerned, there will be little if any incon- venience for them to teach German to the boys early in their school career. The danger is that if German be neglected in any school, the boys. as their parents become more enlightened on these matters will be sent to some other school where it is taught. We may say more on this subject another time.
fy HE QADOXTOi A 11 K E I j Is now OPEN EVERY SATURDAY. Tpc. LEXT of SHOPS. STALLS. and TABLES A ;>ly to :112 Secretary. D. JONES. YERE ST?EET. CADOXTON. 1! GOOD CC PtX. ivc.. AT LOW PRICES. Jl GO TO EVANS & PHILLIPS. WHOLES VLE AND RETAIL KAY. STRAW. AXD CORN MERCHANTS. YERE-STREET. CADOXTOX. OLDEST- ESTABLISHMEXT IX THE WHOLE DISTRICT. LL. THOMAS, OLDEST ESTABLISHED TOBACCONIST AND CIGAR DEALER MAIN-STREET. CADOXTOX ALSO TOBACCOXIST AXD HAIRunESSER, 132. HIGH-STREET, BARRY. E. 0. EVAXS- | TR NXr,XGE?.. SHIP CHAXDLER. CIUXA. 1 EARTHEXWARE. AND GLASS MERCHAXT. ± ■, v. ?■>« XMS. 17 and 32. MAIN-STREET. | CADOXTOX. AXD AT BARRY DOCK. (Close to Shipphig- Office). Veterinary Establishment, Barry. J R KNCE ARXO HOUSE. HOLTON ROAD, (Z-EO. H. SIMPSOX. M.R.C.V.S. I VJ HORSES. CATTLE. AND DOGS ATTENDED. j U examined as to Soundness previous to purchase. Operations performed under the most approve! arid sjieatlSc principles. Horses. Cattle, and Dog MCK! icine in every variety. CHARGES MODERATE. GROCERIES & PROVISIONS CHEAPER THAN EVER, LL good Housekeepers study economy. and to A follow such a noMe precept to perfection, the lo' .'C't price Market is not always the cheapest. Kc: observers will note especially, quality before corn paring prices. I do not advertise Tons of Bacon, But*-?". Cheese, xc.. but respectfully invite all to call r.:id give me one trial. The proof of the pr.-j-litiy they say. is in the eating. Call early and invlr- your friends to do likewise. X • the Adds ess — B. sr TIMERS, 35. YERE STREET. CADOXTOX. CHEAP PAPER HANGINGS. MESSRS. j DAN DO & SONS, Plumbers, Painters, étc., Xear the Wenvoe Hotel. CADOXTON, Has now in Stock over 2C.030 PIECES OF PAPERIIAXGIXGS. the* are disposing of at GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. Spl-? 'I Pattern- from 2d. per Piece of 12 Yards. A.1 kinds of Brushes. Paints. Colours. Stains, Yarnishes. ,vc.. in Stock. D. & S. Invites an Inspection of their Large Assortment of Gas Fittings. Estimates Given. DAXDO L\: SOXS. CADOXTOX. W ATCKES!! JEWELLERY §| Ji'j' Cn to Cardiff if you can buy equally ? i G.). r.:vl Cheap in your own Town by •X >>.•: t' F. J. GREENER, UNDER PUBLIC-TIALL. YERE-STREET. CADOXTOX. it: xeeps in Stock a good Selection of Clocks a \V atchc-s of all kinds and prices, Gold and S:'ver Jewellery of newest style. E. P. Spoons and Rings. Keepers. Dress and Gent<s' S>;gA. Rings, at Special Low Prices. Best Place to Go for All Kinds of REPAIRS, E.-pee-truly batches of All Descriptions. BC-i 'TS BOOTS!BOOTS »»jj It you want Good and Cheap Boots try LT'VIS,R BOOT AND SHOE AV A RE- HOUSE. ISLAXD-ROAD. BARRY. A* u? has a large assortment of Ladies and Gents' J^OOTS AND ^HOES. Air s, Large Yariety of LEATHER and CARPET SLIPPERS at very low prices. • <i_ -X S XAILED BOOTS, from Hs. 9d. OMEX'S o., j REPAIRS PROMPTLY ATTEXDED TO. Xotc the Address— p>00T AXD gHOE ^yAREHOUSE, ISLAXD-ROAD. BARRY. rpo THE INHABITANTS OF HOLTON AND L '.hr, HARRY DISTRICT GENERALLY. RICHARD (AUY, THE WELL-KNOWN PORK BUTCHER AND BACON CURER, UO inform Ins numerous customers that he has opened large and convenient premises, has opened large and convenient premises, L erected for the trade, at Holton-road, Barry Dock. and. while thanking his customers for past favours, respectfully begs a continuance of their patrottagj and recommendation. His goods will be precisely the same quality as those for which he is so well noted at Penaith, and will be sold at the •same price. Addbbss HELTON-ROAD, BARRY DOCK, AND ¡ GLEBE-STREET, PENABTH. j GREAT REDUCTION. PURE BUTTERS CHEAPER THAN EYEH. piXEST JRISII ^JRASS B UTTERS. PER lOn. LB. ■ jDAVID JONES & Co. ) (LIMITED' >iways allow their Customers the benefit of the Market. | rp II E jpiXEST QUALITIES AT J OWEST pRICES. Choicest Danish Butter, PER JS. LB. WE ARE THE LARGEST SELLERS OF DASISH BUTTER IX WALES. New American Cheese, ~D. AXD ^JD. PER LB. Finest September Cheese, £ MD. AXD yD. PER LB. Cumberland-cut Bacon, ^jjD. PER LB. BY THE SIDE. HAMS at 4 Id. per 1h. HAMS at;5d. HAMS at fid. HAMS (the Finest Imported) at ti^d. •• DAYID JONES AXD QOMPANY (LIMITED), Receive daily large Consignments of Xew Zealand Lamb and Mutton, and would call the attention of the Public to their Xew Zealand Lamb, which is arriving in splendid condition and is equal in quality to this Country's. XEW ZEALAND LAMB AT MARVELLOUSLY LOW PRICES. NOTE — OUR ONLY ADDRESS IS AS BELOW David Jones & Co. (LIMITED). WESTMINSTER STORES AND Canterbury Heat Market, W HARTOX-STKEET, CARDIFF. ¡ THE ROYAL STORES IX THE HAYES, CARDIFF. FORMOZA TEA AT PER S 8D. LB. THE BEST AXD MOST LUXURIOUS IX EXGLAXD AT THE PRICE. THE ROYAL STORES IX THE HAYES, CARDIFF. f f .i.
BARRY DOCK AND HAl L-WAYS.
BARRY DOCK AND HAl L- WAYS. MONTHLY MEETING OF DIRECTORS. The monthly meeting of the directors of the Barry Dock and Railwas Company was held on Friday at the Board-room at the general offices, Barry Dock. when there were present :—Lord Windsor (chairman of the company). Messrs. A. Hood (deputy-chairman). Edward Davies (manag- ing director), Robert Forrest, T. Webb (Tunbridge Wells), Fred L. Davis, John Cory, J. Wolfe-Barry, M.Inst.C.E. (the consulting engineer). G. C. Down- ing (secretary), R. Evans (general manager). J. Robinson. M.Inst.C.E (resident engineer), W. Mem. (assistant-secretary), and Captain R. Davies (dock- master). The proceedings of the meeting were conducted in private, but from subsequent inquiries it was ascertained that a variety of important matters connected with the dock and railways of the company were under serious consideration for several hours, and it is not improbable that a new dock scheme will ere long be formulgated by the directors, it being felt that the proposed Vale of Glamorgan Railway will bring with it a volume of new mineral trade which could never be coped with by the present docking facilities.—Mr. Robinson, the resident engineer, submitted further sketches of the proposed low water entrance at Barry Dock. together wit her new works thereat, and. after considera vrith Mr. Wolfe-Barry, it was agreed that the entrance should be 9ft. or 10ft. below the present dock bottom, so that vessels should enter and leave at most states of the tide and light vessels will be able to enter even at low neaps.—With reference to the proposed through trains from Barry to Cardiff, it was determined to submit the matter to the Rail- way Commissioners in the course of a week or two. and in anticipation of a favourable decision on an early date the necessary arrangements at Cogan and Cardiff for the through trains are being made.—At the next meeting of the board a sum- mary of the company's accounts for the half-year ending June :50th will be submitted, and it is believed that not only will the dividend be a more substantial one than on any former occasion, but that the directors will be able to transfer a con- siderable sum to the reserve fund.—No decision has yet been arrived at with reference to the Walker claim in connection with the dock con- tract. but the matter will again come before the arbitrator (Mr. Wolfe-Barry) toward the close of the present month, should the dates fixed be con- venient to the counsel engaged on both sides.—At the close of the meeting the directors partook of luncheon, after which Lord Windsor and a num- ber of the directors visited different portions of the great dock and railways. On Friday morning the new intermediate level at Barry Dock was opened for mineral traffic. This level has for some time been in course of con- struction. and when fully completed will have a number of sidings connected therewith, so that laden coal trains may be able to stand by ready to supply the high or low level tips at the shortest call. This will abate the inconvenience hitherto experienced of having to send the trains back to Cadoxton in order to be shunted on io the high or lowlevels.
A Successful ATHLETK-Mr. W. P. Edgington. of the Penarth Foothall Cluh, won the sccond prize of three guineas in the 120 yards flat handicap race, at the Roath Athletic sports, held at the Sophia Gardens on Sa tnnlay. WHY? WHY? WHY?—Why should people suffer from Liver Complaints? Why complain of Indiges- tion ? Why bear the Pains of Disordered Stomach ? Why be wearied with Weak Nerves? Why be dis- tressed with Skin Diseases ? Whv endure Hea daclie ? Why he troubled with Bad Blfx>d"?. Why be tortured with Rheumatism ? Why be a marfvr to Fits, Ecszema. Piles ? When Hughes's Blood Pills will soon relieve you from every trouble. Sold by every Chemist and dealer in Patent Mecicines at Is. ua" 2s. 9ll" and 4s. 6d.—Advt.
TRADE DISPUTES AT BRIDGEND.
TRADE DISPUTES AT BRIDG- END. THREATENED STRIKE OF CARPENTERS AND JOIXERS. THE SADDLERS' STRIKE. MEETING OF THE MASTERS. NO SURREXDER During the week there has been no alteration in the dispute between the saddlers of the town, and their employers. We had hoped that during- the interval some effort would have been made to effect a settlement, that at least the masters would have offered a compromise. We have heard that the masters have made an offer granting the re- quest of the men in two or three instances. But thi& the men strongly deny. It is said that the unexpected generally happens." A new phase has been given to the question by the decision of Messrs. Rees, Dixon, and Lewis to open business on their own account. We hear that premises have been taken in Wynd- ham-street, and active preparations are being made for a good start in business. What effect this; step will have upon the dispute it would be difficult at present to state. A great deal of exasperation has been introduced into the dispute by the presence of a number of blacklegs brought from various places. Several interviews have taken place between these men and the men on strike but appeals to their spirit of fair play had no effect. Considerable excitement has been aroused by these men being watched as they left work each day and surrounded and hooted the streets. But we are pleased that nothing illegal has been done— that the power exercised has been that of moral suasion. The police have had no cause to inter- fere. and we trust that when the dispute ter- minates there will have been nothing done to bring disgrace upon the cause of labour. We confidently hope that before this issue is placed upon our readers' breakfast table that wiser counsels will have prevailed, and that masters and men will be again united in furthering each other's interests. On Friday evening the men on strike held another demonstration. A procession was formed, and headed by the Artillery Band, inarched through the various streets of the town amidst the hearty plaudits and sympathetic expressions of numerous onlookers. As the procession proceeded, it became greatly augmented by workmen belonging to other crafts, whose hearts beat in unison with their brethren struggling to defend their rights. After passing through Xolton-street, Caroline-street, and Dunraven-place. a halt was made at the Town Hall, where a meeting was held. There was a large crowd assembled, who gave the speakers an attentive and courteous hearing. The various speeches were now and again interrupted by en- thusiastic cheering. Mr. Joseph Dixon presided. He said that he and his comrades were still out. and probably would be out again for a short while. But they were standing by their rights, and intended to defend those rights. (Cheers.) Mr. Green, the general secretary of the Saddlers' Union, who came from Manchester that day to look after the men's interests, was received with much cheering. He said it gave him pleasure to address so large and en- thusiastic an assembly. He had been general secretary of the Saddlers' Union for eighteen years. He had always been a saddler, and hoped to die a saddler. He was the son of a saddler. He had four brothers who were saddler." so that he had a right to speak in defence of his fellow- craftsmen. There were twenty-three branches of the union spread over England. Scotland and Wales, with nearly 1,000 members. They were striving to be placed on an equality with other workmen. They were equally as skilled and ex- perienced as other workmen. The union had capital at their back of -CiiO.ooO. and if the master saddlers of Bridgend thought they were going to crush the Union, they were much mistaken. They were a benefit society. The subscription was a nominal one of 6d. per week. They gave 10s. per week to a member when ill. and 10s. per week to a member out of employment. Is. 8d. per day would he given for partial loss of employ- ment, which would be given to the member seeking employment at any branch of the Union. Their members were also not forgotten as regards cases of death. After one year's membership they received at Death, .C5: two years. C."> three years, :1.:10. There was also a funeral donation at the death of a member's wife of -C2, C3. and !5. They were determined to be faithful to their mem- bers to the close of life, and to see that they had a decent burial. The saddlers of Bridgend were only striving for what their fellow workmen throughout the country had attained. The saddlers in Manchester were having 10s. a week more than the saddlers of Bridgend. At Glasgow they had received an increase of 2s. p?r week at time ami a quarter overtime. At Belfast the wages was 37s. In Manchester the wages ranged from 3."s. to 37s. per week. Then why should the men at Bridgend. performing as skilful and laborious a work. be forced to work for a remuneration which was disgustingly low. They harboured no ill-will towards the employers, but simply asked them to mete out justice and fairplay. The wages paid in this district were unworthy of a man who had served five or seven years in learning the trade. Some of the men only received 15s. per week. and the average payment was slightly over Cl. Was this the wage of a tradesman who had to briny up a family respectably.' The wages paid was'the average payment to a labourer. They were not asking anything unreasonable. Xeither did they wish to injure the masters, but they stood firm in demanding that which was right. Throughout South Wales the saddlers were determined to raise the standard of their wages, and they were only waiting for the result of the strike here. The men have only to remain firm and success must attend their efforts to raise their position. The executive of the Union will stand by them, and 1.000 men in the Union are ready at a moment's notice to contribute their hard-earned pence toAvards the support of their comrades in the strife. He desired to thank the public for their remarkable manifestation of sym- pathy and support, and trusted that it would be vouchsafed to them to the end of the struggle, which he trusted would not be long. He trusted that a spirit of .reasonableness would prevail, and that a speedy and amicable settlement would ensue. It appears the masters had offered Is.: but surely the extra shilling the men justly demanded was not worth all this trouble and anxiety. How- ever. their motto was "K 0 surrender." (Loud applause.)—Mr. J. Lewis, one of the local leaders, was then called upon. He said he would not pro- long the meeting at such a late hour, but he should like to refer to one matter, and that was the letter published by the masters in the local papers. They published that letter knowing quite well that it could not be answered until the end of next week. A letter appeared in the Wrxtn-n Mull, and they immediately replied to it. In the mas- ter s letter it was stated that one of the men (Dixon) was paid 2;):0:. per week. This Dixon denies, and states that he only received 24s. Two of the men were paid 15s. and one is receiving 16s. Was this a 'fair wage ? Were chcy not struggling for that which they had a right to demand. He trusted that ere long their efforts would be crowned with a triumphant victory. The large crowd then dispersed. On Saturday evening another demonstration took place. The men marched through the principal streets as on Friday evening. But on this occasion the band was not available, the procession being led by one of the men who en- thusiastically carried aloft a large union jack. The meeting was held in front of the Town Hall, and it being market day, there was a great number of people in the town. and consequently a numerous assembly soon gathered in front of the imposing pillars of tlleS-Town Hall.—Mr. Howell Williams, secretary of the Rhondda Yalley branch of the Saddlers' Union, first addressed the meeting. He said that he was extremely pleased to be present to support his fellow-work- men in their endeavour to elevate their position. He knew by experience the ;ery low wages paid at Bridgend, having worked here for some time. It was indeed extremely poor remuneration. He was extremely sorry to observe on the previous Sunday one of the local employers searching the Rhondda for blacklegs. That was not the wav to bring about an amicable He had been sent down by the Rhondda Branch to extend their sympathy, and he might state that the feeling in the Rhondda was unanimous and enthusiastic in favour of the men. Every man in the Union would support them. and with such strength at tneir back they must succeed. (Loud applause.) —Mr. Michael O'C'onnell, president of the Bridg- end Branch, vigorously combated the published statements of the masters. He also knew perfectly well the wages paid at Bridgend, hut fortunately he had removed to the Rhondda. where their craft was more fairly treated. But. nevertheless, he had notlost his earnest sympathy for his comrades. He was there that day not merely in his official capacity as president of the branch, but as a fellow working -man, to enter a protest against the employers' prolonging a struggle for the sake of a paltry 1 s.- Mr. Joseph Dixon desired to express the hearty thanks of the Board for the sympathy extended to them in fighting for their rights. They were still determined, and eventually victory would be theirs.- Mr. John Lewis, who was received with applause, said if the masters thought they had crushed them, they were mistaken. Trades Union- ism was now a power in the country, and would successfully resist the tyranny and selfishness of the employers. The day was gone when trades- men would meekly submit to the dictation of masters. The wages paid to their craft was less than was paid to labourers in the town. Some of them had seen labourers employed in laying gas mains in the town. These men received 4s. 6d. Vet day. Yet some of his fellow workmen were only receiving 15s. per week. Grocers' assistants re- ceived £1 per week. and was it reasonable that members of a skilled craft should he paid less. The local press were on their side with the exception of one, and the editor of that paper acted as agent for the masters in opposition to the interests of the men. To the South WalrxStnr and the Chronicle he tendered on behalf of the branch their sincere thanks. (Loud applause.) The large crowd then divided itself into groups, discussing the various aspects of the dispute. MEETIXG OF MASTER SADDLERS. On Friday a quarterly meeting of the Master Saddler s Association of Glamorganshire and Mon- mouthshire was held at the AVvndham Arms, Bridgend, when Mr. Churchill. Aberdare, presided. There was a good attendance. Yarious questions affecting the interests of the association were dis- cussed at some length. The local trade dispute was placed before the meeting, and after som& discussion it was decided that the wage paid in the town being equal to that paid in other parts of South Wales, that the association take n.0 recognisance of the matter. THREATEXED STKIKK OF CAIil'EXTERS AXD JOIXERS. For some time past the relations between the carpenters and joiners of the town and their em- ployers have been somewhat strained. It was con- sidered highly unsatisfactory that the masons of the town should be receiving Id. per hour more than the carpenters and joiners. The question and the mode of procedure have beenofttimes discussed by the men, but no definite course of action decided upon. Accordingly a meeting of the men was held at the Mitre Hotel on Saturday last, when it was resolved to issue one month's notice to the masters to terminate existing contracts, and to demand an increase of wages at the rate of one penny per hour, and other minor advantages. These notices were given on Monday last. The men consider it extremely unreasonable that they should receive a lower rate of wage than that received in the sister trade. We sincerely hope that ere the notices terminate a settlement will DC agreed to. The somewhat lengthy notice affords a splendid opportunity for a calm and wise deliberation on the various aspects of the question, and of coming to an amicable settlement. "SONG OF THE STRIKE." [BY A LOCAL BxVRD.] Tune Ar Hyd v Nos." Weare only fifteen saddlers Out on strike." But we mean to beat the masters With our strike For 'twas settled at our office That our" motto" should be justice. And we mean to keep our promise While on "strike." Though we are but few in number Out on strike," Every man is our brother Though on strike W hat we want is public favour In our just and best endeavour, Though we can't display much valour While on strike." We have blacklegs here already, Though 'tis strike. Men who've made themselves unmanly When 'tis strike Though we've asked them oft and kindly To leave work. as 'tis their duty. And to join our little party ? Out on strike. But stand firm, be men. my brothers. While on strike In our midst are many others Who must strike: To reduce the hours of labour Of the friends behind the counter," And make life repay the liver, They must strike.
RAILWAY SERVANTS' MEETING…
RAILWAY SERVANTS' MEET- ING AT BARRY. CHEAP TICKETS FOR RAILWAY EMPLOYES TO BE AGITATED FOR. A crowded and enthusiastic meeting of railway employes of the Barry Dock and Railways Com- pany was held at the Assembly-rooms of the Barry Hotel on Tuesday evening, for the purpose oi establishing a branch of the delegation which has been established in London for the securing of cheap tickets for railway servants over any rail- way line in the country. Mr. C. Christian, » collector of the Barry Company, having been voted to the chair proceeded to explain the objects of the meeting. He said the delegation, a branch of which they proposed to form that night had for its object the getting of railway men in differ- ent paits of the country, to consider what means should be adopted towards securing what were called quarter fare privilege tickets whereby rail- waymen. their wives and children would be able to travel to different parts of the country at a quarter of the ordinary fare. Under that man- agement return fares to the following places would be as mentioned :—London about 6s. 3d.: Birming- ham. 4s. 6d. Manchester. 6s. lod. Gloucester, 2s. 6d. Carmarthen, 3s. 6d. Newport. lid. antl Bridgend. 10d. (Laughter and cheers.) They would thus see how cheaply they would be enabled to get about the country. The salaries of railwaymen of all classes were very small in comparison with those of other working classes, and he thought they should be allowed to travel cheaper than the general public did. (Applause.) If thev wished to succeed they would all have to put their shoulders to the wheel. They would not succeed at once, but he earnestly hoped they would ulti- mately. They would have to come to some deci- sion that night, and that being satisfactory their next move would be to petition all the directors on a given date, and for that purpose petitions were m preparation, and it was to he hoped that all railwaymen would sign. Several lines of rail- way employes had already taken the matter up by electing a secretary and committees. Several London railway companies had already conceded what had been asked, but what they really wanted was to make the thing universal. (Cheers.)— Stirring addresses in support or the movement were delivered by Messrs. W. H. James (Cogan station- master), W. Hughes, W. Jones. Woolly. Sawyer, F. Burgess, and Fennel].—Mr. J. H. Taylor (Barry Dock stationmaster) in appropriate terms proposed the following resolution That this meeting is of opinion that we should co-operate with our London brethren and that we should petition each board of directors, asking foi the issue of privilege tickets at an early date, and that a committee, secretary, and treasurer be appointed." (Cheers). Mr. A. Yeo. seconded, and the resolution was enthusiastically carried.—Officers were then elected as follows :—President. C. Christian Secretary. J. H. Taylor Treasurer. D. W. Howells; Committee Messrs. Woolley. W. Jones, A. Sawyer. Frank Burgess, Alfred Lewis, H. Davies. J. Thomas, D. Fisher. A. Yoc, Fennell. J. Robertson, J. Robin- son, S. Edwards (Havod), and J. D. Rees.—A collection havitig been made in aid of the expenses, a cordial vote of thanks was accorded to the repre- sentatives of the South I! tt'r.t Star and other local papers for being present. After a similar com- pliment had been accorded the chairman for presiding, the meeting, which had been a most successful one throughout, concluded.
PRIZE FIGHT KBAH ; CADOXTON.
PRIZE FIGHT KBAH CADOXTON. THE POLICE BAFFLED. On Saturday evening last, about half-past eight, a prize fight took place in a field not far from the old village of Cadoxton. The police authorities I were aware of the fact, and were early on the alert. Soon after eight o'clock the principals, with their seconds and supporters, to the number of about a hundred, assembled in a field abutting on the Cadoxton Common, but after three rounds had been fought, scouts brought in the information that the police were coming and the crowd im- mediately dispersed in different directions, and in order to put the police on the wrong, scent pro- ceeded towards Vere-street. The combatants, however, with a few supporters by a circuitous route proceeded towards Palmerstown and in » secluded spot abutting the main line of the Barry Railway, the fight re-commenced. The com- batants. two powerfully built men of the nr.vry type, who had but recently come to the town, indulged in thirteen rounds more, after which, one named Didds. threw up the sponge and acknow- ledged himself defeated. The fight had barely concluded when another cry of police" was raised, some men in dark clothes who watched the concern from the summit of "he common being mistaken for the guardians of the peace and the crowd hastily left the field, the supporters of each man quickly dressing their respective champ- j ion, and making for Palmerston, so that when the police officials arrived on the scene a few minutes later, they found to their chagrin, those searched for had fled.