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OUR SOCIAL COLUMN. |
OUR SOCIAL COLUMN. (EDITED BY AFXTIE FLO). 11 Our object in opening' this social column is not one solely of amusement, nor yet of general infor- .nation, but we do it with the view of drawing out the more thoughtful instincts of our nature, and by 11rompting us to perform acts of kindness. inspire by cur influence others to do likewise. In the midst of an ever-increasing population there nre numerous opportunities of befriending those in need. On all sides of us are homes waiting to be brightened by one kind word, and hearts hungering for a sympathetic lock. Societies of a similar character have already been the means of doing great good. Shall we not von ure to hope that something may be gained by the formation of such an one here, and although no inducement is held out but the simple one of doing good, we feel confident that many will be anxious to join the "Band of Kindness." Each week the names of the members will be printed in the SOUTH WALES STAR, and any one desirous of joining the society may do so by communicating with Auntie Flo, at the offices of this paper. Further, any letters or information of a social nature will be heartily welcomed, and news of an interesting character will be inserted in this column. On receipt of one penny stamp a card of membership will be for- warded to any address, upon which, in addition to the name of the member in the case of a child, the signature of cither parent or guardian should be affixed. The following is a ccpy of the pledge each mem- ber is expected to sign :— THE BAND OF KINDNESS. » Established I SSI. EDITED UV ACXTIE FLO. MEMBER'S PLEDGE. "I voluntarily promise to let no opportunity pass of being kind to old people, little children, nilf-I ail animals, and I will do my best to persuade others to join the Band of Kindness. (Signed; Auntie Flo will keep a large book in which will be enrolled all the names and addresses of those who become members of the Band of Kindne-s," and they will be entered in numerical order as they are received. Now. will all my young friends in Barry. Bridg- end. Penarth. and the neighbouring towns and villages do what they can to make this society a success In other places, principally in the North of England, much usefulness is achieved by the youth of both sexes, and if the boys and girls and young people of all descriptions in the homes of my readers will take up the matter warmly we can show in a short time some good return for our existence as a Band of Kindness. Possibly, by-r,nd-bye, our organisation is per- fected, and the members of the Society increase, we nny launch out into more ambitious schemes. Auntie Flo will be pleased to have any suggestions, and will give them due consideration. Do the good that's nearest, Though it's dull at times, Helping. when yon meet them, Lame dogs over stiles. Everyone is interested at the present moment in the enumeration of the inhabitants of our country, and those who can remember when the last census was taken, and possibly the one before, are com- paring notes as to the changes which have occurred. To the old there is ever a charm in looking back- wards. and there must bo many to whom the once quiet resort of holiday-makers and pleasure-seekers, was a more delightftul spot than the bustling town with its spacious docks. and streets of houses. But the young, who live in the future, see in the rising seaport a field where their energies may find employment, and look forward hopefully to the improvements which another decade will bring about. By the aid of history, we are able to go back to the time whe'i the first census took 5 place, and we find it was a command given by God to Moses concerning the Israelites. B.C. 1490. Later on a census was taken at Athene D.C. 317, when -the population was found to consist of 127.630 citizens and 400.000 slaves. The term census, however, originated at Rome. where the first took place B.C. 56S, when the city was found to contain 84.700 citizens. After B.C. 432 it was held in the Campus Martius. and was generally taken every five years at Rome. What is of primary interest to us. however, is the knowledge that the first census of G-reat Britain was made in 1801. the Act of Parliament ordering a census to be taken every 10 years having passed December 31. 1800. Ireland was not included in this return until the year 1813. The fear that was then entertained was that there would net be enough room for our vastly increasing population. Since that time. however, it has been learnt that on the 33.600.000.000 acres of the earth's surface, there is a calculated popula- tion. of only 1,425.000.000—which gives a small estate of 23', acres to each person. We are not so afraid now of our population. What we are afraid of now is that we shall have too many of the wrong sort of people. In Australia they are already passing laws against the immigration of the Chinese. In America, men are afraid that the race will get worse through the great number of negroesand Chinese which over-run the country. And in our own land the" Sweating System in London is said to be in a great degree due to the '.•onsr.int incoming of pauper emigrants from Russia. Germany, and other parts of Europe. The census will throw a great light on this question. and we are glad to find that the leaders of the Jewish community in London are doing their best to help the Registrar-General. It would be very interesting also to know what is the strength of the various religious bodies in the United Kingdom, and there are several other very interesting columns that might be added to the census paper. Perhaps by the time the next census is reached— we shall then be in a new century—public, opinion will be ripe for more searching questions con- cerning religious, industrial, and social matters. ACROSTIC. Which of my readers will give a correct solution of the following :— Take letters on?, two. three, and four. You'll often find it at your door Next two and three and four and one. These are the lads who're full of fun Whilst third and fourth and second, first In olden Greece most nobly nursed: Then lastly, four. three, and two and one. Front sinking ships these rodents run.
THE AftitEST OR GILLS-AT CADOXTOX.—At the Easter Quarter Sessions held in Cardiff on Friday ;ast, before the Ret-oraer. Mr. B. F. Williams, Q C 3Iaria Barstow CIS': and Blanche Da vies (loj, who had pleaded guilty the previous day to stealing a quantity of wearing apparel, the property of Harriet Peters, from a refuge home in Cardiff, on the 21st March, cane up to receive sentence.—The girls were arrestod by detectives at Cadoxton. uuder circumstances re- ported ifl Our last issue.-—Mr. Arthur Lewis, who pivseeuted, intimated that it was not the wish of those directing the Home to see the girls punished severely. —The Recorder said he was sorry to see that both the prisoners, although they were *o young, had been pre- viously convicted-Barstow for stealing money and other things, and Davies for stealing a gold ring. On that occasion both had been let off without punish- ment. He, would, give them another chance, in the hope that when they came out they would lead a new iind better life. The sencence of the Court was that They be imprisoned for one calendar mouth.—Prisoners seemed IO regard their position v. ith indifference.
CO RRESPONDENCE. THE LAUNCH OF THE PORTHCAWL LIFE- BOAT LAST WEEK. TO THE EDITOR OF THE SOCTH WALES ST AIL i r.-I was present at the launch last week. and was rather curious as to the time taken by the men in getting her afloat. I believe, sir. that the time for practice is that of neap tides at' all seasons, because they flow neay noon as a rule, and are. therefore, convenient for persons coming by train who are interested in the launch. I look upon the practice as being very important to the men. so that they can get into the way of each other in working, but I really think, sir. that if there was a vessel in danger close to the shore that all must perish by reason of the great delay in launching occasioned by the plans of the inspector. I was glad to see Rector W. Jones, the lion, local secretary, present, and Colonel Warlow. Mr. James Brogden. and others interested in the boat. They can speak tc the great delay and the bungling manner in manipulating the boat. I saw old helpers itinning away and leaving the boat dis- gusted. and I heard them say that they would help in case of need, but not in ruch a way as the launch was conducted. I may be wrong, but I always look upon an inspector as one who superintends a thing done by others, and does not take the manage- ment out of the hands of those who arc really responsible for the management of the boar. I will guarantee C5 to any charitable institution in the district that the coxswain and the chief launcher would put the boat afloat in twenty minuces, if allowed their freedom in manipulating. —I am. Occ.. LOOKER OX. Porthcawl. April 7th, 1891. ——^ SOUTH WALES FEDERATION MEETINGS AT CARDIGAN. TO THE EDITOR OF THE SOUTH WALES STAn. Sin.—I was glad to read in your columns a note of the old farmer who brought the house down by his pithy remarks. I am of opinion that the men who could do the greatest amount of good by their addresses upon the tithe questions and kindred subjects are systematically excluded from the Federation meetings. The eternal Aaron is always on.the stump, and the everlasting blowhard from Belle Yue. Swansea, is always to the fore, reiter- ating their everlasting common-places. I do be- lieve really so. too. that the South Wales Federation is out of touch with working men. by reason of their exclusion from participations in the discus- sions of public grievances. The only men capable of addressing themselves to any question brought before the federation meetings, according to the opinions as expressed by the wire-pullers in their programme, are monied-men. who are either retired tradesmen. J.P.'s. or parsons. When the country get a surfeit of the meetings, the workmen will then be put to the fore, as the ones who have really killed the federation like the M.P.'s of old for the country, men who lived above the level of the majority of their electors, they could never feel sufficiently deep the wants of their constituen- cies to truly represent them. So the monied-men often found, where they are not fitted to be in. cannot give voice to the feelings of workmen upon many subjects.—I ara.Jce., HOMO. Nottage. Porthcawl. .*» THE USE OF THE CADOXTON BOARD SCHOOL TO THE EDITOR OF THE SOUTH WALES PTAli. SIR.—Kindly allow me through the medium of your valuable paper to ask a question to the mem- bers of the school board of this district. What is the reason they have refused the use of the Cadox- ton Board Schools for the Welsh Baptists to hold their annual meetings there, at the same time giving that privilege to the Welsh Established Church to hold a concert on the 8th of this month, and also to the I.O.G. Templars previously.' An explanation would be a satisfaction to many besides myself.—I am, ^c.. DIDYMUS. Cadoxton. —o- WHY NOT INCLUDE BARRY IX OUR SCHOOL BOARD DISTRICT.' TO THE EDITOR OF THE SOUTH WALES STAR. SI p.In the report of the opening of the new "i 1 11 school at St. Mary's. Cardiff. I noticed that the Bishop of this diocese mentioned that there was a prospect of a new Church of England elementary school being erected in a parish near Cardiff. Now. as we have already seen an appeal for funds for such an object in this district, there is every probability that Barry parish is referred to. I should have no objection to seeing Church schools erected for Church-going children where Noncon- formist children would not be compelled to attend for want of unsectarian schools, but I should cer- tainly deplore having a denominational school erected in Barry parish if it proved an excuse for not having a board school placed there. At'present we have a School Board district comprising Merthyrdovan and Cadoxton parishes, and though the chairman and one member of the board reside in Barry parish they have taken no steps to have their own parish included in the district. A number of houses are springing np, and a large population of, perhaps, mvinly Nonconformists, will have no provision for elementary school- teaching for their children. Yery li'ely the Church people will step into the breach, erect a national school, and then prevent the School Board from entering Barry parish. The children will then be provided, as the Bishop states, with "catholic teaching"—catho!:c, perhup.?, only in the eyes of Church people—which not even a con- science clause will suffice to prevent the children of Nonconformists being instructed in. Without wishing to say anything against Church of Eng- land voluntary schools. I am strongly of opinion that unsectarian elementary schools ought to he within the, reach of every child, and iu a place which is increasing by such leaps and bounds such lethargy as our School Board displays is simply inexcusable.—I am. Sir, yours truly. Barry. JUSTITIA. — PASSENGER TRAINS ON THE BARRY RAIL- WAY. TO THE EDITOR OF THE SOUTH WALES STAR. SIR.—It is now nearly twelve months since the deputation waited on the company to try and get passenger trains on this line, and, so far. nothing has been done to further the suggestion. Surely there is some course open to our Chambers of Trade, tee., to compel the company to open to Tre- .fore.-t. even if they have to put up a temporary station. If they did so. I ieel sure that half the passengers now going from the Rhondda to the west rin Llantrisant or Swansea Bay Railway, would travel to St. Fagan's. if trains were ar- ranged to catch those of the Great, Western Railway, instead of being arranged not to catch, as is now the case at Llantrisant. You have only to look at the tables to see the abominable arrange- ments at this junction. The public and local authorities should understand that nothing will be done by the railway companies unless pressure is brought to bear upon them.—I am. tec.. Ferndale. A RHONDDA MERCHANT. — CENSUS PAPERS IN THE BARRY DISTRICT. TO THE l-JOITOR OF THE SOUTH WALE" STAR. SIK.—Can you tell me why two census papers were delivered in so many houses in this district.' Such a proceeding will surely tend to confuse the returns.—I am. <xc.. ENQUIRER. Barry. WELSH ORTHOGRAPHY. TO THE EDITOR OF THE SOUTH WALES STAR. SIR.—As I understand you take an interest in Welsh orthography, will you kindly favour your readers with your views on spelling re- form.' The "v" for "f." and" f" for "ff" is even now being used. Why not revert to the old way "dh" for •' dd." lIt" tor "H." These would be analogous to than ph." and would entail no alteration in the fount which must always prove an insuperable bar to any fanciful or new-fangled characters being adopted. The printers simply will not do it. and such changes as I have indicated would if anything only make the Welsh fount of type more like the English one. an advantage which must be patent to every practical printer.—Yours, (w., C O MP.
tI CONGL Y CYMRY.
t I CONGL Y CYMRY. ,ii ■ DAN OLYGIAETK LLWYDFRYN.l Addcwcs roddi hunes cynhadledd Aberteifi. ond eymhurodd arall fy lie, gyda boddlonrwydd i mi ac I'm darllenwyr. Ond feallai nad yvv yn rhy ddi- weddar hyd eto i roddi tipyn o hanes cymanfa Rhyddfryrhvyr y Do. Un peth a hoffes yn fawr yiio. Nid yn unig yr oedd yn gynhadledd Rydd- frydol. ond yr oedd. yn gynhadledd Gymreig. Nid gwiw oedd i neb feddwl cael gwrandawiad astud os nad oedd yn gallti siarad yr hen iaith. A Chymraeg yn iawn oedd y Cymraeg siaredid. Xid rhyw Gymraeg gwan. nychlyd—yn blitli draphlitli o Gymraeg a Saesueg-ond Cymraeg llon'd pan, croew, dUedryw. Xid gwn os oedd yno Ddic Shon Dafyddion. Os oedd. ni agorasant geg ac ni lefarasant air. Ac yr oedd pob un a ddywedai air yn y iaith fain yn esgusodi ei anallu i siarad Cym- raeg. ac yn swil iawn yn siarad Saesneg. Cynhad- ledd Gymreig oedd hi, a phynciau Cymreig oedd ei thestynau. Buwyd yn ymgynghori an gilydd ynghylch Deddfau'r Tir ac Ymreolaeth i Gymru a phregethwyd pregeth angladdol i'r Sefydliad Eglwysig yng Nghymru. Feallai y byddai yn well dechre gyda Ymreolaeth Gymreig. Bu tipyn 0 anghydfod. neu. o'r hyn leiaf. ditfyg cyd-ddeall- dwriaeth. rhwng y Parch. Aaron Davies. Pont- lottyn, a golygydd y Seren ynghylch yr hyn a feddylid wrth Ymreolaeth i Gymru. Dywedai Mr. Davies mai Stmedd Gymreig, ar yr un saron aT Senedd yr ydytn yn foddlon roddi i Gwerddon, oedd eisiau" Xa, meddai gwr y Seren, mai eisieu Cynghor Cenedlaethol Cymreig i ymdrin a mater- ion Ueol Cyraru oedd eisieu. Ond er fod tipyn o I o barth i'r manvlion, yr oedd pawb yn zelog ac yn frwd dros yr egwyddor o gael rhy w- y I beth safadwy a gweledig i arddangos bywyd cenedlatchol Cymru. Cafwycl cyfa,rfodydd rhagorol yn'y prydnawn a'r hwvr. er i Bowcri Rowlands i dori ei addewid i fod yn bresenol. Yr oedd yn gywilydd na fuasai rliagor o aelodau Seneddol Cymru yno; oriel mae yn gysur i ni feddwl, fel 'roédd i Watcyn Wyn yn Eisteddfod Aberhonddu, Os nad yw'r Tywysog yn yr wyl, 9 JLtc'r genedl rmwyl yno." A gwell oedd gen i weled a chlywed hen fferm- wyr gonest sir Aberteifi yn tmethu na chlywed doethineb dwfn ein gwyr mawr. Yr oedd yn dda, gen yng nghalon i glywed gwr Alltycordde yn; rhoddi hanes Rhy fel y Degwm, ac fel yr oedd Sabeaid i'w cael 'nawr. fel yn amser Job. i yrru ymaith yr anifeiliaid. A gwell fyth oedd gen i glywed yr hen wron, Stephen Rees. o Eglwyswen, yn traethu ei farn ar y Sefydliad Eglwysig. Pam rwy i," meddai, yn gorfod tain degwm i'r ffeirad Pan es i gynta i fy w ar y ffarin dim ond Ittil tafol oedd yn tyfu ami; a ches i neb yn hala beliaid i ofyn am ddegwm pryny. Oncl ar ol i fi fed hyd yng ngen yn y gwter yn troi'r dail yn waer, mac'1' hen ffeirad vm mofyn degwm 0 hwnw. Beth mae e wceli 'ueyd i fi: Yw e ddim wedi gweitho dwarnod na whysu deferyn am ei dal. Wyddoch chi. fy,'e'n well gan Paul gerdded yn droednoeth ac yn bennoeth cyn danfon beilied ar ol degwm. A mae'r gyfraith. medde n nhw, yn godde i ni bigo ein tamed crefyddol; jum 'tc mae'n nhw'n gneyd ni daln am borfa'n hunain a phorfa nag ym ni ddim yn boriNi chlywes well araeth yn fy myw. na'r un mwy dylanwadol. Yr ocdd yn twymp calon dyn hefyd i glywed Morgan Evans, un 0 ynadon heddweh y sir, yn dweyd yr elai i'r carchar cyn talu un udime o ddegwm a doniol storhaus Mr. Rees, ystys arall. am hen eglwysi vr ardal, fel 'roedd onen yn tyfu ym mwipud un a'r llall heb ffeirad am haner canrif, ond a'r degwm yn glynu wrthi byth ac un arall a ddefnyddid yn yr hen amser, pan Icedd xmtHjjihi mewn bri, i guddio bareli brandi o wydd gwyr y Custom House, canys dyna'r unig le diogel yn yr ardal. 'Roedd dynion, weithie, yn myned ar draws pob man arall; ond lie diogel oedd yr eglwys. Clywes a gweles hefyd Thomas Gee am y tro cyntaf. A wyt ti, ddarllenydd, wedi ei wel d eriotd ] Ces fy siorni yn fawr ynddo. beth bynag. Xis gwn ffordd y des i feddwl mai gowr mawr, afrosgo. coch ei wyneb, a sarug ei ym- ddangosiad oedd golygydd y Fuuvv. ond gynta mai drwy ddarllen ei hanes ym mhapyrau'r Toriaid. Ond ces siom pan ei gweles. Ai hwna yw Thomas Gee, meddwn wrthyf fy hun yr hen wr parchus yna, ,r gwyneb hardd a'r olwg foneddig- aidd, a'r gwallt fel eira ariandeg, a'r coler lien ffasiwn, a'r spectol, a'r wen sercheg yna—ai'r hen wr r.^pt'etahh' yna yw golygydd y Fawr] Ond felly 'roedd. A plian ddechreuodd siarad gweles a theimles pa fodd yr oedd yn ddrygsawr yn ffroenau Toriaid. Yr oedd yn rhy ernest. yn rhy ddidroinol, yn ei Ryddfryd- iaeth a'i gariad at y bobl i fyth blesio'r un Ceidwadwr yng- Xghymru. Ces hefyd y fraint 0 glywed a gweded S. T. Evans am y tro cyntaf. a mae rhaid dweyd iddo yntau, fel Gee, fy siomi. Yr 11 oedd yntan hefyd yn edrych yn respectuhlr iawn, ac, er hyny, yr oedd yn siarad Cymraeg pur 1 Synais ïu fawr, a dweyd y gwir, i gael y fraint 0 glywed ;;clod Seneddol Cymreig yn siarad Cym- raeg. Xi ciilywais hyn end ar ddau achlysur o'r blaen. Clywes yr hen wron Henry Richards— parch i'w gof—yn siarad yn yr hen iaith. a chlywes Tom Ellis—iechyd da iddo—yn Gymraeg. Teimles fy nghaion yn gwresogi, a rhoddes ysgrech 0 lawenydd, adsain yr lion sydd eto yn teithio drwy gymoedd a thros fynyddoedd Ceredigion. Wel, wel. mae'r byd yn newid. Siarad Cymraeg yn both i-expectaiih-! Bu amser pan oedd gwyhodncth o'r hen iaith yn cael ei vstyried yn sarhad ac yn warth i Gymro. Edrychid ar y beirdd a'r llenorion a'r werin a. lynent wrth iaith eu tadau fel ffyliaid mympwyog. Yr oedd deddfau Lloegr, a'r rhai a ystyrid yn Gymry cenedlgarol, yn cyhoeddi mell- dithion uwch ben yr hen iaith, ac yn trio i wthio yr iaith fain ar ein pobl. Daeth yn ffasiwn i bob Die Shon Dafydd i werthu ei iaith a'i genedl. a weithie ei grefydd. er mwyn enill rexpcrtiil/ilitif aco-. byth y siaradant y iaith a ddysgasaut gyntaf. er mwyn bod yn bit, siaradant hi gyda lled- iaith. Oii,; ,P-a(-r ewbl we(I-i troi erl)yT-i be(l(lyw. Y mae iaith Cymru, er pob ymgais drwy ddeddf i'w lletlui. er ej. gwneyd yn anghyfreithlon yn ein llys- oedd ac yn ein cynhadleddau, er ei gwneyd yn rhAvystr i Iwyldiant pob Cymro. y mae heddyw 111 or fywiog ac yn uwch ei bri nag erioed. Y mae llenyddiaeth Cymrn, a fu gynt yn ddirmyg ac yn fl'olineb i'r dysgedigiou, ac a ddiystyrwyd ac a watwarwyd ac a anwybyddwyd gan bob Sais ffrcenuchel a phob Cymro coegfalch. erbyn heddyw vredi lefeinio llenyddiaeth y byd. O'r lenyddiaeth ddirmygedig hon tynodd Shakespeare a Tennyson eu drychfeddyliau prydferthaf, a thrwy hon rhodd- wyd i Ewrop ddarllun uwch o burdeb a moesgar- wch ac anrhydedd nag a wyddai erioed o'r blaen." Gellir cymharu hanes ein llenyddiaeth i hanes dail cwympedig yr olewydden. Diwcrth oeddynt hvry a diystyraf yngngolwg Uawer. Mathrwydhwy gyda sarhad, diystyrwyd hwy gydag adgasnvydd, anwybyddwyd hwy gyda dirmyg ond, wele. hwy a suddasant i'r, tir, lledaenasant eu gwreiddyn, a jhyfasant yn bren goiygus, cadarn, talgryf, sydd heddyw yn llochesu eryrod y ddaear yn ei ganghenau. Y mae'1' iaith a wrthodwvd gan y z doethion ac a adawyd i'r werinos diawd a, distadl erhyn heddyw yn iaith a bercliir gan ddvsgedigion y ddaear ac a werthfawogir gan ieithwyr a llenor- ion pob gwlad. Nis-rhyfedd felly fod pob Cymro yn falch o'r graig o'r hon ei naddwyd. n ,I LLANGRALLO. MIL GOL.,—Yn gymaÏJlt a bod Keren De yn tywynn dros yr ardal 'yifta, ac, fel y deallaf, wedi I Y cael croesaw calon mewn llawer teulu yma eisioes, credaf mai nid drwg fyddai i ychydig o hanes y lie gael ym- ddangos yn eicn coiofn (rymreig. os y goddefweh iddynt. Boreu LInn, y 29;iin, fel gwyr pawb o'ch dadlcnwyr, yw Liu 11 y Pasc. ac fod liwn yn ddydd o fri gan ein offeiriaid. am mai o'r dydd hwn yr etholir church tea nle us am y flwyddyn, ac yma, fel mown man an erai'-l, yr oedd rhybudd wedi ei osod ailan i'r perwyl hwnw, ac am un-ar-ddeg o'r gloch dyma hen gloch y lian yn arwyddo fed y wfinj ym mhorth yr eglwys yn dechrea. Y Parch. C. L. Llewellyn, y rector, oedd yn y gadair, wrth gwrs, am fed cyfraith ein gwlad yn caniatau iddo hawlio y cyfryw. Credaf fod hvn yn jiroli hefvd fod VJ' hen Eglwys yn cael llav. er mwy o chwareu teg gan y Llywodraeth nag un emvad ciefyddol arall. Hetli hynag, dewisodd y rector Mr. Phillip Thomas. Dyfiryn Farm, Pencoed, yn church warden iddo ef am y flwyddyn. Yna dewisodd Mr. W. Ho-,veils, Pencoed, i fod yn icanlcn y bobl. Mae Mr. Howells wedi bod yn y swydd yma am flwyddyn cyn hyn. Bu tipyn o siarad ai priodol neu anmhriodol fyddai dewis un arall at Mr. Howells.. Y penderfyniad ddeuwyd iddo oedd fod. Mr. Howells yn ddigon ei hun. Taer crfynir i holl swyddogion y pI wyf i edrych ar ol po]) peth. a fyddai yn dal perthynas ag eiddo y tlawd yn y piwyf. set tai a thir. Gobeithio y bydd awgrym fel Yllla. yn ddigon ar y pen hwn. CLADDEDIGAETH. Dydd Llun hefyd y claddwyd Mrs. Catherine Thomas, anwyl briod Mr. John Thomas, Sheaf Farm, yr hon a fu farw ar y 24ain or mis diweddaf. Cych- wynodd yr angladd tua hen Eglwys y Coity um un o'r gloch, lley mae llawer o-r perthynasau yn gorwedd hytl foreu y codi. Yr oedd yn hawdd gweled wrth y dorf fawr o bertliynasau a chyfeillion ag oedd wecli dyfod i (laIu y gymwynas olaf iddi, ei bod yn foneddiges 1t gcrid gan hawh, pell ac agos. Heddweh i'w llwch hyd forcn r codi. GWVLlWfi A:\IGVLCH IADAU. ■ ♦ BARDDONIAETH. SEREX Y DE." i I Os c-,vniwi (t-,i fu'ii ft'urfafen-y De. Hwyrach daeth hardd seren, Er hwylio rhyddid trylen. A gwylio hawl Gwalia Wen. Seren 1/ lk gwys eirian dj'dd—sy'n dod. A sain deg i'r llenydd Ter geinion ant ar gynydd Efo hon a Chymru Fydd. Rhyddfrydol, dethol deithi—a hynt hyd Ddont o bob cwr drwyddi Xid caeth mwy'n llenyddiaeth ni-serenog Wawr wych adeiniog dyr ei chadwyni. Wythucsol lithawl Iwythi—yw'r Semi, Gwedd siriol sydd ami Afraid yw coffa i ma.wrfri,- Yn lion ein hwyl darllenwn hi. Pontycl own. LLEWELLYN. CROESAW AP IEUAN I S. T. EVAXS, A.S., YX NHONDU. 0 fel y carwn gael can, Yn llawn o wreichion byw gwladgarol. Nes cyneu anorchfygol dan Ar hen allorau cenedlaethol, Fel gwelom y rhinweddau lu Geir yn ein hanrhydeddus aelod Nid un yw ef o'r Cymru Fu, r Ond un o'r Cymry sydd i ddyfod. 3Iae eisoes wedi gwasgu'n drwm Ar anadl fyr y Tori gwywol, I'w galon las fel pelau plwm Y sudda ei ergydion marwol 31 i welaf draw, drwy wydrau ffydd, Gynhebrwng olaf hen Doriaeth, A byddin gref o Gymry rydd Yn seinio udgyrn buddugoliaeth. í jUt, Ac yn eu plith-os nid, yn wir, Prif arwr yr orymdaith hono— Ceir aelod dewr Canolbarth Sir Forganwg enwog yn dysgleirio; Tom Ellis. Mabon. Randell sydd, Lloyd George, a Morg-ans o Gaerfyrddin, Ac Alfred Thomas, cawr Caerdydd, Y11 cadw trefn ar y fyddin T V''V
FOOTBALL. CHARITY MATCH AT BARRY. Teams representing the coal tippers employed at the Barry and Newport Docks played a return football match at the Buttrill's Field, near Barry, on Monday afternoon, in aid of the funds of the Barry Xursing Association. The weather was gloriously fine, but the attendance was an exceed- ingly sparse one. When the teams met at Newport a few weeks ago the substantial sum of £ 50 was netted in aid of the funds of Newport Infirmary, but judging from the support extended on Monday, nothing like fifty shillings will be realized. How- ever. those who stayed away did not miss much, unless it was the continual disputes between the rival teams. The visitors were especially to blame. The referee, to the best of his ability, acted impar- tially. but the Usksiders appeared to be never satisfied. Newport won the toss, and Barry kicked off against the wind and with a brilliant sunshine straight in their faces. After a little play of a give and take description, the leather was kicked well into Barry territory. The Barry back picked up and made a ludicrous attempt to return, with the result that Bowley for the visitors kicked towards the line, and following sharply up secured a try. Strawbridge's place kick was a total failure. After the restart, play was confined to the home quarters, owing to a mull of Murphy's. The Barry three-quarters then executed seme dan- gerous play by passing in their own 25. The home forwards eventually relieved the pressure, and some pretty passing on the part of the visitors was effectively nipped in the bud by F. John. A clink- ing kick by one of the home men removed the venue of the conflict to the Newport 25, where play for a time ensued. By the aid of passing the Newportonians were enabled to break away, but the ball was called back owing to a forward pass. The ruling of the referee was at this point stoutly disputed by the visitors. A scrum was formed in front of the visitors' goal, but in a moment or so afterwards more wrangling took place, and a deal of time was lost. Play was eventually resumed near the centre. The Barryites now exhibited some good work: the forwards heeled out splendidly, and the alactrity of the halfs, Davies and Johns, frequently enabled Murphy and his confreres to get away. After some uninteresting play. Murphy received the oval from J. Davies, and a really excellent sprint down the field aroused the enthusiasm of the spectators. Half-time shortly afterwards arrived. On the re- start. Rees made a clinking run, and dodging through several opponents, looked like getting in, but unfortunately he missed the ball. The home- sters warmed to their work. and returned to the fray with vigour. Murphy secured in Xewport territory, and going away at full speed got round his men. and scored near the corner, amid cheers. Owing to the fact that two Barry men handled the ball when over the line. no attempt to convert was permitted. The remainder of the encounter was almost entirely devoid of interest. The visitors securing a free kick, the ball was sent over the line, a minor resulting. This was the only other point scored, the game ending in a draw. Final score,: Newport, one try and one iniijor Barry, one try. The following were the teams :—New- port: Back, A. Legge: three-quarter backs, W. Strowbridge (captain), J. Lay. P. Thomas, and M. Hansen half-backs, J. Seers and A. Pollock forwards. W. Brooks, A. Reed, O. Albert, F. Bird, H. Marks, J. Bowley, A. Hall, and B. Hall. Barry Back. J. Jones: three-quarter backs. W. Murphy, J. Rees, F. Beck, and George Phillips half-backs, Francis John and J. Davies forwards, T. Spencer. Harry Marsh, F. Pritchard, F. W. Rutter, A. Hurley, C. Ingram, W. Stead, and A. Hinton. Mr. W. Sanders (Barry) acted as referee.
REVIEWS AND PUBLICATION.
REVIEWS AND PUBLICATION. THE HISTORY OF TEE EARLY NOXCOXFOEATISTS of CARDIFF (by the Rev. J. A. Jenkins, B.A.).—We are much indebted to Mr. Jenkins for his excellent monograph on the history of the early Reformers of Cardiff and the neighbourhood. Their history is all too insufficiently known, and every effort to throw greater light on their life work is important for its own sake and as a reference book to be used by the future historian of Wales. Mr. Jenkins has made no attempt at drawing conclusions or generalising in any way. but he has been con- tent with providing us with a readable, accurate, and impartial summary of the life and work'of the early Reformers. He is not one of the school of writers who cannot see the faults of the characters they describe. Mr. Jenkins provides us with the life of the man as it was, with its imperfections, its faults, and its extravagances. The highest form of history is the history of a writer like Bishop Stubbs, who can group his enormous mass of details into a compendious whole. This, however, is the gift of the few, but another class of writers can be extremely useful by compiling their facts in an impartial manner, hiding nothing, excusing nothing, extenua- ting nothing. And this. at all events. Mr. Jenkins can claim to have done. It will be easy for the thoughtful reader to gather from his work why the efforts of the early Reformers were not more generally successful. Welshmen were quite as susceptible of religious feeling in the 17th as in the 18th century men like Walter Cradock and Vavasour Powell were as earnest and as able as Howell Harries and Rowlands Llangeitho but yet their ministry was nothing like as successful. The reason for their partial failure may be gathered from Mr. Jenkins' little work. Iu the first place they went to extreme lengths both in religious and in political reform. Pious Welshmen, like vicar Pritchard, were as earnest and as anxious as any of the Nonconformist Reformers for the moral advancement of the nation. and for keeping holy the Sabbath day." But the early Nonconformists went beycnl this. They strayed into Socinianism and Anti- nomianism, and good men. who had been brought up in the old belief, not only refused to follow them in their extravagances, but feared even the moderate reform they had hitherto advo- cated. They became afraid that once the tide of reform set in there would be no limits put to it. and that it would sweep away all their old cherished beliefs 'with the old abuses. The second reason was the stern, unbending character of early Non- conformity. which would brook no contradiction. The treatment of the Quakers by the priests of the Commonwealth reminds one of the treatment of the English martyrs by Bonner or the Puritans by Scraggs. We are reminded by Mr. Jenkins that there does not exist a history of the Quakers in Wales, and Mr. Gibbins, of Gilfach House, Neath, writes to say that there are many letters preserved in Pennsylvania which would greatly aid the historian. We think that steps will be taken to procure these letters, and that what was once a flourishing colony of Quakers in Wales will not long be without its historian. In one or two things we do not quite agree with Mr. Jenkins. In saying (page 8) that Walter Cradock and Erbery were the earliest Nonconfor- mists in the Principality, he is surely forgetting that John Penry was born in Breconshire, and wrote and spoke much about the religious condition of his native land. We do not quite see also how Mr. Jenkins can say that Cradock founded a Nonconformist Church in Wrexham (page 27). He has said on page 25 that Cradock went to Wrexham, and remained there for nearly a year. as curate to the Rev. Robert Lloyd. We cannot understand how he could have been there as curate. and as the founder of a Nonconformist Churcliat the same time. The truth seems to be that Cradock. while a curate, was dismissed from Wrexham on account of his Puritanical spmpathies. It does not follow that he actually seceded, at that time, from the Church. Except in these trivial details, we can heartily endorse all that Mr. Jenkin says. and we thank him for giving Welshmen a valuable contribution to their national history. (Cardiff William Jones. Duke-street.) Y GEXIXEX (Is.)—The leading Welsh monthly, Y Geninen," maintains its high standard of literary excellence. A ''Papist's Dream" by "Father Morgan is sure to create much contro- versy. It,is a general indictment against Protes- tantisn by one who calls himself a Roman Catholic priest. The writer—who is not, we think, a priest, but one whose broad views recently Caused his secession from the Nonconformist fold—is all in favour of the old order of things, of old Welsh— the Welsh of the period prior to the reform" of Dr. Owen Pughe and of the old religion—the re- ligion of the period prior to the" reform of Luther and Calvin. The writer has compiled a list of grave charges against the first Reformers but he has only succeeded in proving what has always been admitted, that none of them were faultless, and that many of them possessed the frailties and weaknesses inherent in human nature. He has taken them at their weak moments, and has never even alluded to their general uprightness of con- duct, and their unswerving devotion to duty and truth. Their knowledge of the truth may have been partial and erroneous but such as it was. they rigidly and conscientiously adhered to it. It is, however, a mistake to say that Cranmer and Luther and Knox have been the heroes of the Welsh revival. Wales felt but little of their in- fluence. The men who changed the religious con- dition of Wales where Welshmen sprung from the ranks—Daniel Rowlands, Llangeitho William Williams, Pantcelyn; Charles o'r Bala, Williams o'r Wern, Christmas Evans, John Elias, and countless others whose purity and nobleness of life and contempt of wordly honour and advancement have never been questioned. Wales worked out its own salvation": it was only indirectly influenced by the current of religious thought elsewhere. Mr. J. Young Evans has a sensible article on the Means for advancing young Welshmen," which has the advantage of being written not by a faddist," but by one who has himself gone through a typical Welsh training. We commend the following extract to the notice of some who still harbour the old prejudice against athletics. Athletics not only clear the mind, but they are a distinct pecuniary gain, to those who intend to make teaching- their profession. They are also useful as giving' an entrance to the best society in our Universities. If the freshman can play football or cricket he finds himself at once in the midst of a crowd of friends. It is through this that the boys of Llandovery and Brecon are better off.fcs far as society is concerned, than the other Welshmen at our Univesities." Mr. J. Arthiu, Price has an article, which will well repay the reading-, on the vexed question of Welsh Home Rule." He con- tends that, if Ireland should have Home Rule. Wales has surely an equal claim. Besides, Home 'Rule is only a step towards Imperial Federation, and unless we get Home Rule 11 all round." Canada will have a voice in the management of the local affairs of Scotland and Wales. Mr. Price rejects with scorn the assertion that Home Rule means dis- integration of the Empire. The true Imperialists, he contended, are men like Lord Rosebery and Sir Charles G-avan Duffy the true disintegraticnists," men like Mr. Raikes, the •' enemy of Welsh nation- ality, and the opponent of Imperial Penny Post- age." The significance of these words is enhanced by the fact that they are written by a Churchman and a Conservative. There is a very disappointing article by Gwalchimai on The Three Brothers of Conway," S. R., J. R.. and Gruffydd Rhisiart. His criticism of the life .and work of these three noble Welshmen is seldom good and never ex- haustive and in the case of J. R.—the noblest of the three, in our opinion—it is very, unsympathetic if not positively unjust. Altogether we can cordially congratulate the editor of the Geninen on? a most instructive and well-written April number.- (W. G-wenlyn Evans Carnarvon). THE COSMOPOLITAN (25 cents) for April opens with the usual light and readable article. This month Elizabeth Bisland writes' an-excellc-nt article on dancing, The Eldest of the Acts." There is a sympathetic notice of General Sherman and Bis- marck by Murat Halstead. The best article, how- > ever, is Frederick Villiers' continuation of his Story of a War Correspondent's Life." It abounds with incident, but perhaps the most interesting point in it is the light it throws on the character of Skobeleff, the great Russian general. One day, Skobeleff and a Frenchman and Mr. Villiers were discussing the usefulness of religion as an heroic motive power in war. You also." said Skobeleff, turning to the Frenchman. ¡. have something which inspires your troops." Oui," replied the French- man. C'est la gloire." 4* Skobeleff laughed, and turning to Villiers. said, "You English. I don' believe, have any religion to fight for." Oh yes, I think so," replied Villiers. perhaps the most fascinating of all.' Ha what s thatexclaimed both French and Russian, in great surprise. It is British-interests, said Villiers. Jove you are rignt, laughed Skobeleff and do you know, I love and respect you British so much that I would like to meet you red-coat fellows and try your strength. The article is full of graphic touches of the horrors of war. and a thorough perusal will amply repay all who wish to know something beyond the dry details of the Russo- Turkish and the Egyptian wars. B: ILDIXG NEWS (4d.) contains a thoroughly good introductory article on Architectural Dis- guises." and another on the planning and design- ing of free libraries. The illustrative supplements prove of great interest to architects. (332. Strand, London. E.C.)
PORTHCAWL yOTES. In common with many others. I have been ques- tioned about the means adopted to obtain a report of the jolly vestry at Nottage. The knowing ones declare there was no chiel among them taking notes." else they would have been more careful not to let him know about the price of the golf-ground. Someone has suggested calling LocJt's Common The Florin Spot." Not a bad name. I think. There is much conjecturing as to the successor to the assistant-overseer, who. it seems, is troing to resign. The cffice is a very valuable one. the emoluments amounting to t;35 per annum. There are no less than 13 candidates for it, I hear. Song- of St. Crispin, several farmers, insurance agents. and shopkeepers are already canvassing., as well as a retired member of the force, not of the neigh- bourhood. I trust the best man will win. ° There was a great deal of dissatisfaction apparent at the life-boat launch last week. Had there been a ship in distress, the I new-fangled ideas of the- gallant captain who has to inspect at practices would have to be abandoned, and the ways of the local men adopted—who are really the only ones conversant with the difficulties of "launching from the present slip. To take the greater portion of two hours to launch the life-boat is out of keeping with the object sought for. ° I have not seen a notice out yet to convene a meeting of the important-vestry at which so many of these burning questions in the place are to be discussed. I hear that a goodly sum 'has been collected towards the dependents of the five brave men who lost their lives some three weeks ago. when the •• Prima Donna disappeared. There are now 20 dependents, two babes having been born since the death of their respective fathers. The weather we are now having is a vast im- provement upon the past few days. With the April showers there are several visitors, some distinguished visitors, viz. :—the ponular member for South Glamorgan. Mr. Arthur J.'Williams and family. The many admirers of 3Ir. Williams hope to have an address from him upon current politics before he leaves.
IMPORTANT NOTICE. -.THE SOUTH WALES STAR" May be obtained every Friday morning, price One Penny, at our offices at Vere-street. Cadoxton (Barry) 69. Plasssy-strest. Penarth and Caro- line-street, Bridgend, or of the following agents :— ABERKEXFTO.—Mrs. Lewis, chemist. ABERTIUiX.—W Evans (Brwvnog) Farmer's Arms. BARRY.—F. C. Milncr. Post-office. Taylor, newsagent. BARRY DOCK.—W. H. Smith A- Son, Barry Dock Station. Marsh, stationer. BOXVILSTOXE.—Mrs. Maunders, newsagent. JiRIDfiEXD.—Of all newsagents. BLAEXGARW, GARW VALLEY.—J. Evans, Blaen- garw, Poll ewiiiiier. CADO.TIOX (BARRY).—VY. Townsend, newsagent, Barry Ron.d. •1 T. Pearcc, hairdresser. Yere-street. Mrs. J ones, stationer, Yere-street. Miss Bray, stationer. Main-street. „ Miss Rees. Fancy Depository, Barry-road. QpGAX.—Mrs. Davies. stationer. CARDIFF.—W. H. Smith it Son. Cardiff Station. „ Miss Morgan, newsagent. Church-street. Miss Morsran, newsagent, Cowbridge-roacT. Mrs. Croft, newsagent, Cov/bridge-road. -6,L le Mrs. Morgan, stationer, Bute Docks. „ Mr. Sanders, newsagent, Castle-road. Roith. COWBRIDGE.—Miss Davies. stationer. d Miss Griffiths, stationer. DIXAS Powis.—Post-omce. EASTBROOK (DTXAS POWIS).—J. Morris. Post-office. GL VXC01 IWCJ-.—E. Owen, stationer. LAMPETER.—J. Evans, stationer. LTJAXCARFAX.—Mr. VR. Medley, grocer. » '1'7 LLAXHARUAX.—MR. Evans, grocer, Pontyclown. LLAXTWIT-MA.TOIL — Cummings. bootmaker. MAESTEO.—P. H. Watkins, Commercial-street" M. Isaac, stationer, Commercial-street. NAXTYMOEL.—D. Howells, bookseller. NEWTOX.—W. Phillips. Post-office. PEXARTH.—Mrs. Court, Windsor-road. „ W. H. Smith & Son, Penarth Station. Mrs. David, stationer. Glebe-street. Mrs..Paseley, stationer, Glebe-street. POXTVCLOWX.—Mrs. Donne, Post-office, near Llan- trisant Station. PEXLLIXE.—Mrs. Bassott, newsagent. POXTYCWMMER.—W. Evans, bookseller. POXTYPRIDD.—D. Morgan, stationer. 1, Taff-street. D. Arnott, chemist, Taff-street. PEXDOYLAX.—H. Evans, Post-office. POXTYRHIL,—T. Jones. Post-office. P.EXYGRAIG.—Mr. Price, Post-office. PORTHCAWL,—W. H. Clatworthy, Post-office. D. Hutchinson, newsagent. J- Thomas, chemist. Mr. Samuel Lewis, grocer. ST. NICHOLAS.—Mr. Langdon, bootmaker. ST. ATK'AXS.—Mrs. Anne Howells. TOXDU.—VV. H. Hitchings, newsagent. W. Orchard, grocer. TYXEWYDD.—Mr. Llewellyn, chemist. WEXVOE.—Noah Jenkins, Wenvoe Arms. I WrcK.—Miss A. Williams.
BARRY DOCK PERMANENT BENEFIT BUILDING SOCIETY. DIRECTORS of the above Societv are now Pre- nareo. to ADVANCE MONEY on MORT- GAGE. Deposits received at 4 per cent. Application should be made to the Secretary, MR. W. THOMAS, VERE-STREET, CADOXTON-BARRY. T rpHOMis, (Formerly Foreman of the G.W.R. South Wales Harness Department), SADDLER, HARNESS & COLLAR MAKER, HOLTOX-IIOAD, BARRY DOCK, (Opposite Central Police Station.) ALL ORDERS EXECUTED OX THE SHORTEST NOTICE.