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PEN MARK FAIR. MONDAY, 20TH APRIL, AND NOT WEDNESDAY, THE 15TH APRIL. MESSRS. STEPHENSON AMI ALEXANDER will SELL by AUCTION at this Fair, on MONDAY, the 20th APRIL, the following VALU- ABLE FAT AND STORE STOCK 200 FAT SHEEP, 30 FAT CATTLE, 50 Very excellent Shropshire Down EWES and LAMBS. 20 to 25 STORE CATTLE, &c. Terms—Fat Stock. Cash. Ewes and Lambs and Store Stock, 3 Months' Credit on approved security. Sale at 1.0 p.m. < 3, High-street, Cardiff. VALUABLE FREEHOLD BUILDING AND ACCOMMODATION LAND. TOGETHER WITH FARM HOUSE. BUILDINGS. &c., NEAR TO BARRY DOCK, GLAMORGAN- SHIRE. MESSRS. STEPHENSON and ALEXANDER 1'.1. are instructed to SELL by AUCTION, at the New Barry Hotel, Barry, on TUESDAY, the 28th April next, at 2.30 in the Afternoon, the follow- ing valuable FREEHOLD LANDED PROPERTIES, Situate in the Parish of Merthyr Dovan, in the County of Glamorgan, viz. :— Lot 1. A Close of LAND, numbered 70 on the recent Ordnance Survey of the Parish of Merthyr Dovan, having a frontage to the road leading from the Buttrills to Merthyr Dovan, and adjoining the New Cemetery, and containing about 2a. 2r. 25p. Lot 2. Two Closes of LAND, numbered 233 and 236 on the recent Ordnance Survey of the said parish, having a frontage to the road leading from Barry to Colcott. near to the Buttrills, and containing about 10a. lr. lip. Lot 3. A Close of LAND, with the Cottage and Buildings thereon erected, and known as Colcott Vach, numbered 63 and 64 on the recent Ordnance Survey of the said parish, having a frontage to the parish road leading from Colcott to Merthyr Dovan, and containing la. lr. 35p., or thereabouts. Lot 4. A Close of LAND, numbered 50 on the Ordnance Survey, having access to the parish road from Coldcott to Barry, and containing about 0a. 3r. 20p. Lot 5. Six Closes of LAND. with the Farmhouse, Outbuildings, Yards, and Orchard, known as Colcot Vawr. having a considerable frontage to the Barry and Port-roads, and numbered 40, 52. 53, 54, 55, and 56 on the recent Ordnance Survey of the said parish, and containing lBa. 2r: 6p., or-thereabouts. Lot 6. Three Closes of LAND, adjoining the before- mentioned Lot, having a frontage to the Port-road, numbered 42, 47, and 48 on the recent Ordnance Sur- vey. and containing about 14a. Or. 35p. Lot 7. Three Closes of LAND, numbered 44, 46 and 200 on the recent Ordnance Survey of the said parish, having a considerable frontage to Port-road, and con- taining about 15a. 3r. 15p. Lot 8. Two Closes of LAND, numbered 199 and 45 on the recent Ordnance Survey of the said parish, having a frontage to Port-road, and containing 3a. 3r. 15p., or thereabouts. Lot 9. Two Closes of LAND, having a frontage to the Port-road, and also to the parish road leading from Barry to Port-road, numbered 179 and 180 on the recent Ordnance Survey, and containing 9a. lr. 6p. or thereabouts. The foregoing lots are within short distances of the Barry Dock, and afford an unusual opportunity to in- vestors in this class of property in this rising and important district, and are now in the occupation of Mr. David Howells, upon a yearly tenancy, which ex- pires in February next. Plans, Particulars, and Conditions of Sale are in course of preparation, and may be had upon applica- tion to Messrs. Stevens, Bawtree, and Stevens, Solicitors. 73A, Queen Victoria-street, London, or of the Auctioneers, at Cardiff. pUBLIC HALL, BARRY. Ox THURSDAY, APRIL 2CTH, GRAXD VEXING CONCERT Will be given by MISS ALICE GOMEZ, and her Select Grand Concert Party, consisting of MISS ALICE GOMEZ, The Indian Nightingale MISS MATTIE DAVIES, from the Cardiff Popular Concerts MR. R. W. EVANS, from the Cardiff Prize Choir MR. A. H. PERKINS, Primo Basso, Cardiff Popular Concerts MASTER FRANK HUTCHINS, the Wonderful Boy Pianist, St. James's Hall. London Cardiff Popular Concerts MADAME CLARA XOVELLO DAVIES. Accom- panist Conductress of the Welsh Ladies' Choir MR. JACOB DAVIES. Conductor: Director of the Cardiff Popular Concerts. Reserved and Numbered Seats. 3s.: Family ditto, to admit four. 10s.: Front Seats. 2s.: Second Seats. Is. Doors open 7.15. Concert commence at 8 Car- riages at 10. rpo CONTRACTORS AND OTHERS. The Barry and Cadoxton Lccal Board are pre- pared to received TENDERS for PRIVATE IM- PROVEMENT WORKS in the following streets, viz. Courteney-ror.d Beverley-street Westxin-street Lombard-street Forster-street Regent-street Hunter-street Evans-street Holmes-street Spencer-street N orthcote-terrace Richard-street Jenner-street Xewlands-street Lower Harvey-street Castleland-gtreet Moxon-street Graving Dock-street Daniel-street Station-street Abington-street Greenwood-street Abington-street Greenwood-street Plans, Sections, and Specifications may be seen, and Forms of Tenders obtained at the Office of the above Board. Vere-street. Cadoxton. upon applica- tion to the undersigned from whom all further particulars can be obtained. Sealed Tenders, endorsed Private Improvement Works. to be sent in. to the undersigned, not later than Monday, the 27th day of April. The Board reserve to themselves the right of letting the work in sections, and do not bind them- selves to accept the lowest or any Tender. Dated the 9th day of April. 1891. T. C. PARDOE, Surveyor. INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL AT BARRY. THE JOINT EDUCATION COMMITTEE for -I- the COUNTY OF GLAMORGAN having offered to establish and maintain an Intermediate School in the Barry District, on condition that a freehold site be obtained free of cost, and the sum of -C 1.500 raised towards the cost of erecting a suitable building, it has been decided to appeal to the public for subscriptions towards this object. The Barry Dock Town Syndicate. Limited, have very generously offered an acre of land near Barry Dock Police Station free, for a term of 99 years, and Mr. Thurston Bassett has consented to grant the reversion, thus making the site a freehold one. The following subscriptions have already, been promised, viz :— Mr. J. Cory <,250 0 0 J. C. Meggitt 50 0 0 J. Arthur Hughes 50 0 0 Lewis W. Jones 25 0 0 O. H. Jones 10 0 0 .J. Lowdon. 10 0 0 R. P. Culley 5 5 0 .t400 5 0 Subscriptions will be received by the treas- urers. secretary, or at the South Wales Union Bank. J. CORY. rrrea<5Urera O. H. JONES, Areasurer*- J. ARTHUR HUGHES, Hon. Sec. GARDEN SEEDS, Flower Seeds, Farm Seeds, Seed Oats. Barley, Vetches. Wheat, Beans, «tc.; ARTIFICIAL MANURES; IMPLEMENTS, Carts, Wagons, Jrc., of all kinds. Catalogues Free.—J. HlBBEKT it SONS, 10 and 11, Castle-street, Cardiff. gRIDGEND LOCAL BOARD ELECTION, 1891- LADIES AND GENTLEMEN*. You have for the fourth time done me the honour of returning me as a Member of the Local Board, each time with the additional distinction of being at the head of the poll. I return you my most sincere thanks for the con- fidence placed in me, and I will endeavour in the future, as in the past, to deserve that confidence by promoting what I think to be the best interests of the town without fear or favour. I am, Ladies and gentlemen, Your obedient Servant. W. M. RICHARDS. Bridgend, 8th April, 1891. c ADOXTON AND BARRY ANNUAL SPORTS. A pUBLIC E E T I X G In connection with the above SPORTS will be held on MONDAY. XEXT, APRIL 13th, At 7.30 p.m., in THE PICXIC HALL, CADOXTON, (Adjoining the Wenvoe Arms Hotel). GAS COOKERY LECTURES. BARRY AND CADOXTOX GAS AND WATER COMPANY. A COURSE OF LECTURES ON COO K I X G. Together with an Exhibition of Gas Cooking and Heating Appliances, will be held at the PUBLIC HALL, BARRY, On TUESDAY and WEDNESDAY, April 21 & 22 Also at the PUBLIC HALL, VERE ST.r CADOXTON, On THURSDAY and FRIDAY, the 23rd & 24th. RS. rp H W A I T E S (Of Liverpool School of Cookery) Will Lecture daily in the Afternoon at 3, and in Evening at 7 o'clock, and give practical examples of High-class and Economical Cookery. Change of Menu at each Demonstration. Some powerful Gas Lamps will also be exhibited at the Xew Cadoxton Meat Market during the Evenings of the 23rd and 24th. R E A T gHOW. E. GRIFFITHS, EWEXNY SHOP, gRIDGEND, Is now shewing the LATEST ^OVELTIE S IN ALL DEPARTMENTS. If you want the best value in the trade in Ladies', Children's, and Infant's HATS BOXXETS, pay a visit to Ewenny Shop. Latest Styles in DRESS MATERIALS.. Latest X ovelties in Ladies' MANTLES. Latest Xovelties in Ladies' and Children's JACKETS. Charming X oyelties in BOXXETS and HATS. Xew RIBBOXS. Xew GLOVES. Latest Xovelties in FLOWERS, FEATHERS, &c. B. SEIDEMAN, TOBACCONIST, EXCHANGE TOILET CLUB, 5, EXCHAXGE BUILDINGS, BARRY. LADIES' COMBIXGS CAREFULLY MADE TO AXY DESIGN. CERTIFICATED CHIROPODIST. CORNS CAREFULLY CUT AND EXTRACTED WITHOUT PAIN. Moderate Charges. Ladies and Gentlemen waited upon at their residences. TESTIMONIAL FROM DR. GORE. Cadoxton. February 24th. 1891. "Mr. B. SEIDESIAN, Hairdresser and Chiropodist. of Exchange Buildings, Barry, removed a hard Corn for me in December last. from which I had suffered a deal of pain. I was very pleased with the way the operation was done. It was quite painless, and up to the present I have not had the least trouble from it re-appearing. • ALFRED GORE." eg- PLEASE NOTE THE ADDRESS. VV AND CRICKET VV AND j^AWN rp E N N I S. LARGEST STOCK IN WALES FISHIXG TACKLE. rp pAGE WOOD & QO., PRACTICAL GUXMAKERS, ATHLETIC OUT- FITTERS, kc. (Opposite the Castle). CARDIFF. WANTED. LONDON. EDINBURGH AND GLASGOW, ASSURANCE COMPANY, LD.—WANTED Energetic AGENTS in Barry District and Vale of Glamorgan. Salary and commission. Books vacant. Apply Davies. superintendent. Holton-road, Cadoxton, Barry: or Watkins, district manager, Caledonian Chambers, St. Mary-street, Cardiff. WANTED, respectable BOYS to sell the South Waif* Star.—Good commission to suitable lads. Apply Manager, "Star" Printing Works, Verc Street, Cadoxton. 4 PARTMENTS required by two Gentlemen.— JTJL Neighbourhood of Cadoxton Village or Old Barry, preferred.—Apply "Excelsior," South Wale* Star, Cadoxton, Barry. C, ENERAL SERVANT Wanted able to do plain JT cooking.—Apply A 21, South Walts Star, Cad- tlxton, Barry. TO LET. HOUSES TO LET, Castleland Street. Three minutes' walk from Barry Dock.—Apply J. D. JENKINS, Vere Street, Cadoxton. OFFICES TO LET.—In splendid position in main thoroughfare, gas laid on.—Apply D. Williams, 20, Caroline-street, Bridgend. FOR SALE. FOR SALE.—A quantity of SEED BARLEY, OATS from Scotland last year, and a small quantity of Home Grown Clover Seeds.—Address, D. W. Savours, Rhoose, Barry. FOR SALE.—At the Market. Barry, a quantity of GREENS: some early Kidney Potatoes: Fresh Eggs from farm house a consignment of Baskets of all sizes and shapes, and other goods.—Apply, Care- taker. EDUCATIONAL. D A,Y SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. HEBBLE HOUSE, CADOXTON, BARRY. Principal MISS BARSTOW. Next term commences MONDAY, APRIL 13th. BARRY PREPARATORY SCHOOL, ATHER- STONE, WINDSOR-ROAD. Pm NCI PAL :—MISS BURBIDGE, R.A.M., Assisted by thoroughly efficient Governesses. Thorough English, French. Music, and other Accomplishments. Kindergarten Taught. Next term commences April 21st, 1891. BARRY PRIVATE DAY SCHOOL, FOR BOYS ANI) GIRLS. COMMENCED ON APRIL 7TH. I ]%/TUSIC, DRAWING, and Rudiments of French, J3LL as well as all the Elementary' Ssbjects, by thoroughly qualified and experienced Teacher. For full particulars, apply to- MRS. COLLIER, 111, HIGH STREET. BARRY. JNTERMBDIATE GCHOOL, 113, HIGH STREET, BARRY. MISS TAYLOR WISHES by these means to convey her sincere thanks to her numerous patrons for past support, and begs to inform them that her School Resumed duties on APRIL 6TH. PROSPECTUS OX APPLICATION, [A CARD.] MR. J. CLARK FAIRBAIRX, ARTIST, 55, VERE STREET, CADOXTOX. J. JONES, (FROM BAKER B A K E R, BRISTOL,) DRAPER AND MILLINER. SPECIAL LINES IX DRESSES. I NEWEST STYLE IN MILLINERY. Note the Address BRISTOL HOUSE, 16, MAIX STREET, CADOXTOX THE GHAFTESBURY rjlEMPERAXCE AND 0OMMERCIAL JJOTEL, (LATE HOWE'S) VERE-STREET. CADOXTON, Is now Open under New Management. The Cheapest and Most Comfortable F A M I L Y HO T E L IX THE DISTRICT. It comprises also a commodious Public Room for Dinner. Concerts. Meetings. &c. Dinnerss Daily from 12 to 2 p.m. at moderate charges. PROPRIETORS DAVIES AND LEWIS. WHEX times are bad then money is scare, and everv one tries to buy in the cheapest market. If you want GOOD STROXG SERVICEABLE BOOTS CHEAP, now is your time to give G. B 1 8 H 0 P, Of HOLTOX-ROAD. A call, he having just secured a LARGE STOCK OF READY-MADE gOOTS, gHOES, AND j^LIPPERS Of every description, which he will be able to Sell at about HALF THE USUAL PRICE for Cash. Hand-sewn Boots made on the premises by ex- perienced Workmen. Special attention given to repairs. Xothing but the best material used. TERMS STRICTLY CASH. Note the Address G. BISHOP, PRACTICAL BOOTMAKER AND REPAIRER, HOLTON-ROAD, BARRY DOCK. OT ICE. TRAXSFER OF BUSIXESS. J THOMAS & CO. beg to intimate to the public < generally that that they have taken to the Premises lately occupied by Messrs. W. Griffiths and Co., where both ENGLISH AND COLONIAL MEAT will be sold at remarkably LOW PRICES. They solicit one trial only, which, they are con- fident, will suffice to ensure your continuous patronage. Shop open Tuesdays, Thursdays, Fridays, and Saturdays. Note the Address— rpHE gRITISH AND COLONIAL MEAT jyjARKET, (Top of the Rhiew) JJRIDGEND. -+ M. G. MACGREGOR, JYJOXUMEXTAL AND GEXERAL MASON, KENILWORTH ROAD, CADOXTOX. NEW AXD ORIGINAL DESIGNS. HOLTON PORK SHOP. Jj AVID pOENWELL, pORK JgUTCHER, 10, HOLTOX ROAD, BARRY DOCK, AND GLEBE STREET. PEXARTH. ALL GOODS OF THE VERY BEST. TRY THE QUALITY. BARRY DOCK > HOTEL WILL BE Q P E N E D IN THE COURSE OF A F E w, T) A Y S. PROPRIETORS :— R. P. CULLEY 4 C°- PHILHARMOXIC AND EXCHAXGE RESTAURANTS, CARDIFF.
OUR POOR LAWS.
OUR POOR LAWS. The history of our Poor Laws affords us one of the most striking instances of the way in which good and bad legislation differently affect the progress and prosperity of the country. It would be too long a story for our present purpose to trace the steps which led up to our first general Poor Law of 1601 in the 43rd year of the reign of her Majesty Queen Elizabeth. We will only point out that at a time when English trade and commercial enterprise began to develope, it was first found needful to apply State machinery for the relief of the poor. The main principle of the Poor Law of lli01 was that the workhouse should be made the test of real poverty or privation. Workhouses were established in every parish and the able-bodied poor, before obtaining relief, were compelled to enter the workhouse. This was simply a rough-and-ready method of ascertaining whether the applicant for relief was really in need of parish support or not. With a few modifications, this was the Poor Law system of England until 1782, when Gilbert's Act was passed. No law, passed with a good object, ever had such a disastrous effect. It was thought unreasonable and unfair that labourers—who were forbidden by the statutes of Charles II. from migrating in search of work from their native parish, and whose wages were artificially kept down by the magistrates in Quarter Sessions -for all wages were determined absolutely by the "Great Unpaid "-should be put to the indignity of entering the poor house in order to obtain relief. Parliament now rushed to the other extreme. If an able-bodied poor man failed to find work, the overseer on application was com- pelled to find work for him. If no work could be obtained, then the overseer was directed to administer the necessary relief to the family. This relief varied with the number of children and in the case of illegitimate children, relief was granted ol on a higher scale. More than all, the workhouse test was abolished. The conse- quences of unwise and shortsighted phi- lanthropy nearly overwhelmed England in ruin. A premium was set on early and improvident marriages and on illegitimacy and pauper labour was encouraged at the expense of free iind independent labour, for it was found that [i pauper, working at a small remuneration which was largely supplemented by grants from the rates, earned far more than the honest worker who was too sturdy and too independent bo stoop to ask for alms from the parish. The Poor Rates also in 50 years increased from 1:2,100,000 to the enormous amount of £ 8,000,000. Such evils demanded a bold and thorough remedy and the recommendations of the Royal Commission, which was appointed in 1833 to inquire into the working of Gilbert's Act, became the basis of the amended Poor Law of 1834. The workhouse test was restored the grants in aid of wages were abolished paid overseers were appointed, who were placed under the supervision of a Board of Guardians and a central board of Commissioners, sitting in London, were entrusted with a general superin- tendence of the system. Though many of these provisions were harsh-and the Tories did not fail at the time to say so—yet they were perhaps necessary at the time to stem the tide of pauperism which was sweeping over the country. With few alterations the Poor Law of 1834 is the Poor Law of to-day. Mr. Alfred Thomas, in his remarkably able and lucid exposition of his proposed Poor Law Bill, which we publish in another column, wishes to amend the existing law in these respects (1) In the increase of the authority of the Board of Guardians. He contends that the administration of the law by the local instead of by the central ,authority would be cheaper, more efficient, and more humane. This is simply an extension of the principle on which all Liberals are agreed, and which the Conservative Government has conceded, of decentralising, as far as possible, our system of local government. (2) In the constitution of the Board of Guardians. The ex-ojficio members, i.e. the magistrates— should be abolished. This also embodies an old Liberal principle that the administration and distribution of the public money should be entrusted only to the representatives of the people. (3) In the method of electing the members of the Board of Guardians. Election should be by ballot and a registration officer should be appointed, whose duty it would be to compile a list of voters if they failed to do this, a penalty should be exacted. Both these are principles on which the Liberal party have long been agreed. It is an anomaly and a shame that after giving the ratepayer the right to vote, the State should not also undertake to render it possible for him to exercise his right. (4) In the qualifications of the voters. The property qualification is to be removed, and a three months' occupancy (instead of six months) is to be declared sufficient. It is needless to re- mind our readers that these are what Liberals want in demanding one man, one vote." (5) In the methods of claiming a settlement or a right to relief. There are now seven ways of showing a right to relief. Mr. Thomas wishes to abolish these—which are simply relics of the old Settlement Acts of Charles II. and recognise only one qualification, viz., a few months' residence in the union district. (Ii) In the condition of the paupers themselves. Mr. Thomas proposes to establish a class of State pensions, and though this, to our mind, is perhaps the most valuable of all the proposed amendments, it is at the same time the one that will require the most delicate handling. We believe that an honest toiler, who has grown grey in tilling the land or working at his trade, should not have to resort to any degrading shifts for obtaining parish support. Most of our readers are doubtless acquainted with many an honest soul who would sooner starve than live even for a week in the poorhouse. We are of opinion that the soldiers of industry have rendered their country as good service and probably more benefit than the soldiers of war and they are equally entitled to pensions when their life's work is done and they can serve their country no more. But care Should be exercised that only the deserving poor should be thus pensioned the thriftless and the idle should be made to feel that it would be unde- sirable to become a pauper. Such is the broad outline of Mr. Alfred Thomas' proposed Bill. We feel sure that the more widely it becomes known, and the closer the investigation made into its principles, the more general will be its acceptation, not only among Liberals, but among all who feel the need of alleviating the miseries of the poor. THE CHURCH CONCERT AT CADOXTOX. As will be seen in a report in another column, the concert for the Church Building Fuud which was held on Wednesday night was a brilliant success. We have never seen a better gathering at Cadoxton, in every respect, than was assembled at the Board Schoolroom on the night in question. We would not wish to introduce any polemical matter, but we cannot help drawing attention to what the spokesman of the concert committee said. Mr. Llewellyn, in his graceful speech of thanks to the inhabi- tants of Cadoxton and the district for their support, said that he had received the most generous and ungrudging assistance from Non- conformists as well as from Churchmen. He went on to say that the Committee would again appeal confidently for help to the public, as the Church at Holton was to be built, and provided for on the voluntary system. And we are equally sure that the appeal will not be made in vain. Churchmen ought to understand that the Non- conformists of Wales do not entertain the slightest hostility towards the Church as a religious institution. They are only too glad to aid to the utmost of their power any institution which teaches the fear of God, and the moral advancement of the world. But Mr. Llewellyn touched the root of their hostility to the Establishment when he said thet the Committee appealed to them to support the voluntary principle. If the Church was provided for voluntarily, there would not be the slightest opposition to it. It is because men are com- pelled to contribute to the Church, that Non- formists are driven to show their opposition. Surely, the success of Church work in a new, unendowed district like Holton should en- courage Churchmen to throw away the crutches which impede, rather than help their progress, and rely on the voluntary goodwill of their members. We hear these days a great deal of the success which meets the efforts of the Church. For ourselves, we rejoice to hear that such is the case. There is plenty of good work to be done in our boasted land of civiliza- tion and Christianity. But where has the Church made the greatest progress in Wales ? Is it not in those new new districts, such as Barry and the Rhondda, where the ever- increasing population necessitates the building of new churches, whose revenues are not drawn from compulsory tithes or old national endow- ments, but from the voluntary offerings of pious Church folk ? The experience of the Church in such places should open the eyes of Churchmen to the true facts of the case. The Church, like every other institution, flourishes most where it has to work the hardest. We are confident that, when the Church is freed from the schackles which now bind it to the earth and to earthly concerns, will rise to its higher and nobler and purer spiritual work. This is what we meant by saying in our Confession of Faith that the Church would be once more the messenger of p3ace and good- will among men. We did not mean to say that the Church does not preach peace and goodwill; but that the fact that it is invidiously endowed, made its own members, in many cases, think more of material than of spiritual advancement, while it prevented at the same time that cordial co-operation with other religious bodies, which is so necessary in these dark days of scepticism and infidelity. THE BRIDGEND WORKHOUSE. The report of Mr. Bircham, the Inspector of the Local Government Board, reveals a very unsatisfactory state of things at the Bridgend Workhouse. We do not wish to lay the blame on anyone in particular but certainly, if the Workhouse is in the condition which Mr. Bircham says it is in his report-and Mr. Bircham only tells what he himself saw—there must be some grave fault somewhere. Accord- ording to his report-which we publish. elsewhere—there are no able-bodied men in the Workhouse, and out of the 3a inmates 22 are bedridden or otherwise helpless. There are only three able-bodied women, and there is no trained nurse. The consequence is that old and infirm men," who have come to the Work- house to spend their short spell of life in some comfort, are employed to sit up during night- time with serious sick cases." The bed-clothing of the sick and the floors of the wards are not in the state that they should be in while the personal cleanliness of the patients leaves much to be desired. The condition of the sick wards themselves is very unsatisfactory the walls and floor are damp owing to the earth outside being higher than the floor level." No one can read the report without shuddering at the hard condition of the poor fellows whose mis- fortune has compelled them to seek the protection (!) of the poor-house in their old age and infirmity. The poor- house should be a home to the needy and infirm poor it is horrible to think that after submit- ting to the indignity of entering the Workouse, the poor inmates have to drag out their weary length of life in grinding drudgery, or to lie on their unclean beds, unattended except by feeble old men, and surrounded by dark cold walls, and all the squallid and filthy circum- stances of wretched misery. We do not agree with the inspector's proposed remedy. He said that there was too much out-door relief, and seemed to indicate that the able-bodied poor suould be brought into the poor- house to assist in keeping the place in order. That is far from being what we would propose. We do not, of course, think that the life of a pauper should be made so easy as to induce independent workers to sink into pauperism. But we' do think that the aged poor should as much as possible be spared what is to them the degradation of entering *the Workhouse. A trained nurse should attend to the patients, competent officials should be appointed to see that the house is properly kept, and the appliances for saving labour should be made as perfect as possible. The report was ordered to stand over for considera- tion by the new board. We hope that in this case the new broom will sweep clean," and that we shall hear no more of what must be characterised as a disgraceful state of affairs. WILSONS CASE.. The secretary and the real governor of the National Seamen's Union, after a trial of some days at Cardiff, has been sentenced to six weeks' imprisonment. Mr. Wilson asked the Recorder to add hard labonr to his sentence, but the Recorder refused, as he had not the power to do so. One is therefore surprised that—if the Recorder had not the legal authority to pass a sentence with hard labour—he should have sthought himself justified in passing such a. heavy sentence. The verdict and the sentence will come to most people with surprise. The plaintiffs had accused Mr. Wilson, first of all, with riot, but they had to withdraw that charge. The next charged him with unlawful assembling, and they have succeeded, in spite of the contradictory evidence, in convicting him. What is an unlawful assembly ? It has been described as any assembly for a lawful or unlawful purpose—which will cause a man of a courageous nature to fear. But who is a. courageous man, and who is not ? Possibly the Lord Mayor of London who accidentally met a hare on Hounslow Heath, and blustered out,. With the help of my good sword and strong right arm will I overcome thee, oh mine enemy," thought himself a most valorous man. And people of this stamp seem to live in Cardiff. But even supposing that the gathering was an "unlawful assembly," why was Mr. Wilson singled. out ? Why were others, who were equally prominent and equally well-known, not included in the charge ? If the object was to crush Mr. Wilson, it has lamentably failed. Mr. Wilson will come out of prison, like William O'Brien and John Dillon, a greater power than, he was before. He will have suffered for his opinions, a sure proof of earnestness and sin- cerity and his six weeks' imprisonment will appeal more eloquently than anything to the sympathies of the masses who support him. 0 LLANDINAM'S GOOD WORKS. The thoughtful generosity of Mr. David Davies was not destined to die with him. It will be seen, by a letter from Mr. Edward Davies, which we publish in another column, that the same spirit of philanthropy animates