TWILIGHT MUSINGS. ELOQUEXCE. Does the charming reader expect my brief paper to be devoted to really eloquent subjects, such as spring, with its pleasant anticipations, the poetry inspiring streams as they go murmuring and gab- ling along—the cowslips that will spring up to- morrow The daises infinite L'plift in praise their little glowing hands O'er every hill that under heaven expands" ? If so. then is he disappointed. I shall leave all the eloquent and lovely language of nature for another time while I'll try to make the reader smile at a narration of some incidents which the world would call eloquent." in a simple super- ficial manner, from a superficial point of view. The pulpit, bench, and platform, are the seats where true eloquence is to be met. If a speaker speaks remarkably well. he is said to be eloquent." yet the phrase eloquently silent is a common one in our newspapers. I maintain that true eloquence can be seen. and felt, as well as heard. It is xcrn, as I have just remarked, in the wonderful ways of nature, and is also seen—to come to a common and everyday occurrence, participated in by a great many and acknowledged by all—in a glance from the eyes of a devoted admirer directed at the lady of his heart. The glance always speaks eloquently. and never fails to produce the desired effect: for by some secret magnetism it is conveyed to the heart, and the message is mutually understood. To prove that eloquence can be physically felt is no hard matter. A butt from an infuriated bull carries a force of eloquence as regards the said bull's hostile intentions while an occasional lift in the world from a prospective father-in-law's boot, shews eloquently the result of deep thinking Xow for a few who make eloquence a means of livliliood. SOME ELOQUENT ACTORS. I am not aware whether it is essential or not for every actor to be eloquent. But I know this, that those who desire to shine in the profession must of a necessity, be possessed of a goodly share of that useful commodity. As a star on the stage you are supposed capable of holding your audience spell-bound in rapturous amaze at your wonderful and rare gift of elocution and bid well to outshine even Demosthenes. Some might say that actors have no need whatever of the admir- able gift of eloquence, as they have simply to re- peat, word by word, what is previously composed by a dramatist, and afterwards marked for articu- lation. That might be so. multitudes are able to do this, therefore we find thousands of actors, and yet very few stars, or '• prima donnas." The reason is obvious. He who towers far and away above the ordinary actor is possessed of some other gift than the art of repetition which is the eloquent style and force of character, that gives to them an admirable individuality, plainly discernable in y every movement and gesture. Appearances speak eloquently sometimes Mr. Editor and I should like to know what eloquence there is in Brown's get up." when he arrives home late as ten o'clock. with his right glove on left hand, and ditto the other, minus his watch, and plus a strong odour of wine, that causes his better half to discredit his plea of late hours at hoff (ist-ick), Maria SCHOLARS ARE ELOQUENT. Eloquence has the dash of the scholar about it, and as a good many honest folk wish to appear learned we often see amusing spectacles, and hear discussions which are beneficial in a certain sense viz., it affords us an insight into the du- plicity and conceit of human nature. It is ex- tremely surprising how many have to depend upon the velocity and success with which they can wag their tongues for their daily bread. The rising M.P. and the town crier are both capable of git- ing you a splitting headache. Even the beggar who squeezes a tear into one eye. and his finger into the other, and tells you in a consumptive tone that he has not had bite or sup since yester- day and to-morrow will be the third day and the eager cheap ware vendor who is I- anxious to do you a favour by selling you a beautiful nine-carat gold ring for eighteonpence, Would'nt part with it to any one else for the same price, only you very much resemble his elder brother who was drowned at sea It's less than cost price, that's what it is. Here. take two for two-and-six. and its giving 'em away. s'help me And numerous other itinerant gentlemen depend for their answer upon the effective manner in which they deliver their oracles: and. strange to say. they generally succeed, as they are sufficiently acute, to "spy their man from a crowd." and experience has taught them to vary their tale according to the mental estimate of their hearers. THE SALVATION ARMY. Of all the eloquent nuisances I ever came across, commend me to the Salvation Army. Bear in mind. gentle reader, that I inn not in any way prejudiced against the noble army yet. while some say they do a lot of good, and others the reverse. I cannot be blind—or deaf—to the fact that if they do do an amount of heavenly good. there is a great overplus of infernal noise ac- companying it. If you chance to enter one of their Army Barracks." it is nothing strange for you to be buttonholed" by two or three "Hallelujah lasses." who evince surprising anxiety concerning your spiritual welfare, and an equally strong determination to save you Thus, they torment and tease you, until convinced that you are the '• wustest fellow that ever walked in shce-leather." A little more persuasion and you agree to pass through the necessary stages of being saved," If your chief sin (from which you have just been saved) was a partiality for an internal wet." it is in the natural course of things to see you in a week's time back in the old haunts of the Rose and Thistle," relating with fiendish delight your experiences at the Army." This is not all the brave soldiers are also "eloquent "speakers, and every "evening there is a free entertainment given (in the highways and byeways), in which the whole army relate their experiences of drink and sin. to the mighty unwashed multitude assembled. They generally wind up each discourse with remarks upon the blessedness of their present position, and their individual superiority to every body else. Great excitement and tumult prevails when the army returns to head-quarters. The band begins to play. hands are clapped, tom-toms beaten, the big drum is thumped and away marches the procession, followed by the ragged and unkempt, and all is a scene of confusion for Hark hark, the dogs do bark, And the beggars are coming to town To conclude. I must say that eloquence like everything else is used and abused. It it abused not by over use, for before you can over use any- thing you must naturally begin by using it, while the fact is it's seldom used, owing to the rarity of really eloquent men and women. Its abuse consists of the utter impracticability of applying the term eloquence where hesitating would be far nearer the truth, and more consistent with common-sense. It also suffers great abuse at the hands of some straggling jerky word-spitters. who pass their lives under the impression that they are the eloquentest speakers that ever wagged a jaw I" PLATO HIS OPINION.
THE HANDEL FESTIVAL AT THE CRYSTAL PALACE, The great Triennial Handel Festival will be held at the Crystal Palace in June next. The "Messiah" and Israel in Egypt will as on former occasions be performed on the first and third days, wThile the middle day will be devoted to a selection from other sacred and secular works of the great com- poser. Some old favourites will be given, such, for instance, as choruses and airs from Acis and Galatea." Jephthfth," Samson," '• Solomon." etc. Among the numbers given for the first time will be a Sonata for Orchestra. Air for Tenor and two Choruses from the 95th Psalm, overtures to Semele and Giustino." a charming Minuet from" Berenice," and a graceful Bourree from the celebrated Water Music. Mr. W. T. Best, of Liver- pool, \yill play the Fourth Organ Concerto in F. The chorus and orchestra will number 4.000. while the solo music will be entrusted to such eminent artists as Mesdames Albani, X ordicn., Macintyre, Marian McKenzie. Belle Cole. Messrs. Edward Lloyd, Barton McGuckin. Breretou, Bridson. and Santley, the great musical army being under the generalship of Mr. August Manns.
COXGL Y CYMRY. — [DAN OLYGIAETH LLWYDFRYN.] L CYFRIFIAD POBLOGAETH CYMEU A LLOEGR (1891). [GAN JOHN BE VAN, LLANSADVBN.] Mac yr oil o'r trefniadau yn awr yn barod gyferbyn a gwneuthur cyfrifiad o boblogaeth Lloegr a Chymru. Mae y papyrau a'r llyfrau wedi d'od i law oddiwrth y Cofrestrydd Cyfiredinol. Mae y cyfrifyddion wedi eu penodi, eu dosbarthiadau wedi eu trefnu, a'r tafieni wedi eu trosglwyddo iddynt, a diau erbvii y bydd y rhifyn hwn o'r Seren gerbron y darllenydd bydd rhai, os nid yr oil, o'r cyfrifyddion wedi declireu ar eu gwaith o ddosbarthu y papyrau ym mhlith preswylwyr yr adranau sydd wedi eu gosod iddynt. Gan fod yr oil o'r boblogaeth yn dal perthynas a'r gwaith sydd yn awr mewn Haw trwy Ddeddf Seneddol, ac fod o bwys fed pawb, yn enwedig penau teuluoedd, yn deall yr hyn sydd i'w wneuthur, barnasom mai nid anfuddiol fyddai i ni wneuthur ychydig sylwadau mcwn perthynas a'r cyfrifiad, a'r modd i'w wneuthur yn briodol, o herwydd niae yr hyn sydd yn werth ei wneuthur o gwbl yn werth ei wneuthur yn iawn. yn gywir. yn llawn, ac yn safadwy, gan yr adeiledir liawer o bet hail yng nglyn a'r Whulwriaeth ar y sylfaenja osodir i lawr yn nydd y cyfrifiad, sef y chweched o Ebrill, 1821. Gwnaed y cyfrifiad cyntaf yn y wlad hon yn y flwyddyn 1801, ac y mae wedi ei wneuthur bob deng mlynedd oddiar hyny. Mae y cyfiifiad sydd yn awr mewn llaw felly y degfed o'r gyfres. Gwnaed y cyf- lifiadau cyntaf mewn dull gwahanol i'r niodd y gwneir yn awr. Ar y cental gosodid ar y gwareheidwaid plwyfol (orer.-rcr.y i wneuthur cyfrif o boblogaeth y plwyfi yr oeddent yn swyddogion ynddynt. Cawd allan yn bur fuan nad oedd y dull yiua yn ateb o gwbl, o herwydd ei fod yn cael ei wneuthur mown dull csgculus a diofallllewn lluawA niawr o I'anan, ac nad oettd y cyfrifiad yn gyfryw ag y gellid ynuldiried ynddo o gwbl. Felly mabwysiadwyd y cynllun presenol o osod taflcii yn mhob ty, neu ychwaneg nag un os byddai anigylchiadau yn galw am hyny. Cynwysa pob taflen, fel y gwelir, le i ddau-ar-bumtheg o bersonau ac niae y renin hwnw yn deulu pur fawr lie y byddo dros ddau-ar-bumtheg perthynol i'r teulu yn cysgu dan yr un grenglwyd nos Sabbath liesaf, y cyntaf y-m mis Ebrill; ond os dichon fod ychwaneg mewnunrhyw dy, niae gan y cyfrifydd fodd wrth law i gyfarfod ¡Ù cyfryw drwy roddi i fewn daflen a gynwysa dri ug-ain a phumtheg o enwau. Xi fu y tafieni erioed yn cynwys cvnifer o leoedd i enw:m a'r waith hon. Mae ger ein bron dafieni a ddefnyddid yn 1861, 1871, ac 1881. Y nifer fwyaf o enwau a fedrid osod i fewn ym mhob un o'r cyfryw yw pumiheg. Felly gwelir fod tafleni 1891 yn fwy o ddau enw. Mae y daflen bresenol yn helaethach hefyd yn nifer y colofnau sydd i'w llcnwi. Eleni mae deuddeg o golofnau i gael eu llanw. Ym mhob tafien a welsom blaen nid oedd IUWY nag wyth o golofnau. Mae papyrau wedi eu darparu yn y iaith G-ymrncg, a gellir gwneuthur defnydd o'r cyfryw os bydd dewisuul am hyny. Mae y cyfarwyddiadau yn y rhai olaf wedi eu rhoddi yn Gymraeg, fel nad oes un difiyg bellach i ddigwydd drwy fod neb yn anailuog i ddeall yn drwyadi yr hyn sydd ofynol. Yn y flwyddyn 1861— beth bynag an) cyn hyny gwyddom fod tafieni Cym- reig wedi eu darparu o'r blaen, ac yr ydym wedi "bod yn ddiweddar yn cymham y daflen hono a'r dalien bresenol mewn cysyiltiad dull o osocl allan yn egiur y cyfarwyddiadau pa fodd i lanw y papyrau. Ein barn yw fod taflen 1891 yn rhagori o ddigon o ran ei Chym- raeg ar daflen 1861. Er prawf o hyn gosodwn gerbron y darllenydd rai o r cywrain bethau a welwn yn y papyrau hyny. Xis gwyddom o gwbl pwy fu with y gorchwyl o gyfieithu y cyfarwyddiadau i'r Gymraeg yn 1861 nac yn 1891. Tfcbyg fod y cofrestryddion yn y ddau gyfnod wedi ynuldiried y gwaith i bersonau oeddent, hwy yn ystyried yn gvmhwys i'r gwaith, ac nid ydym mewn un niodd yn amheu eu cymliwysder end rhoddwn ger- bron teilach engreifitiau o'u gwaith. Yn 18G1 cyfieithiwyd <<<.<«.< yn Dyrifiad. Yn 1881 cawn ef yn Gyfrifiad. Gwell yw yn 1891. Yn awr cawn Taflen am Sc/iethile, tra gynt y gelwid hi yn Gyflen. Gwell eto. Gynt gelwid Occupier yn Drig- iannydd; yn awr Preswylydd. Gynt yr oedd Act of Parliament yn Weithred Seneddol, olid yn awr yn Ddc-ddf Seneddol. Yn 1861 cawn y cywrain bethau a galllYl: Gelwir Artillery yn Gynoriaeth, Pem-ioucr* yn Gobredigion, Hon,an < 'a'/iolic J'ric■</ yn Olfeiriad Catholig Rhufain ('turfs yn Ysgrifweis, a !or.*te<! yn Wianedafedd. Yn 1861 cyfieithir Coal-miner yn Glo-wr. Yni891 g.ulewir y gair heb ei gyfieithu, tra y cyfieithir J.4'ad Miner i Fwnwr Plwrn. Ond beth dybia y darllenydd am gyfieithiad y term 1 letired (;racer. Yn nhaflen 1831 mae wedi ei adael yn ei Seisnigeiddrwydd cyntefig, heb ymgais at Gymreigyddiad o gwbl ond gwnaeth y cyfieithydd yn 1861 ynigais at roddi uiwyg Gymreig i'r term: a gosodir ef i lawr yn Felysionydd Ymgil- iedig." Barnasom y byddai yn ofynol cyfieithu y cyf- eithiad cyn y buasai naw o bob deg yn adwaen y Itciireil (,'rocer dan v teitl geiriadurol a osodwyd aruo yn y flwyddyn 1861. Tueddir ni i gredu mai un o Gymreigyddion Rhydychain sydd wedi bod wrth y gorchwyl o gyfieithu y flwyddyn hon, ac y mae yn dda genym weled gwelliant mawr yn y dull o'i gyflawni rhagor na gawn yn 1861. Cyn terfynu cin llith, dy- munem alw sylw pawb sydd yn caru Cymru, Cymro, a Chymraeg at y golofn olaf yny daflen, sef "yr iaith a leferir." Xa fydded i neb sydd yn medru Cymraeg esgeuluso gosod i lawr yn y golofn hon gyferbyn a phob un sydd yn siarad yr hen iaith y liaith ei fod felly. Mac or pwys mwyaf i wneuthur hyn, o her- wydd ceir gwybod yn bur fuan y nifer sydd yn siarad Cymraeg, a bydd gwrthwynebwyr yr hen iaith a'r genedl Gymreig yn sicr o ddrJ ar y fxeithian yma, os mai yohydig fydd y nifer, i ddivaddio, anwybyddu, a gwadu bodolaeth y genedl o gwbl. fel y gwneir y dyddiau yma pan y ceisir gan y Sened<l estyn rhyw freintian i Gymru ar ei phen ei hdsaauflflne e. n CCysmoyidlred u d ywn peoSdb ei nCeeydi md hrPeo srtyya dn aiCin dhdFyynanuwt are.a s bfored inta iafu yanc o'ar —♦ BYR EBIOX 0 GWMGARW. [GAX MANDREL CWT.] L Dymunaf o galon, Mr. Gol.. groesawi eich Srrnt lachar ar ei hymddangosiad i'r ffurfafen newydd- iadurol. Boed iddi dymhor hir i belydru Rhydd- frydiaeth i'n plith ni, y dosparth gweithiol, yma. Gobeithiaf y tywyna ei goleu trybelid i randiroedd caddugawl Toriaeth, nes dychryn y bwganod a'r n'ick u Inntcrux sydd yn teyrnasu yng ngoror nosawl y Toriaid nes y ciliant dros ganllawiaa ebargofiant i ddiddymdra bythol. Mawr y twrw sydd gyda ni yma yn y Garw parthed etholiad. y Bwrdd Lleol. Mae dwy sedd wag ac wyth ymgeisvdd. Lled dda. onide, Mr. Gol. ? Felly chwi welwch nad ydym yn cysgu. beth bynag. Xa. nid oes dim fel etholiad i gadw pobl yn effro. Y ddau hen aelod yclynt y Mri. D. John a D. Mathews—dau oruchwyliwr glofaol. Cynygia y ddau hyn eto, ond dywedaf fi ar un- waifch wrthynt fod digon o'u bathau hwy ar y bwrdd yn barod. Peth arall. nid oes a fyncm :u. feib llafur, a hwynt yn y cyfwng lnvn. beth bynag. Mae genym ni ymgeisydd llafur yn hawlio ein cefnogaeth. Ein dyn ni yw John Williams, glowr, Pontyrhil. Mae yn ddyledswvdd arbenig arnom fel gweith- wyr i gydweithio i ddyrchafu ein gilydd. Gan hyny. ymegniwnareingoreu i ddodi John Williams i fewn yn anrhydeddus. Mae ein yrngeisydd yn fachgen gonest, plaen, gwyneb-agored. ac unplyg— un na ofna wg. ac na cheisia wen neb byw, tra y creda fod cyfiawnder o'i ochr. Xid gwr i blygu clun o flaen pob math yw John, ond dyn a fydd yn sicr o wneyd ei waith ar y Bwrdd Lleol fel y bydd yn anrhydedd i weithwyr Cwmgarw fod ganddynt y fath aelod teilwng. Mae eiii Cvmdeithas Lafur- awl wedi gofyn i John am ymladd ein brwydr ni. ac os na fydd sefyllfa John ar ben ypoll, fel yr oedd Saul yn Israel gynt, bydd yn warth oesol i ni. Gan hyny, awn ati o ddifri. Mae'r fuddugoliaeth yn sicr. Clywaf hefyd fod gweithiwr arall am yr anrhyd- edd o'n gwasanaethu, sef y gwr bychan" T. Bagnell. Xawr, nid wyf am ddweyd dim yn erbyn y brawd hwn. ond credaf yn awr ei fod yn gwneyd camgymeriad pwysig wrth wthio ei hun i'r maes. Mae ein cymdeithas yn rhwym o weithio dros J. Williams felly nid oes hawl gan Bagnell arnom o gwbl. Peth arall, mae'n rhaid i ni, y gweithwyr. i ofalu dod a bechgyn cymhwys allan fel cynrychiolwyr llafur. Xid wyf am ddweyd nad oes dim cymhwysder yn Bagnell: ond gofaled pan ddaw allan y tro nesaf i ddyfod o dan nawdd ein cymdeithas ni. Conwn ato ef a John ei gefnder." Rhag eich blinoa meithder, 3Ir. Gol., terfynaf hyd ry w dro eto. Pontyrhil. CROESAW I "SEREX Y DE." AT OLYGYDD SEREX Y DE." MR. GOL,—Dymunaf eich llongyfarch ar gych- wyniad y Srmi Dthhritol am beri i Sm-H mor lachar i wneyd eu hymddangosiad yn ffurfafen gymdeithasol y rhanbarth hon o'n gwlad, yn neill- duol felly am gofion hen genedl a hen iaith y Cymry, trwy beru i'r Scrru daflu allan belydr bychan o oleuni ar y Cymro unieithog. Melus moes eto. Gobeithio y bydd i'r llenorion Cymreig wneyd eu rhan er gwneyd y golofn Gymreig yn deilwng o Gymru Fydd. Cydsyniaf yn hollol a chwi pan ddywedwch y dylasai fod newyddiadur dyddiol Cymraeg yn cael ei gyhoeddi yn y Dywys- ogaeth. a da genyf gael arddeall fod ein brodyr yn y Wladfa Gymreig wedi cychwyn yn y cyfeiriad yma. Diolch i chwi am y newydd. Xi fuasai yn un niwed pe dywedasech hefyd am yr aur sydd wedi ei ddarganfod yno, a chyfiawilder o hono. Mae yno ddarn braf, a'r diriogaeth tuag ugain milldir wrth Lymtheg. yn cynwys gwely o aur rliagorol. Bernir fod yno o leiaf werth tua phumtheg miliwn o bunau o aur. a hwnw yn hawdd iawn i'w weithio. Faint, tybed. o'n cenedl ni a wna fanteisio ar y darganfyddiad hwn trwy ymfudo i'r Wladfa Gymreig yn awr mewn pryd, er cael rhan a chyfran o'r llwch melyn, a hyny mewn gwlad lie y gallont gael Cymry twymgalon yn gyfeillion. ac ymgomio yn yr hen iaith Gymraeg am anturiaethau ein cenedl yn America Ddoheuol. a breuddwydio am ddyfodol gogoneddus ein cenedl yn y Wladfa baradwysaidd. Hyderaf na fydd i'n cenedl ni adael i genedloedd eraill eto fedi o ffrwyth llafur ein brodyr yn y Wladfa trwy adael i estroniaid ymgyfoethogi ar ffrwyth darganfydd- iad ein cenedl ni ein hunain. Xawr, Gymry twym- galon. am feddianu y wlad a'i chyfoeth, Dywed gohebwyr o'r Wladfa y dylai miloedd o Gymry fyned allan yno yn bresenol. ac mae nawr, neu liyth, am dani. Gwelwn wrth hyn wirionedd yr hen ddywediad, "Xes penelin na garddwrn." Y mae y gwaed Cymraeg yn rhedeg mor gryf trwy galon y gwladfawyr hyn fel ag y maent yn foddlon i ni gael rhan o'r wlad, er mai hwy sydd wedi gorfod wynebu ar y peryglon a dyoddef pwys a gwres y dydd. Dvma gyfie i ninau yn bresenol i fyned i fewn i faes eu llafur hwy. Llwyddiant mawr i bawb a phobpeth Cymraeg. Os yn fodd- haol genych, Mr. Gol., bydd i mi ysgrifenu nawr ac eilwaith ar faterion Cymreig i Sn-rn II 7Jr. Gan ddymuno llwyddiant mawr i'r anturiaeth seren- awl.—Ydwyf, kc., IOAX GELEU. Holton-road, Barry Dock. Hyn ddywed I- Cymru, papvr w^rthnosol Cym- reig a gyhoeddir gan Isaac Ffoulkes (Llyfrbryf), 16, Brunswick-street, Lerpwl, am "SEREX Y DE." Mae papyr wythnosol newydd wedi ei gychwyn yn Cadoxton, ger Barry, yr wythnos hon. Deallwn fod nerth arian tu cefn iddo, fod Cymro ag sydd wedi graddio yn uchel yn Xgliaergrawnt yn y gadair olygyddol, a bod Cymro arall profiadol ag sydd wedi cael chwarter canrif o brofiad gyda r wasg yn Xghymru a Lloegr wrth y llyw. Ei arwyddair ydyw, Rhyddfrydiaeth, Rhyddfryd- iaetfi." Mae i gynwys erthyglau ar gwestiynau addfetaf y dydd. a gwna ei oreu i addfedu mesurau eraill ag sydd yn awr ond yn y plisjjyn megys. Os ca y perchenogion gefnogaeth. nid myfedd genym fydd gweled y Sercn hon yn codi gyda'r wawr bob dydd, ac nid unwaith yr wythnos. Eiddunwn i Srrni y 1k hir oes i oleuo awyrgylch foesol a gwleidyddol Gwalia Wen."
THE HIGH SHERIFF OF GLAMORGAN. The new Sheriff of the county of Glamorgan. Mr. Edward Rice Daniel, of Cwmgelly. near Swan- sea. made the declaration of office on Thursday, and appointed Mr. Rees Powell Morgan, solicitor, Xeath, as Under-sheriff.
II PRESIDENrr GAItFIELD." IXTERESTIXG LECTURE AT BARRY. On Monday evening a lecture on A Star of the Western World was delivered at the Barry Public Hall by the Rev. J. 0. Keen, D.D., of Cardiff. Councillor Meggitt presided, and was supported by the Rev. J. Honey (Holton), Mr. Protheroe, and Mr. Henwood (Dr. Keen's colleague).—Councillor Meggitt stated that they had met there that evening for a twofold purpose. They had met to hear Dr. Keen deliver one 01 his eloquent lectures, and they were also there to give their support to the erection of a place of worship for the Bible Christians at Holton. He trusted that all present would give what they could to aid such a noble project. He then called upon Dr. Keen to address the meeting.—Dr. Keen said it was not his inten- tion to turn his hearers' attention to the starry heights above, but he would take them across the Atlantic, there to follow the life of one of the greatest stars" that had ever shone, James Abraham Garfield. (Applause.) The lecturer then proceeded to give an eloquent ruid interesting account of Garfield's life •' From Log Cabin to White House." He pointed out how Garfield's life was spent in the great endeavour to do what he thought right, and how his efforts to put a stop to the fearful corruption in State offices, which has ever since been the bane of the United States, brought upon him the cowardly vengeance of a dis- appointed place-seeker. Mr. Keen then referred to Garfield's religious life, how on the eve of the day he seized the reigns of government he went to his little village church to take the sacrament. He was not ashamed of his religion. A religion he was ashamed of he would no, have. (Applause.) At the close of his address the rev. gentleman urged upon those present to do their duty towards the new church about to spring up in their midst. —Mr. Henwood moved a hearty vote of thanks to Dr. Keen for his services that evening, which was seconded by Mr. Protheroe.—Dr. Keen suitably replied, and also proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. Meggitt. which was seconded by the Rev. J. Honey, who said it was a pleasure to see that the barriers of denominationalism did not prevent Mr. Meggitt from giving his support.—Mr. Meggitt having briefly replied, a collection was taken in aid of the pro- posed church.—At the close of the meeting Mr. Protheroe announced his intention of holding special services at 7.30 every evening this week at Mr. Jones' Dining Rooms, Barry, in connection with the Railway Mission.
DEATH OF MRS. ARCHIBALD HOOD. We deeply regret to announce the death of Mrs. Hood, wife of Mr. Archibald Hood, J.P., the well- known colliery proprietor and vice-chairman of the Barry Dock and Railways Company. The sad event took place on Friday evening, at 6.30 o*clock, at Mr. Hoocl's residence. Sherwood. Xewport-road. Cardiff. The deceased lady. who had been suffer- ing- from a painful malady for many months, was 65 years of age. A lady of great amiability of character and goodness of heart, Mrs. Hood was much beloved by all who knew her. Like her esteemed husband she was of Scottish parentage, being, we believe, a native of Ayrshire, Mrs. Hood was a devoted adherent of the Presbyterian Church. Windsor-place, where she will be greatly missed. In addition to her husband. Mrs. Hood is survived by a daughter. Mrs. Walter Shirley, and four sons, Mr. R. R. Hood, Mr. W. W. Hood, Mr. James A. Hood. and Dr. Archibald Hood. We offer to the bereaved family our sincere condolences in their trying amction. On Tuesday afternoon the mortal remains were interred at the Xew Cemetery. The funeral was attended by a number of relatives of the deceased, and wreaths were sent by the follow- ing :—Mr. Archibald Hood. Mr. W. W. Hood, Mr. James A. Hood. Mr. A. Hood, jun., Mrs. Walter Shirley, Mrs. A. Hood. Bridgend: Mr. Walter Shirley. Mrs. J. Osborne Riches. Mrs. John Gunn. 3Irs. Clelland, St. Lawrence, Ayr; Mr. and Mrs. John Duncan, Dr. and Mrs. J. Hugh Rees, Penarth Mrs. Lewis and family. Cae Mawr, Porth Mr. and Mrs. A. Morgan. Tynycymmer, Perth Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Randall, Penarth Madame De Soldenhoff. Cardiff; Mr. and Mrs. Wardlan, RamSey, Whitehill. near Edinburgh servants at Sherwood Mr. J. Hettich, Cardiff: Mrs. Richard Cory, Cardiff Mrs. Thomas Evans, Cardiff Mrs. Williams. Hillside. Llwynypia the officials of the Glamorgan Coal Company Mrs. and the Misses Jeffries, Penarth; Mr. and Mrs. Marcus Gunn. Cardiff Mr. and Mrs. Traill, Cardiff Mr. and Mrs. Treharne Rees. Penarth Mrs. George Fisher. Radyr: Mr. and Mrs. Lewis J. Shirley. Caira Mrs. Lewis V. Shirley, Penarth Mr. and Mrs. Colquhoun, Tredegar: Mr. A. E. Jones. Cardiff Dr. Davies. Glyn-Rhondda, Porth and the servants at St. Lawrence, Ayr. The funeral arrangements were entrusted to Messrs. S. Andrews and Son, Cardiff.
REVIEWS OF PUBLICATIONS. CASSELL'S STOREHOUE OF GEXERAL INFORMA- TION (7d.) The third part of this sterling encyclo- posdia takes it down to 1 r. It includes excellent articles on Animal Magnetism, The Argentine Republic, and Aristotle. We only notice one slight mistake. In the account of the Age of Anne, the name of Dr. Johnson is mentioned as one of the great writers of the period. It would be more correct surely to classify Johnson as a Georgian writer. He has himself l-eft it on record, that when a child he was taken to London to be touched by the Queen for the King's Evil which the royal touch was popularly supposed to cure. His Dictionary, which first brought him to notice. was not published until the middle of the 18th century. The names of Prior. Thompson, Dyer, and Congreve should be included also in an account of the literature of the period. (Cassell Co., Ld., La Belle Sauvage, London.) Y GENINEN. (1s.) We regret that we have been unable hitherto to notice the St. David's Day num- ber of the (reniuni, the leading Welsh monthly. The best article in the number are the Rev. J. Davies' Thomas Stephens," Mr. Owen Edwards' Edward Lloyd." Watcyn Wvn's Dewi Wvn o Essyllt," and the Rev. Griffith Ellis' "Wïlliams Pantycellyn." The number contains articles also from Gwalchmai. R. Williams Kilsby. Clwydfardd, Tudno, and several other leading Welsh writers. It is, however, a pity that the editor has confined the number altogether to biographies. Even when well written they are apt to pall on one's taste. [W. G. Evans, Carnarvon.] SOCIAL SOXGs. (By Munullog, Is.) This is a little volume of very unequal merit. The author has not paid attention to versification. His Songs possess a certain amount of vigour, but none of them are polished. This is the more to be regretted as some are evidently written to be sung. The best are the songs contrasting lives of the rich and poor There was feasting in the hall, And fasting in the huts The choicest of viands flowed, To drink while they cracked their nuts. For men who produced the wealth, Water and bread was the fare Because of the dainties on The board of the millionaire. And these dealing with the Land question The land is turned to private parks, For games and parties carved That few may have their hunts and sports, The many must be starved The beasts may live, and flowers bloom, But men must die to make them room, It is a little volume certainly worth reading. (R. J. Dertel, Manchester). THE BUILDING XEWS opens with a thoughtful article on Material and Labour, showing how necessary it is, in order to avoid industrial dis- putes to know exactly how much the workman contributes to the result. Mr. Audsley's Sym- bolism of Early Christian Art" is continued, and the fourth instalment of Contemporary British Municipal Engineers and Surveyors." with litho- graphic illustrations, is given. There is also a good Photo Print" of the Cathedral Piazza Pistoia. TENANT-FARMER DELEGATES IX CANADA.— We have received from Sir Charles Tupper, Bart., G.C.M.G.. C.B., High Commissioner of Canada, the report of the Irish tenant-farmer delegates to Canada in 1880. In August last the High Com- 9 1:1 missioner, by direction of the Minister of Agricul- ture, invited a large number of gentlemen repre- sentative of the agricultural industry in England, Scotland. Ireland, and Wales to visit the Dominion of Canada to report upon its agricultural resources and the advantages the country offers for the settlement of farmers and farm labourers and other classes for which there is a demand. Three of the reports have already been reviewed in the .H<irrj i J011 null, and the fourth has reached us. The little volume before us is accompanied by an excellent map, and is profusely illustrated. The reading matter is of the most interesting character, and the delegates were evidently very favourably impressed with everything they saw and heard. This is what Mr. George Brown, one of the dele- gates says, in concluding his report :—" I can only add that no man will regret going to Canada to begin life there, provided he makes up his mind to work. and exercises ordinary caution. And I conclude by giving it the highest praise a man can give, viz.. were it possible for me to break all the ties and change the responsibilities which sur- round me here. I would go to Canada and stay there." GREAT THOUGHTS (6d.). The April number contains among other attractions a coloured pre- sentation plate, The Greatest Epoch in History," a portrait and biography of Dr. Xansen. the Arctic explorer, an interview with and portrait of the Dea 11 of Gloucester, and an article on A Xoble Work Done by Xoble Women by the Countess of Meath. The other reading matter is up to the usual excellence. (A. W. Hall, 132, Fleet-street, E.C.) CATHOLIC FIRESIDE AND CATHOLIC TIMES. All Roman Catholics should purchase these penny weeklies, copies of the current issues of which have been forwarded us by Father Hyland. The stories in the Firrxidr are full of interest and good lessons. To quote the words of a correspondent. There is not a better penny paper belonging to any denomination than the Catholic Firrxidr ics printing, illustrations, reading matter, and varied information place it in the first rank as a cheap paper for the people." We note with interest that the CufltoUc J'imrx contains a long report of the recent St. Patrick's Day celebration at Cadoxton. BIBLE CHRISTIAN MAGAZINE (6d.). Promi- nence is given in the April number of this periodical to a report of the Wesley centenary celebration at City-road, London, and a portrait of the President of the Wesleyan Conference, the Rev. William Fiddian Moulton, M.A..D.D. It is evident that a vast amount of good was the outcome of the celebration, at which all branches of Methodism was represented. A continuation of a biographical sketch of Robert Moffatt, the apostle to the Bechuanas. will be read with interest, as also the notes by the tie v. H. W. Howell, M.A.. entitled, From My Study Corner." There is a deal of other reading matter which will be perused with edifica- tion by all sects of Christian belief. (London Bible Christian Book Room, 26, Paternoster-row. E.C.). MRS. LEACH'S FAMILY DRESSMAKER. With the April number of J//• Lr<tch,x Faintly Drr-ix- vii•thrr is presented the full-size paper pattern of the new constable Cape, with diagram and full directions for cutting out and making. The 300 pair of gloves are given away as usual, and the charming story is continued. Besides these novel ,i attractions there are usual contents, comprising the latest fashions, very practical and useful menus for dinners for a week, kc., X ovelties of the Month. Answers to Correspondents, kc. Published at 8, Johrson's- court, Fleet-street, London. Price 2d.
NOTES FROM G LYNCORRWG. Good news for the place. Many of the rate- payers will be glad to hear that it is very likely we shall have a local board before long, and it is full time for more of our rates to be spent in the parish. The election of guardians is almost at the door. This pest has a great honour, and the one that will fulfil it well, can do much good. All I will say, look for the right man in the right place. Xebo friends took their cantata to Abergwynfi. entitled Esther, the beautiful Queen." Consider- ing the weather the gathering was good, and all did their work well. The neighbourhood is anxiously waiting for another cantata, entitled "B,l"h:lzzar'" Feast," by Carmel choir, conducted by Mr. IV. Rees. Wc can never be too thankful to Edennian Plum- mers, for what he does for every good cause. With- out exception no one contributes more of his time and wealth towards them than he and his family. Many will be glad to hear that the good and faithful minister, the Rev. J. L. Jones, is much better in health, and once more able to proclaim the unsearchable riches to' his flock. SAM TUCKER,
DR. SALMON, PENLLYN COURT. NEAR COWBlflDGE. Morien" writes :—A day or two ago it was announced that Dr. Salmon. Penllyn Court (nof, Penlline "-that form of the name is incorrect), had reached the patriarchal age of 101 years.. There is a most intelligent dame. 95 years of age, now living at Treforest. who recollects Dr. Salmon, accompanied by his father, coming from England and making their home at Cowbridge considerably upwards of 80 years ago. She told me they went to reside nearly opposite the Bear Hotel. They were accompanied by a very handsome lady-house- keeper. In the paragraph referred to it wa £ stated that Dr. Salmon was born at Wickham Market, Suffolk. Now. Dr. Win. Salmon, the present Dr. Salmon's father, was practising as a, physician at Wickham Market in the year 1763. In that year he was made executor of the last will and testament of Mrs. Marg-aret Xaunton, widoNv- of Mr. William Xaunton, of Letheringham Abbey, who died in 1758. Letheringham Abbey is situate on a gentle declivity, in the midst of delightful green scenery, three miles to the west of Wickham Market. The last named town is on the summit of a cultivated hill two miles from the Great Eastern Railway running from London to Beccles and Great Yarmouth. In 1763. on the death of Mrs. Xaunton. Mr. illiam Leman, solicitor, and Mr. Thomas Rede, solicitor, who was married to Leman s daughter, took possession of the Lethering- ham Abbey Estates. One of the estates, called Kettle borough Manor, had been entered upon by Mr. William Leman during Mrs. Xaunton's life, but she held the Abbey lands by right of dower during life. It appears, however, that her late husband held some portion of the estate in fee simple, and by his will, a copy of which I have by me. he empowered her to charge the fee-simple lands with the sum of £ 2,000. while all the lands went to the right heir." After Leman and Rede entered into possession of the Abbey, on the morn- ing of the death of Mrs. Xaunton. Leman gave to Dr. William Salmon a guarantee to the amount of .12.000. During her last illness, and very shortly before her death. Mrs. Xaunton caused an advertise- ment to appear in Farlry'x .Journal. Bristol, requesting the Xauntons to go to Letheringham Abbey to take possession of the estate. I have a. copy of that advertisement. It is evident by her advertising in a Bristol paper that she had some knowledge the Xauntons were somewhere in the West. We know that Mr. Robert Xaunton, the widow's late husband s brother, had visited the Morgan family at Llantarhaui Abbey, Mon.. and had then seen the four young- sons of Thomas Xaunton. grandson of Major Robert Xaunton, Letheringham Abbey, and had made them many presents. They resided then at Llangibbv. where Mr. Thomas Xaunton. son of the major by his third wife. and Blanche, his wife, kept a high grade school during 35 years. John. and Evan, the eldest and the youngest of the afore- mentioned four sons, went to Letheringham Abbey in response to the advertisement, but found that Mrs. Xaunton was dead and William Leman in possession as a descendant of the daughter of Major Robert Xaunton by his first wife. Litiga- tion ensued, lasting eight years. At the end°of eight years the defendant Xaunton was non- suited on a technical point of law. In 1765 Leman had suffered a recovery to bar the old entail. Xaunton had five years from that date to remove the fine. He did so in May. 1769, in the Court of Equity. When the case came on in Common Law in 1773 Leman submitted to Lord Chief Justice de Grey that Xaunton had lost by non-claim, the five ycç,rs having elapsed, and three over. Besides that, the claim had been made in the Court of Equity, and not in the Court of Common Law. and, therefore, the claim made was invalid. The judge ruled that was so, and Xaunton was. in consequence, non-suited (ride Sir William Blackstone's Law Reports. Vol. II.). It seems the unpleasantness resulting from the law suit induced Dr. William Salmon, the father of the present venerable squire of that name. to leave England and to come and settle at Cowbridge. The present Dr. Salmon married one of the daughters of the late Mr. Reynold Deere. Penllyn Court, who was my great grandmother's brother. His right surname was Thomas. His father xea* Mr. James Thomas, owner of the Garth Estate- Llantwit Vardre. Reynold Deere inherited that, and also the Penllvn Court Estate, on the death of his good uncle, the Rev. John Deere, on condition that he adopted as surname the name of Deere. Another branch of the Thomas family was repre- sented by Mr. Richard Thomas. LIanniihangel, near Cowbridge. He was fined by Cromwell for his loyalty to King Charles 1. at the Battle of St. Fagan's. and had to sell Llanmihangel to Lord Mayor Edwin to enable him to pay the fine to the Parliament.
IMPOKTAXT NOTICE. "THE SOUTH WALES STAR" I May be obtained every Friday morning, price one Penny, at our offices at Vere-street. CadoxtoO- (Barry) 69, Plassey-strest. Penarth; and Caro- line-street, Bridgend, or of the following agents AliERKENFlG.—Mrs. Lewis, chemist. ABERTHYN.—W. Evans (Brwynog), Farmer's Arms. BARllY.—F. C. Milner, Post-office. Taylor, newsagent. BAlmy DOCK.—W. H. Smith £ Son, Barry DACFC Station. „ Marsh, stationer. BONVILSTONE.—Mrs. Maunders, newsagent. BRIDGEND.—Of all newsagents. BLAENGARW, GARW V ALLEy,-J. Evans, BlaeJV garw, Pontyewnnner. CADOXTON (BARRY-).—W. Townsend, newsagent, Barry Road. T. Pearee, hairdresser, Vere-street- „ Mrs. Jones, stationer, Vere-street. Miss Bray, stationer, Main-street. ;Ui.,s Rees, Fancy Depository* Barry-road. COGAN.—Mrs. Davies, stationer. CARDIFF.—W. H. Smith it Son. Cardiff Station. Miss Morgan, newsagent. Church-street. •, Miss Morgan, newsagent, Cowbridge-roail" Mrs. Croft. newsagent, Cowbridge-road. I » Mrs. Morgan, stationer, Bute Docks. Mr. Sanders, newsagent, Castle-road* Roath. COWBRIDGE.—Miss Davies, stationer. „ Miss Griffiths, stationer. DIN AS Powis.—Post-office. DIN AS POWIS.—Post-oiHce. EASTBHOOK (DIXAS POWIS).-J. Morris, post-office.. GLYXCOmVG.—E. Owen, stationer. LAllPETER-J, Evans, stationer. LLANTWIT-MAJOR. — Ciumnings. bootmaker. MAESTEG.—P. H. Watkins. Commercial-street. „ M. Isaac, stationer, Commercial-street. XANTYMOEL.—D. Howells, bookseller. NEWTON.-W. Phillips, Post-office. PENARTH.—Mrs. Court, Windsor-road. W. H. Smith Jlr. Son, Penarth Station. „ Mrs. David, stationer, Glebe-street. Mrs. Paseley, stationer, Glebe-street. PoxTYCLOU'v.—Mrs. Donne, Post-office, near LlaO" trisant Station. PENLLINE.—Mrs. Bassett, newsagent. PONTYCWMMER.—W. Evans, bookseller. PONTYPRIDD.—D. Morgan, stationer. 1, Tafi-street- D. Arnott, chemist, Taff-street. PENDOYLAN.—H. Evans, Post-office. PONTYRHIL.—T. Jones, Posvoffice. PENYGRAIG.—Mr. Price, Post-office. PORTHCAWL.—W. H. Clatworthy, Post-office. D. Hutchinson, newsagent. J-Thomas, chemist. „ Mr. Samuel Lewis, grocer. ST. NICHOLAS.—Mr. Lancclon. bootmaker. ST. AT HANS.—Mrs. Anneliowells. TONDU.—. H. Hitchings, newsagent. „ vV. Orchard, grocer. TYNEWYDD.—Mr. Llewellyn, chemist. WENVOE.—Xoah Jenkins, Wenvoe Arms. WICK.—Miss A. Williams.
BARRY DOCK PERMANENT BENEFIT BUILDING SOCIETY- DIRECTORS of the above Society are now pared to ADVAXCE MOXEY on MORT' GAGE. Deposits received at 4 per cent. Application should be made to the Secretary, MR, W. THOMAS, VERE-STREET, CADOXTON-BARKT-
OUR OPEN COLUMN. I THE HOUSE OF LORDS. BY ARTHUR J. WILLIAMS, M.P. The "Confession of Faith" with which Tlf South Wttlcx Star began its career showed plainly that it will be the consistent advocate of progressive Liberalism. r.nd will afford Liberals of all sorts a fair opportunity of putting forward their views. For in the ranks of the great Liberal party, the narty of progress, it is most desirable that there z, should be constant interchange of opinion as to what reforms are most wanted, and as to the way in which these reforms are to be effected. One of the chief duties of the Liberal press is to afford every fair opportunity for discussing these questions. In your first issue you protested strongly and eloquently against the violation by the Tory majority in the House of Lords of the solemn pledges given in the House of Commons with respect to the Tithes' Bill by the Government. At the same time you expressed the opinion that --a second Chamber is necessary. Here we have an example of a very important question about which the Liberal party has not unanimously made up its mind. Some of the most able of our leaders agree with the writer of the article. But a very large number of Liberals have come. as I have, to the conclusion that in a thoroughly representative system of government there should be only one Chamber. Of course all Liberals are agreed that a second Chamber, if we are to have one. must be chosen either directly or indirectly by the majority of the people. The first of our Australian colonies to ob- tain (in 1855) the right to manage its own affairs -or in other words. Home Rule—was Xew South Wales. It accepted a second Chamber nominated by the Crown for life. So did New Zealand and Queens- land. No doubt because they could not get any- thing else. But South Australia, Victoria, and Tasmania have obtained the right to elect the members of both Houses (the Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly) without any inter- ference by the Home Government. The object of those Liberals who think a second Chamber necessary or desirable, will no doubt be to convert our hereditary House of Lords unto some such elected House as they have in South Australia. The main argument in favour of such a body- that it will prevent hasty and ill-advised legisla- tion—seems at first sight very weighty. "You will," it is said." have a number of tried and ex- perienced men, chosen for their special fitness and ability, who will carefully examine every bill. They will bring their mature powers and calm judgment to the consideration of its principles. and where they are faulty, withstand the current of popular passion and prejudice." This sounds very reasonable. But granted that the work done in a thoroughly representative House of Commons will occasionally be foolish or mischievous, is it possible to contrive a second chamber which will correct or control its action In the first place. where are you to get the proper material If you. could pick. say. 300 of the very best men of mature age from every station and pursuit, peers, squires, lawyers, doctors, merchants, manufacturers, scholars, men of science, you would, no doubt have a very interesting assembly. But I think they would have the good sense to refuse the invitation to become a Court of Appeal against the decision of the chosen representatives of the people in the House of Commons. As a matter of fact, they would be far less com- petent to deal in a practical, common-sense way with the great social questions which will be the main business of future State action than the body they would be asked to control. Xo doubt, a single legislative body will make mistakes— sometimes serious mistakes. But it will be far less liable to make them if its members feel that the grave and sole responsibility rests upon them. It will, too, be able-far more easily able—to Gorrect the mistakes it may make. The more I have thought the matter over the more convinced I have become, that our safety and our well-being lie in one great assembly open to those of all classes, from peer to peasant, who are able and willing to serve their country. But the first practical step to be taken is that recommended by Mr. Bright. We must never rest till we obtain the constitutional reform which will prevent the House of Lords from vetoing any Bill when it is sent up a second time from the House of Commons. This change once obtained- all further developments will follow naturally. One very significant fact should be noted. Even outside the Upper House there is a growing and r uneasy feeling that, with all its outward pomp and ceremony, it is no longer a real power in the State—that its veto can only hamper or delay Bills passed by the democratic chamber that it must sooner or later register them. It is no place in which real Statesmen can have fair scope or opportunity for training themselves and showing their fitness for great things. Hence the natural discontent which has often been shown by the abler young peers and heirs to peerages at being excluded from the House of Commons. I witnessed a curious instance of this some 1G or 17 years ago. It was at a meeting of the Artisan's Institute in London. The late Lord Lyttelton got up and said. I move that my noble friend. Lord Rosebery. take the chair." Thereupon an almost bovish-looking. pleasant-faced young fellow proceeded to the chair. But before he took it. a working man got up and said, We don't hold with Lords here. What's the gentleman's name and occupation. This seemed rather a poser. But the young chairman, not at all disconcerted, said. My name is Archi- bald Philip Primrose. I am afraid my only occupa- tion is trying to help in making the laws." This tickled the audience very much. In acknowledging a vote of thanks. Lord Rosebery observed with pathetic jocularity that he was not responsible for the title he bore. His subsequent career and his action with regard to the House of Lords have shown how seriously he has felt the disadvantages of having his eloquence and abilities cribbed. cabined, and confined" by an hereditary peerage. Z,
DEATH OF THE REV. PRECijiNTOIl VfOOD, VICAlt OF PENMAEK, We regret to- have to announce the death, at the house of his son-in-law. Mr. Hannan Clarke Gloucester, on of the Rev. Precentor Wood, vicar of Penmark. in his eighty-second year. The deceased gentleman had been vicar of Pen marl: for over 40 years, ahd was made Precentor of Llandatf Cathedral rry the late Bishop Ollivant. He was one of the very few old type of clergymen to be found in the district, was possessed of a most gentlemanly bearing, and was highly respected, not only in his own parishes, but also by a large I circle of friends and acquaintances. It is expected that the funeral will take place at Penmark, on Saturday.