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IN AND AROUND * BARRY.
IN AND AROUND BARRY. THE SOUTH WALKS STAR. Good readers! Give it a right good welcome. We have launched our bark on the seas. May it have flowing tide? and favouring breezes. Happy augury. The inhabitants of Barry have shown their yearning- for knowledge and informa- tion by adopting the Public Libraries Act. Let us trust they will accept this new illuminant. Tin: SOUTH WALES STAR, as well to lighten them on their way. Taking into consideration that a large number of voters. :,ouch as those employed by the late Mr. T. A. Walker, have left the district, and that a large number, by removals from Cadoxton or Barry to other and newer parts of the district, did not re- ceive their voting papers,' the poll must be con- sidered a heavy one. and the minority of those who voted "No" was a very small one. Well done. Barry and Cadoxton The Trades Council of Cardiff is starting a new 'Bus Company. A mild sort of co-operative in- dustry, I suppose. Here is a hint for them. Let them enlarge the scops of their enterprise and include Barry. Within a very short time the con- tracts for the main roads between Barry and Cadoxton will be completed, and a series of "busses running from Cadoxton up around the Royal Hotel and new Cadoxton Market, along the New-road to the Police-station, and then on to Barry, and per- haps as far as the Island in the summer, would prove a great boon and a good speculation. But where in the world are our numerous local com- pany promoters Last week the Theatre Royal, Cardiff, was "house full. standing room only." filled nightly with a throng of people, all delighted at Sullivan's charm- ing music. "The Gondoliers," "Yeomen of the Guard, and "Mikado" were all three staged, and the company was really an excellent one. Mesdames Rose Hervee and Manvill Harding, together with George Thorne and Billington, are firmly established favourites with Cardiff playgoers. and though Miss Haidee Crofton was sadly missed. i Miss Duggan proved an all-sufficient substitute. Mr. Fletcher. the enterprising lessee, is giving quite a run of excellent companies. This week the playbill announces the production of -Tudali." Mr. JI, A. Jones' successful drama from the Shaftes- bury Theatre. Briefly, the story runs The Rev. Judah Llewellyn is a Welsh Calvini.-tie Methodist minister, in love with Vashti Dethic. a young girl supposed to be endowed with powers of faith- healing. She is sent for by the Earl of Asgarby to his castle, and her prowess is to be put to the test in the ease of the Earl of Asgarby's daughter, a young girl dying of consumption. It seems that the faith-healing can only be applied when the faith-healer fasts: so. at the instigation of a scientific gent." Professor Jopp, she is securely locked up and watched to see whether she really does fast. Amongst others put to watch her is Judah. and, to his dismay, he discovers that old IJcthic-Yashti' father—issecrctlyconveying fowl to her. Then comes his great struggle. On the one hand. love for Vashti; on the other, love for the truth. Of course love for Vashti has it. So he becomes accessory after the fact, and says nothing about it. In the end remote compels him to give up his church, and he goes forth to buttle the world. That is a slight "sketch of a drama which is certainly strongly written and abounding in good dramatic situations. A really excellent company plays it. and there is no doubt that it will well repay going in to Cardiff to see. Z, I commend to the notice of all our working men this month's Ifdl" a penny monthly under the editorship of Mr. W. T. Stead, and issued from the Itrrinc of Kr-rinrx office. In it there is a Social Progrnmme" for ameliorating the condition of our labouring classes. It is well worth the close attention of everyone interested, and who is not. in bettering the bulk of the community. Space merely allows me to enumerate the various schemes. First, compulsory insurance against accident of every workman, and. as in Germany, the insurance money to be paid by the employers. Secondly, protection of our sailors no ship to be insured up to its full value, and in every case of lose of life at sea a species of inquest to be held as soon as the ship reaches a home port. Third subject, freedom of combination legislation to prevent any disability through belonging to any Trade Union. Then there is to be an official arbitration in all trade disputes, something on the lines of that which obtains in Germany. Then a dispute between master and man, such as wrongful dis- missal. may by mutual consent be referred to the factory inspector. No child to be employed in any factory or mill under the age of twelve. As it is new. it child over ten years of age may be a half-timer. The next scheme is one to secure in every case one day of r.-st in seven to all workmen, Other questions are those of technical education, allotments, and. lastly, a Minister of Labour. It is rather a good sign that all these schemes are approved of and advocated by a member of the [ present Government. Sir John Gorst, one of Britain's representatives at last year's Labour Con- < gross in Berlin. Surely, it a Conservative is [111- vanccd enough to accept all these excellent measures, there is some hope that they will very speedily become accomplished facts when the party of progress is once more in power. That r 11 Liberals will accept them almost goes without say- ing. No doubt the forthcoming Labour Commis- sion is the outcome of this ''National Social Programme." So we are to have an Inrermediate School. Practically, it will most probably be on the same lines as the Cardiff Higher Grade School, and the only difference will be that the cost of the site and building will be given free to the inhabitants, together with cost of maintenance (except our (lis- trict's share of the halfpenny in the pound which is now being levied all over Glamorganshire). instead of being added to our School Board rate, Already a local syndicat", through their agents, Messrs. Seward and Thomas, has presented a site. and it subscription list is being opened to raise the £ 1.500 required. Three prominent gentlemen at h'st week's meeting promised handsome donationf. viz.: Mr. John Cory. i:250 Mr. Meggitt. C50 (probably I: 100) and Mr. L. W. Jones, the manager of the South Wales Union Bank c25. Without doubt other gentlemen will contribute equally liberally, and the amount will soon be raised. The County Council wUI then at once pro- ceed to erect the necessary buildings for seventy boys and thirty girls. It is earnestly to be hoped that some arrange- ments will be come to between the Barry Dock arid Railways Company on the one hand, and the Dinas Powis Highway Board and the Barry and Cadox- ton Local Board on the other, which will result in the removal of the four toll-gates which have just been erected on the Barry Company's new road. The general impression has been that the Company had no power to put up the gates, but it is now only too palpable that the Company think differ- ently. On the other hand, Mr. O. H. Jones. J.P.. himself a barrister, has spoken out in no uncertain or mistakable language to the effect that the action of the Company is illegal. But the fact. remains that the road in question should be a public one. Let the Company place it in a satisfactory state of repair, and offer it free of all restrictions, and there should be no lliffieulty or apathy on the part of the two local authorities in taking it over. ) I notice with pleasure that the promoters of a leading Lontton railway company have consented to run workmen's trains the whole length of their 11 line for one penny each journey. The Great i Eastern Railway Company, too, by an Act of Par- 1 lament passed as long ago as 1364. is required to issue workmen's tickets from Edmonton to Liver- pool-street—a distance of 8 j miles—for one penny each way. A working man on the Barry Railway is compelled to pay at least six times that sum for < a journey of lesser length. True, an agitation was inaugurated several months ago, but it was not conducted with any particular vigour; eonse- f quently. it fell through. It has been stated, and with truth, that the traffic on the Barry line is i greater than on any line of equal length in the i i kingdom. The company, therefore, should be in a fijtood position to meet a demand for reduced fares 1 for workmen. <
ISSUE OF THE MEDICAL OFFICER'S…
ISSUE OF THE MEDICAL OFFICER'S ANNUAL REPORT. INTERESTING AND VALUABLE INFORMA- TION. We have been favoured with a copy of the second1 annual report of Dr. George Neale, Barry, the medical officer of the Barry and Cadoxton Local Board. This interesting and valuable document occupies twelve pages of closely printed matter, and is addressed to the chairman and members of the board. Containing information of such importance to the large district which surrounds the great Barry Dock, we venture to re-print some of the most salient features of the report, and which will probably be perused with interest. SANITARY PROGRESS DURING 1890. In reviewing the general sanitary condition of the district during 1890, Dr. Neale states that notwithstanding the many difficulties the Local Board have had to contend with. much progress has been made. The chief beneficial acts of the board during the year he enumerates as follows the appointment of the health committee, a sepa- rate inspector of nuisances, appointment of a public analyst, the adoption of the Notification of tnfec- tious Diseases Act and the Cowsheds. Dairies, and Milkshops Order of 1885-6. the registration of lodging-houses, and the determination to proceed to erect a temporary infectious diseases hospital forthwith, and a public slaughter-house as soon as possible. POPULATION. NUMBER OF HOUSES. kC. The population of the district has. he estimates, increased from 10.500 in 1882 to 12,900 in 1890, including a floating population of 1.000. This is probably underestimated, but the approaching census will remove the subject from the uncer- taintv which makes all local statistics more or less unsatisfactory. The number of houses occupied at the end of the year 1890 was 1,720. as against 987 in 1839, an increase of 734. The overcrowding s' is much less than in former years, although there is still room for improvement in this respect. On an average there are seven persons to each house. This is too high, says Dr. Neale. even for the com- paratively large houses built in this district What is wanted to remedy this state of things is lower rents and the %uilding of smaller houses, which practically amounts to the same thing. Workmen who earn through the year an average of 22s. per week cnlJIlotwcll afford to pay 8s. to lis. a week for rent without depriving their families of some of the common necessaries of life. SERIOUS SANITARY IMPERFECTIONS, BUT A LOW DEATH-RATE. Before proceeding to give the births and deaths during 1890. Dr. Neale remarks that few, if any towns, have had such serious sanitary imperfec- tions as ours (in consequence of its rapirl growth). but. certainly, quite as few have so low a death- rate. This must be accounted for. first, by the fact that the population of the district consists, to a very large extent, of healthy adults secondly, the natural healthiness and salubriety of the locality, which was proverbial long before the construction of the Barry Dock was contemplated and by the time the board's sanitary schemes are completed, he thinks that the town bids fair to retain the same satisfactory immunity from disease. As Dr. Blaxall, the Local Government Board inspector said in 1889, the natural advan- tages arc here for making your district a model of sanitary efficiency." BIRTHS AND DEATHS DURING 1890. The number of children born in the district in the year 1390 amounted to 447, 231 males and 216 females, giving a birth rate of 34'6 per LOCO per annum of the estimated population. This rate is higher than that of 1889. when it was 31-1. During the same period there were 151 deaths, being made up as follows :—Measles, 10 scarlet fever, 1 diphtheria. 2: whooping cough, 1 diarrhoea, 7 other zymotics. 3 constitutional. 34 develop- mental, 9 local. 53 violence, 17 ill-defined and not specified cause,, 14: total. 151. The chief causes of deaths in regard to children under one year were as follow — Premature births, 5 measles. I whooping cough 1 diarrhoea, 3 ery- sipelas. 1 tabes mesenteria. 3 tubercuia mesin- gitis. 4 other tuhcrcula. diseases, 3 violence. 3 diseases of respiratory system, 7 other diseases, 12 digestive system. 5 and nervous system. 13. The only striking detail, he says, in the list of deaths is the number due to accidents, which reached 17. The total annual death-rate from all causes was 11-7 per 1.000 per annum. In 1889 it stood at 10'9, thus showing a slight increase for 1890. The death-rate from zymotic diseases was 1-7, which also shows a slight increase over the rate for 1889. when it was 1'4. XOTU-ICATIOX OF DISEASES. The Notification of Diseases Act of 1889 was adopted on the 12th of August. The number of cases reported from August to December was 274, and were as follow :—Measles, 210 scarlet fever, 56 typhoid fever. 3 membraneous croup. 1 erysipelas. 2 diphtheria. 2 total. 274. These were notified from the various parishes as under :— Cadoxton Measles. 200 scarlet fever. 21 typhoid fever, 3 erysipelas. 2 total, 226. Barry and Merthyrdoyau Measles, 10 scarlet fever, 35 diph- theria. 2 membraneous croup, 1 total, 48. Two of the typhoid fever cases were traced to drinking polluted water from a well in Barry-road, which was accordingly closed. He believes that great benefit has resulted from the adoption of the Act. copies of which together with sections of the Public Health Act. 1875. relating particularly to the spread of infectious diseases were distributed to every house in the district by the inspector of nuisances, and for removing his child which was suffering from small pox from one house ta another, an offender was fined 20s. and cost. DRAINAGE AND SCAVENGING. The drainage of the district is in a more satis- factory condition than at the commencement of the year, but until the main sewer at the Cadoxton end is complete little more can be done. He suggests that the following should be carried out at the earliest time possible, and lie places them in the following order of urgency -First—The laying of the drain along the brook which runs from the back of Daniel Street to the Cadoxton Brickyard. Second—The drainage of the area around the Brooks Farm. the part situated between Newland Street and Graving Duck Street, where the cess- pool. overflow into the brook crossing the road. and creating a dangerous nuisance about Gueret and other streets near there, and also that part of the district which may be described as the Mie Area. Thirdly—The carrying to Cold Knap of the Barry outfall, by which the stench arising from the harbour will be obviated, and possibly by the same means the escape of sewer gas in the streets of Barry (particularly in Windsor Road) will be prevented. The scavenging has caused the great- est, amount of trouble during the year. and frequent complaints were made by the inhabitants, Mid that the complaints, were justified is undeni- able. The condition of some of the back lanes could not well be worse, and until the private im- provements are completed they must remain practically impassable except in dry weather. In carrying out the private improvements Dr. Neale trusts that the Board will see that the back lanes are first put in order. In his judgment, the only means for ensuring the efficient scavenging of the district is for the Board to take it into their own hands. NUISANCES INSPECTION". ETC. The Inspector's books show that the following work has been carried out since the 25th February, 1890. the date on which he was appointed.—houses inspected. 445 nuisanccs discovered and notices ■-erved to abate same, 345 nuisances abated with- out legal proceedings. 320 nuisances abated with legal proceedings 25 re-visits to premises to see to abatement of nuisances. 2,225 defective drains trapped and repaired. 73 drains unstopped and cleaned. 78 foul and offensive closets cleaned. 7 new soil pans supplied to closets, 64 injurious and t'oul accumulations, 81: cesspools cleansed. 7; dilapi- dated houses repaired, 1 articles destroyed as un- fit for human food (May 20)--mutton 41 lbs., beef 30 Ibs. animals kept so as to be a nuisance. 28 suspected samples of water obtained for analysis, 2. It will be seen that the total number of visits .nade by Inspector Lightfoot in ieferercc to nuisances amounts to 2.670. In addition to the ibove. houses infected with Scarlet Fever, Typhoid, Diphtheria. Erysipelas, and Measles were visited, md all sanitary defects carefully attended to in I each instance, whilst in seven cases it was necessary to disinfect. WATER SUPPLY. The water supply provided by the Board and Cadoxton Gas and Water Company, says Dr. Neale, and except for its extreme hardness, nothing further but what could be desired. The following is the trepor of the analysis of a sample of the water j which was made on the 30th of October, 1889 :— The Laboratory. West Wharf, C.iniiiT, •' October 30tli, 1889. •'Xo. 2 SA'IRI.I:. Xt:\v WKU,. I li'-roby certify tjiat I have analysed a sample of water I li'-roby certify that I analysed a sample of water from new well, received from J. A. ll. Williams, Esq., C.K., un the 25th in-taut, 81til that I fbi,l the following results in parts per 100,000 Total solid matter '4*25 Albuminoid Ammonia 0*001 Fret; do 0*001 Nitrogen as Nitrates 0'166 Pri-vioiis sewaqre contamination Nil. Cldoriin' 2-35 Owgen absorbed in 3 hours 0*014 Temporary hardness. 7*28 Permanent do 15*75 Total do 23*03 •' The sulphates calculated as .-sulphate of lime were equiva- lent, to 3*50 parts. No lead or iron present. The sample was bright aI/ll clear, and practically colourless. As regards the constituents in solution this sample agrees closely with that from New Well of the Zisfch nit., but it is IJPautifnlly bright in appearance, in this respect is superior: hut the turbid state of the previous sample was neglected, in judging its ilietie value, as it was pointed out that the water would probably clear itself; in tfniie tllPreforp, practically the sallie remarks apply ill tllÍs ease as ill the tll1e <|uotcd. A, regards freidotu from organic contamination, the con- dition of the water is excellent, and it possesses a somewhat smaller degree of Ittittil but stilt unfortunately, rather excessive for a pnlllie supply. (.Signet!) "THOMAS HEOIIKS, /W. /»*F. MISCELLANEOUS. All remaining wells in use are about to he | analyzed, and we hope with the result that all will be condemned. They are so situated that even if some of them prove on examination to have escaped pollution, their surroundings arc so had that they are tiablp to lie rendered injurious to health at any time. Every home without a proper supply of water should be compelled to get the service as early as possible. The Inspector of Nuisances is now engaged in making a report of all the houses in the district without a proper water supply, and Dr. Xeale trusts that the Board will take, the necessary steps to compel the owners of property to obtain good supply at the earliest time possible. During the year 101 lbs. of meat. seized as being unfit, for human food, was condemned and de- stroyed. A summons was issued against the offender, but he absconded and the summons, therefore, was not served. The Lodging Houses of the district arc in a satisfactory state, and are much better kept than usual with such places, and steps are being taken for their registration. He again draws attention to the necessity (as pointed out by the Coroner) for taking steps to provide a Public Mortuary in a central position. It is difficult in such cases as Found drowned to find a fit place to which the body can be removed. j Mr. Robinson, C.E.. has again been kiud enough to supply the rainfall in the district for the year 1890. which is as follows — January, 2*96 February, -41 March, 1-48; April, 2*15; May. 1*79; June, 2-69 July, 3*45 August, 3-19 September. 1*12 October, 1*97 November, 3*85 December, 1'36. Total rainfall in 1890. 26'42 inches. Do. 1889, 26-48 inches. PORT SANITARY MATTERS. The numher of vessels which arrived and sailed to and from the Docks during the year 1890, amounted to 3,474, representing a net tonnage of 3,448.982. The crews on board such a great number of ships must have amounted in the aggregate to a large number, and consequently it is gratifying to know that not a single case of infectious disease was reported. Some of the crew on board the •v. (ilrujtfhlt j- were reported suffering from a contageous disease, but it turned out to be nothing more than intermittent fever, which however had caused the death of several of the crew on the homeward voyage from the West Coast of Africa. The difficulty of obtaining information as to the existence of any infectious disorder on board vessels Itefore entering the Dock has been got over by the aid of the Barry Pilotage Board, who have been good enough to issue printed orders to all pilots to notify at once and before the vessel ¡ enters the Dock, any case of infectious disease, or any sickness of a suspicious character. One vessel, the -v. Homer, was reported as having food unfit for human consumption on board, but no provisions that could b(,, condemned as such was found on board upon inspection. During the year a number of vessels were visited by Dr. Neale and Inspector Lightfoot, the result of which are given.
THE LATE MR. I). DA VIES,…
THE LATE MR. I). DA VIES, LLANDINAM. PROPOSED MEMORIAL BY THE OCEAN COLLIERS. A movement is on foot among the workmen employed in the collieries of the Ocean Company in the Rhondda. OgmOre, and Ynysybwl Valleys to found a miner's scholarship at the Cardiff Univer- sity College, in memory of the late Mr. D. Da vies, Llandinam. the chairman of the Ocean Company. The matter has been readiiy taken up by the men, and promises of subscriptions have been freely given. Mr. Davics was the Chairman of the Barry Dock and Railway Company.
REVIEWS OF PUBLICATIONS.
REVIEWS OF PUBLICATIONS. THE IDEAL OF MAN. By Arthur Lovell. (Chapman and Hall, 3s. Gd.) This is a book to be read. To those who know the author's history it is interesting not only for the matter it treats of, but as a history of the doubts and uncertainties through which the writer has passed in the course of a :-hort, but eventful life. Arthur Lovell" is the assumed name of Mr. D. Coetliyr Williams, a young Welshman, hailing from Llansawel, Car- marthenshire. When first we came in contact with him, he was a pupil at Llandovery School, full of enthusiasm, and longing for a missionary life among the pagan people of Africa. He then took to literary work, and when but 17 years of age carried off the second prize for a tale at the Cardiff Eisteddfod. Afterwards he entered Glasgow University, but did not remain long enough to graduate. The next time we met him he was act- ing in "Pygmalia and Galatea." and now he makes his appearance as the author of the "Ideal of Man." The book treats with a very difficult question, the relation of man to God. Possibly nothing very new is said but the treatment of an old subject is fresh and attractive. But what is most interest- ing to us is the unconscious history of the author's own life and religious doubts. Brought up with the strictest Puritan notions, taught to believe that every word of the Bible was divinely inspired, and literally tame, educated in the belief that every doubt and every criticism was sinful and begotten of the devil, it is little wonder that a vigorous mind burst through the barriers that were set to its progress by old theological dogma, and for a time disbelieved all that it had been taught to believe. In this book we find that the author has still bitter recollections of his Puritan training how on Sunday you must put on your best clothes, go to church and the Sunday school, pull a long faee, and stare at a man who talked about something far away, but which had no bearing whatsoever upon your everyday life. Little boys and girls could romp about every day of the week but Sunday on the Sabbath Day it was very wicked to whistle or make a noise." The writer is equally unsparing in his condemnation of Herbert Spencer's saying that there is a rigid line of demarcation between religion and science. True religion" is the whole which includes science in itself." When religion is understood as em- bracing the whole life. and the whole knowledge and capacities of man. we perceive the futility and the evil of confining it to an unknown region. Can we not say in the laboratory and the theatre the kingdom of heaven is within me, God must be worshipped in spirit and in truth. This is the great Idea which Jesus first taught the world, and this Idea is absolute and infinite. But the form in which this Idea is embodied—the structure of the Church—is relative and finite. It changes and ought to be changed with the changing circum- I stances in the history of man. The" Ideal of Man is important, not so much on account of any originality of conception or treatment, but because it is the first work of its kind written by a Welsh- man. who has had a typical Welsh training. It is one of the healthiest signs in the book that the writer, though he dismisses much of the old belief, still clings with affection and veneration to the pe&onality of Jesus. This has always been the characteristic of Welsh piety. The theological subtleties of Paul and his followers have exercised less influence over Welsh religious thought and life than the simple teaching of Jesus. The preachers who have transformed Wales have not been deep thinkers or learned theologians they have been content to preach the pure gospel of Christ. It his Christ's life, his suffering, his love for his fellowman, his self-sacrifice, that has been the religion of Wales. Hymnists not of the unity of the Godhead seldom of the Godhead of Christ. They know nothing of the doxology of the Catholic Church. They sing of Christ's love for sinners. Mi glywais gynt fod Iesu, A'i fod Ef felly nawr, Yn earn publicanod, A phechaduriaid mawr." And of Christ's sufficiency to meet life and death. "Am Grist a'i wradwnidiadau A i groesau o bob rhyw, Mae'n ddigon i mi farw. Mae'n ddigon i mi fyw. I The instinct of the old revivalists was right. The educated and emancipated Wales of to-day is returning to tli • samo simple gospel that was preached by Rowlands Llangeitho and, John Elias. We notice one slight mistake in the book. When dealing with Polytheism, the writer men- tions Zeus. Poseidon. Athene, and other gods by their Greek names surely he ought not to mention Aphrodite in the same paragraph by her Latin name. We wish to commend the book to our readers cordially. If they disagree—as is probable—with much that the writer say. of the inspiration of the Bible, they can have no doubt of the sincerity of his convictions and the nobleness of his conception of the Idea of Christ. MITCHELL'S NEWSPAPER DIRECTORY for 1891 (21/-). The sixth annual issue of this well-known press directory lies before us. It is an excellent advertiser's guide, and contains full particulars of every newspaper, magazine, review, and periodical published in the United Kingdom and the British ) Isles, and a newspaper map of the United King- dom. Mr. W. F. Fiiilason. barrister, contributes some valuable notes as to the lav: relating to the press, which as a new paper we will bear in mind. Prominent among the the advertisements, of course, appears one from the office of the SOUTH WALES ST AH. BUILDING NEWS (4d.). The issue of this popular builders' weekly for March 13th. contains as usual a number of illustrative supplements, including an excellent one of Orvieto Cathedral. The well- selected reading matter include." articles on Ver- tical Building. Chelsea Polytechnic Institute. Com- petition, and House and Land Property in London, besides many other attractive articles.—(E. J. Kibblewhite. 332. Strand. London). -An excellent cheap edition of complete library novels, by popular authors, is being issued by the Library Novel Publishing Company, of Fleet-street. London. This series of novels, though highly interesting, arc healthy in tone. The novels are marvellous cheap, considering that the price is only one penny, and the production of these admirable tales is sure to meet with great success. The COSMOPOLITAN for March is an excellent number. It opens with a light, readable, sym- I pathetic account of the beauties of the French stage. The illustrations in this article are among the best we have ever seen. We never remember seeing their equal in an English magazine. The whole number is much above the average, but the best of a good lot are Reed's In Darkest America," giving an account of the American Indians Teall's Municipal Reform"; Shulfe's A Protected Queen," which contains a very in- structive and well-written article on the present position of Madagascar and its Queen Danzigers '• Labour Unions and Strikes in Ancient Rome," and Frederick Villiers' Story of a War Correspondent's Life. Excellent, short stories are contributed by Allen Watson and Henry Barroll: and Macmahon Challinor writes a spirited account of How I shot my first elephant." Brander Matthews criticises "Reecnt Volumes of Verses," and pays a discreet eulogy to R. L. Stevenson's and Rudvard Kipling's ballads. Though these are good. the writer thinks their prose is better. CYVAILL YM AELWYD. This little Welsh monthly maintains its high standard of excellence. There is a good article by the Hon. T. L. James. ex-Postmaster General of the United" States, on American Welshmen." Mr. Gladstone's articles on The Bible and Science" are continued. Cadrawd's Notes and Queries" are .as good as ever, and in his Review of Welsh Publications the editor deservedly reproaches Welsh literateurs in general, and Gurnos in particular, for devoting much of their time to Chinese puzzles in the shape of "aw(ilitt." instead of writing prose. There are some excellent St. David's Day Ballads" given, most of them by Mynyddog. (D, Williams and Son. Llanelly.)
ANWYL GYDWIJADWYB, —Nid ydym yn meddwl wrth gychwyn papyr fel "Scren y Be y bydd i ni greu un chwyklroad gwleidyddol na meddyliol yn ein gwlad, end yr ydym yn hydcru y bydd i ni lanw eisieu "ydd wedi ei hir deimlo yn Xchru- barth a Chanolbarth sir Forganwg. Y mac yn warth ac yn gywilydd i ni fel Cymry ac fel Rhydd- frydwyr nad oes un nevvyddiadur lleol yn cael ei gyhocddi yn mharthau mwvaf Rhyddfrvdol Cymru i bleidio egwyddorion a mesurau Rhydd- frvdol. ITyderwn y bydd i Seren y De" lanw yr angen hwn. Bwriedir yn y golofn hon i gyhocddi barddoniaeth Gymreig, ac i drin a thrafod mater- ion l'ydd yn perthyn i Gymru fel gwlad ag angenrlieidiau priotlol iddi ei hun. Y mac yn wir fod Cymru wedi derbyn llawer mantais a 11awer braint drwy ei chysyllt-iad a choron Llocgr, ond y mae rhai cyfreitliiau a rhai defodau Saesncg yn anghydweddol a neillduolion ccnedl y Cymry. Un o'r rhai liyn yw y cysylltiad rhwng Eglwys Loegr a'r Wladwriaetli. Nid j'dym yn credu mown Eglwys Sefydlcdig ar un amser. ond y mae y sef- ydliad, yr y'm yn teimlo, yn fwy annhcg yng Nghymru nag yw yng Lloegr. Y mae yn wir y dywed haneswyr nad oes un bwlch yn hanes yr Eglwys yng Nghymru oddiar yr oesati pell pan y danfonodd yr Eglwys Gymreig gen- hadon i bregethu y newyddion da o lawenvdd mawr yng Ngwerddon.a phanoedd ySaeson eto yn gorwedd yn nhywyllwch du paganiaeth. Ond nid yw hyn yn un dangoseg fod yr Eglwys wedi aros yr un oddiar yr amser hwnw, nac yn un rheswm y dylai fod heddyw yn Eglwys Sefydledig. Yr un, yn ol deddf Lloegr, yw awdurdod y brenhin heddyw a phan gododcl y bobl mewn gwrth- rylel yn crbyn y Brenhin loan i hawlio eu hiawn- derau, ond gwyr pawb nad yr un yw cylch ei awdurdod, gan mai both a ddywed deddf a chyf- raith. Felly y ma0 gyda'r Eglwys. Ond pe tai i'r Eglwys ddangos i berffeithnvydd mai yr un yw heddyw o ran ei harferion, ei gwasanaeth, a'i chrctlo ag oedd yn y chwechfed ganrif. ni fyddai hyn un rheswm pam nad yw yn Eglwys estronol yng Nghymru heddyw. Sid cwestiwn i'w bender- fynu gan haneswyr yw'r cwestiwn o Ddadgysyllt- iad a Dadwaddoliad, ond cwestiwn yw o egwyddor a defnyddioldeb Y mae yn ffaith an- wadadwy nad yw yr Eglwys y dyddiau rhai'n yn meddu cymaint dylanwad nac yn cynwys eynifer pleidwyr ag Angliydffurfiaeth yng Nghymru. ac nid yw yn meddu ar yr un cydymdeimlad agos a y 11 Chymru Fydd. Xid yw ei gwasanaeth na'i dys- gyblaeth na'i harferion yn appelio at y galon Gym- reig fel y gwna adcloliad syml. dirodres yr enwadan. Bu amser pan y gallai yr Eglwys ymgodi i fod yn Eglwys Genedlaethol. Gwaith caled oedd i Rowlands Langeitho a'r hen ddiwyg- f wyr i ysgaru eu human eddiwrth yr Hen Fam," ac yr oedd yr hen bobl dda yn aros hyd ddiwedd eu hoes mewn rhyw felus freuddwyd y buasai y Cymry fel y gwcnyn yn dychwel ryw ddydd yn ol i'r hen gwch. Ond breuddwyd oedd. Mae'r gwenyn wedi ffoi o'r hen gweh ac wedi llythu mewn cychau ereill, ac ni ddaw tinge padellau tin gweniaith na budr-elw a hwv eto'n ol. Y mae yr Eglwys wedi deffroi yn rhy ddi- weddar. Y mae yr adtywiad cenedlaethol a ddi- ystyrodd ar y dechreu wedi rhedeg yn rhy bell i'r Eglwys niwy ei arwain. Y mae Cymru wedi gwcithio allan ei hiachawdwriaeth ei hun y mae yr A nghydffurfwyr, a dybid unwaith yn ddinod, wedi tvnu ar cn hoi yr holl wlad yn wir, "Y fychan aeth yn fil, a'r wael yn genedl gref." Y mac yr ysbryd cenedlaethol hwn yu dechreu dwyn ffrwythau eraill. Hwn sydd wedi enill y tri Prif-golcg i Cymru i hwn yr ydym yn ddy- ledus am Pdeddf Addysg Uwchradtlol: ac i hwn y mac'r diolch am gadw yn fyw yr hen iaith. Nid gsviw mwyach i (treio lladd ein iaith drwy ei di- ystyru a'i gwatwar, a'i thrin fel ysgymunbeth. Uu amser pan yr oedd y Cymry nnvyaf gwladgarol u'r farn fod bodolaeth yr hen iaith yn felldith \Ïr wlad ae yn rwvstr i lwyddiant pob Cyraro ond yr oedd greddf y genedl yn drech it,, doethineb y dysgedig, a glynasant drwy bob anhawsder wrth iaith eu tadau ac erbyn heddyw mae dynion meddylgar yn can fed mai bendith, ac nid mcll- dith. yw. ac ei bod, os defnyddir hi yn iawn, yn foddion rhagorol i ddiwyllio a thrwytho meddwl ac i eangu gwybodacth pob Cymro. Ond mewn un cyfeiriad y mae cariad y Cymro at ei waith wedi bod yn anfantais iddo. Mae v Sais, a'r Ysgotyn. a'r Gwyddel yn barod i ymfudo i un rlian o fyd os y meddylia y caiff fwy o hawddfyd mown gwlad arall. Nid felly y Cymro. Nid oes nemawr i Gymro yn foddlon ymfudo. ond o dan orfod. Ac nid yw hyn mor ryfedd chwaith. Ni chyll y Sais neu y Gwyddel ond ei wlad wrth ym- fudo ond cyll y Cymro ei wlad, a'i iaith, a'i jgrefydd hehlaw, Xid rhwydd gan Gymro addoli ond yn iaith ei fam. Mewn gwlad estron y mae yn gorfcd erogi ei delyn ar yr helyg, am na all ganu caneuon Seion mewn gwlad ddieithr. An- hawdd iawn yw ei feio am ei wladgarwch. ond y mac'r vmlyniad yma at Gymru wedi gwncyd drwg dirfawr iddo. Y mac'r boblogaeth yn cynyddu. tra'r erys maint y til* yr un. Achosa hyn gys- tadleuaeth lem rhwng araaethwyr Cymru am bob tyddyn a fferm fydd yn segur. Gwyddom am ddegau o amaethwyr sydd yn tain yn agos holl gynyrch y tir i'r perchenog er mwyn, mewn rhyw Hut. gael aros yng ngwlad eu genelligaeth, Feillai na ddylid beio tir-feddianwyr am hyn. Y mae llawer o natur ddynol yn mhob dyn wedi'r cyfan. ac y mae dynion. fel rhfcol, J; <?aru cu hunain yn well na'u cymydogion. Ond nid eta yw ymddiried y fath awdurdei yn nwylaw neb meidrol ac am hyny dymrnem weled cvfraith yn cael ei gwncyd i sierhau nob deiliad yn ei fferm ar delerau teg, fel na fyddai bosibl i un dvn drwy angen gael ei orfodi i roddi rhagor na'i deg wcrth am y tir. Canys nid yw tir fel un nwydd arall. Ar ei gynyrch v mae pawb yn byw ond ni ellir yehwanegu at ei lesur. Mac ein goiod yn rhy fyr i roddi ein barn ar gwestiynau ereill sydd o flaen y wlad ond hwyrach y ciwn hamdden eto ryw- bryd i ddychwelyd atynt. Wrth derfynu ein 1*1 ith cyntaf, y mae yn rhaid i ni erfyn ar i'r darllenydd fod yn dyner wrthym. Nid gwaith bychan yw y gwaith o gychwyn newyddiadur. ac y mac yn fwv anhawdd nag y gcllid meddwl i gael amser i ysgrifenu- erthygl i'r rhifyn cyntaf. Ond os y maddeu y darllenydd unrhyw ammherft'eithder a genfydd ei lygad craff yn hyn o ysgrif, hyderwn y ,r bydd i ni gynyddu mewn teilyngdod ar ein taith, ac yna awn yn mlaen o nerth i nerth.
YR EFENGYLKS YN Y BAKltV.i
YR EFENGYLKS YN Y BAKltV. Clywsom fod Miss Da vies i fod yn y Barry yn pregcthu ar foreu Sul diweddaf. a danfonwyd un 0 wyr y SEREN a'i clywodd yn tracthu y genadwri ryw saith mlynedd yn ol iw chlywed eto. Cof genym am un hen weinidog parchus a ofynwyd paham roedd Miss Davies a Miss Phillips yn tJ'nu'r fath gynulleidfaon ar eu hoi. yn ateb. 0, mae Ily hyna:n hawdd ei wybod. Os bydd dynion yn clywed v delyn yn barium*, maent yn 'Lt1'u arni. ac yn falch clywed >r//i*f!r din." Ond mae'r iclnxth- (fin wedi ei chwareu am flynvddoedd bellach. ac nid oes neb eto yn son am, hn n arn;. Hyny. heth bynag. yw tystiolaetn gwr y SEKEX. Hyn a ddywed :— Dydd Sul diweddaf ca 'oi-n y pleser 0 wrando ar Nt Miss Davies. yr Efengyle*. yn nghapel y Method- istiaid. Barry. Yr oedd yr adcilad hardd yn llawn yn y bcreu, a chafwyd pregeth deimladwy a hwyius. Y mae yn agios i wyth mlynedd wedi pasio oddiar y clywsoin Miss Da via* o'r blaen er hyny. yr oedd ei dylanwad vr un mor ncrthol. ei dull yr un mor ddeni; idol, a'i llais yr un mor beraidd a'r amser y cyehwynodd ar ei gyrfa bregethwrol yng nghwirmi Miss Phillips. Ar ol y bregeth canodd "ü fewn ychydigyn hyncd swynol. ae yr ydym yn sicr fod yr arferiad yma o ganu unawd ar ol y bJregeth yn atdyniadol dros ben a phe caed mwy o- hono yn ein cynulleidfa- oedd, nid oes amheuaethi yn ein meddwl na chariai ddylanwad mawr ar v bobl. Prcgetliodd Miss Davies hefyd yn yr un He yn yr hwyr a nos Lun i gynulleidfaoedd mawri on. Casglwyd ym mhob ocdfa tung at gronfa yr eglwys. Chwareuwyd ar yr offeryn cerdd gan Mri Sam Griffiths, ac yr oedd y canu yn yr holl oedfaon yn beraidd dros ben, ac yn adlevvyrchu clod ar yr nrwdnytld,
BARDDONIAETH. ANERCIIIADAU I SEREN Y DE." SEREN Y DE, seirian doeth—i Gwalia, Ei golau fydd gyfocth E geir yn awr y gwir noeth, A synwyr heb us annocth. Y SEREN yn amserol —a, gluda Trwy'r gwlcdvdd cylchynol Ilanes lawn, nid poenus lol Y Toriaid annaturiol. Gwr anwyl a gwir enwog-olygydd, Hiliogacth ddihalog, A doniol iawn, dyna log, 0 barch uniawn berchenog. Dyn o allu. dyn allan—drysorau Drwy SEREN GwlaÚ Morgan -«»»« A by wyd rhwvdd boed i'w rhan. Yr oreu am yr arian. Llandilo. IOUWEKTH. Ilavrddainor wen SEREN siriawl—addas Dy newyddion lleawl Rhan o'th wir. cyfran o'th wavvl, Yw'th lianesion w-ythnosawl. SEREN Y DE 'n seirianu dydd—i'n pau, I'll bryniau a'n bronydd lied ei gwawl led y gwledydd. Yn wawr i foes Cymru Fydd." Hyf rodia fro Rhy(l(lfry(I.iaeth a*i llewyrch Llywia vmreolaeth 1 ryddid dyn. cbrwydd daeth—goleu gwyn. I dda tod cyndyn wdyn Ceidwadaeth. Nantysaer. D. THOMAS.
MR. S. T. EVANS, M.P.
MR. S. T. EVANS, M.P. The Dublin itit(I Err/tin// Mail says of him :—" Mr. Samuel Evans, the young M.P. for Mid-Glamorgan, has already gained the reputation of being one of the smartest debaters on the Oppo- sition side of the House. Nominally, the Welsh party, as they arc sometimes called, are led by Mr. Ellis. But as the member for Merionethshire is away upon a health-winning expedition in South Africa. Mr. Evans is having it all his own way. He may be said to have led the opposition to the Tithes Bill, and he seconded Dr. Clark's motion the other day in favour of Home Rule all round.' It is thought possible that it Mr. Evans plays his cards properly, he may one day become the acknow- ledged leader of the Welsh Gladstonian members."
A MINISTERS' UNION.
A MINISTERS' UNION. At a meeting in connection with the recent strike. Mr. lien Til lett is reported to have suggested in a jocular way to a clerical gentleman present that the parsons should themselves, combine into a Union for the protection of Lheir interests. The idea of ministers of the gospel tramping the streets in procession to air their grievances, and discuss a universal strike has something funny about it. But the ioke has a serious kernel to it. If workers in trade may combine for vast concerted action. and employers of labour form huge confederations of capital, why should not those whose capital in a special branch of learning and whose labour is a special and indispensable accompaniment of civiliza- tion seek whatever increase of power is to be obtained from Union.' In a degree, of course, unionism for parsons already exists under the idea of denominationalism. There is a more or less developed union of ministers in every denomination. But the alienation of one sect from another is as fatal k barrier to the effective work of the church as a whole as mutual suspicion between various labour unions is fatal to the interests of labour as a whole. Is it not time the churches began to make an actuality of that ancient ideal, the church catholic.' For it is the churches rather than the individual ministers to whom a policy of unionism is of vital importance. Why should the churches not take every chance of displaying and developing what is at least a moral unity of aim amongst them already.' Representatives of the denominations from Jews to Salvationists might profitably spend a few hours, say, in the Park Hall once a month in conference over some of the graver responsibilities of »*ociety. The public conscience is just as open to influence on the matters of gambling, drink, and immorality as it is on the question of fair dealing in trade disputes, The effect of Ð. combined demonstration of the religious public of their union and determination in the simple programme of practical morals would be excellent, both on themselves and on the unecclesiastical world,—Com,
THE HOLTON GROCER AND HIS…
THE HOLTON GROCER AND HIS MONEY. In charging the grand jury at Bristol Afsko on Monday, Mr. Justice Stephen referred to the case in which three men were indicted for robbing Arthur George Davies of C140. He said the pri- soners were HCJJrr Pearce. TIcnry Park. and George Hodgson, and the evidence was that Davis, the man who was robbed, came to Bristol from Cardiff, and certainly employed his time in a most idiotic manner. He seemed to have gone to several houses of entertainment, such as they wore, and to have passed the greater part of the night in that pur- suit. In the course of time he got exceedingly drunk, and amongst other things went into a bank at Bristol and got t: 140 in t 5 notes. After prose- cutor had passed a long time with these people under these •' disreputable circumstances," one of them not very unnaturally thought it would be a good opportunity to rob him. and Davies seemed to have been knocked down. and to have had the roll of notes taken out of his pocket. If the jury thought that the case was one for trial before a petty jury, it would be their duty to find a true bill. After referring to another case in the calendar, his lordship dismissed the grand jury to their duties. The grand jury found a true bill against the prisoners. 0
FORTNIGHTLY MEETING AT BARRY.
FORTNIGHTLY MEETING AT BARRY. THE CLERK'S SALARY RAISED. A t the Barry Board Schools on Tuesday after- noon the customary fortnightly meeting of the Cadoxton and Merthvrdovaii United District School Board way held. There were present :—Captain Davies (who was voted to the chair), Mr. E. F. Blaekmore. Rev. J. Price, and Mr. W. H. Lewis (clerk). The minutes of.the previous meetmf were read by the clerk, confirmed by the memljcrs and signed by the chairman. BILLS. The following bills were .passed William Jones. Duke-street. Cardiff, bibles for Barrv School, £ 3 3s. 6d. Cadoxton School. X7 10s. 6d. T. Martin. Cadoxton. drapery materials for Cadoxtou Schools, X8 5s. id.; W. Townsend, stationery Cadoxton Schools, £ 12 9s. lid. HOLTON SCHOOL APPOINTMENT. A sub-committee recommended that Miss Jones should be appointed to the post of assistant mis- tress at Holton Temporary Schools.—It was stated that Miss Jones had applied for the position, as she preferred teaching in an infant department.—The recommendation was adopted, and it was decided to advertise to fill the vacancy caused at the Barry Schools mixed department. THE LOAN FOR THE HOLTON SCHOOLS. The next business being to consider matters in reference to the loan from the Public Works Loan Commissioners for the construction of the new schools at Holton-road, the clerk stated that the board had practically decided to have an advance of C 4.000 first of all. The contractor (Mr. Symonds) had already commenced his work. and there would soon be heavy certificates to meet. In addition there would be the sum of ,0,000 to pay for the land. but as the making of the roads, &c,. with the sum he had mentioned, would probaM" not be too much. it was decided to apply for the sum of £ 4,000 in the first instance. REVISION" OF BYE-LAWS. The next business being to revise the bye-laws, it, was decided, owing to the small attendance, to adjourn the consideration of the matter. THE CLERK'S SALARY. There being an application before the board from the clerk for an increase of salary, a question arose as to whether it would not be advisable to consider it at a fuller board. Captain Davies, however, said that lie was in possession of the views of Dr. O'Donnell and General Lee in the matter, and it was decided to consider it.—The chairman s4id.it was the general opinion of the board that the clerk's salary should be raised from £ 25 to t:50 per annum.—Mr. E. F. Blackmore agreed. There was no doubt that the work had doubled since the board had been. in existence.— The chairman moved that the salary should be raised to £ 50.—Rev. J. Price seconded, and it was carried.— The Clerk briefly returned thanks, and trusted to merit the action of the board.—The Chairman said that perhaps the work would so increase as to warrant a further increase. The increased salary will date from December last. BARRY SCHOOLS. A letter was read from Mr. Higman. master of the Barry Schools, to the effect that repairs were required to the water pipes at the schools. The supply of water, too, was very often deficient. This and one or two other matters were referred to the architect. TRUANT SCHOOL. A letter was read from Mr. Rees. fieri: to the Cardiff School Board, in reference to a communica- tion addressed to that board several months ago n- a truant school. It was to the effect that the Car- diff Board had discussed the matter, but that the subject had been postponed until the Industrial Schools Bill came before Parliament.—Captain Davics We can't do any more. THE PROPOSED EXTENSION OF THE BOARDS DISTRICT. The Clerk, who had written to the Education Department with the view to Barry parish being included in the district under the jurisdiction of the board, read the reply. The department asked for plans of the boundaries of the various parishes in the district: on receiving such they said they would be in a position to judge what districts should be added. The clerk stated that he had asked the architect. Mr. Thomas, to prepare the plans referred to. He had also seen Mr. C. T. Whitmell, her Majesty's inspector of schools, who had some correspondence with the department, and who would probably support the application of the board. ATTENDANCE REPORT. Mr. David Griffiths, attendance officer, presented his customary reports of the school attendance, which were COP- idered in detail. There was uo other business of general interest.