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AMERICA AND ITS FARMING.

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AMERICA AND ITS FARMING. Mr. 0. 8. Read delivered an address at a meeting of the Farmers' Club, held at the Inns of Court Hotel, upon the subject of America and its Farming." He said, as regarded American agricultural development it was of very recent date, and was continuing day by day; therefore it was better for English farmer to consider the grave competition to which they were exposed. It wa< only by taking stock of that com- petition that they were likely to arrive at any satis- factory means of competing successfully with it. As his text he took the report of the two Assistant Commissioners, himself and Mr. Pell, who had been sent out to America by the Government to inquire into and report upon statistics and facts connected with agriculture on the other side of the Atlantic. To facts and statistics alone their instructions extended, and therefore the report was limited to an extent which would no doubt disappoint many. The chief subjects for considera- tion were wheat and b-ef, and in regard to this he did not think that the States where cotton and tobacco were grown would interfere with them much. As to the wheat-growing prairies of the Far West, he said that the Commissioners bad obtained some valuable information from farmers, agents, bankers, and othera, the result of which had been that they bad been able to place the cost of production at a proper figure; but with regard to freight there would necessarily be an essential difference, as the cost of transport varied with the season. There was no Sart of America, he asserted, in which they could pro- uce wheat at less than 3s. per bushel, whilst the cost of transit could not be less than 2s. He did not think that they would ever be able to deliver wheat in this country at lees than 5a. a bushel. Comparing the cost of growing wheat in England with that of America, he eaid tbat, in the first place, the Americans grew wheat every year, whereas in this country it was only grown once in four years; whilst labour was very much cheaper, and there was no necessity for manuring, without which the English farmer could do nothing; but the time would come, sooner or later, when exhaustion would raise the price of production. If Ingfish farmers could get over the next twenty-five years, they need not so much mind America, but between this and then they would find the American. most formidable competitors. They felt keenly the effects of the competition; but was not a great deal of it owing to their own poor wheat crops ? Mr. John Clay, jun., their fellow Commissioner, had been appointed to go to California, and from him some interesting letters had been received; his idea of farming in California did not appear to be a very exalted one. Farming there was wasteful and extravagant, and the yield was rapidly decreasing in the older lands, and that with wheat at 46s. at Liver- pool, the Oalifornian farmer could not live. There were three causes which militated against farming in California—the vast landed estates, the railway monopoly, and the mining ring. There wa3 no other market than Great Britain open to the Californian farmer, and his produce must be sent here, though the price reali-ed might be below the oost of production. He did not think that the sending of maize to this country would do the farmers any harm. He feared the com- petition in wheat less than the competition in cattle. Considering how cattle were increasing on the American Continent, they might expect, in no very distant future, to find an enormous importation of both live and dead animals. Their cattle already amounted to 331 millions, and the stock was increasing at the rate of about a million a year. He did not think they had much to fear from the cattle coming from the east or from Canada, owing to the oest of maintenance, but it was from the Far West and the slopes of the Rocky Mountains that he expected cattle to come in the greatest numbers. He was disposed to think that they would be able to land fine beef at Liver- pool at sixpence per pound. There would be a great development in the dead meat trade when cool stores were provided in the markets, and live cattle could be imported with a fair margin of profit when America could present a clean bill of health. American sheep were net likely to compete with Bnglish for many yean to come. England could defy competition with all countries in the world except the United States. He would not mind so much if America was in other hands. When they considered what the American was they would agree that he was the right man to develop the country. The Yankee farmer was not fond of hard work, nor did he love husbandry so much as the almighty dollar;" but he loved the exoitement in the race for wealth, and was ready to adopt every improvement. Moreover, he had the advantage of a higher middle-class education and a good Department of Agriculture. He believed that at no very distant date America would become one of the greatest nations in the world. After advising intending emigrants to select the middle States, he said that if a man worked as hard here, dressed as meagrely, lived as frugally, and was content to drink filthy tea three times a day, and to hunt and sport lesfr, the majority of farmers might live and die in the Old Country.

METROPOLITAN LONG SUFFERING.

SIXTEEN TIMES CONVICTED.

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ESCAPE OF A POLITICAL PRISONER…

THE LATE M. JOLY.

A TENANT-FARMER'S ELECTION…

MR. SHAW LEFEVRE ON THE LAND…

ANARCHY IN TURKEY.

MURDEROUS ATTACK ON A WIFE.

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lTKE DUKE OF RUTLAND AND THE…

THE MUTUAL SOCIETY.

THE CITY OF LONDON POLICE.

THE PRICE OF BREAD IN PARIS.

SOAP AND WATER.

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GALLANT RESCUE IN GIBRALTAR…

THE DISTRESS IN RUSSIA.

TWO CHILDREN BURNT TO DEATH.

THE NEW KNIGHT.

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FOREIGN AND COLONIAL.

WILLS AND BEQUESTS.

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STEEL GUNS

ALARMING SUBSIDENCE OF LAND…

ARRIVAL OF THE TROOPSHIP "…

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THE BISHOP OF ELY AND THE…

THE VATICAN AND IRELAND.

THE RUSSIAN FLEET IN CHINESE…

END OF THE KURDISH REBELLION.

MURDER WILL OUT.

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CHARGE OF THREATENING.