SEA.-WATER SUPPLY. In the ensuing session of Parliament leave will be asked to bring in a bill for the incorporation of a company, with powers to censtruct conduits, reservoirs, a pumping station, and other works, between Lancing, in Sussex, and London. Powers are asked to enable the company to take and supply sea water for public and private purposes, to connect by branch pipes the property they may acquire for selling and distributing the water along or adjacent to the lines of conduits mentioned, to erect stand pipes or other apparatus in the roads or streets along which the conduits are situated, and to construct all necessary conveniences and works for collecting, filtering, storing, and dis- tributing sea water. Further powers are asked to enable the company to purchase the property required, by compulsion or otherwise, to supply sea water by meter, to demand and recover rates, &e., to make special provision for protecting the works, preventing frauds, and imposing penalties, to incorporate certain previsions of general Acts, and to make agreements with sanitary and other authorities. The places re- ferred to in the notice as being affected by the pro- jected works are—Lancing, Combes, Sompting, Bo- tolphs, Bramber, Steyning, Aehurst, West Grinstead, Shipley, Horsham, Warnham, and Rusper, in Sussex; Cape], Dorking, Mickleham, Leatherhead, Maiden, Chessington, Kingston upon -Thames, Norbiton, Putney, Wimbledon, Wandsworth, and St. Mary, Bat- tersea, and the shore and bed of the Thames in Surrey and Fulbam, St. Peter and St. Paul, Hammersmith, Chelsea, St. Mary Abbot, Kensington, and St. Margaret and St. John the Evangelist, Westminster, and St. George, Hanover-square, and the shore and bed of the Thames, in Middlesex.
A SPIRITUALIST CHARGED WITH LIBEL. The plaintiff in this case, which was heard at the Queen's Bench Division before Mr. Justice Watkin Williams and a common jury, is the wife of the Rev. George Lowe, rector of a parish in Devonshire, and sues, without joining her said husband, by virtue of an order giving her leave to do so, of date November 19, 1879. The defendant was Mr. Desmond Fitz- .gerald, editor of thi newspaper called Spiritual Note?. They were both members of the British National Association of Spiritualists. The plaintiff alleges that the defendant falsely and maliciously wrote and caused to be printed and published a libel in the form of a letter addressed by him to her in a newspaper called Spiritual Notes. The letter referred to spoke of her as a scolding lady; that she was not a spiritualist in the true sense of the term; that she had been in a lunatic asylum, and bepn guilty of acts of wickedness; that many persons were glad when she resigned her membership of the society; and that she had brought forward charges of religious intolerance and injustice against her former colleagues. The letter further stated: I said that you have done little for spiritualism.' I say now that you have done much to aid those who are endeavouring to crush it, and I say dispassionately that, so far as I can perceive, your only connection with spiritualism is in the fact that you were at one time at 'r possessed by "vil spirits, who led you into acts of folly and wickedness. I think it very likely that you are still in some degree under the influence of the same class of spirits.' The defendant did not deny that he wrote the letter, but pleaded justification. Mr. W. G. Harrison, Q.O., and Mr. Lord appeared for the plain- tiff Mr. E. Clarke, QC., Mr. F. F. Goold, and Mr. Moloney for the defendant. Mr. Harrison, in stating the ease, said that the plaintiff had been compelled to bring this action for the purpose of vindicating her position and proving to the world that there was no stain upon her which could in any way reflect upon her family. He would say nothing upon the special charges which defendant sought to make against the plaintiff, but one of them said that she was possessed at one time by evil spirits, by which she was led into acts of folly and wicked- new. She had also been confined in a lunatic asylum. There could be little doubt that it was sought to be in- ferred from that that she was incarcerated for acts of wickedness. The defendant knew perfectly well that in 1870-71 the plaintiff had been subject to hysteria, and that her mind having become clouded, she became an occupant of a lunatic asylum, and he charged her with a great number of things done before and during her confinement in the asylum. Was the defendant to be allowed to go back nine years, and rake up all these unfortunate circumstanoes ? He could not believe that this would be allowed. Both parties had been members of the British National Association of Spiritualists, and Mrs. Lowe thought that the conduct of the association in dismissing a certain Dr. Carter Blake from their society because he was a Roman Catholic, was intole- rant and unjuat, and she resigned her seat in the council of which she was a member. This angered the defendant, and he published the letter before the Court. At the conclusion of the case for the plaintiff, seme consultation took place between the counsel for the parses, after which Mr. Clarke announced that an arrangement had been come to. Mr. Fitzgerald tendered an ample apology for the language he had used, and which had been misinterpreted into an attack on Mrs. Lowe's personal character. Mr. Harrison stated hn was authorised to accept the apology, and Mr. Justice Watkin Williams having expressed his gratification at the arrangement, the jury were discharged.
SCENE AT A PRIZE FIGHT. Whilst in a police galley on the Thames, Inspector Roberts, of the Thames division, received certain in- formation which induced him to order his men to row towards Dagenham. On reaching that place the officers saw a large crowd of persons, about a couple of hundred in all, on the marshes, collected round two men, named John Massey, a porter, of 27, Brown- street, Bloomsbury, and Thomas Tully, a fish porter, of 23, Earl-street, Seven Dials. Both the men were stripped to the skin, and facing each other in a fighting attitude, and by their appearance had been fighting for some time, as their faces were very much cut and battered about. A,; soon as the police were caught sight of a about was raised, and numbers of the roughs belonging to the gang called out to the officers not to interfere, threatening them with personal violence if they did. Nothing daunted, however, Inspector Roberts and his few men went right in amongst the crowd and took the two principals into custody. They likewise appre- hended two men, named John Clifton and James Horn, who were acting as seconds. These two resisted moit violently, calling on the mob to rescue them, and likewise assaulting in a serious manner two of the constables. Lying off the shore was the steam tug Little Briton, which had been engaged to convey the party down the river. On board of this vessel Inspector Roberts hurried his prisoners, followed by a howling, yelling plob, a number of whom jumped into boats and pulled out to the tug and attempted to board her but were, however, prevented by the police. The captain of the Little Briton being requested to put on full steam, he did so, and the tug started for London, closely followed by a small fleet of boats containing friends of the prisoners, several attempts being made to board the tug by the way. On arriving off Wap- ping Station, Detective-inspector Read, with Sergeant Regan and a number of men, put off to the tug, and assisted in getting the prisoners into a galley—a pro- cess of some difficulty, as repeated attempts were made at rescue. The fight is said to have been for X50 a side. The ring was regularly roped, and all the usual accessories of a prize fight were on the ground. The prisoners were charged before the Stratford Bench with being engaged in a pugilistic encounter, and re- manded, bail being admitted.
VIOLENT ATTACK ON A CONSTABLE. At the Greenwich Police-court, George Liversuch, 41, and William Verney, 34, labourers, were charged with being on the premises of Hope Cottage, Lewisham, supposed for an unlawful purpose, and the former was further charged with attempting to stab Police-constable Chapman, 239 P, and the latter with assaulting him. On the 20th Nov., about midnight, the constable had his suspicions aroused by the noise of the geese at Hope Cottage, and presently Liversuch came through. the hedge. Chap- man seized him by the neckerchief, but he struggled violently, and called upon the other prisoner for help. Verney came and tripped the officer up, and then the other prisoner cut his neckerchief with a large wood- knife, after which he turned to the constable, and say- ing You shall have it too," made two stabs at him, both, however, missing him. He was making a third blow with the knife, when the constable bit him on the head with a truncheon, and made him drop it. The prisoners then ran off, but Liversuch fell in a pond and was secured. Verney was afterwards secured at a public-house. Evidence was given showing that in 1877 the prisoners were sentenced to eighteen months' hard labour at the Manchester Assizes, for together assaulting a policeman. Mr. Balguy committed them to the Old Bailey for trial.
CLEARING OUT A PLATE CLOSET.—Nether Hall, Pakenham, the seat of Mr. Greene, M.P., was entered by burglars. The plate closet was cleared out, and some gold candlesticks taken from the library. A box of papers was emptied on the lawn, and a number of foreign securities were abstracted. The total loss is estimated at £6000 or £ 7000. No n^ise was heard during the night, and no locks were broken. The thieves are supposed to have been con- cealed in the house. IT WAS STATED AT A jtEBTiNCt of the Farmers' Alliance at Brith the other day that in that parish the Ordinary tithe was 7a. per annum, and the extra- ordinary tithe upon fruit was 10d. per acre in addition. Jfe woader that we have to send to Normandy for fruit,, when Baalish growerrhave te pay 17a. per acre :>B- itd<tition tofcigh rent*. «
A NEEDED AND PROMISED REFORM IN AMERICA. The President-Elect of the United States has an- I nounced his intention of attempting a reform in the working of the American Constitution, which, if suc- cessful, will efface one of the few blots upon the American system of Government. In reply to a depu- tation of Independent Republicans from New York City he declared that he should invite Congress to co- operate with him in abolishing the system under which, upon a new occupant succeeding to the White House at Washington, a general official change took place, from high to low, from Generals in command to Custom House clerks, often, in the public service. In order to effect this end, he hints at a plan for render- ing it impossible, even for the President himself, to remove a public functionary, except on the ground of proved incapacity or miscon- duct, during the term for which he was appointed. Such a reform, should he succeed in accomplishing it, would alone suffice to distinguish General Garfield's term of office. The existing prin- ciple has long been recognised as a reproach to the great New World Commonwealth, and by none more than by New World citizens themselves, one illustra- tion of which is exhibited in the letters of "Orpheus C. Ker" or "Office-Seeker" among the most popular satires of the time. Not that any particular hardbhip was thus inflicted upon the great tribe of place-holders. Their predecessors were ousted, to make room for them, and they themselves were ousted, in their turn, to make room for their successful opponents at the next election. Not that the system has at all times been inexorably applied without any relaxation in practice; but that, to this day, it is within the power of a new President to make a clean sweep upon assuming office of all the depart- ments lying within the jurisdiction of the White House. Such a principle could not be otherwise than demoralising, and this truth is nowhere more unre- servedly acknowledged than by the statesmen of the American Republic itself.
THE FLYING SQUADRON. Letters from St. Vincent, Cape do Verde, under date of Nev. 17, state that the squadron arrived there on that day, all well, and immediately commenced coaling, although with the exception of the Bacchante the expenditure of coal has been very small. The squadron left Madeira on the 10th, and was fortunate enough to pick up the north east trade winds, which continued with them to St. Vincent. The sailing of the vessels had been very good, and experiments have been tried by altering the trim and shifting the weights of each ship to ascertain the best trim for sailing. Every evening the admiral has closed ships for drill, and then placed them forthe night in their proper stations, regulating their speed to that of the slowest ship. The drill has otherwise been inde- pendent, each captain exercising his crew without following the motions of the admiral, and with due re- gard to the safety ef his ship, whilst sailing in company with other vessels. The squadron was under orders to leave St. Vincent on 20th for Monte Video, where it is due on the 26th December, but the ships' crews hope to reach there a day or two before the appointed time, in order that they may spend Christmas in harbour. Letters posted in London up to December 6th will reach the fleet at Monte Video. The first death in the fleet occurred on the 11th. John Quested, quarter- master of the Inconstant, died from the effect of a blow on the head, sustained whilst hoisting in pro- visions at Maderia, and was buried at sea on the 12th, with service honours. The health of the Princes and of the crews generally continues good.
CRUELTY TO A HORSE. At Southwark William Balton, carman, was sum- moned before Mr. Slade by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals for cruelly torturing a horse by working it with dislocated fetlock, and otherwise in an unfit state, on two occasions—viz., the 30th of October and the 15th of November; and Mr. John Harris, contractor, 18, New Church- atreet. Bermondsey, was charged with causing it to be worked, knowing it te be in such a deplor- able state. John Ball, an inspector of the society named, said that on the 30th ult. he was in the Waterloo-road, when he saw Ralton with a horse and heavily-laden van. Perceiving the horse was lame, he stopped it, and found the near fore foot deformed, and the fetlock apparently broken. The horse was taken home, and on Mr. Harris promising not to work it again in that state proceedings were not taken against him. The horse was subsequently worked, though in a state in whiah it could hardly get one leg before the other. Mr. Slade, after looking at the animal, said he never had a worse case before him. The horse was in a deplorable state, and Harris must have known it, especially as he had been warned not to work it a fortnight ago. For the first offence he fined him 40s. and for the second X5 and costs. As for the driver, he was not so much to blame, although be ought not to have worked a horse in that state. He fined him 5s. for the first and 10s. for the second offence and the usual costs.
DISCOVERY OF A SECRET PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT. A St. Petersburg correspondent, under date of the 30th ult., says: The police last week made an im- portant capture at Kharkoff of a secret printing establishment, provided with machines of various kinds, and the usual appliances. Three persons were arrested. Amongst the stock in trade found was a quantity of No. 3 of the Narodnaxa Volia, or Will of the People, ninety-eight copies. From these and other indications it would appear that this has been the chief printing office of the Narodnaia Volia since the discovery of the head- quarters of the Sapernoi Pereulolc in this city.
THIEVES AT RAILWAY STATIONS. Henry Moore, aged 29, living at a common lodging- house in Islington-green, was charged before Mr. Flowers, at Bow-street Police-court, with stealing from Susan Usher a purse containing 13s. ll £ d. The prosecutrix stated that she arrived by train at West- minster-bridge, and was proceeding up the steps lead- ing from the station, when the prisoner pushed against her. She noticed that he had her purse in his right hand, and that as he passed it to his left hand it fell on to the ground. She seized him, and he was given into custody. In reply to the magistrate, witness stated that she was wearing a jacket with the pockets behind. The prisoner said he had seen the purse pro- truding from one of the pockets, and had yielded to sudden temptation, and begged tho magistrate to deal with the case at once. Mr. Flowers strongly condemned the prevalent fashion of wearing the pockets in the manner described. The prisoner was remanded.
ATTEMPT TO WRECK A TRAIN. At Tunbridge Police-court Henry Taylor was charged with placing a sleeper across the rails on the South-Eastern Railway, with intent to obstruct or upset the Brussels continental express on the 25th ult. George Talbert, engine-driver of the Brussels express, said that when a mile and a half from Paddock Wood he felt something, and at once shut off steam and applied the vacuum break. When they pulled up he found a sleeper in front of the engine, one guard iron had stuck into it, and the other end of the sleeper was against the leading wheel. Police-constable George Parker said that he traced footmarks from a beer- house, Five Oaks-green, across a hop garden on to the line where the sleeper was. From there he traced the footmarks to the prisoner's father's garden, where he lost all trace of them. The next morning he found the prisoner, and on examining his boots found they corresponded with the footprints. Prisoner was com- mitted to the assizes.
ROBBING FURNISHED APARTMENTS. George Smith, 22, having neither home nor occupa- tion, was charged at the Marylebone Police-court with stealing several sheets, towels, and other articles from furnished lodgings at50, Carlisle-street, and Broadley- terrace, the property of Moses Gibbs and Jane Elliott respectively. In each case the prisoner obtained lodgings in the house, and, after staying a few hours, left with articles taken off the bed and from other parts of the room. The prisoner and another man entered a public-house in Boston-street, and .the former was looking at some sheets, &c., in a bundle, when a police-sergeant, who was off'duty and in another bar and who happened to overhear the men talking, went into their bar and asked the prisoner what he was doing with the things. He said the truth was that he had had a row" with his wife, and they had separated, and those articles were his share of the pro- perty. The prisoner was taken into custody, and the things were found to have been stolen. He pleaded guilty, and Mr. Mansfield sentenced him to six months' hard labour.
AT BoLTON a Darwen man named Edward Holden was fined £7 15?., including costs, for an out- rageous attack upon » signalman on the Bolton and Blackburn Railway. Whilst in a state of intoxication Holden wandered on to the line, and on being re- quested to leave he followed the signalman to his cabin, and behaved in so violent a manner that the signalman was unable to attend to his duty, and the railway points had to be attended to by a telegraph boy. IN CABBYING OUT SOlO ENLARGEMENTS of the Fenchurch-streek Railway Station, London, a rubble-stone wall has been met with some 10ft. below the surface. It is supposed to be a portion of the e Roman wall. It is about 7ft. thick, and built with the hard consistency of rook. At the same place there is a sort offiue built of the Romai^i^ p<jtt«sry. M ? -.t .8
DUELLING IN HUNGARY. It will be remembered that, some months ago, Count Victor Zichy-Ferraris, at that time holding high office in the Hungarian Administration, fell under suspicion of having taken part in pecuniary trans- actions of a disreputable character, altogether incom- patible with his position as a State functionary. In consequence of the scandals in which his name was publicly involved, it became neces- sary for him to resign his post; and, a motion for his expulsion from the Noble Club of Pesth having been brought forward by Count Stephen Karolyi, was carried in committee by an unanimous vote. The result of this stringent measure, involving social ostracism to a scion of an illustrious Magyar house, was achallenge, sent by Zichy to Karolyi, and at first declined by he latter, on the ground that Zicby had by his conductfdisqualified him- self from demanding or receiving the satisfaction of a gentleman. Subsequently, however, Count Karolyi although a married man and the father of two children, was induced to rescind his refusal, and to give Count Zichy a meeting. A duel took place with pistols; and, at the second fire, Count Karolyi shot his chal- lenger through the chest, inflicting upon him a wound that proved fatal a few hours later. The surviving principal in this melancholy affair and the seconds on both sides have just been tried in Peeth for participa- tion in an unlawful combat," and have been sentenced respectively, Count Karolvi to suffer three months', Counts Bela Szechenyi and Alexander Zichy, three weeks' confinement in a State prison. All the condemned nobleman have appealed against their sentences to a higher tribunal.
EARL MORLEY AND THE VOLUNTEERS The annual distribution of prizes to the members of the 2nd Middlesex (Custom House) Artillery took place in the Great Hall of the City Terminus Hotel, London. Lieut.-Colonel Palliser, C.B., M.P., pre- sided and the prizes were presented by Barl Morley. The commanding officer having briefly introduced the Under-Secretary for War, the noble lord, in the course of a short address, said that the name of the regiment, EO many of whose members he saw before him, appeared to him to afford a happy illustration of the motives on which the volunteer force was based. As the Custom House Artillery the title showed them to be a body organised for the defence of those interests which it was their daily duty to encourage. To them, if danger should ever menace our shores, would be allotted the task of defending the most important port in the world, and he felt that they might be relied on to do it with honour. Our position as an island gave us many advantages, but the ocean was an inter- national highway, and at many points in this country if the defences could once be eluded we might be exposed to great danger. Powerful guns had been posted, but without the men to give voice to them they would be useless, and if they were all to be manned by men of the Royal Artillery great astonishment would be expressed at the expense by certain persons in the House in which their honour- able colonel sat. It was a gratifying fact that out of 40,000 volunteer artillerymen 36,000 were returned as efficient. As they were aware, a change had taken place in the conditions of the service, and for the first two years an increased number of drills would be required. He was glad to find that the regi- ment had shown such marks of its efficiency that not only was it up to its full strength, but every member except twenty-eight had made himself efficient, and they had carried off at Shoeburyness this year three or four of the most important prizes. He thought this was very creditable to their officers, who must have their hearts in the work, and especially to their ad- jutant (Captain Lowry), to whose exertions their high state of efficiency must be largely due. It was a matter of great importance that there should be a spirit of unity between the regular and the auxiliary forces, and he had that night a duty to perform which well illustrated that. The victories obtained in war must be prepared in time of peace, and the meritorious non-commissioned officer, whom it would presently be his duty to decorate, set an example which he trusted would be followed by the young men before him. The noble earl then proceeded to distribute the prizes. The ceremony was followed by a concert and ball.
THE LATE SIR JOHN MILTON. The death is recorded of Sir;John Milton, C.B., the late Accountant-General of the Army. The son of the late Mr. Henry Milton, of Heikfield-lodge, Mid- dlesex, he was born in 1820. He was appointed a junior clerk in the now abolished office of the Secretary at War in 1840, and was made a first-class clerk in the consolidated War Office in 1856. He became Assistant Accountant-General in 1860. During his service in the War Office he was frequently detached on important special employments; and in the Russian campaign he was on Government service both at Scutari and in the Crimea, and for his work in the East received the Crimean and Turkish war medals. He served as secretary to the Royal Commissions on Recruiting of 1859 and 1866. He was also appointed secretary to Lord Hotham's Co-nmittee on Indian Army Amalgamation in 1860, to the Royal Commission under Lord Cranworth on the complaints of Indian officers in 1863, and served in the same capacity with Sir W. James's committee on the supersession of British by Indian officers in 1870, and with the Royal Commis- sion on the same subject under Lord Cairns, in the early part of 1871. From that year till 1875 Sir John Milton was a Commissioner of Income Duty. In 1874 he received the honour of the Companionship of the Bath. He retired from the War Office on its reorganisation, in 1878, on a pension of X1200 a-vear, and was knighted in January, 1879. Sir John Milton was well known, not only in military society, but also in literary circles. He married in 1850, Blanche, daughter of Mr. Thomas Meyrick Field.
A BRUTE. The Exeter magistrates were recently engaged in investigating a case of unusual cruelty. The defendant was Thomas Hill, who has at various times been imprisoned for assaulting his wife. In May last he was sent to gaol for three months and bound over to keep the pea-,e for a further term of three months, but as sureties were not then forthcoming he was detained in custody. During the lastthreemonthahiswife sent him food to the gaol, and she had also paid X25 on account of previous breaches of the peace by defendant. Aa soon as he came out of gaol, Hill wished to return to his wife's house, but she having a separation order declined to admit him or to give him any money, upon which he threatened to take her life, and beat and kicked her brutally. The Bench sent him to prison for three months, and bound him over to k eep the peace for a further term of six months. .w
MYSTERIOUS DEATH OF A CHEMIST. Dr. Danford Thomas concluded at the Buffalo's Head, Marylebone-road, the inquiry into the cause of the death of Mr. F. C. Gould, aged 35, formerly a chemist and druggist, but latterly out of business, and i living at No. 136, Seymour-place, Marylebone-road. At the opening of the inquiry last week evidence was given that the deceased had apparently been in pecuniary difficulties, but he was generally cheerful and in good spirits. He was, however, found on the landing lying dead on his knees and face, with his right arm ex- tended, and a bottle close by him, which con- tained methylated spirit, and a post mortem showed evidences of some irritant having been in the stomach. Dr. Blytb, public analyst for Marylebone, said that having made an analysis of the contents of the stomach he had little doubt that a quantity of prusaic acid had been absorbed into the body, and that deceased had died Irom poisoning by methylated spirit and prussic acid combined. The jury returned ,an open verdict
ETON FOOTBALL MATCH.—At Eton College the annual football match between the Collegers and Oppidans was played at the Mall, in the presence of filarge number of spectators, and resulted in a draw, neither Eleven scoring an advantage. The sides were: Collegers: Tatham, Benson, Wood, Vincent, Crawford, MacNaghten, E. Wood, Smith, Hitchcock, Hugessen, and Wetherhead. Oppidans: Bourne, Churchill, MacLean, Polbill Turner, Holdsworth, Bainbridge, Armytage, Bromley Davenport, Paravicini, Hoare. and Lascelles. & SEBIOUS GUN A <;CIDENT,&-Viscount Arbi^h- nott's Kincardineshire tenants fpjoyed a day's shoot- ing. One of the party, wipe firing at a rabbit, missed bis aim, and|he,nU«^ lDdgdid in the legs and arm of tho Master of 4Srt>qibho £ Medical aid was PWlured, and hislordsbipls progressing favourab^.
BURNING OF A TOBACCO! MANUFAC- TORY AT NAPLES. A Rome correspondent, under date December 1st, says: At one this morning a fire broke out in the Government tobacco factory in Naples. The fire proceeding from the ground floor, which was more- over difficult of access, the case was from the first hopeless, and the efforts of the authorities were directed to localising the ravages of the conflagration, with which view the neighbouring houses were de- molished, and thirty pumps were brought to bear on the burning edifice. The streets were encumbered with dibrit, and swarms of wretched men, women, and children were weeping about the see neof the disaster. Besides the firemen, numerous troops and marines were called out, and the clergy, with the archbishop at their head, were on the spot, seeking to relieve the most pressing distress. The damages amount to several millions; but as all was insured the Government will suffer no loss. The chief sufferers are the hundreds of men and women thrown out of employment. Replying to the Duke of Sandonato on this subject, in the Chamber of Deputies to-day, the Minister of Finance said that he had provided for their relief. The neighbouring church of San Pietro Martire, with its precious Flemish paintings, has happily been isolated. A Napttte correspondent, under date of Dec. 2nd, says: Twelve hundred workmen assembled to-day, who, with their. families, have been thrown out of employ by the conflagration of the tobacco manufac- tory. The director of the company agreed to pay this week's wages, and afford some relief until the resump- tion of work. At this announcement the workmen breke out into tremendous cheers, and separated highly satisfied. Great efforts are being made to arrange temporary workshops.
SENTENCE FOR MANSLAUGHTER. John James Walker, 54, who had been convicted of the manslaughter of his wife by kicking and beating her, was brought up at the Central Criminal Court to receive sentence. Mr. Justice Hawkins said that in this case the jury had recommended the prisoner to mercy on account of the drunken and dissolute conduct of the deceased. There was no doubt that he had received a good deal of provocation, and that he was justly angry when he came home and found the deceased drunk. If he had struck her one blow and this had had a fatal effect, he should have passed a compara- tively light sentence upon him. Not content, however, with knocking her down, he had kicked her until her head was reduced almost to a pulp, and, further, he had committed other acts of great brutality upon the deceased when she was in an utterly helpless and unprotected condition. He felt it his duty, under these circumstances, to order him to be kept in penal servitude for ten yeats.
SYMPATHY WITH GREECE. A crowded meeting was held at Willis's Rooms, London, to express sympathy with the Greek nation and with the Greeks of Thessaly and Epirus." The Earl of Rosebery, president of the Greek Committee, took the chair, and amongst the other speakers were Mr. Arthur Arnold, M.P., Mr. F. W. Buxton, M.P., Sir George Campbell, M.P., Mr. R. T. Reid, M.P., and Mr. George Howard. Resolutions were passed declaring that the immediate settlement of the claims of Greece on the line decided upon in the Conference of Berlin is demanded by a due consideration for the interests of the Greek popu- lation, for the honour of the Powers, and for the peace of Europe; and expressing sympathy with the Greek population of Epirus and Thessaly, as well as with King George and the Greek people.
CARNARVONSHIRE ELECTION. The result of the contest for the Parliamentary representation of Carnarvonshire was officially de- clared as follows: Rathbone (L) 3180 Nanney (C) 2151 Majority for the Liberal -1029 Great satisfaction was expressed by the victors at the declaration of the numbers, confirming, as they did, the expression of public opinion in April this year. The Conservatives are reported to be very despondent and disappointed, having expected that their candidate, being a local gentleman, would have polled many more votes. Mr. Nanney did not address his supporters publicly; but Mr. Rathbone, who re- ceived an enthusiastic reception, spoke at an open-air meeting of 3000 persons, and at a second one in the Carnarvon Pavilion of 5000.
POLISH ANNIVERSARY. November 29th being the fiftieth anniversary of the Polish Insurrection of 1830-31, a mass for the repose of the souls of the Poles who fell in that and other national struggles was celebrated at St. Patrick's Catholic Chapel, Soho-square, London, and attended by the Polish refugees, whose number has considerably diminished since their arrival in England in 1834. Subsequently a public meeting in commemoration of that anniversary was held in Sussex Chambers, Duke- street, St. James's, at which Major Szulczewski pre- sided. He said that Austria-Hungary, judging from the present aspect of Europe, would some day find that its own interest to re-establish Poland might be accepted as a political problem forcing itself on Europe, the solution of which was not, perhaps, so distant as was generally imagined. A resolution was enthusias- tically adopted by tnd meeting, declaring that the Polish exiles would never cease to protest against the tyranny of Russia, nor to renew the expression of their lasting gratitude to the English nation. It was also resolved to tender the special thanks of the meet- ing to the Literary Association of the Friends of Poland, and to its president and members, for their sympathy with the sufferings of the Polish exiles in England. A vote of thanks to the chairman terminated the proceedings.
A CONFIDING CABMAN. A cabdriver applied to the magistrate at the London Southwark Police-oourt for his advice and assistanoe under the following circumstances He said that a few days ago he took up a female at Waterloo Station and drove her to several places at the West-end, and brought her back to the Blackfriars-road. On alight- ing she told him she had been disappointed in re- ceiving money, and that she was consequently unable to pay her fare. She gave him her name and told him she lived with her husband at Watford. As it was late, and she bad no money to pay for her lodging, he gave her some, which she promised to send to him as soon as she arrived home. She, however, bad not done no, and on inquiry at Watford she was not known. It was rather a serious low to him, and he thought such a person ought to be punished. The magistrate,asked if he knew where she was to be found ? He replied that he did not, but he believed she was well known to the police. The magistrate observed that perhaps the polioe would be able to assist him in finding her, and if he succeeded he could take out a summons. Most likely she woulti not appear te that, and if apprehended on a judgment summons he was unable to send her to prison, as the recent Summary Jurisdiction Act had taken that power from magis- trates. It was very hard towards cabmen that such a clause should be admitted. He advised applicant to communicate with the Oab Drivers' Association, and apply to Parliament at the next session to have that clause altered, as at present ail such came were only considered as debts. Applicant thanked his worship, and withdrew.
SCARLATINA IN CHRIST'S HOSPITAL. Some cases of scarlatina having occurred among the boys in the BlueooatSchool, Newgate-street, London, the authorities of the institution deemed it desirable to issue notices to the parents and friends, authorising them to remove the boys prior to the Christmas vaca- tion should they desire to do so, and consequently a large number of the pupils have left for their respec- tive homes in different parts of the kingdom. Imme- diately the disease made its appearance the boys attacked were removed to the school infirmary, and every possible care and precaution was taken to pre- vent the disease spreading, but, owing to the near approach of the holidays, the treasurer and governors considered it would be well to give such parents and friends u desired it the opportunity of removing the boys who had not been attacked. In oonsequence of the dispersion of the boys, the usual concert in the great hall, for which preparation had been made, will not take place, a circumstance that will cause much disappointment to hundreds of persons who have been accustomed to enjoy the annual musical treat which has been for many years past afforded by the Blueooat boys immediately prior to their departure for the Christmas holidays.
OPEN Tarts-Insert your knife carefully, and lift up the upper crust. A MISSING DAUGHTEB. — At Clerkenwell Police-court, amongst the applicants for advice and assistance from Mr. Hosack was Mrs. Braby, the wife of a bristle dresser, of 61, Freeland street, Caledonian- road, who stated that upon the 25th of last month her daughter, Eliza Braby, left her home, and although she had made inquiries at all the workhouses and police-stations in the metropolis, she could gain no tidings of her daughter's whereabouts. She (appli- cant) went ont on business, and upon returning Soma found that her daughter had gone away, taking wtifa her ail her clothing and lOa. The description ot her was: Height, 4 feet Cinches; complexion fair; hair Ar light brown; eyes blue; dressed in a grey liasey dress. Mr. Hosack asked the applicant if she knew of any reason why the girl should leave her home. The applicant said she did not, for her daughter was always happy at home. li
A THIEVES' SUPPER IN LONDON. The fifth annual supper to members of the criminal cluses was given at the Mission Chapel, Little Wild- street, Drury-lane. The rescue work of this mission is of various kinds, but one of its chief objects is the reclamation of prisoners on their discharge from gaol. With this view the managers of the mission have taken a room at the gates of the prison at Clerkenwell, and invite to breakfast each man as he leaves the building on his discharge. If he accepts the invitation and seems tractable and hopeful, he is further befriended. Honest employment is sought for him, or he is relieved with gifts of clothes, money, or tools. It is clear from the statistics of the past year that this benevolence #is not abused by the recipients. One-half of the prisoners discharged from the Coldbath-fields Prison accepted breakfasts at the mission-room and of the 526 who were taken in hand by the mission, 42 were sent to sea, 93 obtained employment on land, and 329 received, according to their necessities, clothes, money, or tools. Only ten absconded or were expelled. To those who have been benefited by this charitable work the yearly supper affords an occasion of reunion. All the guests had been more or less recently in trouble," either in common gaols or in penal establishments. Some were altogether reformed, and were in a fair way to become. well-to-do men; others were regarded hopefully, and a few were probably incorrigible but all had tasted prison discipline, and were under obligations to the mission. The supper, which was provided for about 200 men, and was laid in the reoms behind the chanel, and in the gallery of the chapel itself, consisted of ample supplies of cold beef with pickles and celery, cold plum pudding, bread and butter and cheese, and tea and coffee. We need hardly say that hungry and ill-fed men did full justice to such fare on a fopgy December evening. After the supper an adjournment was made to the chapel, where Mr. Flowers, the Bow-street magistrate, presided. Among those present where the Governors of Millbank and Olerkenwell Prisons; the Rev. T. E. Lloyd Jones, the Ordinary of Newgate; and the Rev. G. Plaford, chaplain of Holloway Gaol. The report for the past year was then read, and the secretary, Mr. Wheatley, read letters from several men for whom honest employment had been obtained, and who wished to be remembered by their benefactors. Prayer and a hymn followed, and Mr. Flowers briefly welcomed the guests of the evening, and spoke of the sympathy felt for them by himself in common with all who came in contact with them. Leaving to others the duty of appealing to'their sense of religion, he pointed out to them that crime completely wrecked their fortunes and their happiness in this world, and urged them, by several examples, to resist in the first place the habit of drinking, which he believed to be the chief incentive to crime. When they emerged from the criminal classes they had at the present day fair opportunities for regaining their self-respect and their independence, though he admitted that police super- vision was hard to bear-a sentiment loudly applauded by the audience. After adverting to the advantages of thrift and education, he contrasted the position of the honest workman with the slavery necessarily endured in a prison, and hoped, among other good wishes for the New Year, that they would one and all determine never again to lose their liberty. The Rev. G. Plaford next addressed them, and hymns and other speeches followed before the proceedings came to an end.
AMERICAN COUNSEL FOR THE LAND LEAGUERS. The Irish Land League in America, fearing that Mr. Parnell and the other arrested leaguers could not obtain competent counsel in Ireland for the approach- ing trials, have devised a plan for sending over Ameri- can lawyers. Telegrams have been sent to Mr. Parnell asking his views, but his answer, if it has been received, has not yet transpired. The plan, if Mr. Parnell approves it, is to send General Butler, Mr. Jeremiah S. Black, Mr. Romer, Mr. A. Pryor, and Mr. Emory A. Storris, they getting their retainers here. General Butler approves the plan, but doubts if his business would permit of his absence. The others named have not yet announced an opinion. The question whether they will be permitted to practice in the British Courts is being discussed.
THE NEW LORD CHIEF JUSTICE OF ENGLAND. -Lord Coleridge took his seat in the Queen's Bench Division for the first time on the 1st inst. as the Lord Chief Justice of England, when his lordship took the oaths, which were administered by the Queen's Coroner and Attorney (Mr. F. Oookbum), and subscribed the roll. His lordship wore his full wig and gold chain of office. MR. E. BAINE8, OF LEEDS, KNIGHTED.—At a meeting in the Albert Hall, Leeds, to present Mr. E. Baines, who formerly represented the borough, with a memorial fund exceeding £3000, which he has dedicated to educational purposes, Mr. Herbert Glad- stone, M.P., read a telegram from the Premier, an- nouncing that the Queen had been pleased to confer the honour of knighthood upon Mr. Baines. THE CHARGE OF ATTEMPTED ABSON.—At the Thames Police-oourt, William Carter, landlord of the Duke of Wellington Public-bouse, better known as the Magic Cave, Brook-street, Rateliff, and Samuel Pether, his manager, were charged, on remand, before Mr. Saunders, with attempting to destroy the house by setting fire to it. Mr. Wontner, solicitor, conducted the prosecution, on behalf of the Treasury, and Mr. Slade Butler, barrister, defended. Both prisoners were committed for trial on the charge named, and also for conspiracy. FATAL POACHING AFFBAY.—A Northumber- land policeman, named Scott, stationed at Fasten, near the gipsy village of Kirk Jetholm, has just died from injuries sustained in an encounter with two notorious poachers, both gipsies, named Tait and Blyth. The constable's assistance had been secured by the game- keeper on Paston estate, and he apprehended the men while out poaching. They knocked the policeman down, kicked him, and battered him with large stones from a dry stone wall, fracturing his skull, but both poachers were afterwards apprehended. Tait had only a fortnight previous concluded a year's imprison- ment for a brutal assault on the' gamekeeper above mentioned. REFUSING TO PAY FOB REFRESHMENT.—At the Marylebone Police-oourt, William Smith, aged 24, a printer, was charged with obtaining refreshments to the amount of 2d., at the Rose and Thistle Ooffee Tavern, Maiden-road, Kentish-town, and refusing to pay for the same. He was further charged with attempting to obtain other refreshments at the same time and place. When the second quantity of refresh- ment was taken to hun he refused to pay any money, and was given into custody. He gave a false address, and had no money on him when searched. A previous conviction for a similar offenoe was proved against him, and Mr. Mansfield committed him for trial. THE RETURN OF IRISH BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES for the quarter ended September shows that 20,360 persons emigrated in the three months, whilst for the three "quarters of the year the figures reached 84,849, er nearly double the average number for the cprresponding period for the past ten years. CHARGE OF ASSAULT WITH A HATCHET.—At the Stratford Petty Sessions, John Thring, 36, painter, of Cathall-lane, Leytonstone, was charged with wound- ing David Summer Millard by striking him on the head with a hatchet at Leytonstone. Mr. Atkinson appeared for the defence. Prosecutor stated that between ten and eleven o'clock, upon going to his lodgings, at the house of the prisoner, he found his wife quarelling with the prisoner's wife. He went up- stairs to his room, when the prisoner followed him, and struck him on the head with the hatchet produced, cutting his head open. He struggled with the prisoner to prevent him from striking him again, and upon getting away from him gave him into custody. The case was remanded forthe attendance of the medical man. THE INAUGURAL MEETING of the Dorchester Farmers' Club has taken place at the King's Arms Hotel, when, among other subjects, was discussed the Ground Game Act. One of the speakers, Mr. Vine, expressed the opinion that the measure would prove beneficial, and said he had known meadows where the ground game did great misehief to the detriment of the tenants. The Royal Commission as to America was generally approved, and the repeal of the malt- tax was also approved, on the ground that to tax the raw material of anything is injurious. BENJAMIN THUBLEY, a bricklayer, aged 61, who pleaded guilty at Chelmsford Sessions to having stolen some fowls, was sentenced to five years' penid servitude. There were twenty-five previous gaol con- victions recorded against him, besides fifteen others for minor offences, and he had twice been sentenced to penal servitude. STEAMER ASHOBE ON SEAL ISLAND.—A cablegram, just received from Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, states that a large steamer is reported ashore on Seal Island. A steamer has gone to her assistance. THE CONDEMNED MURDERERS. — Monday, December 13, has been fixed for the execution, within the walls of the gaol of Newgate, of the two men, William Herbert and George Pavey, who were con- victed last week at the Central Criminal Court of wilful murder at Finsbury-park and Acton respec- tively. A communication by the sheriffs to this effect was received by the convicts without emotion or apparent concern. SUPPOSED POISONING OF DoGS AT A SHOW.— Some excitement has been caused at the National Dog Show, Birmingham, by the deaths and illness of several dogs from supposed poisoning. Tfcp body of exhibit No. 455, for which XM had recently been refused, was demanded for analysis by the borough analyst. The Birmingham Dog Show is said to be the only exhibition in the kingdom where owners or their repi-eeentativee are not allowed to be prasent during the judging. J
FOREIGN AND COLONIAL. The German Imperial Marine List for 1881 has juat been published, with returns up to the 1st of Novem* ber, from which it appears that the German navy now includes seven ironclad frigates, five ironclad corvettes, eleven covered corvettes, five so-called flat deck cor- vettes, and four more in course of construction, nine gunboats, with a variety of vessels for coast defence, despatch boats, transports, training ships, tugs, pilot boats, &c. The following Sydney items are dated Nov. 4th: The brigantine Borealis has been attacked by the natives of Malayto, one of the Solomon Islands, and six of her crew killed. The captain and the agent of the owners escaped, being absent in one of the ship's boats at the time. The captain and several of the coloured crew of the cutter Idaho have also been mur- dered by natives, and the general state of affairs in the Solomon Islands is described as lamentable. From Brisbane we have the following, dated Nov. 1st: An excellent site for a township has been found at Point Parker, on the Gulf of Carpentaria, the pro- posed terminus of the Trans-Continental Railway. The Legislative Assembly has rejected sundry Pro- tectionist proposals. The- Railway Companies Bill has been passed by the Assembly at amended. New Zealand intelligence, dated Wellington.Nov.6th, says: The revenue of New Zealand for the quarter ending September 30, amounted to £ 747,768. The ex pendi- ture during the same period, including the sum set apart for public works, was £ 970,901. 7500 acres of land on tne Waimati plains have been sold at satis- factory prices. Further lots will be offered for sale next month. The Government continue to effect retrenchments in the Civil Service. During the lecture of the Professor of Philosophy at the University of Berlin a great tumult arose in the reom, owing to the professor's opposition to the Anti- Jewish agitation. The disturbance reached such a pitch that the lecture had to be suspended. A Paris correspondent says: Some of the journals announce, in different forms according to their dif- ferent views, that the Papal Nuncio, Mgr. Ozacki, was not present at the reception held at the Foreign Office. This is altogether wrong-the Nuncio was not only in attendance, but had a long and very cordial conver- sation with the Minister for Foreign Affairs, M. Barthélemy St. Hilaire, and it was remarked that the conference appeared to give satisfaction to both. As a matter of fact, the Nuncio is possessed of much tact, and of a very conciliatory spirit, and both qualities are fully recognised and highly praised in all the best political and diplomatic circles of the French capital. From South Australia we learn that the South Australian Parliament has been prorogued until the 4th of February next. The revised estimates presented by the Ministry show a deficiency of £ 180,000. The Times of India of November 13th says: A telegram from our correspondent at Sibi informs us that General Macgregor's expedition into the Murree country has been so far successful that the Murrees have given in, and have delivered up hostages in pledge of their future good behaviour. General Mac- gregor is now with his force at Kau, the principal Murree village, and will probably soon be back upon the line of communication." General Garfield, the President-Elect, is suffering from indigestion, which his physicians attribute to overwork. His friends think that he is overtaxed by visitors, and should cease seeing so many. General Garfield's condition is not, however, considered to be at all serious. The reports of the popular vote at the recent Presi- dential election are now nearly all official, and show 4,439,719 Republican votes, 4,436,060 Democratic, 305,729 Greenback, 9644 Prohibition, and 1793 Tem- perance, making a total of 9,192,945 votes. As com- pared with 1876, the total increase is 778,838 votes, almost all in the Northern States, the Republican gain being 406,424, and the Democratic 151.796. Melbourne news, dated November 2nd, contains the following: There have been numerous festivities during the past month in connection with the Inter- national Exhibition, most of the courts of which are now complete. The number of visitors was at first below anticipation, but has since increased. The city is at present thronged with Visitors from all parts of the Australian oolonies, owing to the combined attraction of the exhibition and the races. Parliament reassembled after the recess on the 19th ultimo. The Hon. Graham Berry presented the Victorian Budget en the 26th ult., when he announced that the revenue of the colony during the last year amounted to X4,554,000, being £ 654,000 below the estimates, and the expenditure to £ 4,876,000. The Premier explained that the principal falling-off occurred in the Customs, which showed a decrease of £174,000 in spirits and tobacco, owing to diminished consumption. The total deficiency to the end of the year was £1,013,000, which would be made up by the issue of Treasury bonds to the amount of £ 500,000 and the increase in the revenue from the oresent sources, which was estimated at £ 350,000. The remaining deficiency would be covered by new taxation to the amount of £156,000, consisting of duties on grain and oil, an increase of Is. per lb. in the duty on tobacco, an excess duty of 2d. per gallon on colonial beer, and an increase in the land-tax to the extent of £ 70,000. The following items of South American intelligence are dated Buenos Ayres, Oct. 30th: Intelligence received here from Chili states that great excitement prevails in that country owing to the failure of the Peace Conference recently held between the envoys of Chili, Peru, and Bolivia. Commodore Cordero, ac- companied by his staff, sails to-day for England to bring out the now Argentine ironclad Almirante Brown. Abundant rains have fallen in the Argentine Republio, and the prospects of the wheat crop are good. The state of siege in the province of Oor- rientes expires to-morrow. Business is very brisk, and affairs are generally thriving.
CROSS SUITS FOR SLANDER AND SEDUCTION. In the Common Pleas Division, Dublin, an action for slander at the suit of a Presbyterian minister and a lady's claim for damages for seduction were tried before Mr. Justice Harrison and a special jury. The plaintiff, the Rev. Thomas Johnston, was formerly a Presbyterian minister at Edenderry, near Omagh, county of Tyrone. He claimed damages laid at X2000 for slander by the defendant, Thomas Wilson, an elder of the Presbyterian Church, and a farmer hold- ing 200 acres of land. The slander was alleged to have been contained in a charge made by the de- fendant to the Presbytery of Omagh, of immoral conduct and seduction of his daughter by the plaintiff. The defendant pleaded a justification, and put in a counter- claim for X1000 damages for the seduction of his daughter. The action was commenced as far back as the month of December, 1879, but the trial has been postponed from time to time at the inattance of the plaintiff,for whom there was now no appearance. A jury was, however, empanelled to try tbe counter-claim, and after hearing the evidence they found a verdict for the defendant with the full amount of damages claimed for the seduction of his daughter, a girl only 18 years of age. The rev. gentleman has since married another person.
THB IMPORTANCE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION. —Mr. Mundella, M.P., took part in the opening pro- ceedings of the Textile and Dyeing Departments of the Yorkshire College, at Leeds, and spoke of the ad- vantages of technical education. He said what he had seen abroad had filled him with amazement, but what he had witnessed in Yorkshire had given him renewed courage. If England was to maintain her industrial supremacy she must look to her scientific education. She could not afford to remain neutral, or the blow, when it fell, would fall upon her. Her weak point, he believed, was to be found in this question of technical education, which had been too long neglected. MARRIAGE OF AN OCTOGENARIAN DEAN.—In St. Peter's Church, Bournemouth, the Very Rev. Francis Close, Dean of Carlisle, was married by Bishop Ryan to Mrs. Mary A. Hodgson, widow of the late Mr. Hodgson, of Scotby. The bride was given away by the Right Rev. Alfred Ederaheim, D.D. She was dressed in dark brown silk, with black velvet cloak and bonnet to match. The breakfast took place at Stranorlar, the residence of Mrs. M'Neill, and the bridal party left at eleven o'clock for Southampton. Dean Close is in his 84th year. POLICE SUPERVISION OF CBIMINALS.—Mr. Flowers, the Bow-street magistrate, presided at a supper fiven to tbe oriminal classes by the St. Giles's Christian fission. It was announced that a letter of sympathy with the movement to reclaim the criminals had been received from the Home Secretary. Mr. Flowers was loudly applauded by those present when he said he felt that the police supervision to which they were sub- jected was very hard to bear. THE DEMOLITION OF THE TEMPLE BAR MEMORIAL still goes on (says the Echo). The remain- ing entablature, that facing Citywards, has now been attacked, and, besides being chipped in three places, has suffered further damage, in that some unknown irreverent iconoclast has broken the scythe of Old Father Time himself. Does it not seem unreasonable to blame the Irish constabulary for failing to arrest criminals, when such outrages as these can be perpe- trated in the capital of the United Kingdom, under the very noaes of the City of London Police ? ATTEMPTED WiFEMu&DEN.—At Manchester, James Faulkner, labourer, has been committed for trial for attempting to murder his wife. On the 21st ult. prisoner attacked his wife whilst she was asleep in bed, striking her* heavy Mow on tbebead with an axe, and when he was apprehended he said he- was sony had not killed her. Tbe woman «| very •eriouily injured, but is now oet of danger.
THE NEW LORD CHIEF JUSTICE OF ENGLAND. (From the Law Journal") Lord Coleridge seems to be the first judge sworn in as Lord Chief Justice of England. Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench" was the legal title of his prede- cessors, and the Act passed in 1851,;reducing the salary from £10,000 to E8000 a year, so styles the office. Sir Edward Coke assumed the name of Lord Chief Jus- tice of England amid the sneers of Bacon and Biles- mere; and his successors, in general, followed the example; but it was not until the Judicature Aet of 1873 that the more ambitious title was fully recognised. So long as there is a Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, his brother of the higher court is more appropriately called Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench; but now the Common Pleas and its chief are doomed, there is less objection to the title, which, after more than 200 years" persistence, has at length been rightfully won. If the jaW resolutions become law, Lord Co!eridge will still not be chief of those justices not of the com- mon law fold, who will from time to time take the place of the Vice-Chancellors. Still hils will he stand Î in the place of the Chief Justiciar, although the Su- preme Court has now reverted very much to the like- ness of the Ouria Regis, because the judicial position of that officer is now held by the Lord Chancellor, an inferior official in the days of the Chief Justiciar. Some curiosity was expressed on the auestion whether Lord Coleridge, on Wednesday, wore the SS collar of Sir Alexander Cockburn, or whether the chain worn was brought from the Common Pleas. The Chief Justices' collars-named, says a somewhat extrava- gant tradition, from Sanctus Simplicius, a Christian judge and martyr of the time of Diocletian-are usually transferred by the retiring chief or the execu- tors of a deceased chief to his successor. There is known to have been a break in the continuity of the descent of the Queen's Bench chain when Lord Camp- bell succeeded Lord Denman but the Common Pleas collar is said to be the same as worn by Lord Ooke. If this is so, Lord Coleridge may well take it with him to the Queen's Bench, as ne has no euccessor in the Common Pleas.
A NIHILIST PROCLAMATION. The Cologne Gazette has received tbe two last pro- clamations of the Nihilists. They are described as published ,at the "Flying Printing Office" of the Narodnaya Volya (National Will), the new organ of the Revolutionary party. The firs- Proclamation is addressed, in the name of the Working Men," to the "Members of the Party of the National Freedom." It proceeds as follews: "Comrades—Workmen!— The position we now occupy we need not waste many words in describing. From early morn to night we labour in the sweat of our blood. We are fed on bread and water, and when we receive wages we have nothing left. Thus it was in earlier days. But now our position is every day grow- ing worse and more frightful. In almost all factories workpeople are being dismissed. Hungry and ragged labourers are going fromworkshup to workshop begging for work if only to get bread. And out of the villages want is driving new crowds of starving and ragged people. Food is every day becoming dearer. What have we to expect, and in whom shall we put our trust? The workman pays various taxes. His rights are those of a dog. He may not open his mouth before his immediate superior, not, to mention the governing powers. To the Czar he may not even think of appealing. With what right are these crafty fel- lows masters upon Russian soil ? With what right do they keep the people in poverty and ignorance? Who has lent them the right to issue laws, to impose taxes, to repruit soldiers? Where does the money earned by hard work go to out of the Czar's treasury ? Comrades—Workmen! It is time to come to reason. It is time for us to bring our oppressors to account. It is time for the Russian people to tûoke the manage- ment of its business into its own hands. 89 think we, the Socialist workmen, and so thought our com- rades, the workmen Peter Alexieff, Filat Jegoroff, Malinovsky Sarubaieff, and countless others whom the Government have put to death in the prisons in penal servitude. So thought the martyr-workmen, the Brother Ivitchevitch, Logovenko Gorski, Beltchanski, Feodoroff, and others who were executed by order of the Czar. The gallows, however, has not terrified the champions of the people. In place of those who have been destroyed new men appeared, and the battle constantly became hotter. The nearer the Socialists approached the root of the evil in the traitor Czar, the more heroes did the labouring classes send out. The latest attentats have all been performed by peasants and petty townsmen. The words of Peter Alexieff have been fulfilled. The muscular hand of the workman has been raised and its • first heavy blows have fallen on the head of the first tyrant. There, Father Czar, thou seest but the blossoms. Wait, and when the nation begins to move like a Bea, then thou wilt also know the fruits. Of these heroes five were very recent ly condemned to death; the noble- man Alexander Kviatkovsky, the petty citizen Andreas Presniakoff, the peasant Stepan Shiriayeff, the petty citizen Ivan Okladski, and the peasant Jacob Tichanoff. Two of the number-Kviatkovsky and Presniakoff— were executed on the 4th of November, at tenminutee past eight in the morning, the act being performed secretly, out of the people's sight, within the walls of thepnson. The rest were pardoned. They have been buried alive in the prison cells. Comrades! Ie it poo- sible that we shall not seek revenge for our representa- tives and champions ? Shall we remain silent in pre- sence of those who have been martyred for us ? No! Otherwise the blood shed by these martyrs for the hap- piness and liberty of the people will be upon our heads! --Nov. 5,1880. Flying printing office of the National WiU." 'YW'
THE PORTUGUESE AFRICAN POSSES- SIONS. The Portuguese Government, under the guidance of its energetic Minister of Marine, is at the present time making extraordinary efforts to ameliorate its African possessions, especially that of Angola. Taking advan- tage of the emigration from Madeira, it is intended to make it an agricultural and commercial Province. It is very evident that this is not only an economical measure, but principally a political one. The official journal Diario do Govemo has published an official decree, stating that: As there are vast regions of fertile soil, navigable rivers, abundance of drinkable water, and a salubrious climate in the Pro- vince of Angola, good results may be anticipated from well-directed colonisation, and that the duties on wines and spirits, if properly managed, would yield an annual sum sufficient to pay the expenses of the establishment of a colony of many families from the Azores or any other province." The Governor-General of Angola is ordered to organise a regular system of colonisation in Angola, and to give entire and complete fulfilment to all the Customs duties upen imports of wines and spirits; to re-establish the Colonisation Fund estab- lished in 1852, and to select at once a certain spot best adapted for its salubrity, fertility of soil, abundance of water, and facility of communication with the coast and projected railway, and which would accom- modate at least 100 colonists and their families, and to report on the progress and results. It is stated that the Minister of Marine intends to raise a loan of 4000 or 5000 centos of reis (the pre- liminaries of negotiation for which have already com- menced), in order to carry out the above and other public works in the Portuguese possessions, and that this sum will be a charge upon the said Colonies.
THE RBCONSTBUCTION OF TAY BBIDGK.—A discussion took place at a meeting of the Dundee Town Council regarding the reconstruction of the Tay Bridge. It was agreed the new structure would improve railway communication between Scotland and England, and especially benefit the norih-eut of Scotland. Exception was taken to the plans as sub- mitted, on the ground that they showed many of the faults of the old bridge. The Council was of opinion that, instead of having a structure 77ft. above high water mark, as proposed, 40ft. was enough. A com- mittee was appointed to report on the plans, and the Council resolved to meet the engineer and the railway directors on an early day to get tull explanations. RAILWAY COMPANIES AND THEIR SEBVANTS. —A deputation from the Amalgamated Society of Rail- way Servants had an interview with Mr. Chamberlain, M.P., and Mr. Evelyn Ashley, M.P., at the Board of Trade, to lay before the Government resolutions passed by a congress held at Oardiff early in the year on the subject of railway accidents and the means of preventing them. In reply, Mr. Chamberlain said that if the railway companies refused to be guided by the recommendations of the Board of Trade his de- partment would have no alternative but to lay the matter before Parliament; but the progress of any legislation that might be proposed would necessarily depend on circumstances. ANOTHER CLYDE SHIP ABANDONED.—The Greenock ship Matheran, from Quebec, has arrived at j Greenock, bringing thirteen of the crew of the Greenock ship Minima, bound from Quebec to the Clyde. The latter vessel was observed of Torry Island showing signal) of distress, and the Matheram succeeded in taking off thirteen of the crew, but was j f r unable to rescue the master and mate of the Mindora, who were left on board. THE STAFFORDSHIRE CHAIN TRADE.—In some of the Staffordshire districts th" cbainmakers have received an advance of wages ranging from 10 to 16 per cent. A great improvement is reported ia the trade generally, "v frhriwA ynbliahad ptapiMtor, ROBK £ TS, at hia G«aer».Prfiit$ig. Office, No. lane, Cardigan, in. tKs jSkWah'V 8«t*t Couaty of SaSyday, ^>0. lly lflM.
SIR S. NORTHCOTE AT TIVERTON. Sir Stafford Northcote, speaking at a friendly society's dinner at Tiverton, objected to any single or uniform system being looked upon as a panacea for all the evils of improvidence, and urged that there was room for a great variety of institutiona of a provident nature — all of which, however, ought to be founded on sound mathematical data. It was not the business of the Government to take the question up, but of the people themselves. Parliament might give information on the subject, and ought to provide some means by which friendly societies could settle their disputes by arbitra- tion, but he was opposed to any system of State insur- ance against sickness. He hoped that amidst tho hot work anticipated next session a place would be found for useful measures upon which all parties might unite, and that were calculated to benefit the country at large. He believed that a way would be found to put down obstruction, but he trusted that liberty of speech in the House and the right of the minority to secure the free expression of opinion upon matters brought forward would not be interfered with.