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LONDON CORRESPONDENCE.

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FOREIGN AND COLONIAL.

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FOREIGN AND COLONIAL. Captain Burton, commanding the Khedivial Expe- dition for the survey mines in the land of MidiaD, hu returned to Cairo. He travelled 500 miles by land, and brings back twenty-five tons of specimen ore, comprising gold, silver, copper, tin, and lead. Captain Burton found three sulphur centres, three turquoise mines, extensive deposits of gypsum, saltpetre, and rocksalt. He goes to England "in order to arrange as to working the mines for the Khedive. Owing to a large amount of work still remaining un- finished in the Salle des Ffites at the Palace of the Trocadero the Government will not be able to hold the inaugural ceremony in that part of the building, as the steps have not all been laid, and the painters and upholsterers can only attend to the decorations after the opening of the Exhibition. The hippopotamus, a decorative work in gilt bronze, as well as a bull, a horse, and a samel, ornament the large basin of the cascade. A trial of the fountains this week proved satisfactory, and the gardens are covertd with flowers and turf. The Bridge of leaa has net yst been opened for traffic, and persons going from the Trocadero to the Ohamp-de-Mars cross the river by the newly-con- struotfd bridge of Pasay. In the British section an equestrian statue of the Prince of Wales has beea un- covered. The statues and paintings in the Fine Arts Gallery have not yet been placed in order. The river steamers touching at the Ohamp-de-Mars have just raised their fares from fifteen centimes to twenty. The Encyclical letter issued by Pope Leo XIII. commences by referring too the moral and material ills with which both society and the Church were afflicted at the time of his accession to the Pontifical Throne. It proceeds to enumerate the benefits con- ferred by the Church and the Roman Pontificate upon society and civilisation throughout the world, and especially upon Italy. His Holiness goes on to de- clare that the Church does not war against civilisation and progress, which it distinguishes between Christian civilisation and mere external civil culture. It then points out how wrong it is of modern society to combat the Church and the Roman Pontificate, especially as regards the latter'a civil Principality, which is the guarantee of its liberty and independence. The Pope then reviews and confirms the protest of Pope Pius IX. against the occupation of this civil Principality of the Church. He implores all princes and heads of nations not to deprive themselves of the aid of the Church, which is so necessary to them at the pre- sent time, when the principle of legitimate authority is undermined. His Holiness congratulates the bishops on their concord, and recommends still closer bonds of union between them, in order that the faithful may receive the doctrines of the Church with do- cility and obedience, and reject the errors of a false philosophy. He recommends that wholesome doctrines should be taught in schools, and especially dwells upon the sanctity of the marriage tie. His Holiness is confident that with the aid of God, and through the zeal of the pastors, society, which is afflicted with such great evils, will finally return to the homage it owes to the Church. In conclusion, Pope Leo thanks the bishops and the faithful of the whole world for the many testimonies of affection he received as soon as he was elevated to the Papal Throne. The encyclical is generally couched in a tone of moderation, and is full of expressions of affection towards society. As an indication of the prevailing depression of trade in other countries in common with our own, a letter was submitted to the Manchester Chamber of Commerce from a gentleman in Barcelona, which stated that in Spain the stagnation in almost every branch of business was complete, and that it was im- possible to foresee when the revival was likely to take place. A great number of factories or mills were stopped, and many hands had been consequently thrown out of work. For months there had been no rain worth mentioning; thus the first erops were ex- pected to prove a complete failure, and would bring misery upon the poor farmers, not to mention the scarcity of water in the cities and towns." The Rome correspondent of the Times says: An action for libel, likely to arouse considerable interest in the Catholic world, will shortly come on for trial at Turin. It will be remembered that in December last the celebrated ex-Jesuit, Padre Curci, published a work entitled The Modern Dissent between the Church and Italy," in justification of those views in favour of a conciliation between the Church and the State which had led to his expul- sion from the society. This work, as a matter of course, was severely handled by the Catholic papers, and, among others, the Unita Catolica printed a series of violent articles against the book, in which it also made personal attacks upon both the author and the publisher. For these attacks they have determined to call the over- zealous Ultramontane organ to account, and have placed their case in the hands of the distinguished advocate, Signor Panattoni, who was counsel for the defendants in the celebrated Mantegozzo case, tried at Bologna in 1875.

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WILLS AND BEQUESTS.

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THE TURCOMANS.

THE "TIMES" ON THE SITUATION.:

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!THE EASTERN QUESTION.

ARMY AND NAVY PREPARATIONS.

MOTHERS BEWARE!