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LONDON CORRESPONDENCE. THE auspices under which the PariB Exhibition opens this week are very different from those that were associated with the inauguration of the London Exhibition in 1851. At that time "No war, or battle's sound Was beard the world around," and there were some who fondly thought that the great world's fair was the beginning of the reign of universal peace.. The wars and convulsions that have shaken Europe since then prove how hollow were the foundatiocs on which such high hopes were raised. No similar mistake is possible at the present time. Instead of harbingers of peace, there are on all sides the ominous sigm of coming war. Instead of birds of calm brooding on the oharmed wave," there are birds of prey hovering in the air, and casting their shadows on the ground. The remarkable thing is that England, which first set the eximple of holding grea, Exhibitions of industry and art, threatens on this occasion to be the first dieturfcer of the peace of Europe. And yet, notwithstanding this lamentable possibility, it is the British section which, of all the foreign sections, is the most advanced in the Trocadero Palaoe. If the preparations for war had been as active a twelvemonth ago as they are now, the Commissioners, with the Prince of Wales at their head, might have shown less energy and punctuality than they have done in getting ready the important section of which they have charge. Whether the Paris Exhibition of 1878, inaugurated under such untoward circum- stanoes, will prove a success or otherwise, must greatly depend upon the course of European events. War, which is the dead- liest foe of industry, must also show itself inimi- cal to industrial Exhibitions. Nevertheless, as France has made up her mind to remain neutral, the new and magnifioent Palais de IIndustne, erected on the topmost slope of the Trooadeeo, will prove an Irresistible attraction to representa- tives of all nations, and Paris will once more lift up her head proudly among the capitals of Europe. The fact of an Industrial Exhibition, on so extensive a scale, being held only a few years after the termination of a disastrous and crushing war, speaks volumes for the recuperative energy of the French people. There ia no other nation on the Continent that could have recovered so fast from the demoralisation and paralysis of overwhelming defeat. Germany the oonqueror Is not half 10 prosperous at the present moment as France the conquered. Berlin could not have dreamed of entering upon a gigantio undertaking suoh as Paris is just bringing to a completion. The Republic is there- fore teaching a lesson which should be held in remembranoe by all the future rulers of France. The moral of the Exhibition is that industrial prosperity, and not military glory, is the direc- tion in which the genius of the French people la best fitted to make splendid advanoes and bril- liant conquests. Londoners, who Intend visiting the Exhibition, have the satisfaction of knowing that they can do so without wasting much time on the journey. By the short sea routes the passage can be performed In one hour and a half—a boon for which those who are subject to the af- fliction of the mal de mer ought to feel duly grateful. By the express daily tidal services, vid Folkestone and Boulogne, there is a saving of twenty-eight miles, and the entire journey between London and Paris can be accomplished in nine hours and a quarter. The busiest man will not be able to grumble when he can thus take literally a run to Paris and back again if all he wants to say is that he has seen the Exhibition. This despatch, in the matter of transit, has been brought about by special arrangements made between the South-Eastern Railway Company and the Northern of France Railway Company. The postal arrangements, in connection with the Exhibition, are also auoh as must gratify visitors. Profiting perhaps by what has been witnessed at Wimbledon, when the annual Tir is in progress, the French postal authorities have announced that they will main- tain within the building an office for the transac- tion of every kind of postal and telegraph busi- ness. To visitors who, on starting from home, are uncertain in what part of Paris they may reside, this arrangement will prove to be very convenient. The national monument to the Duke of Wel- lington, now completed and open to publlo view, has been attracting, for several dajs past, large numbers of visitors to St. Paul's. Perhaps a good many had forgotten all about the monu- ment, and this is not to be wondeied at, as the work was undertaken twenty years ago. From a variety of causes, which it is needless to men- tion in detail, there was the oonstant occurrence of vexatious delays, and the sculptor himself, Mr. Alfred Stevens, died before he had the satisfac- tion of seeing bis design realised in the com- pleted monument. This imposing structure occupies a bay, which is in future to be called a chapel, immediately on the right of the entrance to the side aisle by the west door. This lay was formerly the Consistory Court, and as the carved wood screen, which separated it from the nave still stands, the monument as yet labours under the disadvantage of being in- differently seen from any point of view. The monument is a pillared structure thirty feet In height. The effigy of the Duke, not in iron but in bronze, rests on a saroophagus of white marble, with bronze ornamentations of military trophies and floriated wreaths. On each side there is the simple inscription, "Arthur First Duke of Wellington." Above the effigy there Is an arched oanopy, with ornamental bronze ceiling, supported on twelve carved marble columns, with a frieze of bronze, bearing cherub heads, running round the four sides. A striking feature of the monument is two bronze groups, projecting beyond the entablature at the two ends of the canopy, the one group representing Truth plucking out the Tongue of Falsehood, and the other Valour thrusting down the crouching figure of Cowardice. This last group has rather a repulsive effect, though powerful enough in design and execution, and contrasts strikingly with the dignified and silent repose that covers, as with a mantle, the recambent figure of the Great Duke. On the walls of the chapel there are bas-reliefs In marble by Mr. Calder Marshall and Mr. Wooding. ton, the subjects being all selected from the Old and New Testaments. As objections were taken to an equestrian figure of the Duke on the top of the monument on the ground that it would be out of keeping with the character of the sacred edifioe, it was probably for the same reason that Scripture subjects, instead of battle pieces, were selected for the bas-reliefs. With the exoeption of three, in which the military element appears, none of the bas-reliefs can be considered to have any special association with the career of the Iron Duke, least of all the one which has for its metto the words," Righteousness and Peace have kissed each other." This text is on the wall, but on the bronze, at the base of the monument, are carved the names of the famous Peninsular and other battles in which the Duke of Wellington played the part that has made his name honoured and revered. D. G.

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