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.-THE TERCENTENARY OF HARVEY.

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ERUPTION OF MOUNT HECLA.

A REMARKABLE CASE.

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THE AUSTRIAN ARMY.

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THE AUSTRIAN ARMY. We quote the following from an article en- titled "England and Austria," contributed to the Daily Chronicle by their special correspondent at Vienna: The present army organisation is based on a scheme propounded in 1869 by Baron Kuhn Kuhmenfeld. At the age of 20 every male is liable to military con- scription, and even when not required to make up the army numbers every male is drafted into some class ef the ranks. The peace strength is estimated at some 400,000 men, whilst the war strength is calculated to produce 800,000. The classes comprise the active army, the Ersatz and Landwehr, or reserves, and t he Landsturm. As there are close upon 300,000 yoong men who are annually liable to conscription, and as this number is three times the effective wanted, the ballot is resorted to. However, those who escape the active service are drafted into the Ersatz for nine years. This implies a fortnight's drill per annum in Austria and six weeks in Hungary. The usual service is three years in the active, seven in the Ersatz, and two in the Landwehr. This latter force is liable for duty in time of war, whilst the Ersatz is utilised for filling up gaps in the active army at all times. All members of the Ersatz having es- caped the active army are liable to be reealled to the colours for a period of two years. In case of war the mobilisation of the Austrian army would bring into the field some 580,000 infantry, 58,000 cavalry, and some 75,000 artillery. This includes the Ersatz and Landwehr reserves. The number of guns would amount to 1890, the number of horses to 148,000, whilst the transport service would comprise some 22,000 waggons and trains. The whole of this force would be divided into eleven army corps, each corps having three divisions of 14,000 bayonets and some 41 guns. Thus each corps would be about 51,000 strong, with 126 guns and some 8000 horses, with the usual complement of sappers and miners and a pon- toon train. The infantry possess the Werndl breech- loader, which I must confess is inferior to the Berdan or Martini-Henry. The guns are known as the Ucbatian rifled cannon. They are made of a mixture of bronze and steel, and are about the most serviceable of any artillery pieces. They exceed the French and German both by their accuracy of fire and resistance to wear. The army is in very excellent condition. The discipline is strict without being severe. I had an opportunity of witnessing some important manoeuvres at Kaschau, in Hungary, last summer, when the vigilance of the cavalry and smart movements of the infantry were all that could be desired. I saw the cavalry take fence and hedge and swim brooks in a manner that eminently fit them for the modern tisage of this scouting and covering arm of an army. The infantry were quick in movement either in deploying or re-forming. The artillery was marvellous in its execution and nicety of range, and the pieces were handled with a rapidity and ease that spoke well for the men and the gun alike. The officers are smart and intelligent, but I doubt if Austro-Hungary has any marshal capable cf. wielding effec- tually 800,000 men. I am afraid events will not afford us an opportunity of judging, as nothing is further from the Imperial or official mind than a war against Bussia. Should England really intend war, as is here believed, she had better prepare for a struggle that needs an Austrian army to contest with any hopes of success. I am told that Count Andrassy considers the English policy as a blustering one, that may impose itself upon Russia, and so lead to a conflict which England may conduct nobly, but weakly, and of which she will be soon glad to rid her- self at any cost of prestige or wealth.

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RUSSIAN VIEWS OF WAR WITHj…

THE CALLING OUT OF THE RESERVES.

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HOW THE GREEh. INSURRECTION…

5 BREACH OF PROMISE CASES.

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THE MILITARY SITUATION IN…

THE CHANGES IN THE CABINET.

TURKISH REFUGEES.

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THE BURNING OF THE SPHINX.

DEPUTATIONS TO LORD GRANVILLE…

ON BOARD HOBART PASHA'S FLAG-…

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