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A HERO OF THE COMMUNE. Seven years have now elapsed since the Commune inaugurated in Paris its two monthw reign of fire and bloodshed. Many of the ringleaders of that Bangui. nary insurrection have already paid their debt to jus. tiee, many have escaped abroad, where they are living in safety, while others are gradually falling into the clutches of the law. Among the latter is a remark- able one just tried by court-martial in Paris. The evidence produced throws so much fresh light on tbe outbreak of the Commune, that the trial is worth noticing at some length. The prisoner, who is 72 Tears of age, was arrested in Paris in the month ef January laut. He had been hiding in various parts of the capital under the name of Thevenot. He was at once suspected of being none. other than a Cotn- gjunist named Garcin, who took a leading share in the gaoguinary episode of theshootingof Generals Lecomte and Clement Thomas with which the sinister insurrec- jj°n was ushered in. At the beginning of the war of 1870-71 Garcin followed the trade of a calico printer. Although an old man he was full of ardour and passion. He had received the medal of July, and bad taken part in all the revolutionary movements from the overthrow of Charles X. He belonged to the Socialist party, and was one of the most enthusi- ,stic supporters of that arch-conspirator, Blanqui, wbp is now expiating his misdeeds in the PTrIf?n aairvaux. Ah a member of the Rational Guard, Garcin shared with Blanquin in the insurrectionary attempts which were made during the siege, but, like the remainder of his colleagues, he Was set at liberty after a short imprieon- ment, and thereby, through the want of energy of the National Defence Government, was enabled to co operate in the getting up of toe Commune. It is well known that, after long but ineffectual negotiations, the Government at last decided to seize the cannons which the revolutionary battalions of the National Guard bad mounted on the heights of Montmartre. The order was given to General Lecomte on the evening of the 17th of March, and by daybreak on the 18th he had succeeded in capturing the position by surprise. But, as had often been the case during the war and the siege, the military authorities had forgotten all about the horses necessary to carry off the cannons. Officers were sent to head-quarters in quest of some, but in the meantime the surprised insurrectionary battalions of the National Guard arrived in strong force, sur- rounded the small detachments of soldiers that guarded the guts, disarmed fO»)f, prevailed upon others, and finally regained full possession ot the armed heights. Among the assailants Captain Garcin, who com- manded one of the revolutionary battalions, was particularly conspicious by his long white beard and the decoration he wore on his breast. He ordered his men to arrest General Lecomte, formed a platoon escort, and cenducted him to the Chateau Bcuge. Garcin, according to the indictment, instead of trying to calm the crowd and to encourage the better feelings of some of the National Guards, only excited them the more by the violence of ]an„(iage. A few hours later he took part in a revolutionary council, at which it was decided that General Lecomte and the officers arrested with him should be tried at once by court- noartial. He also formed one of the escort that led the unfortunate prisoners to the fatal house in the Rue des Bosiers, under the pretext of bringing them before the sinister Central Committee. Captain Franck, aide-de-camp to the general; Captain Beugnot, aide-de-camp to the Minister of a!rJ?aptaUl D*11!. who had only jnst arrived from Germany, where he had been a prisoner ef war, were led into a small room on the ground floor giving on to the yard. General Lecomte was brought into the same room a few minutes later. Garcm posted sentinels round the house, and re- peatedly cried to the infuriated mob, We must Prisoners." The arrival of General 016m n Thomas, who was cemmander-in- chief of the National Guard, and who came to rescue Genera Lecomte and his companions, only in- creased tne fury 0f the accused. Garcin rushed at him and exclaimed, Monsieur Thomas—for you are not worthy of being called citoyes-YOU belong to those fine fellows who go to Mass with Trochu instead of attacking the Prussians I You betrayed u» You shed the blood of our brotners. You must render up an account of your deeds: General Clement Thomas replied, "You are h.ackguard. I have no account to give to you. A Beene of indescribable noise and fury fol- lowed, in the midst of which one witneis heard a voice shout-presumably that of Gsrcin-" Ali you shall pay for all this! you shall be shot at once!" The next second the shutters ef the room giving on te the yard were broken open, and-the insurgents seized hold 0f (general Xhomas and dragged him into the garden, wbere, as everybody knows, he and General Lecomte ^ere butchered. Where was the accused at this awful moment? geresome confusion prevails. The indictment, which proves the violent language and hostile attitude of Garcin, does not make it sufficiently clear that he took partm the murder. Garcin himself declares that he withdrew trom thespotjust before theassassination of the two generate, and that he meant to ask M. Olemenceau, Mayor of thequarter, for instructions. M. Otemenceau, who is now one of the deputies for Paris, corroborates this statement. Several witnesses, however, think they saw him on the spot when the murders were per- petrated, but their evidence is not conclusive. M. J uric, a chemist, was commander of the 158th battalion of the National Guard. He was on duty on the 18th of March on the Boulevard Ornano, and saw most of phat took place. I found myself." he said, in the I Bue aes Martyrs, at the moment General Clement Thomas was arrested. I followed him with some men of my company in the hope of being able to rescue him. ■ i arrived in the Buedes Bosiers about four ni the afternoon. I saw there a little captain who had a long white beard. I cannot, at this long interval, affirm that the accused was the man. I got nto the house, and tried to calm the crowd, who kept their guns pointed at the prisoners. A few minutes later I was pushed out again into the street, and thera I again saw tbe little old man. I then went to the heights of Montmartre, where I once more came across the same old captain, who was addressing the crowd. He accused me of treachery, and exclaimed,' You and your Ul^enceau, we must settle your business.' I then asked who the eld man was, and was told it waB Captain Garcia." The next important witness was Liout.-Colonel de Poussargues, who commanded the detachment of the Chasseurs of Vincennes, that guarded the artillery on the h eights of Woutnlgrtre. "At half-past flve o'clock m the morning," he deposed, we occupied Moatroartre. At aoven o'clock the Nauoo^i Giu r s i were called out, and in a few mioutea an irri,k,er,,o crowd surrounded us on till sides. I ukd General Lecomte if I should crder the troops te fir*, but be re- fused. Seeing wedid not fire, the National Guards broke through our lines, and I was arrested atthe same time as the general. We were taken to the Chateau Rouge. I remarked among the crowd when we were attacked a little captain, with white hair, alone white beard, and the medal of July on his breast. I saw him again in the room in the Bue des Bosiers, where we were im- prisoned. He came to speak to General Lecomte, and appeared to be angry with him. I could not follow all the details of the scene. An in- furiated crowd threatened at every moment to cut us to pieces. One captain of the National Guard said,' I have served with Garibaldi. We had traitors among us, but we never executed them without trial. Let us form a court-martial.' He was not listened to, and then another voice cried out, Let those who are in favour of death hold up their hands.' This was received with shouts of a mort I a mort and the next minute the two generals were dragged into the garden and shot." .0-- c


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