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CONSTANCE.

THE STRANGE CLAIMANT; OR,…

NEARLY AN ELOPEMENT.

[No title]

LADIES' COLUMN.

USEFUL HINTS.

[No title]

/VARIETIES.

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VARIETIES. Leva ANB WEEPING.—He who has most of heart knows most of weeping. REAL LOVE.—The love of woman is gold that has been tried in the fire. The love of man is too often alloyed with baser metal. TRUTH.—Adhere and undeviatingly to truth; but while you express what is true, express it in a pleas- ing manner. Truth is the picture, the manner is the frame that dislays it to advantage. CHARITY.—Flatter not thyself in thy faith to God, if thou wanted charity for thy neighbour; and think not thou hast charity for thy neighbour if thou wantest faith to God-when they are both wanting; they are both dead, if once divided. LOVING FRIENDS.—Never cast aside your friends if by any possibility you can retain them. We are the weakest of spenthiifts if we let one thing drop off through inattention, or let one push away another, or if we hold aloof from one from petty jealously or heedless alight or roughness. DEATH IS BIRTH.—No man who is fit to live need fear to die. Poor faithless souls that we are! How we shall smile at our vain alarms when the worst has happened! To us here death is the most terrible word we know. But when we have tasted its reality it will mean to us birth, deliverance, a new creation of ourselves. MATURE LOVE.-Perhaps love is never so potent as when it seizes upon those who have passed their first youth, or even those who have passed the prime of life. The choice made is then likely to be thoroughly suited to the nature of the man; and any intelligent i gifts on the part of the woman are likely to be more attractive to a man of this age than to a younger person. THE LATE POPE AND HIS PREDECESSORS.—The late Pius IX. was two-hundred-and-fifty-second Pope, and his reign was the longest of all. Only three died at a more advanced age-John XII., aged 90; Clement XII., aged 92 and Gregory IX., aged 100. Of the two hundred and fifty-one who preceded Pius IX., there were fifteen French, thirty-eight Greek, eight Syrian, six German, five Spanish, two African, two Savoyard, two Dalmatian, one English, one Portuguese, one Dutch, one Swiss, and one Candiote. Italy has furnished the remainder, and it is remarked that there has been no break in the Italian succession since 1523. IT N EVEB. COMES.—We never have to-morrow; it is simply a world of prophecies. It has been said that the two great pleasures of living are in having something to love and something to hope for, and the last of these is ever before us in the promise of "to- morrow." To-morrow we may not know, and it is well that it is thus ordained to be, for beyond the in- visible veil that conceals alike its coming joys and sorrows, our fancy may revel only in what is beauti- ful and fair, nor see the gloom or shadow of coming trials and worldly afflictions, that, could we anticipate as fixed realities that were certain to come, would mar all our peace and enjoyment of the present. It! is well for us that we cannot withdraw the veil which hides our future. CAFFRE ETIQUETTE.—The CafFre name for etiquette is hlonipa." There is an etiquette of the family, an etiquette of the tribe, and, among the Zulus, an ad- vanced people, an etiquette of the nation. The women must not mention the name of their father-in-law, and they hide, or pretend to hide, when they meet their sons-in-law. It used to be the custom at Eton for boys to shirk when they met a master out of bounds. "Shirking" was a mere legal fiction; a; stout boy might hide himself behind a slim lamp-post, j and the master was bound to behave as if the lad were satisfactorily concealed. In the same way, if a Zulu lady encounters her son-in-law in a place where there is no cover, she hlonipas," or shirks," by tying a I piece of grass round her head, as a sign that she com- plies with custom, and is in fact invisible. TEARLESS LUNATIcs.-One of the most curious facts connected with madness is the utter absence of tears: amid the insane. Whatever the form of madness, tears are conspicuous by their absence, as much in the depression of melancholia, or the excitement of mania, as in the utter apathy of dementia. If a patient in a lunatic asylum be discovered in tears, it will be found that it is either a patient beginning to recover, or an emotional outbreak in an epileptic who is scarcely truly insane, while actually insane patients appear to i have lost the power of weeping; it is only returning reason which can once more unloose the fountains of their tears. Even when a lunatic is telling one in fervid language how she has been deprived of her children, or the outrages that have been perpetrated on herself, her eyes are never even moist. The ready gush of tears which accompanies the plaint of the sane woman contrasts with the dry-eyed appeal of the lunatic. It would, indeed, seem that tears give relief to feelings which, when pent up, lead to madness. It is one of the privileges of reason to be able to weep. Amid all the misery of the insane they can find no relief in tears. A FUNNY DOG AND PIG STORY.—A New Zealand paper vouches for the truth of the following story: There is a dog at Taupo, and also a young pig, and these two afford a curious example of animal sagacity and confidence in the bona fidea of each other. These two animalalive at the native pa on the opposite side of Tapuaeharuru, and the dog discovered some happy hunting grounds on the other side, and informed the pig. The pig, being only two months old, informed the dog that he could not swim across the river, which at that spot debouches from the lake, but that in time he hoped to share the adventures of his canine friend. The dog settled the difficulty. He went into the river, standing up to his neck in water, and crouched down; the pig got on his back, clasping his neck with his fore-legs. The dog then swam across, thus carrying his chum over. Regularly every morning the two would in this way go across and forage around Tapuaeharuru, returning to the pa at night, and if the dog was ready to go home before the pig he would wait till his friend came down to be ferried over. The truth of this story is vouched for by several who have watched the movements of the pair for some weeks past. Music A STIMULANT.—AIneri often, before he wrote, prepared tie mind by listening to music. "Almost all my tragedies were sketched in my mind, either in the act of hearing music or a few hours after," a cir- cumstance which has been recorded of many others. Lord Bacon had music often played in the room ad- joining his study. Milton listened to his organ for his solemn inspirations; and music was ever neces- sary to Warburton. The symphonies which awoke in the poet sublime emotions might have composed the inventive mind of the great critic in the visions of his theoretical mysteries. A celebrated French preacher, Bordaloue or Massillon, was once found playing on the violin, to screw his mind up to the pitch, pre- paratory to his sermon, which, within a short in- terval, he was to preach before the Court. Curran's favourite mode of meditation was with his violin in his hand; for hours together would he forget himself, running voluntaries over the strings, while his im- agination, collecting its tones, was opening all his faculties for the coming emergency at the bar. IN RUSSIA.—The brilliantly-coloured signboards give the streets of a Russian city a particularly gay appearance. At almost every corner you come upon a Byzantine-looking shrine of the Virgin, with a! number of Russians in front of it, bareheaded, cross- ing themselves. You meet the Virgin in various; other unexpected places-in railway stations, in post- offices, with a little oil lamp flickering at her feet- even in the drowsy lock-ups, where tipsy mujiks can be heard yelling all day and night. The behaviour of the people in the streets is quiet and civil. If a Russian knocks against you, he begs your pardon with a sincere show of contrition if he sees your nose turning white in the cold weather, he picks up a handful of snow and rubs it with a brotherly officious- ness till the circulation is restored. All along the populous streets pedlars saunter, selling dried mush- rooms, cotton handkerchiefs, religious prints, white bread, and fritters but few of them shout. Pigeons infest the roadways with impunity, for they are held sacred. Even if a Russian were starving, it would not occur to him to knock one of the birds on the head and cook it. Dancing bears are also to be seen in great numbers, and, though not sacred, are great favourites, and always draw crowds, who laugh at their antics like children, for Russians are very easily amused. LEARNING AND LOVING.—The sentiment that a few years ago, more than to-day, prevailed among men, that "learning spoiled women for loving," could hardly have been the result of an acquaintance with the history of the learned women of the past. Veronica Gambara, most learned and wise, was as loving and devoted as the historic Dido. She was of noble birth, and from a child displayed a surprising aptitude for study. At ten years of age she was writing Latin and Greek sonnets. Of a serious temperament, her tastes led her to the study of sacred literature, and she be- came one of the most learned theologians in Italy, and was given the title of doctor. She chose for her hus- band Gilbert of Corregio, chief of that illustrious house, and was married to him in 1508, when in her twenty-fourth year. At the end of two years shewas the mother of two sons. She was tenderly loved of her husband, and as he had remarkably beautiful eyes, she addressed, to those s^ij\inS or^3 some of her most exquisite sonnets. This husband, so well be- loved, died ten years after marriage, and Veronica, although still young, consecrated herself to eternal widowhood. During the remainder of her life she had her apartments draped in black, was drawn about by the blackest of horses, and always wore a garb of deep widowhood. Heiress to all her husband's for- tune, she superintended the education of her sons, one of whom rose to high military rank, while the other became a cardinal. She continued her own studies the same as in her youth, cultivating her love of poetry and literature. Personally she was not beautiful, but she had in conversation a rare charm that no one could resist, even when discoursing of learned things. A collection of her letters and poems was published at Brescia in 1769, [ A true friend eases many troubles, whereas ond who is not so multiplies and increases them. More than half the evils we endure are imaginary. So with our pleasures most of our enjoyment con- sists in anticipation. Leave nothing that is necessary in any matter un. done-we rate abflfiy in men by what they finish, not by whsA they attempt. GOOD TEMPER.—The sunshine of good temper pene- tratw the gloomiest shades; beneath its cheering rays the miserable may bask, and forget all their misery. STRENGTH OF CHARA.CTER.-No man deserves to be praised for his goodness unless he has strength of character to be wicked.-La Rochefoucauld. FRENCH NOTIONS OF AN ENGLISH CHRISTMAS.—A French paper thus describes the origin of the great English holiday:—" Christmas-day is better known as Boxing-day, because the inhabitants give each other a box of bon-bons in token of friendship; after the dinner of turkey and plum-pudding, guests and hosts repair to the theatre to witness the burlesques; over the door of the house is suspended a sprig of box, and every time a lady and gentleman cross each other there they kiss." TESTS or DEATH.—M. Laborde has read before the Academy of Science a communication on a new means of determining the existence of death. He points out that when a finely-polished steel needle is plunged sufficiently deep into the tissues of living animals, at the end of a variable but usually short period, the needle looses its metallio tissue to a greater or lesser extent and becomes oxodised. If, on the other hand, such needle is introduced into the muscular tissue of a dead body and left there for twenty minutes or an hour, it remains perfectly untarnished. The oxidation of the needle and the themic and electric conditions to which it is subjected constitute, according to M. Laborde, a constant and reliable sign that death is only apparent. WEARING FLANNEL.—The majority of people are not aware of the beneficial effects of wearing flannel next to the body, both in cold and warm weather. Flannel is not so uncomfortable in warm weather as prejudiced people believe. Frequent colds and con. stant hacking coughs have been cured by adopting flannel garments. There is no need of great bulk about the waist, which condemns the wearing of flannel with uhose who prefer wasp-waists to health, for in that case the flannel can be cut as loosely fitting waists, always fastening at the back. There are scarcely any of the bad effects of sudden changes of weather felt by those who wear flannel, and mothers especially should endeavour to secure such for their little people in preference to all those showy outside trimmings. LORD BROUGHAM'S RETURN AS MEMBER FOR Y OIUt.- I have said before that the repeal of the Orders in Council was my greatest achievement. I say now that my return for the great county of York was my greatest victory, my most unsullied success. I may say without hyperbole, that when, as knight of the shire, I was begirt with the sword, it was the proudest moment of my life. My return to Parliament by the greatest and most wealthy constituency in England was the highest compliment ever paid to a public man. I felt I had earned it by the good I had done—that I had gained it by no base or unworthy acts. I am bound to add that the feeling of gratification was general and strong in the party, both towards me personally, and with a view to the good of the cause. Not outlying members of the party, but those who were in. the strictest sense partly men shared in the triumph.—Memoirs of Henry Lord Brougham. FAMILIAR LovjL-Perhaps there is no period so pleasant:among all the pleasant periods of love-making as that in which the intimacy between the two lovers is so assured and the coming event so near as to produce and endure conversation about the ordinary little matters of life; what can be done with the limited means at their disposal; how that life shall be begun which they shall lead together; what idea each has of the other's duties; what each can do for the other; what each will renounce for the other. There was a true sense of the delight in the intimacy in the girl who declared that she had never loved her lover so weU as when she had told him how many pairs of stock. ings she had got. e It is very sweet to gaae at the stars together; and it u sweet to sit out among the hay- cocks. The reading of poetry out of the same book, with brows all close, and arms all mingled is very sweet; the pouring out of the whole heart in written words, which the writer knows would be ridiculous to any one but the dear one to whom they are sent is very sweet; but for the girl who has made a shirt for the man she loves, there has come a moment in the last stitch of it sweeter than any stars have produced.— Anthony Trollope. CURIOUS REMEDY FOR GOUT.—-A curious remedy for gout is thus described by Kossuth. He says that having suffered for some time from gout in the head, he was recommended by his physicians to go to the grotto of Monsummano, near Pistoia, in Tuscany, which has for the last thirty years had a local reputa- tion for curing persons afflicted with rheumatism and other kindred diseases. On arriving at the grotto, he had to take off all his clothes and enter with nothing on but a long shirt and a pair of slippers. The in- terior is lighted with wax candles, which show the beautiful stalactites which hang down from the roof. Here he sat for ten minutes, after which he began to perspire profusely, and the doctor hurried him out of the grotto, although he would have liked to remain some time longer. He was then rubbed with cloths and wrapped up in flannel, and, after a warm bath, breakfasted in the adjoining restaurant. This treat- ment was repeated daily for eight days, ft the end of which time he was completely cured. Kossuth says that no one has yet been able to explain the healing properties of the grotto; the temperature in its warmest parts is not more than from 32 deg. to 34 deg. centigrade, and is often cooler than that of the air out- side, while the water in the grotto is quite cold. Kossuth believes that the effect produced must be due to some electro-magnetic agency.-(A Hungarian paper).- Magyar Ujtag. THE MILKMAN AND THE BBBRSHOp.-During one of my visits to Northampton I heard that an old member had taken a beershop; he used at one time to sell milk, during which I knew him, his wife, and daughter. I was sorry for them, and therefore starting off at midday to find out and enter the beershop, hoping, as I was known to be a total abstainer, that no one would see me. I found ü- at home, and said, Whatever has brought you into this den ? "-C. A man must live."—-J. B.: "I do not see any par- ticular need for you to live, when you live only to do evil to the bodies and minds of men; you would be as well away, and then you would do no harm."—C.: You are very plain." -J. B. I design to be plain. When you sold milk you were employed in what did good to society, but now it is the reverse. Whatever made you bring your wife and daughter into this place, where they must see.and hear.many things they ought not P"—C.: Why, this trade is as honest as that at any rate."—I never knew before that he put water into his milk; but this was a plain confession. So that one evil leads to another. He appeared to get on prosperously in his wicked traffio some years, j when he committed some mistake in law, on account of which the whole of his property was swept away, and he became a very poor man. I believe he is still living; may it be to do good and not evil, and may he become wise. Society owes no man a living who lives only to do harm to its members.— JHQWCS'M Autobiography. AN ENGLISH LAPDOG AT CALCUTTA.—" My dearest Sister,—I will try to run off a letter early in the morning, for it is hot, and I am so sleepy after lun. cheon that I always fall asleep when I am in a tran- sport of sentiment over my letters home. The weather has been better through the last fortnight; occasional days of pouring rains when we can have the windows open, and there have been two or three evenings this last week which were really pleasent-something like the hottest summer evenings of that exquisite country, England-with a little air stirring, and no necessity for gasping with one's tongue hanging out, like Chance. That little black angel has the audacity to dote on India, and never enjoyed better spirits, or a more imperious temper. He was once nearly carried off by some vultures, and he and 's greyhound both narrowly escaped the snap of an alligator. He swims so far out into the Ganges that his own attached servant screams with fright. He has learnt from the patives to eat mangoes, and is very much suspected of smoking his hookah whenever he can get comfortably alone with my tailors. lie is allowed, for a great treat, to run before our horses on a cool evening and the other day, when George was riding with me, Chance insisted on going to the racecourse with us. I asked_ Captain Alacgregor to inquire why Chance's o»n valet was not with him, and he translated the answer that when the Lord Sahib himself took the dog, the sicar, or head of that class of servants, thought it right to go himself. So there was a grand-looking man in the flowing dress of the upper servants, with a white beard down to his waist, gambolling after Chance, who took to running after birds, and gave a little growl every time his tutor interfered, and the sicar, who was not used to him, looked frightened out of his senses, and then began running again. I could hardly ride for laughing, but I mentioned the fact for Dandy's edification."—Miss Eden's Letters from India. GUN PROVING.—By Act of Parliament the strength of every barrel made in England must be proved, and certain descriptions must be twice proved, in the proof- house at Birmingham or in that of London, before issue to the public. This is done by loading and firing them with a charge five times as heavy as they are ordinarily expected to carry. Some, as may be sup- posed, explode under the trial; as to the rest, they are laid aside for awhile, and then minutely examined. Should there be a flaw in them, the saltpetre in the proving powder will after a few hours discolour the outside of the barrel. If there appear, however, to be anything amiss which the saltpetre has failed to bring out, the tube is filled with water, and a ball larger than the bore hammered into it. This compresses j the water so violently that if there be the slightest i crack it oozes througu ami poffnnndnow.