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VARIETIES. The heart of the fool is in his mouth, the language of the wise man is in his heart. TBCTH.—A mind that seeks truth for its own sake is as rare as it is valuable. EASY OR DIFFICULTY.—Nothing is more easy than to do mischief; nothing is more difficult that to suffer without complaining. GOSSIP.—Can the evil wrought by gossip be esti- mated? We trow not. A wise woman can scarcely say too little in company if the conversation trenches in the least upon scandal. TRAINING.—Do not, then, train boys to learn by force and harshness, but direct then to do it by what amuses their minds, so that you may be the better able to discover with accuracy the peculiar bent of the genius of each. LOOK AT THE SUNNY SmE.- We do not please God more by eating bitter aloes than by eating honey. A cloudy, foggy, rainy day is not more heavenly than a day of sunshine. A funeral march is not so much like the music of angels as the song of birds on a May morning. LITTLE THINGS.—Springs are little things, but they are sources of large streams; a helm is a little thing, but it governs the course of a ship; a bridlebit ia a little thing, but we know its use and power nails and pegs are little things, but they hold the parts of a large, building together; a word, a look, a smile, a frown, are all little things, but powerful for good or evil. Think of this, and mind the little things. PARENTAL PARTIALITY. — There is another fatal danger in family government, from which we would warn every parent, and that is partiality. It is too often the case that fathers and mothers have their favourite child. From this two evils result. In the first place, the pet usually becomes a spoiled child; and the "flower of the family" seldom yields any other than bitter fruit. In the second place, the neglected part of the household feel envy towards the parent that makes the odious distinction. DR. CHALMERS AND THE INTRODUCTION OF GAS.— It is related of the celebrated Dr. Chalmers that, happening to be in London at the time (1803-4) when Mr. Winsor was trying to persuade the people of the feasibility of introducing gas into private houses for the purpose of illumination, he heard a lecture on the subject, and was so convinced of the practicability of the scheme that on his return home he had the re- quisite pipes introduced into a parsonage which he was then building for his occupancy, so that they should be ready when the discovery was accepted and gas-works were established. THB rSBGGARS J<EAST.—Moscow gives us an odd little romance. A beautiful young heiress has married a beggar at eighty-six years old. It has a queer look at first, but nothing could be more natural. The young girl-she is only twenty-two—could not enter into possession of her fortune until she' was married, and the young men whom her guardian introduced to her were empty-headed creatures, to whom she was unwilling to bind herself for life, so she resolved to marry an old beggar and get the money without sacrificing her independence. The old man was one of her pensioners, and readily consented to marry her, and then keep out of her way, retiring on a com- fortable allowance. All the beggars in town feasted and made merry on the wedding night. That was a girl of spirit. THE SHAKESPEARE WHO FOUGHT AT BOSWORTH.— One of the combatants on Henry's side in that great battle may well be memorable to us. He was the ancestor and virtual founder of the Shakespeare family. William Shakespeare was directly descended, in the fourth generation, from the brave and fortunate sol- dier, whose Christian name is, unfortunately, unknown to history. Our Shakespeare was born eighty years after the decisive fight at Bosworth. It was this valiant ancestor whose exploits gained later for the Shakespeare family that shield, or coat of arms, con- firmed in 1696 by William Dethick, Garter Principal King of Arms, which consists of gould, on a bend sable, and a speare of the first, the point steeled, proper; and his crest, or cognizance, a faulcon; his wings displayed, argent, standing on a wrethe of his coullors supporting a speare gould steele as afore- said, sett upon a helmet with mantells and tassells." Hence William Shakespeare was armeger, and Master William Shakespeare and thus we con- nect our poet with Henry VII. and with Bosworth fight. Picturesque Europe." How RUSSIANS LEARN ENGLIsH.-The Russian method of acquiring foreign language is more me- thodical than that of any other nation. In the first place a foreign nurse, usually English, is secured for the baby. The Russians are very careful in choosing this personage, because, as she is not on any account to breathe into the infant's ears an accent of plebeian Russ, her speech must be free from those collo- quialisms in which ladies like Sairey Gamp are apt to indulge. When the child is about nine years old foreign playmates are sought for it. During the summer months the children of the English and French residents in Russia are at a premium. It it a regular practice for them to spend their holidays on the estates of Russian nobility. Besides the pleasure the trip into the interior affords them, they mostly return home laden with presents; and if a boy is sharp enough to be able to add a little grammatical instruc- tions to his practice as conversationalist," he may pick up enough pocket-money to last the remainder of the twelve months. Lastly, a tutor or governess is engaged for the child until it can converse in a foreign language as freely and faultlessly as a native. Language masters make a fine living in Russia. In spite of their numbers-English teachers may be counted by the hundreds-they charge a high price for their instructions, and are held in great esteem by the Russians, who often retain their services for years. ABOUT MYSELF.—I have no philosophical turn, although I have been much censured for having too much philosophy in my romances. That arises from my frequent fits of passiveness. If I am under deep feeling, or moved by a conviction, my reflections, my reveries, even my fictions, are necessarily affected. They are impregnated in like manner as our clothes and our hair retain the perfume of the garden or the woods. Free arbitration, entirely free! Fifty years ago I made attempts to think of such subjects only as could be made useful by the slave that I am. In order to control my unruly brain, I determined on a regular life, and imposed on myself a daily task; but twenty times out of thirty I forgot myself and fell to dreaming, or reading, or writing on other subjects. Had it not been for these intellectual strolls, I should have acquired instruction; for I comprehend pretty readily, and analyze even too rapidly. I should have forced my mind to classify its ideas. To understand and to know has been my perpetual aspiration; but my desire has by no means been realized. My will has not had absolute control over my thoughts. Yet I cannot suffer from remorse, for I have indulged in no idleness, nor opened the door to any kind of abstraction. The exterior world has always had more power over me than I over it. I have been a mirror in which my own reflection is crowded out by the accumulation of other figures and objects.- Georges Sand. MUSTAKD.—The condiment on our tables seems so completely a matter of necessity that we imagine it must have been in use from time immemorial, more especially as Our Lord draws a simile from the seed of the plant. Yet its use in the form best known to us is very recent. It was known, indeed-two varie- ties being raised like watercresses as a kind of salad, the leaves being dressed and eaten raw, and some- times cooked. About the year 1729, an old woman named Clements, residing at Durham; began to grind the mustard seed in a mill, and to pass it through several processes to free the yellow meal from the husks without impairing its pungency. She kept her trade secret for many years, and sold her flour of mustard in all parts, but especially in London. Others attempted to imitate her Durham mustard, but the result was so inferior that her manufacture was un- rivalled. When King George 1. adopted it at the royal table, its position was established, and the old woman's happy invention became indispensable in every house. All Europe soon bowed to England's superiority in this Branch, and though French cooks despised the English cuisine as barbarous, they appre- ciated English mustard, but made a preparation of their own to enter the lists with it; so that for a cen- tury the world has been divided on the merits of English and French mustard. Mustard belongs to the brassica or cabbage family, one of the cruciferse or cross-bearing plants, almost all of which are useful for food and none injurious. A TURKISH LEGEND.—On a rock opposite Scutari, facing the entrance to the Bosphorus, stands a tower which is often, without reason, called "the Tower of Leander." The Turks call it "the Tower of the Virgin." In it, according to a Turkish legend, was confined the lovely daughter of Mohammed-feultan, Mehar-Schegid by name, of whom it had been pre- dicted by a mysterious gipsy that she would die by the bite of a serpent. Mehar-Schegid s reputation for beauty spread until it reached the ears of the Prince of Persia, who came to Constantinople deter- mined by some means to gain admission to the tower. He contrived, by bribing her attendants, to get con- veyed to her bouquet of symbolical flowers expressing- to her in a language she perfectly understood the passion with whibh she had inspired him. But, like Cleopatra's basket of fruit, Mehar-Schegid's bunch of flowers concealed an asp. Mehar-Schegid was stung. Her servants, remembering the gipsy's prophecy, uttered loud cries of distress, and, throwing open the doors of the tower, rushed out frantically, exclaiming that was all lost. Thence the Prince of Persia rushed in, seized Mehar-Schegid in his arms, and sucked the wound in her shoulder until he had extracted from it all the venom left there by the asp. The Sultan, when he heard of the young man's noble and devoted conduct, declared that he should be his son-in-law; and the Prince of Persia made Mehar-Schegid his wife, and lived with her very happily for a great number of y«§p, agd had mauy du&ren. INTELLECT AND WORDS.—A man's actions are effaced and vanish with him. But his intellect is im- mortal and bequeathed, unimpaired, to posterity. Words are the only things that last for ever. Youth beholds happiness gleaming in the prospect. Age looks back on the happiness of youth, and, instead of hopes, seeks its enjoyment in the recollections of hopes. This happiness ever resides in the imagi- nation. Nervousness is by no means incompatible with gentle- manly conduct. True, it will almost invairably mar the effect of politeness—-lending to the actions of a man a character that will seem to savour much of that may be called an ^inoffensive gaucherie. Wealth is desirable for what it enables us to do or enjoy; but it is not desirable at the cost of honesty and honour, and true manhood. It is not desirable when truth, and virtue, and religion-when honour- able usefulness and happiness here, and eternal happi- ness hereafter-must be sacrificed for it. BAD SPEAKERS.—The two representatives of con- stituencies who were the worst speakers I ever heard when sober, were the late Sir William Guise, M.P., for Gloucestershire, and Colonel Webb, the member for the city. The former, in an after-dinner speech, expressed his satisfaction at having his health proposed "by so respectable an individual" as his lioyal Highness the Duke of Gloucester, and the latter, in a low pothouse, during his canvass, assured half-a- dozen sweeps and tinkers that his feelings overcame him in having the onerous responsibility of addressing so respectable an assembly." The assembly grinned, and one of them cried "Walker!"—Hon. Berkeley's Ltfe and Mecollections. A HINT.-If a youth is wooingly disposed towards any damsel, as he values his happiness, let him call on the lady when she least expects him, and take note of the appearance of all that is under her control. Observe if the shoes fit neatly, and the hair well dressed. And we would forgive a man for breaking off an engagement if he discovered a greasy novel hid away under the cushion of a sofa, or a hole in the garniture of the prettiest foot in the world. Sloven- liness in a female will ever be avoided by a well- regulated mind. A woman cannot always be what is called" dressed," but she may be always neat. And as certainly as a virtuous woman is a crown of glory to her husband, so surely is a slovenly one a crown of thorns. HASTY FRIENDSHIP.—Some people are continually acquiring" dear friends." Ladies of an impressible nature have been known to add two or three to their list every week during the visiting season. We men are not, generally speaking, as apt to rush into friend- ship as the more amiable sex yet many of us contract friendships in hands that we repent of at leisure. JLrue triends are scarce articles, lhey cannot bo picked up at the rate of half a dozen a season at dinner parties or balls. Will the ladies excuse us for sa: :ng I that men's friendships are, in most cases, stronger tnan theirs ? A lady's very dear," or even dearest friend" of her own sex is apt to fall from favour if she tries to compete with her affectionate sister, even in so small a matter as dress. The charming young crea- tures who walk with their arms linked around each other's waists and exchange kisses and confidence daily are not, as a general thing, so closely wedded together by mutual affection but that envy or jealousy may part them, or even make them enemies. Loss OF PARKS BY THE WARS.—"Of eight parks which my Lord had before the wars, there was but one left that was not quite destroyed, viz., Welbeck- park of about four miles compass; for my Lord's brother, Sir Charles Cavendish, who bought out the life of my Lord in that lordship, saved most part of it from being cut down; and in Blore-park there were some few deer left. The rest of the parks were totally defaced and destroyed, both wood, pales, and deer; amongst which was also Clipston-park of seven miles compass, wherein my Lord had taken much delight formerly, it being rich of wood, and contain- ing the greatest and tallest timber trees of all the I woods he had; in SQ much that only the pale-row was valued at £ 2,000. It was watered by a pleasant river that runs through it, full of fish and otters; was well stocked with deer, full of hares, and had a great store of partridges, poots, pheasants, &c., besides all sorts of water-fowl; so that this park afforded all manner of sports, for hunting, hawking, coursing, fishing, &c., for which my Lord esteemed it very much: And although his patience and wisdom is sach, that I never perceived him sad or discontented for his own losses and misfortunes, yet when he beheld the ruins of that park, I observed him troubled, though he did little express it, only saying, he had been in hopes it would not have been so much defaced as he found it, there being not one timber-tree in it left for shelter.-Margareta, Duchess of Newcastle's Lives" I VALUE OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS.—One good of a great Eublic school is the way in which the moral pruning- nife is wielded there. I do not mean by the masters, but by the republic of boys. Many a lad of rank and fortune, in whom the evil shoots of arrogance, self-conceit, contempt for his fellow-creatures, and a motion that he himself is the mightiest of mortals, has been fostered at home by the adulation of servants and cottagers and tenantry, has these evil shoots effectually shred away. You have heard, of course, how the Duke of Middlesex and Southwark came to his title as a baby, and grew up under the care of obsequious tutors and governors until be had attained the age to go to sohooh The first evening he was there he was standing at a corner of the playground with a supercilious air, surveying the sports that were proceeding. A boy about his own size perceived him, and running up, said with some curiosity-Who are you P" The Duke of Middlesex and Southwark," was the reply. "Oh," said the other boy, with an awakened interest, 11 there's one kick for the Duke of Middlesex and another for the Duke of Southwark," and having thus delivered himself, he ran away. 0, what a sharp pair of shears in that moment pruned off certain shoots which had been growing in that younger peer's nature ever since the dawn of intelligence! The awful yet salutary truth was impressed by a single lesson, that there were places in this world where nobody cared for the Duke of Middlesex and Southwark. And perhaps that painful pruning was the beginning of the discipline which made that duke, as long as he lived, the most unpretending, admirable and truly noble of men. —A Country Parson. SINGULAR CASE OF ACCURATE RECKONING. — Another sketch is that of Capt. Joseph Huddart, son of a village shoemaker of Allonby. Huddart was born in 1741. The boy, like David Roberts, had no liking for shoemaking, and the father let him gang his ain gait," which tended to seafaring and engi- neering, and a love for instrumental music, which led to his playing well on the flute and the violin. He was early afloat, and at the age of three-and-twenty he was expert in the coasting trade, but at a subse- quent period his eyes were directed to the other side of the Atlantic:—"As his ship-building ideas were revived, he went to Maryport, five miles further west, and had a ship built on. his own plan, and partly by his own hands, in 1768. This ship of Huddart's has got the credit of being the first constructed in Cum- berland from 'draft,' or drawings, and working by scale. As master of his own ship, and about to ex- tend his navigation beyond the coasts of Britain, Joseph now seems entitled to the name of Captain Huddart. A voyage to America being determined upon by Huddart, his friends suggested that a sailor who had frequently crossed the Atlantic should form one of his crew; the advice was adopted, but, curioua to relate, the sailor of many passages' experiences was no match for the captain, who only made it for the nrst time. The captain's observations and reckonings were so accurate, that he was enabled to point to the land first seen on the American coast as the very port he was bound to; and though his sailor judged very differently, he steered for the river, and found his wished-for-haven. Here was a triumph of science, over uneducated experience; and it is but one of the thousands of proofs daily oceurring to show the accu- racy of astronomical data, and the glorious privileges possessed by modern navigators." — Dr. Lonsdale's Worthies of Cumberland." THE GREAT OVEHTHHOW AT MARSTON MOOR.— "Not long had my Lord been there, but he heard a great noise and thunder of shooting, which gave him notice of the armies being engaged Whereupon he immediately put on his arms, and was no sooner got on horseback but he beheld a dismal sight of the horse of his Majesties right wing, which out of a panick had left the field, and run away with all the speed they could; and though my Lord made them stand once, yet they immediately betook themselves to their heels again, and killed even those of their own party that endeavoured to stop them; the left wing, in the meantime, commanded by those two valiant personf, the Lord Goring and Sir Charles Lucas, having the better of the enemies right wing, which they beat back most valiantly three times, and made their general retreat, in so much that they sounded victory. In this confusion my Lord (ac- companied only with his brother Sir Charles Caven- dish, Major Scot, Capt. Mazine, and his page) hasten- ing to see in what posture his own regiment was, met with a troop of Gentlemen Voluntiers, who formerly had chosen him their Captain, notwith- standing he was General of an army; to whom my Lord spake after this manner Gentlemen,' said he, I You have done me the honour to chuse me your captain, and now is the fittest time that I may do you service; wherefore if you'l follow me, I shall lead you on the best I car, and show you the way to your own honour." They being as glad of my Lord's profer, as my Lord was of their readiness, went on with the greatest courage; and passing through two bodies of foot, engaged with each other not at forty yards distance, received not the least hurt, although they fired quick upon each other; but inarched towards a Scots regiment of foot, which they charged and routed; in which encounter my Lord himself killed three with his pages half-leaden sword, for he had no other left with him; and though all the gentlemen in particular, offered him their swords, yet my Lord refused to take a sword of any of them,' —Margareta, Duchess of Newcastle s •