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THE following notioe appears on a board placed on a piece of ground called The Sand in the Oitv of Durham—" All persons found trespassing on this land, laying rubbish, or playing quoits, and all pigs and stray cattle found destroying the herbage, will be prosecuted according to law." INDIAN MATCHES.—The method which Indians formerly adopted for obtaining fire was more labori- eus than that of the tinder-box. They sharpened a piece of hard wood to a point, and very rapidly turned this, after the manner of a drill, against a soft piece of wood, having some light chips around. Practice enabled them to move the pointed stick with sufficient rapidity to set fire to th", chips. Any one can make two sticks warm by rubbing them together; but to make them hot enough to set anything on fire is a different matter. The Indian, therefore, must have thought the tinder-box a wonderful invention.— Easy Introduction to Chemistry. By Arthur Riatj. PYM AND HIS INFLUENCE -The olose of 1643 was saddened to the Parliament by the death of Pym. It was, indeed, a serious loss, following that of Hampden. No man had contributed so much to give firmness to the conduct of the commons, and clear-. ripas to the objects at which it aimed. His mind was formed on the old classic model of patriotic devo- tion. He had no desire to pull down the crown or the church, but he would have the one restrained within the limits of real service to the country, and the other to those of its spiritual benefit. Therefore he recommended sternly resistance to the royal power, preferring civil war to perpetual slavery, and the exemption of bishops and clrrgymen from all civil offices. Seeing from the first the ends that he would attain, guided by the most solemn and perspicuous principles, he never swerved from them under the pressure of flattery or difficulty, and he would not let the state swerve. His eloquence and address, but far more his unselfish zeal, enabled him to draw the commons and intimidate the lords. He boldly told the peers that they must join in the salvation of the country, or see it saved without them, and take the consequences in the esteem or the contempt of the people. They would have fared better had they pro- fited^by |his warning. Pym was the Aristides of the time he sought no advantage to himself, he derived nothing from his exertions or his prominent position but the satisfaction of seeing his country saved by his labours. He derived no influence from his wealth or rank, for he had none of either; his whole prestige was intellectual and moral; he wore himself out for the public good, and died as poor as he commenced, the only grant which he received from the state bing an honourable burial in Westminster Abbey. The syco- phants of royalty, on the return of monarchy, cast out his remains; but there was a monument which they dared not touch, in which his memory lives, the heart of the nation, for there is no man to whom posterity owes, and will owe, more of the glory, the freedom, and the daily comforts of Englishmen. Wherever we go, we walk over his tomb, for it em- braces every foot of English ground, and out of it springs perpetually the ennobling and enfranchising consciousness of what. as a nation, we are and must be.-Ca.øe!l'slaUltrated History of England. A WELCOME SUPPEE.— On one occasion I en- countered a tempestuous snowstorm during a horse- back journey to Indianapolis to attend an eighth of January celebration, and, espying a decent-looking double log-cabin, I resolved to seek shelter there. "Can I put up with you to-night, madam ?" I asked a patient-looking woman, who came to the door at my call. Well," she said, hesitating, it don't seem like a body should turn a stranger from the door on a night like this, but we aint fixed to keep travellers. We aint got no meat in the house." The snow was drifting right in my face, and I was getting colder every minute. Have you bread and butter and tea?" I asked. No tea, but coffee, and plenty of bread and butter, and eggs, of course." I don't want better fare than that," said I, about to dismount. But he aint at home," she objected, "and there's nobody to take your critter." Never mind. You expect him soon ?" Within an hour, I guess." All right, I can take care of my own horse." In the stable I found corn, fodder and prairie hay in abundance; and I bad fed and curried my horse before he came back. When I returned tothehouse my hostess renewed her apologies. I most wish I hadn't let you stay. I know we aint nothing to give you like what you've been used to at home." I repeated my assurances that I should be quite satisfied with what she had. Then, happening to cast my eye around the room: Madam," said I, I thought you said you had no meat in the house; but surely these are prairie-fowls," pointing to three or four that hung against the wall. Oh, sir," said she, would you eat a prairie-fowl ? Then I can make you out a suppeij." Pray," I asked, what made you suppose that I disliked prairie-fowl." "Ah," you suppose that I disliked prairie-fowl." "Ah," she replied, if you had bad them morning, noon, and night as we have you wouldn't wonder. We can shoot them, most any day, in our barn-yard but it's all right." And so it was. Se made his appearance in time to support. The broiled prairie-fowl was done to a wish the bread was excellent, the coffee fair with rich cream, and the butter and eggs unexceptionable. I have seldom eaten a better supper with better appetite, if it was in a house where there was not no meat to be had. My hostess felt quite at her ease when I explained to her that I lived in a heavily timbered part of the country, in which prairie- fowls were not to be had for the shooting, and where, in consequence, they were valued as a rarity. I did not think it necesoary to add that if the meat," of which she deplored the absence, had been forth- coming, so that she could have ottered me (as she doubtless would instead of the worthless bird) a mess of fat pork swimming in grease, as a dish which one need not be ashamed to set before any one, nothing but sheer politeness would have induced me to touch it. Such an avowal might have set the good woman to wondering in what uncivilised portion of the world I had been born and bred.—Soribner'a Mont hi v. CEYLON.—The ooast is low, and the town, whether seen from the water or on land, has few claims to the picturesque. But very picturesque, in tensely droll, and utterly new to the experience of the traveller arriving for the first time from Bngland is the sight that greets him directly the ship is in port, when boats innumerable surround it, whose occupants instantly crowd the deck. They represent numerous nationalities, and display, consequently, a variety of costumes, in- cluding that which is almost no costume at all, except a skin of any tint between-olive and the richest bronze. The Cingalese themselves are especially re- markable for their chignenf, which, together with great scantiness of beard and a similarity in dress, when the men are fully attired, makes it difficult to distinguish the sexes among the young people. Ot the chignons, some are fastened with a comb and some with-ut, the right to wear it belonging to the higher castes. Imagine a shrivelled old boatman, almost bald, but having his scanty grey locks elaborately arranged in a knot worn almost at the nape of the neck, and fixed there with the help of a comb in form like those lately in favour here for keeping little girl's hair out of their eyes. Some of these new arrivals have coral and tortoise shell ornaments to sell, and pearls and precious stones, or imitations of the same. Though, as a rule, the jewellery is mere rubbish, now and then a fortunate purchaser finds he has got a really valuable gem for a comparatively trifling price and, of cour&e, every buyer hopes he shall be the lucky exception. Other vendors offer embroidered shawls, Indian muslins, a variety of objects in basket work, or of models ef the boats used in the harbour, at which the stranger gazes in amazement as they throng round his vessel. In shape like a long deep trough, so narrow that the little seats on either side at one end, for passengers, hang over the water, and yet leave scant room for knees betweeen, these boats would at once tip over but for an outrigger consisting of two long and slightly arch- ing poles fixed to one side lit right angles, and united at the outer end by a crossbeam. In rough weather additional weight is needed to preserve a balance, and a man stands upon the beam a second is required in a gale—hence called a two-man storm." The out- rigger, as might be expected, often cornu into collision with other vessel*, when, if, as usually happens, it is snapped off, the little craft turns over, projecting its occupants into the sea. A rowing boat conveying passengers from our steamer to another caused such a mishap. Fortunately there were only natives to be upset, who swim like fishes, so that ne great harm was done but we often saw Europeans, even women, make the passage to and from the ship in these cockle-shells, and a very un- comfortable sight it was, especially as the harbour is infested by sharks, which would soon attack a sinking comfortable sight it was, especially as the harbour is infested by sharks, which would soon attack a sinking bodv, though a swimming one, by the commotion it makes in the water, is tolerably safe. The native boats are generally paddled, but some have masts, and an ingenious arrangement for hoisting and lowering sails. Their most remarkable characteristic, perhaps, is that not a nail is used in their construction; the numerous parts are sewn together.-Wiat we Saw in •Amtratia,



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