Welsh Newspapers

Search 15 million Welsh newspaper articles

Hide Articles List

9 articles on this Page





[No title]



[No title]



VARIETIES. 1 StDOLL-The earth with its scarred face is the symbol of the past; the air and heaven, of futurity. Kind words do not cost much. They never blister the tongue or lips, and we have never heard of any mental trouble arising therefrom. PlUDB AND CONTEMPT.—The disesteem and con- tempt of others is inseparable from pride. It is hardly possible for us to overvalue ourselves,, but by under- valuing onr neighbours. HOPB. He seldom lives frugally who lives by chance. Hope is always liberal, and they that trust her promises make little scruple of revelling to-day on the profits of to-morrow.—Johnson. The love of a cross woman, it is said, is stronger than the love of any other female individual. Like vinegar, the affections of a high-strung woman never spoil. It's the sweet wine that becomes acidulated, not the sour wine. Forbearance is the keynote of married life. There can be no great discord, no large divergencies from tunefulness, so long as the husband forbears and the wife forbears. Now, this cannot be attained without some labour. Results are approached gradually in character, as they are in making a sand hill. I TRUTH IN TRIFLES.—Delude not yourself with the notion that you may be untrue and uncertain in trifles, and in important things the contrary. Trifles make up existence, and give the observer the mea- sure by which to try us; and the fearful power of habit, after a time, suffers not the best will to ripen into action. GOODNESS AND WICKEDNESS.—If there is one lesson which history and revelation unite in teaching, it is this—that goodness and wickedness ever have been, and, as long as the world lasts, ever will be, mixed up in this state of our existence—that social progress and civilization will never make goodness universal, eradi- cate vice, or bring the flesh into final subjection to the spirit. ROICISH CARDINALS.—It is stated that the privilege of wearing the red hat was granted to the Cardinals of the Romish Church by Innocent IV., in the thirteenth i century, as an emblem of their readiness to shed their blood for the Catholic faith. For a century and a half before they had been allowed to wear red shoes and red garments. In the year 1630 they were given the title of Eminence, ihaving been previously designated Most Illustrious. Cardinals may, with the consent of I the Pope, lay aside their rank and return to secular life; and many have done so. Even those in holy orders have been permitted to divest themselves of both rank and orders and to marry. A JAPANBSB BKLLB.—Describing the toilet pre- parations of a Japanese damsel, a correspondent says that it is a matter of no light consideration, and to be i in good time for the feast she must be up and dressing long before the sun rises from behind Fuzi, the great sacred mountain. The long, coarse tresses of black hair must be washed, combed, and greased till the head shines like a knob of polished black marble. The cheeks must be rouged to the proper tint, the throat, neck, and bosom powdered, carefully leaving, however, on the neck three lines of the brown skin of the owner, in accordance with the rules of Japanese cosmetic art. Then the eyebrows must be carefully rounded and touched with black, the lips reddened with cherry-paste, with a patch of gilding in the centre. When all this has been done, and she gets together a proper allowance of pocket-handkerchief- paper, her tobacco-pouch, pipe, and fan, she sallies forth. A FIGHTING ARCHBISHOP.—Dr. Blackburn was in the early part of his life an active buccaneer in the West Indies, for even buccaneers could not be with- out their parson. In one of their cruises, the first; lieutenant having a dispute with him, told him, that if it were not for his gown, he should treat him in a different manner." Oh," says Blackburn, that i need be no hindrance, as it is easily thrown off-and now I am your man." On this it was agreed that they should fight on a small island near where the ship lay, and that the one who fell should be rolled; into the sea by the survivor, that it might seem as if, walking on the cliff, he had slipped his foot and tumbled in. The lieutenant fell, to all appearance shot dead. Blackburn began rolling him down one or two declivities, but just as they came to the last, the lieutenant recovered sufficiently to call out, "For sake, hold your hand." Ah," said Blackburn, "you spoke just in time, for you had but one more cast to the bottom. Will it be be- lieved that this same fighting parson and baccaneer was afterwards promoted to be Archbishop of York P When Sir Charles Wager heard of the promotion, i "What," said he, "my friend Dr. Blackburn made Archbishop of York! I ought to have been pre- ferred to it before him, for I was the elder buccaneer of the two." ANNE BOLBYN.-Henry the Eighth was married to Anne Boleyn on the 25th of January, 1533, in a garret at the western end of the palace at Whitehall. She is described as a fair young creature, so exquisitely moulded in form and feature that she enslaved the eyes and understandings of all she encountered; and such is the interest with which her memory is still invested, that numbers daily visit her chambers at Hever Castle, near Edinbridge, in Kent, and eagerly listen to the romantic traditions which point out the; hill where Henry used to sound his bugle when he, came to visit her in their happy days of courtship, from his palace at Eltham, and the exact spot in the garden where, at the turn of a walk, she suddenly I came upon the King, who was so struck with her wondrous beauty, that from that moment he was inspired with the fatal passion which raised its un- fortunate object to the throne but to transfer her to the block. The axe with which the little neck of the cruelly sacrificed Queen was severed is still pre- served in the Tower, and shares, with her grave in the chapel, the melancholy interest associated with her name. It is said that during the night which followed her execution her body was secretly removed from its grave before the altar of the Tower chapel, j and buried in the church of Salle, in Norfolk, where a black marble slab is shown as the covering of her remains. BUN JOHNSON.—Ben Johnson was always con- vivial, but sometimes rather too egotistical. An in- stance of this failing in our great comic writer is related by Mr. Howell, who, in a letter to a friend, says, I was yesterday invited to solemn supper by Ben Johnson, where there was good company,! excellent cheer, choice wines, and jovial welcome. One thing intervened, which almost spoiled the relish; of the rest, that Ben began to engross all the dis- course, to vapour extremely of himself, and, by villify- ing others, to magnify his own muse. T. Ca. buzzed; me in the ear, that though Ben had barrelled up a great deal of knowledge, yet it seems he had not read the ethics, which, amongst other precepts of morality, forbid self-commendation, declaring it to be an ill-favoured solecism in good manners." It Urould seem that Mr. Howell had met with "rare Ben" at an unlucky moment; for he was generally considered a man of the most social habits, who accommodated himself to the company he met with. An instance of this occurred when drinking with a few friends at a tavern he was in the habit of fre- quenting, and where he had run up a score. The landlord applied to him for the money; but know- ing the talents of his guestx said he would forego the debt if Ben would tell him what would please God, please the devil, the company present, and him- self. Ben did not hesitate, but thus addressed his landlord:- God is pleas'd when we depart from sin, The devil's pleas'd when we persist therein; Your company's pleased when you draw good wine, And thou'd be pleas'd if I would pay thee thine." The landlord acknowledged the merit of the im- promptu, cancelled the debt, and sent in an additional bowl to keep up that hilarity which Ben had thus happily provoked. SIBERIAN MINEs.-The exiles who live in the mines are convicts of the worst type and political offenders of the best. The murderer for his villainy, the intel- ligent and honest Polish rebel for his patriotism, are deemed equally worthy of the punishment of slow death. They never see the light of day, but work and sleep all the year round in the depths of the earth, extracting silver or quicksilver under the eyes of taskmasters who have orders not to spare them. Iron gates, guarded by sentries, close the lodes, or streets, at the bottom of the shafts, and the miners are railed off from one another in gangs of twenty. They sleep within rock hewn recesses-very kennels-into which they must creep on all fours. Prince Joseph Lubomirski, who was authorized to visit one of the mines of the Oural at a time when it was not sus- pected that he would publish an account of his ex- ploration in French, has given an appalling account of what he saw. Convicts racked with the joint pains which quicksilver produces; men whose hair and eye- brows had dropped off, and who were gaunt as skele- tons, were kept to hard labour under the lash. They have only two holidays a year, Christmas and Easter; I and all other days, Sundays included, they must toil until exhausted nature robs them of the use of their limbs, when they are hauled up to die in the in- firmary. Five years in the quicksilver pits are enough to turn a man of thirty into an apparent sexagenarian, but some have been known to struggle on for ten years. No man who has served in the mines is ever allowed to return home. The most he can obtain in the way of grace is leave to come up and work in the road gangs, and it is the promise of this favour as a reward for industry which operate even more than the lash to maintain discipline. Women are employed in the mines as sifters, and get no better treatment than the men. Polish ladies by the dozen have been sent down to rot and die, while the St. Petersburg journals were declaring that they were living as free colonists; and, more recently, ladies connected with Nihilist i conspiracies have been consigned to the mines in pur- suance of a sentence of hard labour. It must always be understood that a sentence of Siberian hard labour means death. Goodness of heart is man's best treasure, his brightest honour, and his noblest acquisition. It is that ray of the Divinity which dignifies humanity. Our conviction is that ninety-nine hundredths of all the finery with which the ladies decorate their persons go for nothing as far as husband-catching is concerned. Nothing so humanizes the soul as sympathy. No- thing so thoroughly proves the man as his sympa- thizing with and alleviating the miseries of his fellow- creatures. INCREDULITY.—Of all the weaknesses which little men rail against, there is none they are more apt to ridicule than the tendency to believe; while of all the signs of a corrupt heart and a weak head, a tendenoy to incredulity isthe worst. Philosophy inquires before it denies. Enthusiasm is the blossom of which all true great- ness is the fruit; imagination the germ of all glorious deeds; and few are ever distinguished for high practical greatness who could not refer to a childhood of enthusiasm. It is the romance of the boy that becomes the heroism of the man. THE WORD FAREWELL.-If ever a latent feeling of love and friendship assumes a tender reality, sweeping the innermost depths of the soul, and kindling sad emotions in two warm hearts, it is a memory lingering upon the parting hour, and we whisper that little but impressive word-farewell. Proper benevolence is the most graceful and agree- able of all the affections. Benevolence embraces all beings capable of enjoying any portion of good—mani- fests itself in being pleased with the share of good every creature enjoys, in a disposition to increase it, in feeling an uneasiness at their sufferings. FATE.-No more despondent truth than that of fate ever appealed to the fact for a softened expression. No one is less deserving a poet's care. Despite the robe of imagery which he disposes in such artistic folds, the idea retains its original gloom, and calls up from the silent halls of our hearts reflections which it were a mercy to leave undisturbed. To gain a name of worth, a man must have an aim, a purpose for which he lives-not merely a bubble upon the stream, tossed to and fro by each succeeding wave; not merely the plaything of fate, but a being of determination, who looks to some harbour where he wills his boat shall anchor, and in willing conquers circumstances, and is not their slave. THE FOUNDATION OF FRIENDSHIP.—In the matter of friendship, I have observed that disappointment arises chiefly, not from liking our friends too well, or thinking of them too highly, but rather from an over estimate of their liking for and opinion of us, that if we guard ourselves with sufficient scrupulousness of care from error in this direction, and can be content, and even happy, to give more than we receive. READY MONEY.-Keep ready money on hand if you can. No matter if it is only a little sum. If it is only sufficient for the current expenses, it is a great con- venience, to say the least. Any one who has tried and compared the credit with the cash system will readily admit the correctness of the above remark. When you buy for cash you generally get things cheaper- get better weight and measure, and all the favours the dealer can extend to his patrons. On the chronic credit system, the matter is usually reversed. If you try to avoid credit by borrowing, you improve matters very little, if any. Hence we give this advice, Turn an honest penny" whenever you can, and always have sufficient money on hand to meet your small engagements. D&BAMS.—When do we live more intensely than when we dream P It is among the visions of sleep, not among those of waking, that we grow old and white-haired. There are people who never dream, happily or unhappily for them, and such people never grow old. After all, the body claims half our care and thought when our eyes are open; when our eyes are shut, it claims nothing. In sleep, rage, love, despair, terror, shame, remorse, all the tumultuous host of the passions, take prisoner the unguared soul. It is in a single night that men's hairs have grown white suddenly; never in a single day. Then we have no shield of common sense to keep off ghosts, no friendly shelter wherein to hide from them. Our lovers and friends are far from us, though by our sides; we are alone in chaos. If any one will question himself honestly, he will find that no actual emotion hx> ever equalled in intensity the night fancies which he laughs at when he wakes and most forgets by the end of breakfast time.-Cornhill Magazine. SMOKING IN PERSIA.—The Persian pipe is oomposed of a brass or silver or even gold enamelled head, which contains the tobacco. This is principally grown at Shiraz, and lacks the pungency of the American or Turkish plant, and it is generally smoked in Turkish harems; indeed, we have heard it whis- pered in scandal-loving circles that it used to be the fashion in India for ladies to smoke the hookah. The tobacco is well wetted, and then the moisture is partially squeezed out of it in a piece of linen. Then about a handful is placed in the bowl of the pipe, and some lumps of live charcoal are placed upon it. The head fits upon a perforated stem of wood, which in its turn fits into a (generally) globular-shaped vase of silver or glass; this penetrates into water, with which the globe is three parts filled; on one side of the vase is another wooden stem ending in a mouthpiece. Then by inhaling the smoke from the head of the pipe through the water into the lungs the operation is perfected. The inhalation keeps the charcoal alive, which burns the tobacco and allows smoke to gene- rate. The smoke is puffed out of the smoker's nostrils, and at first induces a species of gentle intoxication not provided against by the Permissive Prohibitory Bill" of Sir W. Lawson; but after the first few times of smoking this wears off, unless the dose be long eontinued.—Gentleman's Magazine. A PRETTY SPOT.—Mr. Ruskin has nearly completed a characteristic piece of work at Croydon. All along the valley which runs at the base of the chalk downs delicious springs rise, which form the head waters of the tributaries of the Thames. As the towns have sprung up the usual results have followed which wait upon "enterprise" in building. The springs have been choked, befouled, appropriated, and, worse than all, have been converted into cesspools. In one case, the inhabitants of the village, in which there were several springs of Castilian purity bubbling up from the gravel and uniting in a watercourse, set to work to tuin the drainage from their privies into it, although the land all round was of the poorest possible descrip- tion. In another case advantage was taken of a beautiful burst of water by the erection of a police- station right over it, and clapping a cesspool in its midst, so as to get the benefit of the flow," the said now being afterwards conveyed to an open pond. Mr. Ruskin has laid hold of one of these springs, which expanded into a roadside pond, has cleaned it out, paved it with bright pebbles, lined the sides with grass, on which a few boulders of rocks are placed, and is now about to erect a marble tablet on a wall by the side of it to the memory of a near rela- tive. It is now one of the prettiest little spots within fifty miles of London, and worth a journey for the purpose of looking at it. ORIGIN OF THE NAME HORSE CHESTNUT.—The following curious derivation of the name Horse Chestnut Esculus Hipposeastanum), as well as the fact giving rise to it, may possibly be as new to the readers of The Garden as it was to me, particularly as neither Loudon in his "Encyclopaedia," nor any French book on the subject, that I have seen, makes any mention of it. On examining, either with or without a glass, the mark left by the leaf stalk after its fall, a very distinct impression of a horse shoe im- bedded in the bark may be observed, bearing in relief seven dots, simulating the heads of as many nails. This mark assumes much more accurately the shape of the horse shoe on the twigs of last year's growth than on older wood. This derivation seems much less "far-fetched" than the two following, given by Loudon:—" It is said by some to be applied ironically; the nuts, though having the appearance of Sweet Chestnuts, being only fit for horses; and by some others, because the nuts are used in Turkey for curing horses of pulmonary diseases." If fit for any animals, Horse Chestnuts are more likely to be called only fit £01; pigs. First, because the irony would be so much the greater; and, secondly, because horses do not eat them willingly* ^;8 to their use in the medicinal line, it is possible that Turks, being no great doctors, may administer them to consumptive horses, but they can hardly be of much use in lung complaints, as their only medicinal property recognised in civilised phar- macopeia is that of a tonic, and, as such, the tincture of Horse Chestnuts is sometimes given for gastralia. The oil of Horse Chestnuts was, a few years ago, greatly puffed up in Paris as a cure for gout; it was applied externally, but was of little or no use, and is now considered merely as a quack medicine. Starch seems to be the best product of these nuts, but some- how the manufacture of it has never paid in this country, although Horse Chestnuts may be had almost everywhere for the mere gathering. Like Cassava (or Manioc) and many other feculent roots or nuts, repeated washings and triturating will, rid them of their bitter and acrid principle, leaving the fecula in an eatable state; the only question being that of the cost of the labour required for the operations.—2 he Garden. If rich, be not elevated; if poor, be not dejected. Manners are more important than money. A boy who is polite and pleasant in his manners will always have friends, and will not often make enemies. Good behaviour is essential to prosperity. PROGRESS IN EGYPT.-In Cairo, gaspipes have been laid down in all the principal streets, and these are better lighted than those of some European capitals. The principal thoroughfares are supplied with water- mains, and good water is distributed throughout the city. According to the American Artizan, new streets have been opened and narrow ones widened. An artifi. cial lake has been formed, and surrounded with iron railings, in a fashionable part of the city, which was formerly traversed by an offensive ditch. About the lake have been placed gravelled walks, flower-beds, stands for bands of musicians,- and for jbeatricaljepreaenfationfl,