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FOREIGN AND COLONIAL. Telegrams to the Golos, from Vladekavkaz, dated 27th ultimo, announce that the local army of the Cau- casus is. to be thoroughly reorganised. General 1 e- raardjidze has been selected by the Grand Duke Michael to undertake this duty. Typhus fever is on the increase—the last victim being General Goobski, commander of the artillery of the 0, ucasus. Several general officers have arrived from Kars, from which place General Loris Melikoff is shortly expected. The Swiss Guards at the Vatican demanded the three months' salary usually presented them after the Pope's death. Tbev were refused. They then loaded their rides and brandished their halberds, and when threatened with arrest by the Pope's carbineers they assumed a defiant attitude. The mutiny was quelled by opportune concessions. The resolution of Germany to participate in the art display of the Paris Exhibition was in consequence of a renewed invitation, and was in a measure in tended as an expression of sympathy with the Re- public. About 200 paintings will be sent, and the Emperor has placrd at the disposition of tha com- mittee any pictures in his private possession or in the public galleries. As no war pictures could be sent, and as for that reason some of the most meritorious modern German artists are exclude it has been decided that the German contributors shall not com- pete for prizes. The Senate decided to refer to the Finance Com- mittee the bill exempting goods intended for the Ex- hibition from the five per cent. carriage duty and re- gistration dues. The Minister of War subsequently read the new General Staff Bill. The report of M. Wilson in favour of creating a redeemable debt and opening a credit of three hundred and thirty-six mil- lion franca for purchasing the railways was dis- tributed in the Chamber of Deputies. M. Wilson's report also authorises the issue of that amount of Three per Cent. Redeemable Rentes. In official circles in St. Petersburg the general con- viction for the moment is that Russia has succeeded in accomplishing the main object of the war, without giving Austria or England any solid g. ound for com- plaint or protest, and that, consequently, the Congress will be a success. This conviction is expressed in an evidently inspired article thus: u Oer- tainly we do not regard the Oongress as a sim- ple register office, which has merely to accept the* stipulations agreed upon at San Stefano. Doubtless there will be discussions, and Russia will have to defend her work against more than one sug- gestion incompatible with the mission which she has assumed; but as she does not shrink from that Areopagus and even invites discussion, it is because she has the conviction that the work infringes no legitimate interest. She relies on the sense of justice of the other Powers, none of which can -Kim to endanger peace for the purpose of obtaining what Prince Bismarck his termed the 'heritage of the Eastern Question. The principal difficulty encountered in the attempt to introduce the English salmon into the waters of New Zealand and Australia has been not so much in the transport of the ova in a healthy condition, as in the rearing of the fry when the eggs have hatched out in their new home. The waters of Australia and of the northern portions of New Zealand are too warm to suit a fish which delights to lie in cold pools of water, and to retire for the summer months into the deep waters of the ocean; and so it has happened tnat, while both salmon and trout have been successfully introduced into Tasmania, with its more temperate climate, the attempts to stock the rivers of the neighbouring continent, Australia, and of the more tropical parts of New Zealand, have failed. Recourse, however, has been had to the produce of American waters, and a species of salmo known as the Oalifornian salmon has been made to take the place of the more highly-prized talmo tralar. The Oalifornian salmon closely resembles the European salmon in appearance and general habits, the chief point of distinction being that it endures a much higher temperature than the latter, and that it spawns in the summer months, the eggs being hatched in the autumn, instead of being laid in the winter and hatched in the early spring. Le Temps had the following from Rome: The motive of the resignation of M. Crispi is his recent marriage, which has been fully commented upon by the newspapers. In December, 1854. at Malta, M. Orispi contracted a religious marriage with a Savoyard lady; the marriage was registered at the Sardinian Oonsulate in January, 1855, but M. Crispi, who is a Neapolitan subject, and who was exiled after 1848, believes that the fact of his not having had the marriage vised by the Nea- politan Consul is sufficient to render the act in- valid. In any case, he remained with the wife whom he had espoused under these conditions from 1854 until 1874. at which time they separated. M. Orispi afterwards lived with a Sicilian lady, by whom I he bad a daughter, and wbom he thought he could marry on Jan. 26 last at Naples, while his first wife I was still living. At the date of his second marriage M. Orispi was already Minister of the Interior. The Journal des Dibats has devoted an article to the consideration of the readiness and strength of the British army. While finding that Sir Garnet Wolseley has drawn a somewhat too pompous picture of the military power of his country in an article in a monthly re- view, the Dibats nevertheless admits that Eng- land is ready for immediate action; but it does not therefore conclude that she is going at once to declare war against Russia. It is quite pos- sible, it thinks, that, even after the modifications and alleviations whicn are said to have been made, the Russo-Turkish treaty ef peace may still contain con- ditions which will be considered unacceptable by Eng- | land; but, as long as the prospect of a Conference remains open, and at the same time the possibility remains of debating upon the terms in question, it is neither needful nor right for England or any other Power to have recourse to war. The Dibats believes that the general sentiment of Europe will exercise a salutary pressure upon the Cabinet of St. Petersburg that will prove to be to the advantage of general peace.


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