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TURKISH SOLDIERS.

THE NEW BRITISH IRONCLADS.

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TORPEDOES.

BREACH OF PROMISE.

EXECUTION AT WINCHESTER.

NAVAL PREPARATIONS.

ITHE DEFENCES OF 1SHE THAMES.

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THE DEFENCES OF 1SHE THAMES. With the addition of some hnge 38-ton guns, the heaviest artillery at present in the service, to the de- fences of the Thames, the forts which now protect London on the side of the sea may be considered in a satisfactory condition. We rarely regard London as a fortified city, and yet against the attack of a hostile squadron it is as well assured as any other port in the world. It is only within the past few years that any really serious steps have been made for the proper defence of the centre of the nation's greatness. At any time, no doubt, we could organise in a few days a system of torpedo defence which would, if successful, effectually bar pro- gress up the river, but torpedoes are at beat a treacherous kind of weapon, and are apt, at times, to be as dangerous to friend as to foe. Coming up to the Nore, the first opposition that an enemy would be likely to mdet with are the Sheerness forts and the Isle of Grain guns, together with any long range cannon which might happen to be in position on the Essex shore at Shoeburyness. In tbe event of the hostile fquadron passing these, it would next have to cope with a very powerful battery at Coal-house Point, and another on the opposite shore, called the new Shornmeade Fort. These works mount guns of very heavy calibre, and are so constructed that they may operate in unison and deliver a sweeping cross-fire. Moreover, the reach of the river is of such a nature that the cannon of the forts could command any ships coming up the river a couple of miles before the latter came abreast of the batteries. If we suppose, however, the enemy to be auc- cessful in evading these works also, then his progress will be checked again by Tilbury Fort and its companion work opposite, New Tavern Fort. These forts are also fitted with guns of heavy calibre and long range, those on the Kent shore commanding the whole of the long reach in the river just below Gravesend. It would only be in the event of an enemy running the gauntlet of these big guns that it would have any chance whatever of reaching the Government factories at Woolwich, or those docks whose overflowing riches the world has heard vaunted so much and so often.

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THE BRADLAUGH-BESANT APPEAL.

A NEW ANIMAL.

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DOG LICENSES.

THE ORSINI BOMB OUTRAGE AT…

GROSS INHUMANITY IN A WORKHOUSE.".

A SHIP BURNT AT SEA.

THE SANDY POINT MUTINEERS.

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EXPLOSIONS IN MINES.

THE PHONOGRAPH.

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