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- INS ANITY AMONG THE UPPER…

.;'.A PRIMITIVE STATE. ';^

BELLS.

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THE KAFFIR WAR. I

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DISASTERS AT SEA.

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SUBSTITUTES FOB BOXWOOD.—It appears that in consequence of the continued increased cost of box- wood and its rapid decrease in quality, one of the principal importers of this and other hard woods into this country has succeeded in introducing two American woods to be used instead of box in the manufacture of shuttles, a purpose for which immense quantities of boxwood have hitherto been used. The woods so sub- stituted are those of the cornel and persimmon. The aratia apparently the Qornus florida, a deciduous tree, about 30ft. higb, growing abundantly in woods In various parts of North America. The wood, though of small size, is hard, heavy, and close-grained, and IS used chiefly in America for the handles of tools and for shuttle-making, and, when properly seasoned, is much superior to Persian boxwood. The same be said of the persimmon (Diospyros virgtniana), a tree belonging to the ebony family, a native of the United States, where it grows to a height of from 50ft. to 60ft. and a diameter of a foot or 18in. The heartwood. of a dark brown colour and very hard- The trunk is covered with a very thick, hard, and rugged bark. One great point to be particularly re- membered in the preparation of these woods tor shuttle-making, is the very gradual drying by artifice, means. This is more particularly recommended in the case of the cornel, undue haste in seasoni??' it is said, having in some cases created a prejudice against the wood. As an illustration to 1IOØ18 extent of the effects of the war, it may be stated that while in 1876 over 10,000 tons of boxwood weretm- ported, the year just passed shows a return of onv between 4000 and 5000 tons. A large proportion. 0 this wood is the produce of the forests on the oaSpan Sea. Though the supply from the Black Sea vinCts has for some years past been decreasing, It. 18 well known that untouched forests of the wood in Russian territory, and it is hoped and expected that at the close of the present disastrous war these forests way be opened up, so that we may get abundant sup- plies of good wood for some time to come.—Gar<lener 3 Magazine. ATROCIOUS ATTEMPT TO WUCX A fB.AIN. "-An atrocious attempt was made on Sunday morning to wreck the mail train from Calais to Paris. Three miles on the Calais side of Boulogne, the railway f'!1øø on a high embankment, in the middle of which iea lofty stone viaduct, on three arches eighty feet high, overtheriverWimereux. The en gineer of the train which left Calais at 1.20 on Sunday morning, conyeylng Saturday night's London mails, reported at Boulogne that something wrong had occurred nearthoviaduct. An Bxamination revealed the fact that some of the belts connecting two of the plates on the off side of the up line had been removed. It is supposed that the persona engaged had not time to finish their work before the train arrived and from its speed passed in safety. Had the train left the metals at this po"^ « must inevitably have been precipitated into a high road and river running parallel to each other, and at right angles to the railway, 100 feet below the latter. The foot-prints of two persons have been traced on the embankment. The miscreants must have been pro- vided with keys or tools of a special make to have executed their work. CONMBMATION IN GAOL.—The Bishop of Lichfield held a confirmation in Stafford Gaol. A pro* cession of clergy was formed in the chaplain's roof* and entered the chapel singing, Onward Christian Soldiers," which was taken up with great heartÍneøs by the prisoners, who, it is said, regard the bright con- gregational service in the chapel as their greatest Pleasure. The responses were said audibly an reverently, and there was great precision and expres- sion in the music. After the Third Collect, at Jdorn- ing Prayer, the biahop addressed aome 600 criminals, saying that the duty of visiting prisoners Was especially dwelt on by Our Lord. The bishop's earnest address evidently affected tbe pri. soners. His lordship then confirmed nine female ■ev«n male prisoners, several of whom were mov#Mo tears. Many more prisoners desired to be confirmed, bat the chaplain thought it beet to be extremely care- ful in the selection. The right rev. prelate shook bands with each of the confirmed (none of whom had sentences exceeding twelve months, and were illl- Prisoned for stealing, fraud, wife-beating, or uøault), and subsequently with Mr. Graham, the chaplain to the Canal Boat Mission, had a personal interview with all the canal boatmen who were in the gaol. ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF A PHEFBCT. An attempt was made on the life of General TrepoB, Prefect of the city, by a young woman armed with a revolver, who had gained admission to him under Pretext of presenting a petition. It ia feared that the Wound may prove fatal. The crime will doubtless produce a profound and moat painful sensation* Jlot only in St. Petersburg, but all over Russia. THE GBOWTH OF TBUTH.—The evolutionist holds that, in the struggle for existence, the truest opinion tends to survive; and thus that whilst no generation is in possession of the whole truth, the history of belief is that of a alow gravitation towards truth. Some doctrines which have survived all changes, and strengthened under all conditions, be regarded as'definitely established, or at leaat as inde- finitely close approximations to truth. Others are disappearing, or requiring transformation. By study- ing the history of opinion from this point of view, we may obtain, not a self-subsisting and independent system of philosophy, but an indiapenaable guide towards further approximations. We can use history without being under the tyranny of the past. VV e can value the postulates upon which men have acted without investing them with supernatural authority* —Fortnight # Beview. "WHY is a tender-hearted person liteahonse. keeper with but little furniture ?—Because he is easily moved. A COBBESPONDENT from the front," in Asia, writes: We had quite a little laugh the other day over a joke of our chief, Mukhtar Pasha. One ef bis friends wanted to borrow the chief's mule, a valuable and favourite animal. The chief said his mule waa absent in the rear. Just then the mule brayed at the rear of the tent. 4 Come, come, Biuk" said his friend, this will never do. There's the mnle now.' Oh, well,' replied the chief, 'if you think it best to set the bray of a mule against the word of Mukhtar Pasha, go ahead.' The friend didn't think it best, for reasons which any one familiar with rurkish rule can readily understand." LORD NORTH, who was very corpulent before 8 severe sickness, said to his physician after it, Sir, I im obliged to you for introducing me to some old ae- juaintances." Who are they, my lord V inquired the doctor. My ribs," replied his lordship, which [ have not felt for many years until now."

THE ROAD OF THE DEAD.

THE WARRINGTON POISONING CASE.

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MR. H. M. STANLEY AND HIS…

A REMARKABLE PLOT. tbft

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ALLEGED LOAN SWINDLE. If;,,