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GOURDS. MARCH TQ philippof^HS;:


GOURDS. MARCH TQ philippof^HS;: BRILLIANT FEATS OF, ARMS. The special correspondent of the JbaUy News giVes a detailed account of General GourkoV wonderful march, in the dead of winter, from Sofia to Philippo- pOlis. We extract the following passages, which con- tain the record of brilliant feats of arms: The march of the entire army of General Gourko from Sofia to Philippopolis in the short space of six dekyo-crossing the Great Balkan range in severe winter weather, driving the scattered forces of Suleiman Pasha before^ it in every direction, occupying the city after a series of brief but bloody engagements—is one of the most brilliant feats of the war. Although the dispositions of the troops were known at the date of my despatch from Sofia, it was evidently imprudent to speak of them, because we expected a stout resistance at four points in the mountains, namely, north of Samakoff, at Trajan's Gate beyond Ichtiman, in the valley of the river Topolniea below Petricevo, and at Otlukoi. General Gourko divided his force into four detachments. The column on the right, which started from Sofia the 7th of the month, was under command of General Williaminoff, and wasioetructed to advance rapidly upon Samakoff, in order to cut off the retreat of the Turks, who left Sofia vid Badomir. The main calumn, commanded by Count Schouvaloff, marched from Sofia on the morning of the 9th by the Ichtiman road, and was expected to advance upon Tatar-Baaardjik only after the Turkish positions m Trajan's Gate had been rendered untenable by the forward movement of the flanking columns east of the Ichtiman road. The detachment of General Schildner Sehuldner was to foUow the river Topolnica; and on the extreme left a strong column, led by General Krudener, was ordered to proceed by way of Otlukoi, following the line of retreat of Chakir Pasha's army from Kamarli, uniting with the other columns before Tatar- Bazardjilr. The small detachment under Count Komaroffsky which had occupied Slatica was to pro- ceed to join the column of General Karzoff, to which it belonged, and which was advancing, vid Karlovo, the Shipka Pan. JUNCTION OF THB COLUMNS. .NflT ■ L 7-' •0ld "ty*. the four columns joined m tiw vieinity of Tatar-Bwardjik, the detachment Williaminoff being somewhat behind its assigned position, having delayed one day on account of the rumoured armistice. Tatar- Bazardjik was already on fire in several places as we came in sight of it from the Pass, and as we reached the summit of the last hiil bordering the great plain of Philippopolis early in the morning, nine distinct columns of smoke were rising from the town. Half a dosen battalions of the enemy, Baker Pasha's divi- rieion, were drawn up across the road a mile in front of the town with two lines of skirmishers and a strong rearguard of cavalry posted on the road, and a large detachment on the right and left. Evidently nothing was to be gamed. by attacking them, for they were mancxuvnng to cover their retreat, which we hoped to block the next day, so there was only a little artil- lery practice and slight skirmish between the out- posts. FORDING THB UABITZA. °ext morning we rode through Tatar- Baxarajik, completely pillaged and,half burned, with scarcely an inhabitant left, and pushed on until sunset. We were then opposite the rear of the Turkish column, separated from it by the River Maritza, fordable only at long distances. The line of march of both armies waa the one hurrying along the railway to Philippopolis, the other pushing forward on the ro»d to head off the retreat. The troops on both sides were nearly exhausted; but there was this notable difference between them — the Turkish stragglers were almost always cut off, while the Russians, after a rest of a few hours in some village, rejoined their regiments, and while the Turkish force J™, dribbling away, the Russian columns kept full. Part of Schouvaloflfa detachment, after a without halt, forded the river on the evening of the 13th, with the thermometer at seio, aDl?nft TWdly after th« Turks, who was still running, hut finding them too strong to risk an attack with the, small force across the river, the de- tachment was quartered in the village. At daybreak Count SchouTaloff, with a doeen battalions, found himself within 1500 yards of the enemy, who were so JV. L 3 blwl uoableto retre»t further, and he began a demonstration to delay, if possible, further rebeat until QiDners, Schildner Schuldner's SSSSKSt"" MaAtas near Philippopolis, and turn their right. H0T LIGHTING. At sunriM on the day of the battle General Gourko lery, infantry, and'Puk horsenwhen suddenly the right Btrea,m- Three battalions were imme- f i J i the river, part wading, part carried rtiB officera and escort, and soon the 1lring which had already begun on the right spread ^hourhood. Batteries unlimbered Wan £ h U8> and went to work. Turkish shell began to burst neat the road, and bullets dropped on H ™ wounding men and horses. Fortunately rp H fl Altered Bomewhat by a small mound •tliere we 8tood all day, the battle raging without intermission. For hours we watched ffuard 0f Schildner Schuldner's co umn, which had long been ordered up, but it tPT. a,0ng until late in the afternoon, «wi» t ln a village? while the general rode slowly uj> to consult with General Gourko. Thus the turning movoment failed, for the men did not get across the ford until sunset, and during the enemy quietly slipped past Schildner er between him and the mountains, and took TrJI.i*)081>10j8 Stanimaka and Derbendero. • achn5ent during the day occupied that ~fiPP°Polis nerth of the Maritaa, but the xrff hurned, and no attempt was made to ford V™?* couple of cannon in position on the rocky height in 14e centre of the town shelled Krude- °fv. day, inflicting only trifling loss. « evening the squadron of eighty .Dragoons of the Guard which bad carried the advance battalions of Schildner Schuldner across the river, lecl by Captain Bourago, raided into the city and found it evacuated, but a force of the pr°^bIy 1600, assembled in some disorder Mar me railway station, which was burning. Dis- mounting, and leaving their horses in shelter, this advanced quietly along the road to *^ata?n'and finding cover in a ditch within short of Turks opened fire on them suddenly, fit ? making all tho noise possible. The Turks the fire viororously, but soon retired, ^f^Sng they were attacked by a large bo.^0°' N.* D°WN-HHXL BAYONET CHABGE. n "Wining of the 17th the Turks charged '^opes with the bayonet in a mad en- 3v .to recapture .the eighteen cannon left in .I^^rnJles hands the day before. One of the generally believed, to be 2?uad hin»- *to the thick of the fight with Donde- ,surrounded, and is reported to have —i wounded seventeen Russians with his own ke was finally cut down. But this assault was stoutly resisted. General i*? F,,e*Pecially distinguishing himself at the i k^gade of fche third, division, and that SwiriT1^i^ditionai cannon were abandoned by the "T1'M they retreated sullenly from one terrace to oiner; and when, after a most Heroic but hopeless resistance, the dise an-ised, exhausted,famished, half r.^nnant of an army could hold a bold front no longer, it broke up into small bands, and under cover of dispersed back in the mountains, leaving the remaining twenty cannon on the field. KT. EXHAUSTED TBOOPS. ?i?0 days' marching, with three successive • "Siting in severe weather, all this on six rations of hard bread, the Russian troops were unabIIiI to continue the pursuit, and must now rest for some days. The total loss is about 1000. The prisoners amount to over that number. Fifty- Ii Jj-I?11;!1476 heen taken, and a great army com- EL-JM it UP> smashed entirely to pieces, It is m JT- the majority of the routed force will try way to Adrianople, following the river A™, but the road may be cat long before they come out into the valley of the Maritz*. -p, 8TATK «F FHIUPPOPOLIS, iPP°P0lis has suffered both from fire and the yataghaa, aDd although the order in the town is to all appearances perfect there are still occasional murders. r are allj^-med, the majority with i p ved rifles, which they seek occasion to use, for there are men enough of the Bashi-Bazouk order among them. Although no special oases have come under my notice, I do not doubt that the soldiers ~,av? Phmdefred to some extent and that unarmed Turks have been killed, and also I must make the same observation that I did at Sofia, that there is very little system in the regulation of affairs in Philippopolis; but as the gallows which ornamented many street corners have been taken down only within a day or two, having been in use since last summer, it is no wonder that the Bulgarians are tempted to easy revenge. GBEAT CAPTURE OF KRUPP GUNS. tu in!?6 ,5olnreBPondent, continuing his narrative on the 19th Jan., says: The departure of my courier having been delayed on account of the insecurity of the roads, I am able to give an account of the capture of forty additional Krupp guns by the detachment' under General Skobmleff* ths eiaBK. ~Tfte' forcfe oTl Suleiman Pasha when it left this city on the evening of the loth' took tile road to Stttnimaka, thence proceeded toward Hermanti by the moun- tain read south of the main highway to Haskioi, where the route is indicated on the Austrian map by a spotted line. Prisoners report that he had the larger portion of his infantry in front, followed by his artillery, with a rear guard. of five battalions. The road over the water shed was so difficult that the artillery was delayed for a long time there. Meanwhile sixsquadronsof Skobeleffseavalry came up, and finding the enemy in a blocked road charged upon them, routing the rearguard, and capturing the cannon, forty in number. THREE WEEKS' WORK. To sum up, the work of the past three weeks ac- complished by General Gourko's command it has forced two great Balkan passes occupied Sofia and Philippopolis; entirely smnshdd the whole Turkish army of this department, reinforced by twenty bat- talions from the Rasgrad army, with the exception of a-lew thousand men who are accompanying Suleiman Pasha taken thirteen guns at Araba Konak, four at Sofia, and ninety-four Krupps and three muzzle loaders near Philippopolis, and all this with a pro- bable loss of 1500 men, all told. -1


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