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J VARIETIES WI8DOK.—It is much more easy to be wise for others than for ourselves. CHABJTT.—-When .Charity walks into the lower places of Want, we most distinctly see the purity of her robes. ENVY.—Every other sin hath some pleasure annexed to it, or will admit of some excuse; but envy wants both. We should strive against it, for if indulged in it will be to us a foretaste of Hades. FRIENDSHIP.—One day you will be pleased with a friend, and the next day disappointed in him. It will be so to the end, and you must make up your mind to it, and not quarrel, unless for very grave causes, for neither of you is perfect. Science teaches us our ignorance, as well as the elevation of nature. Those misrepresent it much who describe it in other terms; for the lessons of science implant reverence and gratitude for the past, hope for the future, and humility in our own estima- tion.- Whetcell. HAPPINESS IN MARRIAGE.—Harmony in a married state is the very first thing to be aimed at. Nothing can preserve affection uninterrupted but a firm resolu tion never to differ in will, and the determination of each to consider the love of the other of more value thai any other earthly object what on which a wish can be fixed. Beds- are quite a modern innovation in Russia, and any well-to-do houses are still unprovided with them. Peasants sleep on the tops of their ovens; middle-class people and servants roll themselves up in sheepskins and lie down near stoves; soldiers rest upon wooden cots without bedding; and it is only within the last ten years that students in State schools have been allowed beds. FASHION.—Without depth of thought or earnestness of feeling or strength of purpose, living an unreal life, sacrificing substance to show, substituting the fictitious for the natural, mistaking a crowd for society, finding its chief pleasure in ridicule, and exhausting its inge- unity in expedients for killing time, fashion is among the last influences under which a human being who- respects himself, or who comprehends the great end of life, would desire to be placed. Most men remember obligations, but not often to be grateful for them. The proud are made sour by the remembrance, and the vain silent. TRUTH AND ERROR.-As great ability may be dissi- pated in the elaboration of error as would, by more for- tunate direction, have enunciated the truth. TASTE AND UNDERSTANDING.—You may take the altitude of a man's tastes by his stories and his wit, and of his understanding by the remarks which he repeats. FASTIDIOUSNESS.—Like other things spurious, fas- tidiousness is frequently inconsistent with itself;- the coarsest things are done, the cruellest things said, by the most fastidious neople. NAPOLEON THE FIRST UNDER FIRE."—There are many stories told of the great Napoleon's coolness "under fire." At Hanau, while he was giving some directions, a shell fell quite close to him. He paid no attention to it, and no one dared to interrupt hit speech; but those about him hardly breathed while they awaited the explosion. The missile penetrated so far into the ground that its bursting was harmless, Napoleon does not seem to have been aware that there ever had been any danger. At the passage of the, Elbe, when a ball struck aome wood close to him, and lent a splinter on to his neck, he so far recognised the danger as to say, "If it had struck me on the breast, all would have been over." When he was suddenly recalled to Dresden by the unexpected attack of the Allies, their Are was very hot over a spaoe of which he had to pass, and he crawled along on his hands and knees, but never thought of waiting, or seeking another path. LITTLE CHUMP."—A correspondent, writing from! Mansfield, Ohio, tells this anecdote. In the Sherman family, there were eleven children, who were depen- dent upon the meagre income of their father's legal practice. A young man named Ewing, who had worked his way through college, and had come from the salt-works, where some money had been earned, settled in Mansfield to practise law. His ability was recognised by Mr. Sherman, who assisted him materi- ally, and when upon the bench turned over much em- ployment to Ewing. Upon the death of the father the young lawyer had become Hon. Thomas Ewing, and in return for kindness received wished to make some substantial return. He resolved to take one of the boys and give him a thorough education. At a stated time he visited the family, when the five lads were brought before him. Uncertain as to choice, he turned to the elder sister, saying, Which one had I better take?" She replied, "There's 'Chump'; he's the smartest." The suggestion was received, and j the boy "Chump" has become the General of the. United States' Army. I COBBSTT'S LOTS OP AGE.—Among Cobbett's weak- nesses seems to have been a love of ale; or, perhaps it; would be more correct to say, a belief that ale was pre-ordained by the celestial powers as the natural and fit liquor for Britons to quaff. The drinking of tea, which was becoming common with every order of society in his time, moved him to the fiercest indig-; nation; as it had in a former generation excited the fears of Duncan Forbes, who conceived that the brew- ing interest would be ruined by the general adoption of the new beverage. The Lord President of the Court of Session is reported to have rigorously for-, bidden the consumption of tea by his own servants—» even to have dismissed a housemaid who was taken pot-handed in the act. Duncan Forbes little dreamed that the day would come when statesmen would be loudly urged to support the tea interest and discourage, the beer interest. To return for a moment to Cobbett, it would be unjust not to acknowledge that he was himself of exemplary sobriety in an exceedingly tipsy age. Indeed, he recommends pure water as well as ale. But these two were, he thought, the only rational drinks. His opinion may remind some of Sydney Smith's statement that, when he went to reside in Somersetshire, the servants he had brought, "With him from Yorkshire, seemed to think the making; of cider a tempting of Providence, which had clearly intended malt, and not apples, as the legitimate pro- duce out of which man should find the means oi intoxication.- Weaknesses of Great Men. I Two NEW ANECDOTES or TURNER.—Hie Portfolio for January contains two curious anecdotes communi. cated to Mr. Hamerton by Mr. Samuel Palmer, of the Water-Colour Society. Turner was staying once in a friend's house at Knockholt, where there were three children. The late Mr. Cristall, a friend of Mr. Samuel Palmer, was also a guest at Knockholt at the same time, and he witnessed the following incident, which he afterwards narrated to Mr. Palmer. Turner had brought a drawing with him of which the dis- tance was already carefully outlined, but there was no material for the nearer parts. One morning, when about to proceed with this drawing, he called in the children as eollaborateurs for the rest, in the following manner. He rubbed three cakes of water-oolour- red, blue, and yellow—in three separate saucers, gave one to each child, and told the children to dabble in the saucers and then play together with their coloured fingers on his paper. These directions were gleefully obeyed, as the reader may well imagine. Turner ¡ watched the work of the thirty little fingers with serious attention, and after the dabbling had gone on for some time, suddenly called out, Stop!" He then took the drawing into his own hands, added imaginary landscape forms, suggested by the acci- dental colouring, and the work was finished. On another occasion, after dinner, he amused himself in arranging some many-coloured sugar-plums on a dessert jjate, and when disturbed in the operation by a question, said to the questioner, There you have made me lose fifty guineas!" FAMILY OF THE CAVE.—Julius Sabinua having en- gaged the interest of the Gauls, caused himself to be proclaimed Emperor of Rome; but being defeated, he fled to his country house and set it on flre, in order to raise a report that he had perished. The scheme suc- ceeded, for he was believed to have suffered a volun- tary death in the flames. But in the meantime, he lay concealed with his treasures, which were immense, in a cave which he had caused to be dug in a solitary place, and which was known only to two of his freed- men, on whose fidelity he could depend. He might easily have withdrawn into Germany, but he could not prevail on himself to abandon his wife, whom he passionately loved. Sabinus, that no one might doubt of his death, did not for some time undeceive his wife, who solemnized his obsequies with great pomp, be- wailed him with many tears, and at last, no longer able to bear the loss of a husband, for whom she had the sincerest affection, resolved not to outlive him, and began to abstain from food. This news alarmed Sabinus; and, therefore, by means of Martialis, one of his freedmen, he informed her that he was still alive, and acquainted her with the place where he lay concealed, desiring her at the same time to suppress her joy, lest the secret might thence be betrayed. Empona heard the relation with rapture, and pretend- ing business in the country, flew to her husband. The cave to her was then preferable to a palace, for there only was she happy. She went frequently to see him, and sometimes contrived to stay whole weeks unsus- pected. Two children born and brought up in the cave tended still more to endear this faithful pair to each other. When at Rome, Empona continued to bewail her husband as dead, and concealed the whole with singular fidelity and address. After Sabinus had passed nine years in this manner, he was at length discovered by some persons who narrowly watched' his wife, upon her frequently absenting herself from her own house, and followed her to the cave without being discovered. Sabinus was immediately seized, and sent to Rome loaded with chains, together with his wife, who throwing herself at the Emperor's feet, and presenting to him her two tender infants, en- deavoured with her tears and entreaties to move him to compassion. Vespasian, although it is related that he wept at so affecting a spectacle, condemned both Empona and her husband, and they were soon aftec- wards executed. OLDEN TIME MANNERS.—Lady Holland once sent her page round the table to Macaulay to tell him to atop talking, She told Rogers, Your poetry it bad enough, so pray be sparing of your prose." At a dinner in South-street, she fidgeted Lord Melbourne So much by making him shift his place when he was seated to his liking, that he rose, exclaiming. 41 I'll b0 if I dme with you at all!" and walked off to his own house, fortunately at hand. She requested celebrated dandy to move a little further off, on the ground that her olfactory nerves were offended by hia lacking the blacking which he vowed was diluted frith champagne. Shortly after M. Van de Weyer'a arrival in England as the Belgian Minister, he was lining with a distinguished party at Holland Houae, When Lady Holland suddenly turned to him and wked, How is Leopold ?" Does your ladyship mean the King of the Belgians ?" I have heard," fhe rejoined, of Flemings, Hainaulters, and Bra- banters; but Belgians are new to me." Hia reply was, My lady, before I had the honour to be pre- sented to you, I had often heard you spoken of not only as a woman of intelligence and wit, but as a woman who had read much. Well, is it possible that vou in your many readings have never met the book by a person named Julius Caesar, who, in his Com- wrfaries, gives to our nation the name of the Belgians, uid this name we have preserved till our days ? RECOMPENSE. —• Every duty is "foujjdfrd op. soma natural law which finds a ready response in human heart. The duty of recompense is based upon the law of justice, and were it not for the inroads that selfish- ness makes upon our moral nature, it would need neither legal enactments nor personal exhortation to enforce it. A RomscxnVs HOSPITAL AT GzNBVA.—Baron ASolphe de Rothschild, who lives occasionally in a villa near Geneva, intends to endow and build there, at his own expense, a hospital for diseases of the eye. He will give about £ 20,000, j68,000 for the ground, buildings, and fittings, and the revenue of the remain- ing J612,000 for its yearly support. Suitable grounds have been purchased, and the new building will be completed and opened in the middle of next summer. The hospital is to be fitted for twenty indoor patients, with rooms for out-patients, and for clinical demonstration. THREE FAXOUI ADMIRALS COMPARED. — Lord Howe, by his forbearance, failed in obtaining that dis- cipline, that perfection of manoeuvre which the fleet ought to have attained; Lord St. Vincent obtained a strict and ready obedience by a severity which nobody could venture to resist. Lord Nelson obtained a greater perfection than either, by the example of his own per- sonal sacrifices, by the pains he took to keep the fleet in health and efficiency in every respect, and by his kindness and attention to the wants, wishes, and com- forts of those under his command. The predominant feeling was not fear of his censure, but apprehension of not gaining his approbation." -Memoir, of Admiral Sir B. Codrington. REVELATION AND REASON.—If we admit the agree- ment of revelation with conscience to be an evidence of divinity in the Bible, do we thereby make con- science the criterion of what is divine in it P Some say so, and make this the door to rationalism. But it is surely possible to make conscience a witness, with- out exalting it into a judge. There are two safeguards against rationalism. First, there are other witnesses. Second, the conscience in the enlightening, purifying peocess which it undergoes, through contact with the Bible, feels its own incompetency to be a judge. In other words, it becomes aware that sin has darkened it, not so much as to unfit it for the recognition of the teacher, but enough to unfit it for dictating to Him.— Sunday Magazine. PERSONATING MADAME DB STAEL. — Augustus Hare assisted in playing a practical joke upon the University of Oxford at the time when Madame de Stael was at the height of her celebrity. It was announced that she was in England, and was about to visit Oxford, where she had an undergraduate friend. For a few weeks the undergraduate who was to be so highly honoured became an object of general interest. At length it was noised abroad that the great lady had arrived, and under the extraordinary circumstances, and to meet so illustrious a guest, the undergraduate ventured to invite several of the heads of houses, and even the Vice-Chancellor himself, to meet her at breakfast. The party assembled, Madame de Stael was there, and so charmed everybody by her grace, wit, and brillianay that they all went away feeling that they had found her more than they anticipated. It was not till many weeks after that it was discovered that she had never been in Oxford at all, and that she had been represented by a clever undergraduate, who had resided for many years in France.—Memorials of a Quiet Life. MOLTXES EARLY LIFB.-That a happy youth is the best preparation for an active and vigorous maturity seems natural, yet a large proportion of the best workers in every age have been those whose spring- time was chill and wintry. A sketch, by Count von Moltke himself, of his own early life appears in a German paper, and shows that his training for his future career was of this character. He was born in 1800, and was with his parents at Lubeck in 1806, when their house was sacked by the French. "In the meantime," says the general, "my father had bought the property of Augustenhof, in Holstein. A year after it was burned down with the whole harvest. Soon after my grandfather, who disposed of a large fortune, died. His will contained numerous and large legacies. He had not considered the very numerous losses which the war had caused to him. My mother, as universal legatee, had to bear them, and therefore the inheritance was reduced to almost nothing. The property had to be sold. In the meantime I had been sent with my elder brother to the Land Cadets' Academy in Copenhagen. As alumni we passed there a joyless youth. At the age of eighteen I became an officer. The small prospects which the Danish military service offered made me desire to enter into the Prussian Army, where my father and several of his brothers had also served. With good recom- mendation from the chief of my regiment, the Duke of Holstein, the father of the present King of Den- mark, I went to Berlin,{passed the officer's examination, and was immediately appointed to the Body-Infantry. From thence begins my sufficiently-known military career."—German Journal. SELF-INDEPENDENCE.—"Whatever he earned was his own; he never sought or took at the expense of others," was the striking remark made by General Sherman, at the funeral of the late General Thomas. When we look back upon the history of most great men, we are quite sure to find that, even in early life. Boys learn to swim a great deal sooner, and much better, without life-preservers than with them, and the same principle applies to all the experiences of men. It may be a -little more comfortable to enjoy the pleasant sensation of being buoyed up, and to escape the immediate necessity of striking out with all one's might, or else going to the bottom. But by- and-bye, in the history of almost every man, the time comes when the life-preserver is taken away, and it is bad indeed if he has not learned to swim. The case is actually worse in the affairs of life. Suppose a child has been born with a gold spoon in its mouth- suppose he has been rocked in a silver cradle-suppose he has been carried and dandled, so there was no need to tumble on the floor-suppose he has never known what it was to hunger, to shiver, or to kindle his own- fire, or to black his boots, or ever to cook his own food, or to put a stich in his torn pantaloons, or never known what it was to put on a pair which had been compromised by a patch, and never knew what it was to count over ten or fifteen coppers to see if he could not make them twenty-flve nd then suppose, after having had plenty of tutors to carry him on their shoulders through his education, he has arrived at that age when he presumed to be a mam, he has a fortune put into his hand, and all that a man could I. ask-we will suppose all this. And after all, if the old adage of the world has as much wisdom and experience compressed in it as these old time adages generally have, he will finda heavy truth in the pro- verb that a fool can make money, but it takes a wise man to keep it." SOMETHING OF THE PREMIER.—The general result is that he (Mr. Gladstone) makes a bad leader. In- deed, it would be safer to say that he does not lead at all, in the common sense of the world; others lead for him. He has another weakness, which is strangely irritating—not, perhaps, to the majority-but at any rate to a very considerable abhorrence of such a thing as humour. He makes jests himself at times, and occasionally they are good ones; but they are grim and ponderous jokes, such as one might expect to circle round the board of a funeral feast rather than in any livelier assemblage; and the fierceness of manner with which they are delivered, and the supernatural solemnity of his countenance, as he makes them, render it necessary that the man who ventures to laugh,at them should have a bold heart. As to such a thing as humour in others, he cannot see it. Moro than once, when the House has been convulsed with laughter at some exquisite bit of ehaffl-to use a slang phrase—on the part of Mr. Disraeli, ho has risen, and, in the most grave and emphatic manner, replied seriously to the lively sarcasm of his foe. Than there is his temper. We hear a great deal—as it seems to us, a great deal more than we ought to hear-r-about 'Gladstone's temper.' Even Liberal journals and Liberal members are fond of dwelling upon his hasty temper, and it seems to be taken for granted that the Prime Minister is one of those peevish and passionate men who make life a misery to • those around thom. The clubs dwell with much emphasis on his arrogance and his domineering dig. position; and very little outburst of strong feeling which he displays is spoken of as though it were nothing more than that very contemptible thing-a fit of anger. As we have already said, it ought, it appears to us, to be Mr. Gladstone's temperament, rather than his temper, which should be held account- able for these occasional outbursts, of which so much in made by thow around him,"—" Qabinet fortmu"