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- THE TRANSVAAL.1

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PARIS FASHIONS.

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AFFECTION, INTREPIDITY, AND…

I AN EXCITABLE NEWSVENDOR.

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THE EXTRAOR DINARY CHARGE…

REWARDS FOR SAVING LIFE.

NOVEL FIELD SPORTS.

HORRIBLE SCENES IN PLEVNA.

A THRILLING SCENE.

TOUGHENED GLASS TYPES.

IA COLOURED BABY SHOW.

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ADDRESS OF THE EASTERN QUESTION…

TOWN AND COUNTRY.

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TOWN AND COUNTRY. At a meeting, held last week, of the Glasgow Phil0' sophical Society, Dr. Fergus, president, in the chaty an opening address was given on the sanitary a»^ social economy question by Dr. J. B. Russell, medi^fj officer of health for the city. The lecturer explain^ that it was his object to test the comparative succ^ of town and country in managing so to get rid of tb excreta of the population as to avoid the of disease, and he selected as his tests the death-i* from diphtheria and enteric fever, because these two the mostpurelyfsBcal diseasesknown widely distributed as endemics. After sketching the hjf tory of diphtheria and enteric fever in this country, Russell exhibited diagrams showing that, in most the death-rate from diphtheria during the ten ye» £ 1861-71, was in favour of the towns of over habitants, as compared with the rural area aro^ them. Similar statistics were not available for ente* fever, but he believed the results would be the The odds against the town, in such a comparison the country, were great. They compared, for instan^J Glasgow, with its dense population, and Caithc^ a thinly-populated district. Yet the people man^f, to poison each other at more than twice rate in Caithness than they did in Glasgow. If eve!! thing were left to chance in Glasgow as in we should all be swept away with these diseases; bOt as matters stand, a citizen of Glasgow ran less lis* dying of diphtheria, enteric fever, or cholera, p inhabitant of almost any rural d'strict of Scotland* Glasgow, by applying certain data embodied in a turn obtained by the president (Dr. Fergus), jr, relation between the sewage question and health could be defined. The figures i"% trated a great general law of mortality liicr with the decrease of rental and, quently, of accommodation and attendant and social advantages. Dr. tRussell concluded tbí saying that, if we banished all waterclosets from inside of small-sized houses, and made their s jf discharge in the open air over a gully in thecour we thoroughly revised all our watercloset and 0 sewer arrangements in our large houses as to posi a construction, &c.; if we ventilated the public ee and house-drains on the separate system, and enti gave up drinking cistern-water, we should reduce tIJ' mortality from diphtheria and enteric fever to 1 lowest possible minimum.—British Medical Jo-urn*

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