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SWANSEA'S UNIVERSITY CHARTER. The King Approves. REVIEW OF THE PROSPECTS Sir Almeric Fitzroy has written the Town Clerk of Swansea as follows:â '1 With reference to the petition of the Town Council of Swansea praying for the grant of a Charter of Incorporation of the University College of Swansea, I have to state for the information of the promoters that the King was pleased, at the Council held cn the 9th, to approve of the grant of the Charter prayed for. The Order in Council approv- ing the dtaft Charter has been issued to the Home Office, from which de- partment you will receive a communication in due course. I I COMMISSION'S FINDINGS. I History Reviewed. I Tho Charter of the Swansea University I College, deiinitely afhliating it to the 1 University of Wales, has been granted, j and it will soon arrin in Swansea. It is ) a proud day in the history of, Swansea, and we coniess it is also a proud day in I the history of the Cambria Daily Leader," for, away back in its early dtiys, the paper kas acknowledged in the Final Report of the Royal Commission winch j sat a year or two ago to inquire into j Welsh University education) was the | means of arousing of such interest in the j Welsh University project as to make it j possible for the movement to proceed to success. The Commission, lin its His- torical Retrospect," mentions several at- tempts from 1852 onwards to interest Wales in the question, and says: It was j not until 1862, when the Bangor Normal College for teachers had been completed, ] that active interest in the University pro- ject was revived by a series of letters ad- dressed to a Welsh newspaper, the Cam- bria Daily Leader," by Dr. Thomas \i Nicholas, a minister on the staff of the Carmarthen College." SWANSEA'S.EARLI EST STEPS. The development ot the idea of Swan-' sea Technical College as a constitute' college of the University, as it appealed to the Haldane Royal Commission, is very interesting. In its historical retro- spect the Commission noted that since 198 the Swansea Town Council has main- tained a Technical School, giving in ..true- tion in pure and applied science subjects. In 1903 the success of the schoc)[. %N-ilich by this time had taken the title of col- j lege," encouraged the Council to address i < memorial to the University Court j ing it to approve of the Swansea Tech- uical College being declared a college i wbene students may pursue a scheme of study for the degree of the University'in science and applied science." A DISCOURAGEMENT AND DELAY. l As a result of this application the Lm- I j varsity secured in 190b the Supplemental Charter which provided, among other I things, for the recognition of this and similar institutions as colleges affiliated t) the University in the Faculty of Ap- ¡ plied Science or in both Faculties." the Charter gave to an affiliated college prac- tically the same position' as that of a consistent college so far as studies ana examinations are concerned, but in addi- tion to marked difference in other le- spects, the conditions attached to the grant of recognition were intentionally striligent.- These conditions (the Commis- sion said) and particularly the require- ment of a two-thirds majority of the Court I in favour of the application of any in- stitution, seem to have discouraged the, Swansea authorities, whose real object had been to obtain the status of Aberyst- wyth, Bangor and Cardiff, and they feared that even the lower status offered by the Supplemental Charter would be difficult I to secure from a Court which might he expected to watch with conservative eyes I, the interests of the existing constituent institutions. In the event no formal ap- j plication was made for affiliation under the terms of the Supplemental Charter, and it remained for the appointment of I this Royal Commission to re-awaken the -of the Swansea authorities. I A "NOTABLE-" EFFORT. I The Commission went on to refer to Swansea's effort to establish its claim to ( recognition as a constituent college rather than as an affiliated institution as a "notahle" one. Its citizens (the report says) have with great enthusiasm set themselves the task offonndin" a School of Metallurgy which shall be second to none in the Kingdom- They Had already prepared the way by putting the manage- ment of their Technical College m the I hands of a body on which all the local j ihdn';dries are liberally represented, and 'j* Llj.ei h?ve now raised over 3?70,000 [the '?r? coW over &?),C<X)] as an endow- I alent fund, and expressed their desire to fomp! ? with any conditions which may be iaid down in our report for the recogni- ) tion of their college as of full University status, at any rate in Pure and Applied Science." The report went on to refer to the enforcement, of Swansea's claims by the later negotiations between the leader-, of the principal industries of South Wales, the University College at Cardiff, and representatives of the Technical Col- leges of Cardiff, Newport, and Swansea, which negotiations have produced a re- markable scheme which assumes the re- cognition of Swansea's claim." I SWANSEA'S CLAIM SUPPORTED. Examining the Swansea evidence, the Commission found it clear that the im- portance of the commercial interests of Swansea and the educational needs of women might be expected to lead to ip, rapid development in the demand for sub- jects in the Faculty of Arts when higher education in Swansea had heen started on i Unliversilty plane. The South Wales Technological College scheme assumed there would be a constituent college of the University in Swansea. In its ulti- mate recommendations, the Commission .â¢; i it ,ind that a great develooment of higher education in Swansea (the flS of a large iind growing nopulation) was a crying tieed; and recorded its conclusion that, subject to certain conditions, the I claim of Swansea should he allowed, with representation on the Court of the Univer- I sity limited to six jxniding the establish- ment of a complete Faculty of Arts. A WIOr: OUTLOOK." j While recognfsing the liberal spirit in L whIch the Swansea have. approached the subject of salaries for the teaching staff generally," the Commission stressed the importance of a wise choice of Principal, who would give the college suf-h a range of studies and such a wide outlook as will save it from the narrowing effects cf a too utilitarian standard." The Commission expressed some sense of dis- appointment that the Swansea promoters should have shown so little regard for the t\eeds of women. ââââ- L 1 Mr. Gilbertson's Prediction and Warning. This School of Metallurgy should be- come the first of its kind in Great Bri- ,r,in," eaid M^ F. W. Gilbertson, the well-known !*y tinplate Tforks* ownfr (who is the enthusiastic and able chair- man of the Technical College Committee) when told by a Leader reporter this mrtrning of the success of the effort. MR. FRANK GILBERTSON I (Chairman of the Technical College I Committee) f But," he added, "we must not /leceive ruireelves and misdirect our eftOTt Ly thillkingof our school of metallurgy bp- coming great, merely in numbers. In my view the creation of the university cpirit is the most important tiling and, next to that, the quality rather than the quan- tity of the men, both teaching and taught. The university spirit must touch as many people as possible in the town and dis- trict. And though we have got an excep- tional opportunity to create a school of metallurgy of a very, very high class, for the young fellows in the district So crowd to that school to make it a success would only lead to cftsappointmcut. UNIVERSITY SPIRIT THE GREAT I NEED. To make a school of metallurgy a I success it must have the stamp of quality. and if we can get a sufficiently good pro- fessor-we are on the right lines in this matterâthere is no reason why we should not have students, not only from this-, (I is- trict, but from all parts of the country; and, with the industries arownd us, a better university college than Sheffield, Manchester, or any other. But that is only a small pkrt of the whole. As I say, we regard the university spirit as the more important, and that will depend on the spirit set by the first Principal. Further, while we want indus- tries to take â the keenest interest in the college, we don't want them to subscribe for what they can get out of it". ok too utilitarian view would spoil the univer- sity spirit, as has been done elsewhere. But with the broad sympathies that Pre I 'â vident in various associations in the dis- (rict, I believe there is a chalice of getting their support for schemes and ideas whose benefit to industries are indirect and a long way ahead. Mr. Rd, Martin on Future Industrial Leaders. 1 I If there is one man in Swansea who. oven in the most unpromising days, never I Mr. Richard Martin, J.P. lost faith in a movement which has. now achieved its object, and never failed to give it an impetus at every j)o:ibko o-ppor- tunitv. that man is Mr. Richard Martin, Continued on page five.

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