Hide Articles List

8 articles on this Page



FARMER'S CALENDAR FOR MARCH. i During this month carrots and parsnips are generally sown on the light lands of Norfolk. These valuable crops would be much more extensively cultivated, if only some labour was prev iously bestowed in deepening the soil, by either the fork or the subsoil plough. This is a good time to top-dress wheat either soot, ashes, lime, or salt and lime. The farmer will find, in using soot, that its powerful effect is materially increased by adding to it from eight to ten bushels of salt. The mixture of these enrichers, at the rate of from ten to fifteen bushels of each per acre, trenched, or deeply ploughed in, is one of the most powerful of all manures for carrots. The nutritive matters of the carrot are very considerable, 1000 parts containing 98 of nutritive matter the same proportion of parsnips contain 99 parts, the Swedish turnips 64, the common turnip only 42 parts. The Flemish farmers sow carrots with their spring corn. It is a good practice to facilitate the ve- getation of the carrot-seed by steeping it in water, and still better to add to the steep 1 lb. of saltpetre to every six quarts of water. We feel convinced that the culti- vation of carrots on many soils might be very profitably extended. This is, generally speaking, the best month for the construction of land drains for the earth is drying, and the moist stains indicate the places where the springs rise, or the surface waters draw the most. The days too are now of such a length that the labourer can see to work from six till six o'clock. If any beans, peas, or winter vetches remain unsown, this is the latest period when the work can be success: fully accomplished. Oats, barley, flax, and hemp-seeds should be sown this month, and clover and other grass seeds with the spring corn, or amongst wheat. In all cases, we should ad vise the farmer to use a steep of some kind for the seed, a weak solution of saltpetre (or nitrate of soda for barley) or common salt and these may be rolled in lime to dry them sufficiently for the drill. For the smaller grass seeds, the solution should be weaker, and be dried with gypsum powder. These solutions, however, are too commonly made too strong, and the seeds steeped in them too long. On all those soils which are said to be 'tired of clover, or clover sick, we would earnestly recommend deeper ploughing, and the application of gypsum, at the rate of l1 to 2 cwts per acre with the seed it answers admi- rably on most soils, especially on those where the sul- phate of lime does not exist naturally. Many easy observations will indicate to the farmer the probable success of gypsum. If common coal or peat ashes, when spread oil his clover, or sainfoin, or lucerne, promotes their growth, then he may securely apply gypsum, for the ashes owe their chief enriching properties to the presence of gypsum, which is certainly the cheapest of all manures. Nitrate of soda may also be applied either as a steep for barley (for barley contains a small propor- tion of this salt) or it may be sown at the rate of 11 cwl. per acre, as soon as the spring corn nialies its ap- pearance above the ground. If saltpetre is used, 1 CIVt. per acre is suiffcient. Both these salts do best on light dry soils, such as sands, gravels, chalks, or light loams. Sow lucerne towards the end of the month. Pick off the stones from young seeds. You may now prepare your potato ground, and plant towards the end of this month. This root delights in fresh soils, such as old pastures or stack-yards. In Cheshire they carry, in the autumn, for a mile or two, and spread on their potato fields, the salt mud of the shores of the Mersey, at the rate of 20 or 30 cubic yards per acre. If you cannot get this or sea-weed s (dug in as fresh as possible), use ditch-scrapings, pond-mud, or weed-heaps, with which, a month previous to using it, mix a bushel of common salt (the refuse of bacon is excellent) with each cubic yard. We have found on the gravelly soils of Essex no dressing superior to this for potatoes. Plant hops. Alders are now cut. Water meadows may be fed the first time. This is a good period to destroy molest Top-dress young wheats. Urate, soot, malt-combs, lime, and salt and lime, are all powerful manures for this purpose. Look steadily to your ewes provide them warm, dry sheltering places; give them your best turnips or carrots, mangel wurzel, and hay regard also their cleanliness. The same remarks apply to all breeding animals-to cows and to mares. Pre- pare pork for summer use. Kill the bacon hogs before the weather gets warm. This and August are the best months for sows to, farrow. Attend to your poultry cleanse and lime-wash their houses; let their boxes be often replenished with hay or straw. Never set them with their own eggs for stock birds procure these from a distance. The advantages of an incessant change of stock is a secret little understood by housewives.





[No title]


[No title]