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THE PUPIL TEACHERS' CENTRAL…

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THE PUPIL TEACHERS' CENTRAL CLASSES. «- DISTRIBUTION OF PRIZES AT THE I ATHENAEUM HALL. INTERESTING SPEECHES BY LOCAL I EDUCATIONALISTS. An exceedingly interesting meeting was held at the Athenaeum Hall, Llanelly, on Friday evening last under the auspices of the Pupil Teachers' Central Classes. The hall was filled with a most appreciative audience, representing the School Board, the teachers, and the general public. Mr. J. Duckworth, B.A., the chief of the centre, had charge of the arrangements, which were faultlessly carried through. The company foregathered at the invitation of Mr. Duckworth on the occasion of the annual distribution of prizes to the success- ful students of the centre at the rocent examamina- tions conducted under the auspices of the Science and Art Department. The proceedings were graced by the presence of the borough member, Sir J. J. Jenkins, M.P., who distributed the prizes. Mr. H. J. Howell (chairman of the Llanelly School Board presided and amongst others present were :â Mr. B. B. Scorrou, science and art inspector, Mr. H. Wilkins, the ex-chairman of the Llanelly School Board; Mr. J. A. Williams, Mr. Ivor Davies, Mr. J. Lewis, Mr. G. F. Blake, Mr. Tom Hughes, Mr. W. David, Mr. J. Maybery, Mr. D. H. Bowen, Mr. L. Bradley, Mr. G. Hopkins, Mr. J. M. Jones, Mr. G. Harries, Revs. D. Wynne Evans, Thomas Johns, Miss Poston and Mrs. J. A. Williams. The Chairman, in opening the proceedings, said they had met together that evening for the purpose of presenting the successful teachers in the science and art examinations with the certifi- cates of the department. At one time there was no such class in Llanelly as Centre for Pupil Teachers. Bat some time ago the School Board thought it wise to establish a centre in Llanelly and since the class had been in vogue, no doubt the pupil teachers had made greater strides than they did previously. Formerly the teachers were separated in the various schools and taught by separate teachers. Now he was pleased to state they had the central school thoroughly organized, with science and art classes on Saturday mornings. The School Board had done as much as they could for the training of the pupils attending this class. He was very much struck by a paragraph which appeared in a newspaper sometime ago, in relation to the great strides made by Denmark in respect of education. He found in the paragraph that the Danish peoplehad thoroughly established technical schools in their midstâa system of education which had produced the best results. They were now giving the pupil teachers of Llanelly every possible chance in the confident hope that the organized education carried on in the centre would affect for good every department of educational work in the town. Mr. Duckworth said that since the Centre had been founded, nearly four years ago, they had met in Prospect Place School. The place was fairly central when it was considered that teachers attended from Llwynhendy and neighbourhood, but owing to the increase in the number of students, and in the subjects taken, necessitating more classes, it had now become very inconvenient for them on Saturday mornings. The younger p.-t.'s had nine hours' instruction per week, and the elder ones six bours, exclusive of Saturday morning, and in this time instruction was given in some thirteen or fourteen different subjects. During the period from November to May, Saturday morning was devoted to instruction in mathematics, science, and art. As a rule, the student took up one science and one art subject during a session; the younger girls, however, merely took up freehand and geometrical drawing. Thus the curriculum was sufficient to lay a broad and complete foundation upon which a good education might be based. The necessity of gaining one science certificate, and several art certificates, for the purposes of the scholarship examination, also rendered it imperative that their subjects should receive adequate attention. The present curriculum at the Centre was sufficient (except in one branchâlanguages) to enable any person of ability to matriculate shortly after leaving the Centre. In addition to French or "Welsh, which were regularly taken, many boys took -up Latin privately, with the view of matriculating as soon as opportunity offered. During last session, there were 103 students in attendance, and Mr. Duckworth paid a high tribute to the earnestness and ability of his able coadjutors. Messrs, Griffith Hopkins, John Lewis, Ivor J. Davies, and D. H. Bowen, as well as to the zeal of many of the students. After describing the difference between the life of an ordinary scholar at a day school, and that of a pupil-teacher, who must teach or be instructed by day and do nearly all private study at home, he proceeded to give details of last year's success. On the whole, the results obtained were 20 per cent. above the average obtained throughout this country, but the most remarkable results were obtatned in Mechanics, in which the whole class passed in the first class geometrical drawing, in which 25 passed out of 28 presented -and in advance physiography, in which seven were presented and six passed, and in practical plane and solid geometry, in which 32 passed out of 37. Appreciating remarks were also made regarding freehand, model, shading, chemistry, and element- ary physiography. In a school of this kind,there was practically no selection. All students must sit, to gain experience, if not to pass. The grant obtained was XI-16 against XC)3 last year. Proceeding, Mr. Duckworth spoke of the changes which frequently marked the regulations of the department. We were now threatened with a change in the payment of grants, (a change sound in principle, but the grant paid upon it quite inadequate), by which the school would be enabled to earn a grant ranging from a minimum of £ 23 to a maximum of £ 8S. He regarded this change with dismay. Further owing to the fact that the school met on Saturday morning, it would, under the new regulation, be considered a Day School, and would re- ceive only half the science grant that would be paid if it were an evening school. He further referred to the difficulty of making provision tor the instruction of pupil teachers in science and art in view of the changing require- ments of the Education Department, changes made without notice, and occasionally in the middle of the session. A few years ago, a scholarship student might obtain marks for one science and four art certificates, and there was no limitation of time. Five years ago, a regulation appeared that science certificates must be obtained during the 4th year of apprenticeship. This raised such protest that the Department extended the period to the 3rd as well as the 4th year. Next year while the subjects and years remained unchanged, the marks allotted to them were varied, and great weight was attached to the powers of a certificate in practical plane and solid geometry. Last year a fresh regulation appeared, limiting the science to the 4th year, and the art certificate (now reduced to ¡ oneâfreehand) to the 3rd and 4th year. Further changes are foreshadowed in this year's code. In consequence students who obtained shading', model, arc geometry, under the impression that they w o Lo count for scholarship, find themselves disappointed, and those who have already obtained freehand certificates must obtain them again. In this way, they had now a considerable number of students working at freehand with a view to sitting for an examination in which they had secured the highest success. He characterised these changing regulations as discouraging to the student, as causing much disappointment and loss of time. aad as a direct incentive to leave science and art mtll the last years, than which nothing could be rnoie conducive to hasty and unsystematic preparation, at a time, too, when this kind of training was more than ever necessary. Sir John J. Jenkins then distributed the prizes as follows :â SUCCESSES IN 1895. .5 +J ? ? f? ? 2* ? £ -3 ? Q g a JS O a £ S S ?  <v >s} ê "2 CJ ,g -? <* '5 £ 0 5 ? D ? ? s fr. ourt,h i ear:â David Evans 1 1 1 1 David Howells 1 1 2 2 ll'tary "V Griffiths. 1 1 2 WPRees 1 W T Ungoed. 1 2 Edith M Banks 2 2 2 Ann Tliom,s 1 2 2 Annie Morris 2 2 Lena Thomas 2 9 Emily Thomas 2 2 Joseph James 2 2 Annie Edmund3. 1 Gladys Griffiths 1 Jessie M Jones 2 Sarah J Phillips 2 Annie D Thomas. 2 .i Annie Vaughan 2 â Fanny Wilson 2 Third Year:- Helena Jones 1 P Annie J Morgan 2 P 2 Blandina Mutter 1 2 John Davies n. 1 2 2 Thomas Nicholas 1 2 2 1 E E Coles 1 Alico Thomas 2 P Mary Walters 2 2 Daniel Thomas 2 2 A O Williams 2 2 Maggie Jones 2 James T John 2 Second Year:â Ellen Pllillips 1 P 1 2 William Jones 1 P 1 Hettie Thomas 2 P 1 R. K. Watts 2 P 1 Daniel Jas. Hughes.. 1 2 Agnes Henshall 1 P Bthel Williams 1 2 T'ffie Bailey 2 2 2 E?. Davies P 2 Abel Evans 2 2 Emily M illar 2 2 I Mabel Phillips 2 ( :li;:nas 2 W. J. Hughes 2 Ex-Siudents Laura Toplis 1 â¢Â» Sarah Davies 2 2 Margaret Evans 2 2 liliz, Hughes 1 SUCCESSES IN 1390. Physiography g) >> ? £ c ? b.e 5 ..dfê31.S a ⢠A « o u .S i> C 0; w 0J Q & i s a .? ?!! ?!?M 0 S. Fourth Year  Ed M Banks 1 1 1 2 E R Coles 1 EdMBanka 2 1 1 t 2 ERColes 1 2 X JohnDavies 2 2 3 1 Annie J Morgan 1 2 2 2 Blandina Mutter 2 1 2 JOSL'DII James 1 1 2 Thomas Nicholas 1 1 1 Alice Thomas 2 2 Daniel Thomas 1 1 2 1 Annie Vaughan. 2 2:3 A 0 Williams 1 2 1 2 1 Fanny Wilson 1 2 2 Louisa Young 1 2 Third Year ;â Effie Bailey 1 2 2 2 M J Bassett 2 P W E Davies 2 1 1 2 Abel Evans 2 2 1 Agnes Hen shall X- 1 2 Sarah Ann Howell- P D J Hughes 1 1 2 W J Hughes 1 P Minnie Jones P William Jones 1- 1 2 Elsie McVicar P Emilv Miliar 2 2 M E Owen 2 Mabel Phillips 2 P Ellen Phillips 1 1 Myfamvy Roberts 2 Frances M Thomas2 P 2 I-lettie Thomas I 1 2 Ed K Thomas P Edgar W Thomas X-122. Ethel Williams P 1 1 R Ie Watts 1 2 1 Second Year:â Ernest Andrews X 2 LenaBaH 2 .?. D F Griffiths 2 P I Minnie Jenkins P Hattie Jennings I P 2 .? M K Johns 2 P 2 Hv Jiio Llewellyn 1 P Winnie Mutter 2 P Coralie Pascoe 2 P 2 2 Winnie Pugh P Mary L Rogers 2. 2 D M Roberts 1 1 1 X Edw Rowlands 2 P 1 Maggie Walters 2. P 2 First Year â Mary E Hallam P Gertie Hughes P 2 Ada John P Maggie Jones P 2 2 David H Jones ?.?.. 1 P 2 X  ¡(vrc:r i 1 Liz M Norman P F.Students Edwin Aubrey 2 John Clement 1. B M Dairies 2 2 .?. f£Ellnds Annie Edmunds 2 Gladys Griffiths 2 2 2 M W Griffiths 2. 2 David Howells 2 X 2 Elma V John 2 Annie Morris 2 1 2 1 Sarah J Phillips 2 W P Hees 2 2 1 H J Ridley :[.3. Emily Thomas 2 Laura Toplis 2 Lena Thomas 1 2 Ann Thomas 1 2 2 W T Ungoed 1. I I Sir John, having made the presentations, said that he considered it a great privilege to distribute the prizes to the successful candidates. He was of opinion that the centre had done a great deal of good since its establishment. It would, no doubt, interest the parents of the students present to hear what Mr. Duckworth had said in reference to the school. The students had applied themselves very carefully and skilfully to their work and had ac- quitted themselves very well. He was pleased to bear Mr. Duckworth speak of the satisfactory state of the centre and hoped the existing satisfactory condition of affairs would be maintained. He failed to understand why so many new regulations should be made year by year in the education code. He would, however, like to be coached by Mr. Duckworth, and then he would be able to ascertain what he could do in the matter, in bringing the ques- tion before parliament. In reference to the grant which had been mentioned in the master's report and J the remarks accompanying, he thought it would be j best to place the matter before the Department. Education, no doubt, was progressing in Llanelly very rapidly, and it was due largely to the interest taken in the work by the students ancl masters alike. He was pleased to notice that the Board took so keen an interest in the Cntre-an interest making 'for the real welfare of education in Llanelly. He had been, the previous evening, presenting students at Carmarthen with similar prizes, and, as the member for the constituency, he was bound to discharge a like duty at Llanelly the next night. He had been round the schools that day, and had found the scholars very attentive to their duties. One little boy was so interested in his work that he had fallen asleep (laughter) Great credit was due to Llanelly for the manner in which the Board and staff had carried out their duties. All had worked harmoniously together. They had actively engaged themselves in the duty, and carried it out most satis- factorily. It was a great responsibility for teachers of schools to educate scholars, and they, as the general public, should do all in their power to assist the teachers in their work. All would, no doubt, remember what Professor Herkomer said at the Llanelly National Eisteddfodâthat they ought to attend to their duties most diligently and practice as much as possible. That was what they had to do. He hoped that the successful students would not rest satisfied witft whnt, thfiv ha.d alreadv dnnp. but that they would work to gain a still higher position. They had heard Mr. Duckworth say that last year's students would have to go through the same work again. Something ought to be done to the education code to rectify that matter. Major Bythway said that all would be thankful to Sir John for being present at the meeting. The centre had attained a high position, which was due largely to the School Board taking such an interest in it. Their chairman was the chairman of the Board and a good man be was (laughter and applause). The teachers, the successful students, and the parents of the students present, were no doubt all thankful to Sir John for giving his services that evening. He had visited the class very often and no one but those who had been in the middle of the work could state what was done there. He would like to impress upon the parents a matter of importance: that of sending their children regularly to school. He suggested to the Board the advisability of improv- ing the lighting of the building in which the work of the centre was carried on. He proposed a vote of thanks to Sir John for being present that evening. Rev. T. Johns seconded the proposition, and said that Sir John had made a great effort to be present at the meeting, having left his duties in London to be present (cheers). Mr. B. B. Scorrou, the science and art inspector, said that he had been in Llanelly for some time q,iid had visited the centre. He was highly pleased with the results the school had attained. He felt pleased with what had been said about the centre, and he was also pleased with what he had seen there himself. He supported the vote of thanks. Mr. H. Wilkins, the ex-chairman of the School Board, said that he appreciated the opportunity of speaking on sucn an occasion. He worked hard in favour of the establishment of the centre, and they had reason to be proud of it. He believed 1 also that the Board had done an excellent thing in appointing Miss Palmer as assistant teacher for the school. They would now have an efficient staff of teachers, and the school would go on still better in the future. There was one thing to which he would like to draw the attention of parents: that of sending their children to school regularly. Rev. Elvet Lewis said it gave him very great pleasure to be present at the meeting, anclremarked that he would like the students to feel that they had yet a higher position to gain. A great re- sponsibility rested upon the students as well as upon the teachers, and he hoped they would recog- nise that responsibility. The central class had done excellent work in the past, as would be seen from the results, and he trusted there was still a brighter future in front. The vote of thanks to Sir John was then carried. Sir J. J. Jenkins, in responding, thanked all for their kind remarks and proposed a vote of thanks to the chairman. Mr. J. A. Williams seconded aud referred to the good qualities of the chairman. The Chairman suitably responded. Letters of apology were received from Mr. T. Jones, H.M.I., Mr. J. E. Jones, and Mr. R. J. Edmunds. Choruses were delivered by students of the centre and a pianoforte duet was given by Miss Mutter and Miss Pascoe.

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