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CYCLECAR AND MOTOR CYCLE NOTES.

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IPROFITABLE POULTRY CULTURE.

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PROFITABLE POULTRY CULTURE. BY RALPH R ALLEN, Lecturer to the Herts County Council; Editor of Monthly Hints on Poultry, Ac. (All rights reserved.) A SUCCESSFUL BREEDING SEASON. (CONTINUED.) [Readers are particularly requested to note that this series of articles commenced with the first issue in January. In order to obtain their full value, the earlier articles should be read in conj unction with the current one.] PERIODS OF INCUBATION. I The period of incubation is determined by the freshness of the egg and the applica- tion of the hen a new-lai l egg with a close sitter will frequently hatch out on the nine- teenth day, whereas a comparatively stale egg and poor sitter may take twenty-two days to produce the chick; the average, however, is twenty to twenty-one days. It might prove useful here to mention the periods of incubation with other varieties of domestic and wild fowl. Ducks, twenty- seven to thirty days, excepting the Muscovy, which takes up to thirty-five days, Muscovy Cross varying from twenty-eight to thirty- five days, according to the amount of Muscovy blood. Geese, thirty to thirty-one days. Turkeys, twenty-eight to thirty days. Guinea fowls, twenty-six to twenty-eight days. Pea fowl, twenty-eight days. INCUBATION OF DUCK EGGS. I The foregoing remarks are equally applic- able to duck eggs; ducks as a rule are good sitters, but fail as mothers, consequently it is advisable to set the eggs under a hen. The location of the nest should be a damp one, and it has been found beneficial towards the end of the hatch to sprinkle the eggs with warm water, when the hen is off feed- ing, as the inner membrane becomes very tough when dry, preventing the duckling from breaking through. GEESE EGGS. I It is the practice with many to allow geese to incubate their own eggs if this is done it is advisable to allow the goose a compartment at least 21 feet square, where she is protected from the gander and the other geese. Attention must also be paid at hatching time to remove the sheila of the birds first liberated, so that they cannot cap the other eggs, rendering it impos- sible for the later ones to hatch. The eggs are often placed under hens, but in my opinion a turkey hen forms the ideal setter for geese eggs. TURKEY EGGS. The best location for a turkey to sit is the original nest in which the eggs were laid. It is advisable, therefore, to remove the first few eggs she lays, replacing by dummies, until the hen becomes broody. Always hatch turkey eggs under turkey hens if possible. The young poults are much more difficult to rear than chicks; they require a turkey mother's direction as regards feeding, and further, they require brooding for a con- siderable period after an ordinary hen usually forsakes her youngsters, whereas a turkey hen will brood them until half-grown. CUT GRF.FA* BONE. kill,it ilf I I. t n^C'StM.v «)') for Green 'lourjs, i f. fr<»sli b ) ti i i i t) i 11 t-, Ili e a finely ground IU a bom mill, are the cheapest food obtainable, and very valuable for pro- moting growth. The mineral matter in the bones adds growth of frame and supplies lime for the egg, whilst all meat is rich in albuminoids, and helps to provide a well- balanced ration." Such is the opinion of the Rev T W Sturges, M.A., as expressed in The Poultry Manual," an opinion with which practically all experienced poultry-raisers agree. But it is not convenient or even economical for poultry-keepers who are only in a small way of business to acquire a bone-cutter, and the query is frequently addressed to me: Where can this product be obtained, of good quality, guaranteed fresh, and at the right price? Readers are referred to Mr F B Longley, Letchworth, Herts. I have had experience of this product, further it is sold with his guarantee, "Fiesh and Sweet." Seven pound boxes are only eighteenpence, carriage paid, so that it is within the reach of all, and its judicious use, either with growing stock or the laying hen, is a good investment. [Any enquiries concerning poultry- keeping addressed to our expert, Ralph R Allen, Sawbridgeworth, Herts., will be answered through these columns free, but those requiring a postal answer direct or sending birds for post-mortem examination must remit a half-crown postal order.]

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