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Political Notes By F. W. Jowett. I THE GREAT BETRAYAL. I When the Allied Ministers and diplomats en- listed support for the war by pretending it was u war to give the right of selt'-detenni nation to small nations and destroy tho power of rulers who denied this right, they -had no conception of what the result might he. Ideas firmly rooted cannot be exterminated by guns and bayonets when they have served the purpose of t.h08e who have implanted them. President Witson's. de- claration of principle for which he said America Was taking part in the war, hastened the defeat of the Central Powers by undermining the wil- lingness of the people of Germany and Austria to continue the war. This was apparently all the British, French and Italian Governments in- tended the declaration to accomph.- h when they Hgreed to it, for, of course, they w ere secretly committed to each other lor objects which flatly C'firiini I ttt?cl to ei(,Ii otliel- t'ol- (OI)je(?ts Ministers failed, however, to realise was that ideas cannot be used with impunity as mere weapons of war, because if the ideas be just and true they live and grow quite regardless ef the occasion that gave them birth. DELIVER THE GOODS! I I And so, in Ireland, Kgypt, India alltl clsewliere the British Government is being confronted with an insistent demand to deliver the goods. Self- determination has been offered, promised to every people, unhindered, unthreatened, un- afraid, the little along with rlie great and power- ftil." Yet the demand of independence has been refused to the people of Ireland, India and Egypt. Take the case of Ireland. Ireland has an elected Parliament. Its representative char- acter cannot be questioned. No assembly re- cognised by the Peace Conference is more repre- sentative- of the people concerned. But it has been dispersed at the point oi the bayonet. ft mayor mav not he to the liking of the people of England, Scotland and Wales that Ireland should demand fulfillment of the pledge which the British Government has given to the world in associ.ation with President Wilson. Ireland makes the demand, however, and her claim is not. less, but uiore, e!< than tb»it <>.f the mixed populations contained in the Paris-formed States of, say, Poland or C/.echo-Slovakia. Yet instead "f being left free to determine its own policy, its own way of development, unhindered, un- threatened. unafraid. the Irish peopleâone of the little peoples clearly included iu the De- claration of Rights to which the British Govern- ment has subscribed, is being held in subjection by armed forces, together with all the most modern equipment, including ranks, aircraft, bombs, poison-gas and bayonets. PREACHING AND PRACTICE. I It is true that the Irish rwople IIOW demands something more than an Irish Parliament with limited powers, which excludes from tlit, right of self-determination certain questions affecting its policy and development. The Irish people is now frankly Republican. But what if it is:- It is within its rights, according to the declaration to which the British Government has subscribed. If the Allied and Associated Governments choose to assist their armed forces in a world-war by preaching revolutionary ideas, they cannot com- plain if the ideas take root and grow. Ideas act in that way. All over Europe little nations that previously thought only of Home Rule Parlia- ments have responded to the solemn declaration of the Allied ancL Associated Powers, and claim- ed republics. Tfieir claims have been granted, the British Government assenting without de- mur. It is impossible to deny Ireland the right which other.- have had conceded to them. The declarations stand, and they must be observed. There was no dissentient voice when they were made. SELF-DETERMINATION. I There is less to be said against granting the 1 full right of self-determination to Ireland now I than ever there was. ft used to be argued that, for reasons of safety, it was necessary to liolci Ireland in close association with the rest of the United Kingdomâwith or without Ireland's con- sent. This was when Germany was armed and strong and less was known of the defensive strength of seaboards and ports protected by mines and submarinesâalthough even at that time, so much was known that the strategic rea- sons for denying national rights to Ireland were ill-founded as wall as being on other grounds ir- relevant. Germany has 110 longer a navy and should France become once more the potential enemy, it is nearer itself to England than is Ire- land, so the old excuse for resisting Ireland's claim has gone. Leaving out of account, there- fore, the League of Nations which under present circumstances offers little or no security against war, those timid souls who fear to act justly with a. small nation for selfish strategic reasons may take courage and let the Irish people "de- termine its ow n policy, its OWJI way of develop- ment. unhindered, unthreatened, and unafraid." THAT UNALLOYED CEORCE. the reputation ot Mr. Lloyd George tor trickery of speech is becoming famous through- out the world. Mr. Bullit, who has good reason to know, said bluntly to the Foreign Relations Committee of the United States that in deal- ing with Mr, Lloyd George you must remember that you cannot take any of his public utter- ances seriously." As if it had been to give fresh confirmation of this fact there appeared along with the press reports of Mr. Bullit's warning to the Committee in question the strange story of the official statement that the Supreme Coun- cil had considered the question of Russi a and had formally approved of the British policy of evacuation and had disapproved of Russian Adventure." The Supreme Council it was stated "profoundly behoves that the future of the Russian people must be settled by them- selves, provided they respect the rights of their neighbours." No sooner was the announcement of this message of the Supreme Con noil to the world made than it was denied by all the parties concerned except Great BritainâAmerican. French and Italian. The explanation was forth- coming later. A KNAVISH TRICK. The explanation now afforded to a puzzled world is that at the close of a meeting of the Supreme Council at which the question of Rus- sia was not discussed or referred to Mr. Lloyd George made all allusion to Russia which might have been taken as either a casual remark or an enquiry if his colleagues had not altogether ignored it to the effect that lie supposed it would be agreed that they had had enough of this Russian expedition." No notice was taken of the enquiry, which, of course, was quite necessary for any ordinary purpose, seeing that British troops are the only allied troops engaged in the Russian expedition referred to on the slender foundation of this incident an elaborate state- ment was made to lead the public to believe that the responsibility for the Russian expedition rests on the Paris Council, whereas, in fact, it rests exclusively on the British Government. The truth is Mr. Lloyd George wants to ishunt the responsibility for the British policy in Russia on the Supreme Council and the othe" members of the Council will not or dare not take it. THIEVES FALLLOUT. French writers havq been expressing them- selves in strong terms against Great Britain con- cerning the divisions of the spoils of war. Syria has been the bone of contention. A provisional settlement has been arrived at by an arrange- ment to withdraw British troops from certain disputed territory to give place to French troops but France still feels aggrieved because the Mogal oil wells remain with the British. It is, of course, for their capitalist exploiters the two Governments are contending.

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