ο»Ώ ELECTORAL REFORM|1914-01-31|Llais Llafur - Welsh Newspapers Online
Hide Articles List

15 articles on this Page

Advertising

Advertising

BOTHA'S BARBARISM.I

> y f Β» β€’ THE BOOM IN BOXING.…

SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION IN…

ELECTORAL REFORM

Detailed Lists, Results and Guides
Cite
Share

ELECTORAL REFORM A Far Reaching Problem THE LABOUR PARTY ATTITUDE I 9 MR BRACE AND THE ALTERNATIVE VOTE j Writing on Monday in a contemporary on the important subject of Electoral Re- form, Mr Wm. Brace, M.P., observed Writing before the publication of the King's Speech makes it difficult to say- with confidence what may be the busi- ness ofi the coming session, of Parliament, which opens on February 10. We all know the Home Rule Bill and! the Disestablish- ment Bill will be part of the business, but the political barometer also points to electoral questions of a very impGrlt. ant character being dealt with. J HOUSE OF LORD REFORM I Presumably the propoosals for a re- formed House of Lords will be brought forward, a.nd while it may be thought j that the Labour party cannot be deeply interested in such a subject, as a fact there is no body of citizens in the coun- try more so. I confess I am not en- amoured with the idea of any kind of Second Chamber which would have power to cancel measures passed by the House of Commons. Neither am I in favour of a Second Chamber elected for such large constituencies as would make it im- possible, because of financial reasons, for the woskers to put forward candidates on their behalf with any hope of success, Whatever may be the form any suggested Second Chamber may takt, it seems to me the workers have not much, if any- thing, to gain from. it. Hence the reason why I have supported the policy of a Single Chamber Parliament, allowing the electorate to be the final tribunal as to whether their representatives. have carried out in their legislative work the pledges they gave to their constituents. If they have not, the electorate can change them, and that, surely, is suffi- cient safeguard for any country which aC- acepts the principle of democratic govern- ment. I COMMONS ELECTORAL SYSTEM I But not. only are there electoral ques- 1 jiifecting the House of IÃll' '.4>0 on the political horizon, but the House of Commons. is concerned as well, j No one pretends to say that the present system of electing members to the House of Commons is the most complcte that the mind of man could devise. It) is at best but a crude system. Whilpolitics were divided into two parties there was much inducement to leave things alone, despite the inequalities and anomalies which ex- j isted. But since the interposition of the labour party it has become an imperative necessity, if governmønft by the majority of the people is to prevail, to re-cast our electoral system so that it will be an im- possibility for any man with a minority of votes of any constituency to be elec-  ted a member of the House of Commons. It ia all very well to demand that three- corne.rad contests should be avoided, but with the greatest dea-ira in the world to j do that, it cannot be done as a fixed policy. The Labour party is bound to put forward their own candidates in con- t stituencies where they think they have a reasonable hope of winning- the seat. I WHAT SHALL THE NEW SYSTEM 11 BE! I The question is what system ought the I Labour party to aim for. Up to now I I three amending systems have been sug- I gested I 1. Second ballots. ¡ 2. Alternative vote. 1 3. Proportional representation. I As to second ballots, I have only to say that, whoever may stand to gain from them, the Labour candidates in the long j run must suffer a serious handicap. A second election campaign for a Labour candidate is out of the question. The additional strain upon the workers' re- sources would be too heavy. As a de- monstration as to how Labour candidates would suffer in second ballots, one has only to turn to the operation of the second ballot in Germany. In 1909 the Social Democrats had to fight second ballot elections' in ninety constituencies. In the first contest forty-four of their candidates in ninety constituencies were at the head of the poll, but when the results of the second ballots were declared Labour we. only able to win fourteen out of these ninety seats. Not only would the Labour candidate, be open to be defeated by a hostile coalition in the second ballot contests, but he could not put up the money in the same ex- travagant manner as his more wealthy op- ponent could for the short, but hurri- cane, campaign in which money in plenty would be all-important. I PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTA- I TION. The alternative vote method of elec- tion would not require a second ballot, which means a second contest. The elector would simply mark his ballot paper according to his preference, using the figures 1, 2, 3, or more, according to the number of candidates. In the count- ing of the votes the candidates who had received the fewest No. 1 votes would be dropped, and his votes transferred to the candidate whom the elector had marked as his second choice. This sys- tem would ensure that any member of | Parliament elected would have a majority I of the votes of his constituents behind I him, and the unsatisfactory conditions ( now involved in threelcornered contests would be eliminated. The system of Fro- portional rc-preserit-ation is a new pro- position brought forward recently, but it has behind it much influential support. (Continued at bottom of next column )

NEW COMPENSATION POINTi APPEAL.

SOCIALIST UNITY IN GREAT BRITAIN

[No title]

THE MINERS' GREAT TASK

ISENGHENYDD.

GOB FIRES IN MINES

ELECTORAL REFORM

THE MINERS' GREAT TASK

SOCIALIST UNITY IN GREAT BRITAIN