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POETRY.

To the Editor of the Nortlt…

AN EXTENSIVE ACQUAINTANCE.

AGRICULTURE.

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AGRICULTURE. In this neighbourhood agriculture is to be considered as the primary profession, and all others should be conducted with the view of promoting its success; for it is the founda- tion -which supports manufactures. ThaI it hath not yet to the utmost IH-)j,n! of perfection it will admit, is not only true of Wales, but but of the most cultivated districts in England: a slitl larger capital, astill great, er number of hands may he employed." The imprOTeinents carrying on III the fields; the change in the mode,ol husbandry, by the in- troduction of new ,.)iaciiiiiery, of new species of grain or of seeds, and to which no limits can be assigned, demand Ihe employ mentof a num- ber of people of every sex and age, in the service of the husbandman, for carrying on his plans. Formerly hay lime and harvest were the only seasons which tailed forth women and people of sedentary professions; but now, in the improving system, Ihe whole summer re quires their labours. Children too, who for- inerly had no share in [be tasti, iiiiy liolv il.t.,Ill age not very advanced, be made useful, and contribute assistance to their parents for sup- porting them, without impairing their vigour or stmting their growth. While agriculture thus offers not only a resource against want, but the means of comfortable subsistence to such as are able and willing- lo work in dis- tricts situated like this, iii a political view, it may be considered as unwise to attempt the introduction of manufactures to any consider I able extent. In a moral view it must be con- sidered wi!h regret and with dread. On this subject, under all the existing circumslances,, the balance is not to be shuck between, the I gain on the one side., and on the other, that of manufactures, and that of agriculture, lot between the sum of actual enjoyment and prosperity, to he produced on each side.â Without one snomeut'-s hesitation, it may he decided in favour of agriculture, iu a propor- tion almost too great for calculation. By the pursuit of agriculturc is every person employ- edt hat is willing to work Doth industry reap a reward, by which not only the necessaries, ¡ hut lIe l'omf'II'ts of j)( afe procured! r\rc manufactures inlroditoed, woikmen employed lilt will get higher wages but with these I too, the desire to spend lliem in idle dissi- pation. Useful hands would he templed to forsake the peaceful labours of agriculture, n where a rise ol wages would, by ihe fanner, be severely fell. The employments in agri- culture greally conduce not only to promote the health of the lower classes, but to preserve their morals from the degradation and corrup- tion which is most severely lamented in ma iinfact uring towns. The grasping hand of avarice never satisfied, exacts from children employed in manufactures, tasks unsuited to theiryears; sickly and debilitated, their growth is never or seldom that of i,iiii Since the manufacturing rage hath commenc- ed, the wiste of, the human species would not I),- c,asylto ctlini)tite. Children bear the con- finement wiiii impatience, unjustly deprived of the hours, which in the season of youth should he devoted to play, they often are lempted to embrace the opportunity of mak- ing their escape. In the works of agriculture in which they are employed, they often also (liscovet- tliit ilit-i- are amused, The mallncrs of the people are marked liv con- tentment, respect for religion, and every peaceable disposition. Their health seldom needs to he repaired by the aid of the Physici- an and associations, tor relief in distress of this nature, are hardly to be found amongst this class of men; but amongst manufactur- ers, where it is impaired by Ihe nr. wholesome* ness of their profession, or the consequences of debauchery. The greatest improvement that could be made in tnis neighbourhood, would be lo plant sonte of I he high grounds wilh sllch trees as besl suited tlte soil. Plantations when judici- ously made, are ornaments to the richest and best cultivated districts; but on high and ex- posed places, they are not only ornamental, but greatly beneticiaL They break the vio- lence of the winds, and render the air more mild and temperate. In few parts of the kingdom do the winds rage with greater fury than in some of the high grounds in this neigh, L L bourhood: yet these are almost all quite bare and destitute of trees. In severe winters, when the frosts are intense, and of long conti- nuance, and the ground covered with snow, large belts of plantations would be of singular benefit. They would afford a constant shelter to the sheep, and thereby prove the means of improving and preserving those valuable features, on which the wealth and prosperity of tie country so much depend. it is to be wished that those whc have it in their power would take into their serious consideration,the strong case of Parish School- masters, whose present scanty provisiou is by no means adequate to the exigencies of their condition, or to the importance, toil, and la. II our of their office. The whole neighbourhood has long labour- ed under the greatest iiiconveiiicice from the uncommonly bad state of the public roads.â Fortunately, however, the gentlemen of the country have at last got their eyes opened to their true interest, with every prospect of suc- cess. Our roads, as in the other roads formed at that period, a straight, rather than a level line was sought. To this absurd and inconsi- derate idea are many 01 the pulls" to be ascribed. The advantages derived by the public from the late wonderftl improvement upon roads in England are mdeetl astonishing. The journey which 40 years ago, 'he traveller could only accomplish in two days, he now executes in 5 or 6 iu/.trs! The expedition and eucreased burden of draught horses, are equal- ly striking, and slitl more beneficial. Mold Parish, SCOTUS.

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LETTER. IV.

LANCASTER ASSIZES, MARCH 29.…

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