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THE WAR.

NOTES AND COMMENTS. ■ .

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NOTES AND COMMENTS. Who is the patriot ? I Is he one who, called to conflict draws His trusty weapon in his country's cause Who, born a poet, grasps his trenchant rhymes And strikes unshrinking at the nation's crimes; Who in the days of peril learns to teach The wisest lessons in the homeliest speech Whose plain good sense, alive with tingling wit, Can always find a handle that will fit; Who touches lightly with Ithuriel spear The toad close squatting at the people's ear, And bids the laughing, scornful world descry The masking demon, the incarnate lie ? Thie, this is he his country well may say Is fit to share her saviour's natal day âOLIVER WENDELL HOLMES. A Coventry correspondent states that an important meeting of cycle makers has been convened to consider the advisability of recommending a general rise in the price of cycles. A circular issued states that the present prices are unremunerative, and that there has been a great advance in the cost j of material. This is only one of the manv I far-reaching effects of the war. ,¡ J The Rev. Z. Mather, preaching in the J English Congregational Church, Barmouth, on Sunday evening, referred to the war, and said that all the gold mines in South Africa would be poor. compensation to this country for what it had lost by going to war with the Transvaal. Those who believed in j Christianity could not, he declared, believe in war, and if it could be proved that Christianity favoured war, ho would never again enter that or any other pulpit to preach the Gospel. s Elsewhere will he found an announcement of an important meeting to be held at Lampeter on Saturday next for the purpose of furthering the federation of the Elemen- tary Schools in the Poor L'lw Unions of Aberayron, Lampeter, and Tregaron. The objects of the Federation are (1) to secure greater uniformity in the administration of the Education Acts (2) to raise the stand- ard of elementary education and (3) to take action in relation to any subject in which the Elementary Schools of the district may be interested. The applause which greeted Mr John Bonsall at the annual meeting of the Infirmary on Saturday was a gratifying rebuff to the person who never fails to find occasion to 'grumble. Mr Bonsall, who is the president of the Infirmary Committee, has been associated with the institution for over fifty years; and although he is now blind, alas, and over eighty three years of age, Mr John Gibson did not deem it proper to allow the venerable chairman five minutes grace he was itching under his fine sense of punctuality. It is one thing to be punctual, it is quite another thing to parade one's sense of propriety. It must have been very flattering to Mr Bonsall s friends to find such a full audience awaiting him. Mr Gibson knows what it is to wait for an audience. Speaking in the House of Commons on Friday Mr. Bryce said he saw difficulties at the end of this war quite as great as the difficulties at the beginning. We must go on. It was one of the curses of the position into which we had got that we could net stop. We must not only clear the two colonies of the hostile forces in them, but we must also restore pur military reputution and position. We must make our strength manifest to the world. We must set our military system on a proper footing, and we must also, he thought, see to it that at the close of the war there must be no state of things left out of which military troubles could arise. He thought that on these points there was no difference of opinion, and he yielded to no one in his admiration of the spirit of patriotism shown in this country and colonies. But when the time came for a settlement we must show a change of spirit, we must show in the future more wisdow and judgment and foresight than the Government had sbowr; in the past. England had in the past sho-rn not only a love of freedom but respect for rights of other communities, and it was in this way that we had attained to our present strength and greatness. Latterly things had changed. He was afraid that latterly we had indulged in, a haughty spirit, and had led other countries to question more than they ought to have done our regard for international rights and the purity of our motives. He believed that in a return to those better traditions by which the British Empire had been won lay the bebt hope of recovery so far as we could, the trust and confidence ef our Dutch subjects in South Africa, and of placing our dominions there as well as elsewhere on the best and surest j foundation. J Young Wales in Loudon is the subject of an interesting article by Phillip Sidney in this week's issue. The Sunday Closing (Wales) Act, 1881, tD Amendment Bill is set down for spfvrnd read- ing on the 29th of May. The 2nd Battalion of the South Wales Borderers arrived at Capeto. ^Lnrday last. The movements of the Regiment are being watched with interest in the Princi- I)allty. At a meeting of the Oswestry Town Council on Monday it was announcrd that the Local Government Board had refused to sanction a loan of £ 18,000 to enable the Council to acquire the Electric Light and Power Com- pany's plant Up to the present no date has been fixed for the member for Merthyr's motion for an address praying Her Majesty to express her disapproval at the many foolish and extra- judicial utterances made from the Bench by Mr. Justice Grantham. The action of the Governors of the Aber- ystwyth Infirmary in offering the use of four beds to wounded soldiers returning from the war indicates that the institution is managed by persons who sympathise with those who have to suffer hardship and privation. Pre- ference is to be given to soldiers from the district. This is as it should be. Mr. Vaughan Davies, M.P., is also making a commendable efrort to have the same princi- ple applied to the distribution of the war funds. A crowded public meeting was held on Thursday night at St. Martin's Town Hall, London, under the auspices of the newly formed London Council for the Promotion of Public Morality. The Bishop of London (Dr. Creighton) presided, and the attendance included Mr. H. Fawcett, the Bishop of Southwark, the Bishop of Stepney, Bishop Barry, the Chief Rabbi (Dr. Adlei), Canon C. Gore. Canon Duckworth. Canon H. Scott Holland, Dr. A. Lewry, and Mr. Compton Rickett, M.P.âThe Bishop of London said that the present condition of London streets was largely due to thisâthat secret haunts of vice had been closed, public entertainments had been more strictly regulated, and some things which in the beginning of this century existed with the connivance of public author- ities bad ceased to exist. The consequence was that, bad as things were, they might be tolerably sure they saw the worst of them. That was a great step in advance. It was desirable that evil, when it existed, should be seen. The purpose of the Council for the Promotion of Public Morality was to educate public opinion upon the subject they were met to consider. The Roman Catholic Bishop of Southwark moved That this meeting recognises the. need for concerted effort to meet the organ- ised immorality of London, welcomes the. formation of this Council, and bespeaks for it the liberal, and continued support of those, who have at heart the social and moral well-? being of London." He said that everyonet who had God's honour and the welfare of the nation at heart must be determined to .do his very best, to awaken the national con- science to. a sense of the evil in our midst. In some respects we could hold up our heads against Continental nations, but in this mat- ter of the flagrant vice of London streets we had to bow our heads in shame before those nations. This they could doâthey could see that wickedness was not flaunted in the face of those who were weak by their age or characterâCanon Gore, who supported the resolution, said that if drink was slaying its thousands, impurity was destroying its tens of thousands. It was essential to anything that could truly be called human nature that our physical aptitudes should be brought under spiritual and moral control. Economic conditions, he pointed out, largely underlay the vice which they deplored, the miserable pay of seamstresses and others and the pre- cariousnoss of their work often compelling them to evil against their will.â(A voice You have hit the point.") A circular to school boards by the Education Department calls attention to a notice recently issued by the Treasury determining the rates of interest to be charged on loans granted by the Public Works Loan Commissioners out of the Local Loans Fund. The Treasury direct by minute of the 18th January that on loans granted out of that fund on the security of local rates subsequently to the date of the minute there shall be chargeable, in lieu of the rates of interest fixed by their minute of the 2nd November, 1899, the following rates of interest, viz. :âNot exceeding 30 years, 3-j per cent per annum; not exceed- 4 ing 40 years, 3-1 pez- cent per annum; not 1 2 exceeding 50 years, 3f per cent per annum. Dr. Treharne spoke on Thursday evening before the Cardiff Cymmrodorion Society on the necessity of having a scientific and up- to-daue history of Wales. Dr. Treharne contended that in the present great upheaval of Welsh nationalism they wanted their children to know the great names in the glorious story of Cymru Fu. They needed to give their national aspirations an articu- late voice, and for that purpose they must get the educational authorities to give prominence to Welsh history in all the schools. He said it was matter of great satisfaction to them to learn that at their next meeting, which would be held in Car- diff, the Executive of the Welsh School Board Federation would,seriously entertain this important question of teaching Welsh history in schools. Mr. J. Austin Jenkins moved a resolution, which was seconded by Mr. Charles Morgan, and unanimously carried, calling the attention of the Univer- sity. Intermediate, and School Board authorities to the desirability of including the teaching of Welsh history in the cur- riculum. Mr. H. C. Fryer, in proposing a vote of thanks to Dr. Morgan, the retiring house Burgeon of the Aberystwyth Infirmary, said they were all exceedingly sorry to use that word retiring. He did not think anyone could say too much in praise of the work Dr. Moigan had done since he bad held office at the Infirmary. There had been some few years ago a strong prejudice in the minds of people against going to the In- firmary as in-patients, although he knew of instances where great benefit would have occurred to patients going in. They did not like the restraint. In fact, they were afraid. Dr. Morgan had done a great deal to break Z5 down that feeling, and it was on account of the implicit confidence the people had in him that it was broken down. Now there were more applicants for tickets than there were tickets available. He thought this was due to the work done by Dr. Morgan, both to the in and out-door patients. He had discharged his duties with urbanity, courtesy and kindness, and he felt strongly the great loss they were sustaining in losing Dr. Morgan. He knew all would join with him in wishing him great success in his practice in the future. They were all glad that he was not leaving the town, and hoped that he would have many years to eajoy a lucrative practice among the people in whose con- fidence lie now stood so high."

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