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AGRICULTURAL NOTES.,

ENEMY AND RIVAL.

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ENEMY AND RIVAL. It was told last week how, after a couple of centuries or so of drifting, the English people woke up one day to find that a relentless, im- placable, and unscrupulous enemy had in- stalled himself in their midst-had their tradie, finance, and industry in his grip; and knew that unless this stealthy invader were shaken off. uprooted, and cast out, England was fated to become a. subject peopleâslaves beneath the whip of an unpitying task-master. That, as it was told, the awakening to reality, was in the days of Queen Elizabeth; and then as now our enemy was the German. Off and on for 200 years he had been at his scheming for the peaceful conquest of our land; having thus subdued us, he proceeded to the endeavour to strike us down by force of arms, and' so to the crown upon his con- quest-he stood' behind Philip of Spain with money, men, munitions when the Invincible Armada was launched against our coasts; and in that last tremendous hour Spain, the overt enemy, and Germany, the secret one, were broken, and. ENGLAND WAS HERSELF AGAIN. England was herself againâthe Scots and Irish, too, were restored to their ideals of nationhood. Yes. but not for many a day after that. The Armada was sunk and shattered; but the German remained. He remained here still, despite that immortal victory. The Germans still remained. Again, as it is to-day, they had lured an ally on to his destruction'â'Jen the swaggering Spaniard, now the Austin-i gullâand still they held the j mastery over aii (nr peaceful arts and indus- tries. Off and 0" ror 200 years ou.r people had groaned benieatn the German yoke, and made only fitful efforts to cast it off. It was only when they, our forefathers, had felt the shock of battle and .had tasted blood that at last they awoke to realities, saw where the real and abiding danger lay, and cast the yoke from off their necks. It was war, ter- rible and yet purifying and cleansing war tha.t showed the way to resolute and cunning statecraft, t'nat was to throw off the German yoke and shear away the tentacles of the German octopus from offonr national body. It was Queen Bess and her statesmen, wise, crafty, and, when the occasion called, cun- miid and even unscrupulous as the traitor they had to meet and overthrow, who be- stowed this crowning mercy, welded our fore- fathers of that day into a united and self- reliant people, and opened out the spacious times of great Elizabeth. A LESSON HALF-LEARNT. There is a lesson for us to-day-how it those elder days we were rescued from shameful subjection, and given new national vigour and ulllity--a- lesson that as yet we have only lialf-learnt. And our destiny as a raceâ'whether we are to wither and decline, or to be recreated. and made one in national spirit, purpose, and tim depends upon whether we sitalit fully learn and take to heart the lesson taught by our great forebears, and act upoe, it in the manner of Elizabeth, without faltering, and fearlessly. We are confronted now with precisely th8 same peril that confronted the Elizabethans, and, but for their strength in leadership, would have destroyed them. The same-bu. now it it. a thousandfold greater. GERMAN THOROUGHNESS. For once in a way let us be honest about it, and. while hardening our hearts against the enemy, in the field and within our gates, acknowledge that the blame for this long start he has gained upon us, first in peaceful pene- tration, then in his texrible strength, equip- ment, and readiness in war-the blame must fall on our own shoulders. For fifty years or so we have sung the praises of German per- fection and thoroughness in educationâintel- lectual, scientific, technical; and we have sent our sons and daughters to absorb and imitate this thoroughness â to be Germanised in method, but not, thank God, to any appre- ciable extent, in spirit. And all this time, what have we done to emulate this thorough- ness in our own country? Germany by her education maker, of each succeeding genera- tion not merely book-learned youngsters, but equips them also to follow that calling in life for which Providence has adapted them- business men, craftsmen of every sort, scien- tists, chemists, artists, and all the rest. And each one is stamped with the seal of citizen- ship, and with uiidevi-tijig loyalty to a ellear- cut national aim and idealâto excel and dominate. Let our own teachers, professors, our Board of Education, and all whose busi- ness it is to teach patriotism and good citizen- shipâlet slavisli admirers of this Ger- man thoroughness in education, make answer and say how far they have taken example, and cultivated a like British thoroughness in edu- cation and the cultivation of citizenship. Let us answer for them, and say: In science, in- dustry. trade, commerce, the Germans, this last iifty years or thereabouts, have gone ahead of us, and gained their deadly hold upon us by reason of this very thoroughness we ho much admired but somehow would not emulate. And so. as it was in the days of Elizabeth, when the enemy is conquered in war, still he will remain a deadly rival in our midst. Then he must be reconquered, cast out, or brought to submission, after the man- ner of Queen Bess, by being fought with these, his own, weaponsâof thoroughness and efficiency; and by fearless, all-British state- craft and law-making. Otherwise our fighting men shall have died for us in vain. MILITARISMâTHE GROWING PERIL. Of course it. will be said that this German thoroughness in the peaceful arts and its effects upon us is only a si(le-,issiie-tliat we are out to destroy Prussian, militarism and aggression, and, that being crushed, the rest is easy. Who say so blind themselves. This thoroughness in peace and this tremendous national unity and perfect obedience of the German people became the weapon of the Prussian overlords. These at last, swollen and arrogant in might and prosperity, reached out for world power and: made the nation drunk with prospects of glory and great, riches, to be won by that terrific fighting mswhine of which each one was part, and servant. And just as we saw ourselves being con- quered' by thoroughness and persistency in our trade, and would not take measures to defend oir.-scV.es; so the clear warning year by year was sounded by the enemy himself, that this peaceful invasion was but the forerunner of war, to complete our destruction. And, still misguided, we would not heed, we would not take steps to guard against this greater peril. Now we must pay the terrible price. And when we have paid the price in full there will still remain the further reckoning. German thoroughness will still remain-it is busy amongst us even nowâto make good the de- vastation and losses in war by out-manceuvriug us, as heretofore, in the never-ending rivalry in trade and commerce, unless we take steps and, like great Elizabeth, beat him at his own game. So it is for each one of us to see, as clearly as that, we are at war with Germany in the field, that we are at war with her also, and have been long since, and shall be after the laying down of arms, here at home, and throughout the length and breadth of our dominions, and that Germany is still unbeaten. This is a fight in which everyone can bear a hand. Spying, enemy trading, and in- trigue are all about us. This broader view of the danger has been given that its magnitude may be realised. The Anti-German Union exists to focue resentment and take effective action against this enemy. It is a vital cause in which all may help; therefore, all should offer service and adherence to the lion. sec. of the Union, at 346, Strand, London, W.C.

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