THE PUBLIO HEALTH.|1867-08-24|The Brecon County Times Neath Gazette and General Advertiser for the Counties of Brecon Carmarthen Radnor Monmouth Glamorgan Cardigan Montgomery Hereford - Welsh Newspapers Online
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DEATH OF LORD POL WARTH.

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CONVICTION OF A FASHIONABLE…

ANOTHER SCENE IN THE GLOUCESTERSHIRE…

AN INSURANCE CASE.

EXTRACTS FROM OUB COMIC PAPERS.

THE PUBLIO HEALTH.

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THE PUBLIO HEALTH. The Registrar-General's weekly return is of more than usual interest this week. From it we learn that in the week that ended on Saturday, August 17, the births registered in London and in twelve other large towns of the United Kingdom were 4,144 the deaths registered, 2,862. The annual rate of mortality was 24 per 1,000 persons living. In London the births of 1,017 boys and 980 girls, in all 1,997 children, were registered in the week. In the corresponding weeks of ten years 1857-66 the average number, corrected for increase of popula- tion, is 1,954. The deaths registered in London during the week were 1,391. It was the 33rd week of the year and the average number of deaths for that week is, with a correction for increase of population, 1,337. The deaths in the present return exceed by 54 the estimated number. The great and almost tropical heat which prevailed in the early part of last week has not as yet increased the mortality of the me- tropolis to any large extent. It is of the utmost im. portance now that there should be a plentiful supply of pure water in every house, and that the streets, courts, and alleys of this great city should be kept perfectly clean. Some of the towns of Europe are suffering ter- ribly from the ravages of cholera, and it is only by constant and unremitting attention to the purity of the water supply, by the early treatment of diarrhoea, and by sanitary measures that a recurrence of the calamity in this country can be avoided. The deaths of 181 children and 19 adults from diarrhoea were registered last week. 29 cases occurred in the west, 37 in the north, 27 in the central, 56 in the east, and 51 in the south districts. Eleven children and 4 adults died from cholera or choleraic diarrhoea. Thirty-five deaths occurred from scarlatina, 46 from typhus, 37 from apoplexy, and 57 from diseases of the heart. In the cor- responding week of last year (1866) the deaths from diarrhoea were 194, and from cholera, 455. The wife of a bricklayer, aged 56 years, died on the 6th August at St. Mary's Hospital of congestion of lungs, accelerated by the suffocative atmosphere of the Under- ground Railway." Post mort. (Inquest.) Proper steps should be taken for opening and ventilating the tunnels, which are necessarily charged with noxious gases. The deaths of seven persons who were killed by horses or carriages in the streets were registered. The annual rate of mortality last week was 24 per 1,000 in London, 22 in Edinburgh, 21 in Dublin, 17 in Bristol, 24 in Birmingham, 27 in Liverpool, 26 in Manchester, 28 in Salford, 24 in Sheffield, 29 in Leeds, 23 in Hull, 28 in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and 25 in Glasgow. The rate in Vienna was 23 per 1,000 during the week ending the 10th instant, when the mean temperature was 5 "2 degrees Fahrenheit higher than in the same week in London, where the rate was 22. The fatality of summer diarrhoea usually reaches its maximum about the end of July. London, Liverpool, Manchester, and Birmingham are the only large English towns in which the mortality has, during the past few weeks, been raised to any considerable extent by deaths from this disease. In Manchester the greatest mortality occurred at the end of July, but has since declined in London, Liverpool, and Birmingham, it is, however, still high, and the 200, 47, and 42 deaths from diarrhoea, respectively returned last week in these towns, give annual rates in the proportion of 3'4 in London, 5'0 in Liverpool, and 6'4 in Birmingham, to 1,000 persons living. This fatality from diarrhoea in Birmingham is the more remarkable from the comparative immunity from cholera and diarrhoea which that town has usually enjoyed. At the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, the mean height of the barometer in the week was 29'789 in. The barometrical reading decreased from 30*02 in. on Sunday, llth August, to 29'50 in. on Thursday, 15th August. The mean temperature of the air in the week was 66-1 deg., which is 4'5 deg. above the average of the same week in 50 years (as determined by Mr. Glaisher). The highest day temperature was 89-0 deg. on Wednes- day, 14th August. The lowest night temperature was 50'2 deg. on Sunday, llth August. The entire range of temperature in the week was therefore 38-8 deg. The highest reading of the thermometer in the sun was 147-1 deg. on Tuesday, 13th August. The mean of the highest temperatures of the water of the Thames was 64'5 deg. that of the lowest was 62-6 deg. The highest temperature of the water of the Thames was 66'0 deg. on Wednesday, 14th August. The difference between the mean dew-point temperature and air temperature was 8'4 deg. The mean degree of humidity of the air was 75, complete saturation being represented by 100. The air was very dry in the early part of the week, but on Thursday, 15th August, the degree of humidity was 95. Rain fell to the amount of 0'77 in., of which 0'76 inches fell on Thursday, 15th August; during the early morning hours of this day the rain was accompanied by thunder and lightning. The general direction of the wind was S.W. London, according to the returns of the eight com- panies, was supplied daily with 108 million gallons, or 491,998 cubic metres of water, equal to about as many tons by weight; the supply is equal to 35 gallons per head on the population. A considerable quantity of this water, however, was used for other than domestic purposes. There is only one case of Asiatic cholera re- corded, and the sufferer in that instance was a child living in Islington. The majority of cases under this return were "choleraic diarrhoea," There were two entries of English cholera.

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OPINIONS OF THE PRESS.

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DEATHS FROM SUNSTROKE.

ARRIVAL OF THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH…

THE TRADES' UNIONS AND THE…

--THE SESSION AND PARLIAMENTARY…

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CHE LATE VISIT OF THE BELGIAN…