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OPENING OF PARLIAMENT, The second session of the eighth Parliament of her Majesty was opened by Commission on Tuesday. The Commissioners Were the Lord Chancellor, Earl De Grey and Ripon, Viscount Sydney, the Earl of Kim- berley, and the Earl of Bessborough. The absence of her Majesty divested the proceedings of their usual interest, and the attendance of peers was meagre. A few peeresses occupied seats on the back benches of the Opposition side of the House and in the Strang- ers' Gallery. In the body of the House were the Bish- ops of Hereford, London, Peterborough, Rochester, and Gloucester, Lord Redesdale, Earl Bandon, Earl Lonsdale, and Earl Fortescue. The Royal Commissioners took their seats in front of the thrcae at two o'clock, when the Yeoman Usher of the Black Rod was directed to summon the alMendance of the Lower House. The Speaker, accompanied by a numerous body of hon. members, shortly afterwards appeared at the- Bar, and the Commission having been formally opened, the Lord Chancellor read the Queen's'speechâ MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN, We' have it in ccSamand from her Majesty again to invite you to resufcae your arductis duties, and' to express-1 the regret of her Majesty that recent iadispo' sition has prevented her from meeting., you in person as had been her intention at a period of remarkable public interest. The frieftdly sentiments which are entertained in all quar- ters towards this country, and which her Majesty cordially reciprocates;. the growing disposition to resort to the good offices of allies in cases of international difference, and the conciliatoryspirit in which several such cases Save recently been treated and determinedi encourage her MajestY'Ef confidence in' the continued maintenance of the general tranquillity. Papers will be laid- before you with reference to recent occurrences in New Zealand. GENTLEMEN OF THE HOUSE or COMMONS,â The estimates1 for the services of the approaching financial year are in a forward, state of preparation. Framed with a view in the firBt place to the effective maintenance of the public establishments, they will im- pose a diminished charge upon' the subjects of her Majesty. The condition of the revenue has answered to the expectations which were formed during the past session. Her Majesty trusts that you wU bL- disposed to oarry to its completion the enquiry which you last year-in- stituted into the mode of conducting parliamentary and municipal elections, and thus to prepare the materials of useful and early legislation. My LORDS AND GENTLEMEN, It will be proposed to you to amend 'fehe- laws respecting the occupation and acquisition of land in Ireland in a j manner adapted to the peculiar cireumstaaces of thr,& country, and calculatedyias her Xaj esty,belleves, to brings about, imwoved relations between the several classes con- cerned ia Irish agriculture, which, collectively, constitute thev great balk of the people. These provisions, when matured by your impartiality and wisdom, as- her Majesty trsets, will tend to inspire-among persons with whom such sentiments may still be wasting, that steady confidence in the law, and that desire teTender assistance inj its effective admittistBatiMt, which mark her subjects in general, and thus will. aid in consolidating:the fabric of ahe- empire. We are further directed by her Majesty to state that many other subjects of public importance- appear to de- mand your eaare, and among these specially to inform you that a Bill has been prepared' for the enlargement on a comprehensive scale of the laeans of N atimraV Education. In fulfilment of an engagement, to the Government of the United States a. Bill will be proposed to yon: for the pur- pose of defining the status of subjects or citizens of foreign countries, who may desire naturalization, and of aiding them. in the attainment^ that object. You will further be invited to consider Bills prepared in compliance with the report of thCommissicn on Courts of Judicature forthe improvementof the constitition. and pro- cedure of the superior tribunate >o £ both original and appel- late jurisdiction. The question of religious tesi^in the Uni- versities and Colleges of Oxfordi-and Cambridge has been under discussion for many yeww. Her Majesty recom- mends such a legislative settlement of this question as may contribute to extend the usefulness of these great institutions- and to heighten the, respect with which they are justly regarded. Bills have been prepared fbr extend- ing the incidence of rating, and for placing the, collection of the larga sums locally raised for various purposes on sun_ a simple and uniform footing. Her Majesty has likewise to' recommend that you should undertake the amendmeno.Of the laws which regu- late the grant of licences for the sale of fermented- and spirituous liquors, Measures will also be brought under your con- sideration for facilitating the transfer of land, for regu- lating the Eucoession to real property in cases of intestacy, for amending-the, laws as to the disabilities of members of trade combinations, and for both consolidating; and im- proving the body of statutes which relate to merchant shipping. While commending to you these weighty matters of legislation her Majesty commands us to add that the re- cent extension of agrarian crime inseveral parts of Ireland, with its train of accompanying evils, has filled her Ma- jesty with painful concern. The- Executive Government has employed-freely the means ait its command for the prevention of outrage, and a partial improvement may be observed but although the number of offences within this class of crime has been by no means so great as at some former periods,, the indisposition to give evidence in aid of the administration of justice has been alike remarkable and injurious For the- ramoval of such evils,, her Majesty places her reliance on. th& permanent operation of wise and neces- sary changes in the law, yet she will not hesitate to-recom- mend to yon the- adoption of special pro visions, should such a policy appear during the course of the session to be re- quired by the paramount interests of peace and order. Upon these-and all other subjects her Majesty devoutly, prays that your labours may be constantly attended by the blessing of Almighty God. At the close of the speech the Speaker and. members of the Lower House retired, and the sitting was supended at 2 20 When the Houses met in the evening the address was duly moved, and speeches were made by Lord Granville, Lord Cairns, and other noble lords in the Upper-House, and by Mr Gladstone, Mr Disraeli, and others in the Lower. Amongsfc the notices of motion was one by Mr Osborne Morgan that- on Thursday, the 10th proximo, he would move for leave to bring in a Bill to amend the burial laws and another by Mr Looh. that on the 10th of March he would ask leave to introduce a, Bill to amend the game laws in Scotland. WEDNESDAY. The House of Commons sat foe only a short time, and did not transact much important business. A new writ was ordered for Southwark, and another for the city of tondondaa-ry. The vacancy iii the case of the latter constituency anses from the fact of Mr Sergeant Dowse having been appointed Solicitor- General for Ireland. When the report of the address was brought up, Mr Hadfield called attention to the provision of our law which prevents aliens from holding land; and was assured by Mr Bruce that the subject would be dealt'with in the measure foe the alteration of the laws-, of naturalisation, which would be introduced into the House ofrLords in a few days. Mr Corrance complained that in the Royal Speech no prospect was held out of<tbe introduction of any measure for dealing with the impor- tant subject of pauperism, and poor relief. and then the report was agreed to. Mr P. W, Martin obtained leave to bring in a Bill to amend the laws relating to game ;â and leave was given to introduce several other Bills, and the House adjourned. THURSDAY: In the House of Lords Lord Rssdesdale directed attenr tion to the twenty-four Bills to be introduced in the present session for the construction of street/tramways and, comment' intr upon the enormous expenditure of capital involved in these measures, and the important interests which they would affect; recommended that seme official inquiry should be instituted into the whole subject. Lord Kimberley, on behalf of the Government, undertook to communicate with the Boawl of Trade on the subject; and promised that the suggestion should receive full consideration. The sitting occupied only half ^Considerable interest was excited in the House of Commons by the notice that the return of the Fenian convict O Donovan Rossa, now resident? at Chatham, as member for Tipperary, was to be debated upon, a motion of the Premier declaring him in- capable of elect&i. At the time of public business, therefore, the House was. crowded in every part, and in the Peers gallery there were several members of the Upper House, as well as two or three of her Majesty's judges learned in the law. To fill up the vacancy caused by the retirement of Mr Whitmore, so many vears known in the precincts of Parliament as the Conservative whip Mr- H, Dyke, his successor in that office, obtained the consent of the House to the issue of a writ for the election of a burgess for the borough of Bridgnorth. Mr Monsell, as Under Secretary for the Colonies, informed Sir H. Varney as to the insurrection at the Red River Settlement, that the rising was principally attributable to the apprehensions of the settlers with regard to the designs of the Canadian. Government. A special commission, however, had been sent to the settlement, and so far as negociations hacl gone there was good reason to hope that the differences would be ad- justed without having recourse to other measures than those of mutual arrangement. Mr Fortescue assured Mr Stacpoole that he should fulfil his promise to introduce a measure Saving facilities for the acquisition of glebes and glebe-houses By the different religious denominations in Ireland, though he could not then name a day for the purpose. Mr Gladstone proposed a resolution to the effect that Jeremiah ODonovan Rossa, returned as knight of the shire for the county of Tipperary having been adjudged guilty of felony and sentenced to penal servitude for life and being now imprisoned under such sentence, had become and continued incapable of being elected or returned as a mem- ber of this House. The facts of the case, said Mr Gladstone were the fewest and the principle applicable to it the clearest possible and that being so he held that the amendment of which Mr G. H. Moore had given notice for the appointment of a com- mittee of inquiry, was a proposal not becoming the dignity of the House to adopt. Under the terms of the writ the electors were required to return a discreet and proper person, and if the return of an infant or the Sovereign on the throne was not a pro- Der return, surely that of a person adjudged guilty of treason- felony would not be a proper one. The writ, indeed, could not be said to have been obeyed or answered, and in such a case there was no alternative but to declare the fact, and call on the elec- tors by the issue of a new writ to discharge their duty. The function which the House had to discharge was simply a judicial one and to negative the motion would involve the affirmative doctrine that a person convicted of felony, and suffering a, sen- tence within the walls of a prison in consequence, was notwith- standing, a fit and proper person to return as their representa- tive in Parliament. Mr G. H. Moore moved as an amemlment that a select committee be appointed to exanuneprecertenw and the law of Parliament on the case, and report on ^steps that ought to be taken under the circumstances The motwn Via vine been seconded, a somewhat long debate ensueu. iu» Housf then went to a division, the first this session and agreed session relating to the regulation and nspection of â¢frLi^ Th« Chancellor of the Exchequer obtained leave to in a Bill abolishing the salary to the Master of the Mint, the officf wtth that of Chancellor of the Ex- an^ consolidating and amending the law relating to the mleTanh S Mint also a Bill discontinuing the RnSistrar of Friendly Societies, and substituting for certificates a registry of friendly societies open to public inspec- H^vn Leave was also given to bring in the following Bills :-Mr T orh Bill to amend the game laws in Scotland; Mr C. Foster, w?n lo abolish the forfeiture of lands and goods on conviction of felony and "lr T. Chambers, BUI to legalise marnage with a deceased wife s sister.



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