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---«i)lviu g ob d1t.




AMALGAMATED ASSOCIATION OF MINERS â GRAND DEMONSTRATION AT WREXHAM. On Wednesday week, a mass meeting of miners belonging to the Amalgamated Association of Miners was held in a large marquee on the racecourse at Wrexham. The district which was represented :at this meeting in- cludes the various mining neighbourhoods of Cefn, Brymbo, Moss, Coed-poeth, Buckley, Rhos, and Mold. From about one o'clock until half-past, the various bodies of miners from these places arrived in separate processions on the racecourse, Iaeaded by bands of music. From 3,000 to 4,000 thus assembled, and, Pfenning one line, | marched through, the town of Wrexham and back to the course, when the meeting was held. Mr WILLIAM LESTER, one of the proprietors of the Minera Lime works,"took the chair. There were also pre- sent, besides the speakers, Messrs J. Savage, Rhos, C. Gibbons, Adwy, Thomas Rone, district secretary, N. Price, and W. Daviae, Coed-poeth, &c. Letters were read from Sir Watkin W. Wynn, M.P., Mr Watkin Williams, M.P., and Mr G. Osborne Morgan, M.P., ex- cusing their non-atteftdance on account of other business. Mr Whalley, M. P., had written to say he would be pre- sent, but was not at. the meeting. The Chairman ex- plained the object for which the meeting was called. The miners of Great Britain had grievances which had not been dealt with by the Mines Regulation Act of 1860, since which time the miners and their friends had been knocking at the doors of the houses of Parliament, en- deavouring by .constitutional means to have those griev- ances brought before the nation, but had not met with the consideration and courtesy which the vastness of the in- terests demanded. Their object was still to go oa knock- ing at the doors of Parliament, but it was not:tbeir wish to do so other than in &, just, right, and constitutional manner, and lie believed the result would be, not, only the good of the miners but of the Ration. Theybadewbodied their wishes in a petition to Parliament, and it would be for them to say if it met their wishes. He was asked to assist the miners of his own district, and, being satisfied that their w ants were constitutional, legal, just, and reasonable, and that the association was right in the ab- stract, he consented to do so. Some gentlemen 6f that neighbourhood admitted that the principles of the asso- ciation were right, but told him that he would raise up in the country an immense power, and he would be the first to muffer. Now, no man should-refrain from doing good for fear that evil should be the result. The speaker then read over the rules of the association, expressing his ap- probation of them, and afterwardsiread the petition, re- marking that an advance of wages would be to the tune of some hundreds a year out of his pocket, and therefore he could not be said to be promoting merely his own interests. The petition was from the miners of Denbigh, and was to the fallowing effect :-It stated that the present venti- lation of mines was inadequate; that the aumber of mine inspectors was insufficient, amd their reports were un- satisfactory. Incompetent persons were now appointed to take charge of mines, and the petitioners considered it was highly desirable that a board of inquiry should be appointed to test the qualifications of such persons. The use of gunpowder in mines known as "fiery," was a cause of explosions, and was a practice highly to be reprehended, as one under which the safety of miners could not be se- cured. The petitioners prayed that proper precautions for ventilating mines by the owners should be enforced and the neglect thereof should be made a crirpe punish- able by law; that the material raised by miners should be weighed by standard weight; that the worker should re- ceive the just reward-of his work; that the truck system should be absolutely abolished by a stringent law; that precautions and necessary means should be taken .to en- able miners, in case of$n accident underground, to get out of the mine without delay; that the present system of arbitration having failed in the objects contemplated, another and better system, whereby questions affecting the working of mines could be finally arranged and settled, should be adopted. The petition further prayed that sub- inspectors, in addition to the present staff, should be ap- pointed to carry out the law and give proper reports of each mine; that proper persons in charge of mines and machinery should be certificated; that the time of labour should be restricted to eight hours per day; that children under sixteen years of age employed in mines should pass ten hours per week at school; that wages should be paid in the current coin, and that Board of Trade Com- missions should make inquiries in districts touching ques- tions respecting miners and the trade; that gunpowder should be prohibited in fiery" mines; and that colliers and workers in ironstone, shale, and lime, should be brought under those regulations. Mr THOMAS HALLIDAY, of Bolton, president of the as- sociation, moved that the petition be agreed to, and de- livered to Mr G. Osborne Morgan, M.P., for presentation to Parliament. In speaking on the terms of the petition, he said that if their question had been one relating to the disease m cattle, the regulation of fisheries, or a question affecting the higher circles, it would have been dealt I with before now. He deferred to the discrepancy of only having twelve intn-tors to mines, and forty-two to mills, and stated that the present law gave permission to in- spectors to Viift mines, but did not make it compulsory for them te do so. On asking the question how many of the persons present had never seen an inspector, the ma- jority held up their hands. Mr PICKARD, of Wigan, treasurer to the association, seconded the motion. He said that the public press was with them in the question, and they must succeed. The motion was put and carried unanimously. Mr WM. GRIFFITHS, of Rhos, moved a vote of thanks j to the chairman in the Welsh language. He said the motto of the association should be- Wyth awr i weithio, Wyth awr yn rhydd, Wyth awr i gysgu, Ac wyth swilt y dydd Which may be translated- Eight hours for working, j,- Eight hours for play, Eight hours for sleeping, And eight "bob" a day. The Rev. JOHN JONES, Baptist minister, of Brymbo, seconded the motion, speaking in English and Welsh. The motion having been carried with acclamation and responded to, the proceedings terminated. The meeting Was most orderly and unanimous, and shortly after its conclusion the whole of the vast crowd dispersed to their respective neighbourhoods.










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