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Eduluuttic)nal Notes. ^0M JOIX]\3 Vice-President of the N.U.T.] T he first ,°uypandv iuma"ager&' meeting of the incidentO1j~?rovided School was full at thei Tjvi w"lch are eloquent proofs r?nirov«r^|UCatlon Act °f ly02 is iuil of u1, Thorn nc P°ints in administration, lUesti^ uJ?keld his ground firmly on n?P°mtmprn- 0i V1C Council's veto in the 0 e i»ian;ir, a dismissal of teachers. ^'ctioiT according to Section 7, asays:- Cai'i'v ai flana§ers of the School shall Jiducati directions of the Local itistruof011 ^thority as to the secular to be given in the School, t° u.ft any directions with respect the t* *Umber and qualifications of ^struct 1S to employed for such any ,»*, and for the dismissal of and if + £ on educational grounds, a?y suolf6] ,managei'!i fail to carry out -Am-udirection, the Local Educa- their o+u shall, in addition to ^mselv1 P°wer«, have the power 111 Quoot^8 cai'ry out the direction 1°n aa if they were the Uiidei. |i â > but no direction given J0, i^terf Pro.vision shall be such as l relim^' 6 ,w^h reasonable facilities v, «ouriS °us mstruction during School A J'OJJJ 4.1* sb^'itybe seen that the Local ,i>on \n See that the secular in- and eve,'y school must be effi- ed^er ^'ith ectlye- It must exercise its to ?ati°Ha] resP<;°t to the number and tki crnnl^U i ^cati°ns of the teachers. ve» Is) 1,^ ^or such instruction"â T\ exPlioit ar instruction. The Act is a J' ^hoina 0l^ that point. that edn fi-111 opinion, maintained tL 0 Rational opinion when he said "the^ointm110^ hacl a right to ofe3ect if W than ^uts were made for reasons L' hri'^ion efficiency of the secular stn,la^es school. The Act re- cliii?^°n. j P°nsibiiity for sectarian in- tioh Ul the seeks to guarantee^ for every its nl COlmtry sound secular lnstruc- If ii?>l0vi'3inyfCes the full responsibility for. Act fsils in 4.VP0n the Local Authority. otwâ° .1904 s ^ty, the powers of the ak fttiye the Default Actâwill become iidi, ^ate* f^o-se'ction 1 (c) of Section 7 the ^i°ii A the consent of the Local IG I:) aDDoillt uthority shall be required to Gdllt Qt of teachers, but the con- T^tio^i ^°t be withheld except on Vd ioSi°uu|ls- c^Wi at +1' education representatives Sckâate f educational fitness of any ie$s °i has (|f °ffice in a. Non-Provided Passed over for one of tli6 j?' then ??ns because of his sectarian Ti ^i'd r 2.e Authority can appeal to toJS J f Education. A en suc'l1 a case under the tl^^ade 4uthority. An appointment ticiYj 0lie °hf a candidate less qualified no sectarian qualifica- tyus cMon Board of Education upheld A ^Mtil t!le Authority in that case, \il clearly that the concern of V, s fitness for secular instruc- c6i^ l9()2 eyident that the Education Sub11 thn+Was P^sed in order to make If j? have every child in the land °h;L,;s nlH; an. efficient secular education. lntention, this is the first at> and every other coii- a CS6W11tSt,bordinate thereto. The Jot 'rian therefore, for a teacher in ??'har)S01 ^ariaIlfi that only, would e Ui catjâ Realise the demands for the &i'0oC] §)'<>appointment. There must tV ^I'p, ^^t possible openness in the ^1;Uiar/f aking for an appointment. ',s of the school are, doubt- Auth^ fr;T 'Gl'lled that the appointment nânGn to a Catholic the Local i,eH f eted +U n°t be doing its duty if to take every care that the f w^i^Uc'v made t° bring about XliJ^lch it the secular instruction. Sv ^Ofe 1S Sponsible. i6 the limitation in the pub- ?thn,ltlls <ifa, ,Vei'ti.sement. is contrary to Mc]\r Act, and I think that ky Jl'^HieTl51iUs' restriction of such an Catholic papers, if they i sufficient ground f»r aintenance of the Local hP^int^inst ^e-a^- the Board of Edu- i S^'ing its consent to the S*lMP 6 ap,Jniiiple managers have to X>o?ntaent( but the managers a^°itit eP''e«entative.s of the Local k f any hole-and-corner 0^^ ^te therefore, impossible. If ^1thft atholic applicant is super- ( ^Dhr.Select10^ for an inferior c!5Se5?' then no matter what sect ,^0Hlrl Authority's refusal to 0uP^ld.On the Todmorden Pre" Whi>UV;Dr- .Thomas was abso- vSlHg i'igkt J1 be said that the Coun- i1 Sectn°'3ject, because by adver- 6 Um,<-lan Papers the managers V%Nlyl^mg the applications, and H'ould not l"eceive the best At ^t.'1 L they extended their ad- kft- 1 tl,'cMav11n ducect to a nutshell, yUg ink j, & must have a Catholic, ti(,0tllasi that °U t(> have the best ti^0lild ^Pf'^uasion, while Dr. l^sin thfv u ?n ^e area, of selec- s luaiL from among all M>»?Iv8le wot te, fr of t 0j; creed has undisputed tj11 *oS\ hence the doctor's '.i ^A.^uig L more likely to sue- ,^nost capable teacher fitv<iSponsibiKt Cleucy oi the school %Ll* ty attached to the ^t Partiont ,s<?cida r instruction. dispute under con- ^ft^V^tioaof an assist" the; Local Authority VK?* StTd the Act. Thi lcle 68to 4laee t? is- that of an x'\ln secti0n 7h(| of an f pl,blic Jj2j says,~ r^alfed but niementary schools .^H^Ucation ,Pr°Tided by the 0fpoints and pun^t ^y' assistant A^ iw d> if ,t ⢠teachers may be 1 t>* £ 1'eilce to Lr 9Ught fit' with" â¢Ration.') eligious creed and 'ojj that tv,0 SL ^t under a|^omtment of an 0 l'lV; that «axne restric- < «» Local hltlat.e ^°ienCy in tf m 1ltjS desire f j^erabers nf ti? qua^ty of its iiif fUi?- iiaul Vei'y clearl scbool staff, to p?&ed ti t y exPressed, and <\qell(;ts t}achel'ship tIe more candidates tl!Ht the, lan "laces, the Act a If?0"4 sha11 hl> O' Oth o1 the C;i iirlTri 2le respective Cge^vi8e. °g^dates by exami- PIlCants for tmeans if there r two P^pil teacher^ ships in the Catholic School, the Autho- rity could determine the selection by an open examination, which was outside any consideration of creed or sect. Father McManus shows great solicitude for the privileges of the Act in some directions. When it suits the taste, a great emphasis is put on the terms of the Act, but not when it is otherwise. I can see but endless friction in all these duality of varying powers and responsi- bility of the Act. The Catholics are with- out doubt conscientious, while they must not deny equal honesty to the Authority. If they recognised the civic purpose of the Act, they would try and come to some terms with the Authority, so that the secular instruction designed by the Act could be given the children with the fullest possible generosity. The Act was passed to promote a higher dispensation of secular instruction. The Authority is responsible for it, and will not be dis- charging its full duty if it neglects the veto of seeing that the childrtn in all schools have the privilege of an equality of opportunity in secular instruction equipment. The managers desire this also. there is no doubt, but obviously with them it is more important to make good Catholics than good scholars. This is not a public duty devolving upon public authorities. That is clear enough. The difficulties are the legacies of a duality system which has been long ago condemned as detrimental to national progress in education. In this country, there are 40 different sects in the Pro- testant religion, and obviously it would be confusion worse confounded if each were to attempt national accommodation. There is every hope that the Anglicans and the Authorities will come to some practical working arrangement. The question of facilities for specific- doctrinal teaching is now engaging the earnest con- sideration of both sides, and every man who is a patriot first and a sectarian after- wards will do his best to bring about a solution. It is, therefore, a pity that some efforts at conciliation are un- attempted. I feel certain that the mem- bers of the Authority in the Rhondda would gladly welcome a solution which would settle the present deplorable impasse.

The Revival.


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