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THE QUEEN'S SPEEOH. The following Is the text of the Speech from the Throne read by the Lord Chancellor in the House of Lords, and by the Speaker in the House of Commons, on the re-assembling of Parliament on Thursday :â MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN, I have called you, at a period earlier than usual, to the resumption of your labours, as some affairs of more than common urgency demand your attention. My relations with foreign Powers continue to be friendly and harmonious. The main question relating to the frontier between Turkey and Montenegro has been settled. The Powers are now engaged in communications which have in view the determination of the frontier between Turkey and Greece. Some important portions of the Treaty of Berlin, which have so long remained without fulfilment, con- tinue to form an object of my anxious attention. A rising in the Transvaal has recently imposed upon me the duty ot taking military measures with a view to the prompt vindication of my autho- rity and-has ef necessity set aside for the time any plan for securing to the European settlers that full control over their own local affairs, without prejudice to the interests of the natives, which I had been de- sirous to confer. I regret that the war in Basutoland still continues, notwithstanding the efforts of the Oape Government. It would cause me much satisfaction If a suitable occa- sion should present itself for friendly action on my part with a view to the restoration of peace. The war in Afghanistan has been brought to a close, and, with the exception of the Candahar foroe, my troops have been recalled within the Indian fron- tier. It is not my intention that the occupation of Candahar shall be permanently maintained; but the still unsettled condition of the country, and the consequent difficulty of establishing a Native Government, have delayed for a time the withdrawal of the army from that position. Papers on the several subjects to which I have adverted, as well as further correspondence on the Military Estimates of India, will be presented to you. P GKNTLKMHN OF THB HOUSE OP COMMONS, The Estimates for the services of the coming year are in a forward state of preparation, and will- be speedily laid before you. I My LORDS AND GENTLEMEN, There has been a ⢠adual, though not very rapid, improvement in the trade of the country and I am now able to entertain a more favourable expeo. tation of the revenue for the year than I could' form at its commencement. The anticipation, with which I last addressed yon, of a great diminution of the distress in Ireland, owing toan abundant harvest, was realised but I grieve to state that the social condition of the oountry has as- sumed an alarming character. Agrarian crimes in general have multiplied far beyond the experience of recent years. Attempts upon life have not grown in the same proportion as other offences but I must add that efforts have been made for personal protection, far beyond all former precedent, by the police, under the direction of the Executive. I have to notice other evils yet more widely spread the administration of justice has been frustrated, with respect to these offenoes, through the impossibility of procuring evidence; and an ex- tended system of terror has thus been established, in various parts of the country, which has paralysed almost alike the exercise of private rights and the performance of civil duties. In a state of things new in some important respects, and hence with little of available guidance from former precedent, I have deemed it right steadily to put in use the ordinary powers of the law before making any new demand. But a demonstration of their in- sufficiency, amply supplied by the present circum- stances of the oountry, leads me now to apprise yon that proposals will be immediately submitted to yon for entrusting me with additional powers, necessary in my judgment not only for the vindication of order and public law, but^ likewise to secure, on behalf of soy subjects, protection for life and property, and personal liberty of action. Subject to the primary and imperious obligations to which I have just referred, I continue to desire not less than heretofore to prosecute the removal of grievance and the work of legislative improvement in Ireland as well as in Great Britain. The Irish Land Act of 1870 has been productive of great benefits, and has much contributed to the security and comparative well-being of the occupiers of the soil, without diminishing the value or disturb- ing the foundations of property. In some respects, -however, and more particularly under the Strain of recent and calamitous years, the protection which it supplied has not been found sufficient, either in Ulster or the other provinces. I recommend you to undertake the further develop- ment of its principles in a manner conformable to the special wants of Ireland, both AS regards the relation of landlord and tenant, and with a view to effective efforts for giving to a larger portion of the people by purchase a permanent proprietary interest in the Boil. This legislation will require the removal, for the purposes in view, of all obstacles arising out of limitations on the ownership of property with a due provision for the security of the interests involved. A measure will be submitted to you for the estab- lishment of county government In Ireland, founded upon representative principles, and framed with the double aim of confirming popular control over ex- penditure, and of supplying a yet more serious want by extending the formation of habits of local self- government. Bills will be laid before you for the abolition of cor* poral punishment in the army and in the navy. You will be asked to consider measures for the further reform of the Law of Bankruptcy; for the conservancy of rivers and the prevention of floods for revising the constitution of endowed schools and hospitals in Scotland for the renewal of the Act which established secret voting, and for repressing the corrupt practices of which, in a limited number of towns, there were lamentable examples at the last general election. I trust that your labours, which will be even more than usually arduous, may be so guided by Divine Providence as to promqte ths happiness of my people.



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