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SOME EARLY ACCOUNTS

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SOME EARLY ACCOUNTS THE EISTEDDFODAU, 1099. Robert Earl of Gloucester, the son of Henry, the son of William Rufus, married Mabli, the daughter of Robert Fitzhamon, and received the Lordship of Glamorgan in right of his wife, who was descended from the Welsh Princes. He gave presents to the Bards in Tir Iarll; and in a hall of his there, he placed the Roll oi the Round Table, in the custody of the Bards of the Island of -Britain and from that the two systems were united, namely, that of the White Stones, and that of the Round Table, as they exist there at present; so that with the Bards of the Chair of Tir larll. more especially than any of the poets of Wales, are the principal systems pre- served in their completeness, to this day. After this (1100). Prince Gruffydd, the son of Rhys, the son of Tewdwr, made a feast in istrad Towy, and in Cardi- gan Castle, when bards of song and string music were sumptuously entertained, and received honour- able presents of gold and silver, and apparel, and horses, together with other valuable presents of jewels. This year, Gruffydd, the son of Cynan. a prince of North Wales was in Ireland with his rela- tives, and whilst lie was there an eisteddfod was held there of musicians of stringed instruments, and bellows instruments (bagpipes), and there re- turned with him to Wales chief musicians of string music, and improvements were made in stringed music upon what had existed prior to that time in Anglesey and Gwynedd (North Wales). And that eisteddfod was called Eisteddfod Glvnachlach. Afte- the time of the princes the nobles' took the bards and musicians under their protection. 1340. Ia ine time of Edward the 3rd, the Eisteddfod of Gvern-y-Cleppa (a mansion a short distance from Bassaleg, Monmouthshire) took place, under the patronage and gifts of Ivor Hall, and to it came the three brothers of Marchwiail in Maelor, in Powys (North Wales), and Llywelyn ab Gwilym), of Ddol Goch, Newcastle-Emlyn, in Cardiganshire. T'nt three brothers of Marchwiail and Dafydd ap Gwilym had been scholars in bardism to Llewelvn ap Gwilym at Gwern-y-Cleppaâthat is the Court of Ivor Hall. At this eisteddfod D. ap Gwilym gr.ined the c'hair for a "cywydd" and was designated Dafydd of Glamorgan, but in North Wales Bardd Ivor Hall. Shortly after this, another eisetddfod was held at Newcastle-Emlyn, and to it came John Kent (or Kentchurch) in Herefordshire, a Welsh poet and clergyman, and Rhys Goch Eryri (Snow- don) Gwilym ap Gwilym won a chair for an amatory song, etc. The following year an eistedd- fod was held at Marchwiail or Maelor in Powys, under the patronage of the Earl of Mortimer, and the Crown of Edward III. At this eisteddfod the chair was won by one of the sons of Marchwiail for his Cywydd Gwr. 1400 or 1410. The Eisteddfod of Pen Rhys Aldnasfery is our next, held under the patronage of Owain Glendower, at the said monastery. At this eisteddfod an ode w ;s read by Gwilym Tew, chief poet (on "The Virgin Mary"), to the young bards, to show them the different metres which wereused in old times. This Penrhys Monastery was in Rhondda Valley, and was destroyed and its treasures sold by Henry the 5th in 1415, because its abbots were partial to Gler.dower's cause. 1451. This year the first great Eisteddfod was held at Carmarthen, under the patronage of King Henry the 6th and Griffith Nicholas, a poet and gentle- man from Drefnewydd yn Ninefwr (Newton in Dinevor). Gwilym Tew had corrected the aforesaid ode to the Virgin Alary and held it up as a lesson on the old metres at the eisteddfod. 1461. The next Eisteddfod was held again at Carmar- then ten years after the first. This eisteddfod was proclaimed from year to year for three years, and from three years to three years, till the ninth year, and after that on the tenth year the eisteddfod was held in the Town Hall. The bards of North and South Wales assembled at this. Dafydd ap Edmwnt and his servant (as good a poet as himself almost) rode on horseback all the way to it.

LLANSAWEL

CWMAMMAN EISTEDDFOD

USE OF STIMULANTS

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