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MILK SUPPLY. -_..----

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MILK SUPPLY. CHESHIRE FARMERS AND CORPORA- TIONS. COMPENSATION FOR SLAUGHTERED COWS. At the annual meeting of the Cheshire Milk Producers' Association, held at Crewe on Monday, some interesting things were said about the sup- ply of milk and the regulations of Manchester and other corporations. The Earl of Crewe pre- S1<Irf the annual report the Council impressed on the members of the Association the conviction that the highest interest of milk producers could only be served by their givmg every assistance and sup- port to public health authorities in the effort to stamp out the adulteration of milk in all its forms. As was anticipated, every local authority is asking for and obtaining power to prevent the sale of tuberculous milk. This cannot be objected to, as, whether tuberculous milk is dangerous to human health and life or not, everyone must ad- mit that it is not wholesome, and therefore ought not to be sold for human consumption. Your Council is therefore directing its energies not to the prevention of the passing of these local Acts, I but (1) to seeing that while the publio are pro- tected the interests of the farmers are properly safeguarded, and (2) to carefully watchmg tihe ar^ ministration of these Acts." The Council went on to regret that the Manchester Corporation, while treating with every courtesy the deputation of the Association, declined the most reasonable request that when the Corporation sought to have cows affected with tuberculosis of the udder slaughtered they should pay a reasonable amount of compensation to the owner. In the month of August certain publio officials thought well to make some very objectionable and highly coloured statements respecting the way in which milk pro- ducers oonducted their business; this was followed by several sensational articles in the public press, to the effect generally that the milk trade was in a filthy condition, and was the direct means of conveying diseases of several kinds to the con- sumers. resulting in a large amount of infantile mortality. Your Council felt it to be their duty to take notice of these statements, and instructed the secretary to prepare a paper defending mem- bers of this Association from these aspersions; this was done, and a fitting opportunity was found to read the paper to a Manchester audience. There was an attendance of at least 1,000 people, composed of the poorer class, who unfortunately are not in the habit of using much milk. The Council are satisfied that much good must result from such meetings as the one referred to, not only in presenting the facts of the case concerning the production of milk before the public,, but also in encouraging the greater use of so valuable a food." The Earl of Crewe, in moving the adoption of the report, commented on the friction that had arisen between certain local authorities and the country milk producers. They all admitted, he thought, that the health authorities of cities were bound to exercise the utmost vigilance in seeing that the milk which was supplied to the inhabitants was of good quality, and in particular that it was the kind of milk that could not spread disease. But he thought it was impossible in every case to congratulate these authorities either on the taot or the knowledge with which they had attempted to carry out these duties. He had expressed him- self most freely on this subject at Chester two years ago, when the late Mr. Hanbury was pre- sent. He was glad to find that everything they said on that occasion had Mr. Hanbury's distinct agreement. He had never had an opportunity of discussing the question with the present Minister of Agriculture, who was a friend of his, but he hoped to do so some day, and he should not- be surprised to find that he also took very much the same view that was taken at Chester. He had always guarded himself against saying anything unfair about the action of these local authorities, because their general object was one with which all the members of the Association had the warmest possible sympathy. (Hear, hear.) But they were entitled as citizens of a free country to draw at- tention to instances- in which they thought local authorities had usurped powers that did not be- long to them, and to other cases in which such authorities had used powers they did possess in an arbitrary and unfair manner. The Association an arbitrary and unfair manner. The, Association would have an opportunity of considering in 00m- mitteee some proposal's which the Manchester Cor- poration desired to embody in their next Parlia- mentary Bill with regard to the sale of tuber- culous milk. He could not discuss that matter till the committee had met, but there was one point on which they had considered the action of the Manchester Corporation to be somewhat severeâ viz., with regard to the slaughtering of cows with- out compensation. The committee had endeav- oured unsuccessfully during the past year to get the Corporation to assent to the principle of com- pensation, and it was hardly necessary to say that the Corporation did not include anything of this kind in their Bill. It seemed to him to be a matter of ordinary fairness that if an animal was commanded to be slaughtered in the public in- terest those who issued the command should com- pensate the owner of the animal. The committee would not eease to press this point on the atten- tion of the Corporation, and, if necessary, on the attention of Parliament. Colonel Dixon, seconded the resolution, and said that the Cheshire farmers were to be congratu- lated on the fewness of the cases of milk Udultera- tion. With regard to the regulations for the visiting of farms by officers of city health authori- ties, he said that the Association had been met in a very nioe way by Liverpool, who had agreed that when a visit was necessary the local medical officer I of health should also be present. Manchester, however, would not-make this concession. SUGGESTIONS TO DAIRY FARMERS. Mr. A. Hailwood, a delegate from the Man- cheter Milk Dealers' Association, commended the valuable work being done by the Association in educating farmers to produce clean and healthy milk. He recommended methods of keeping milk clean, and pointed out that it was to the benefit of farmers to be most careful in this matter. The best way to increase the consumption of their milk was to make the people sure that the nulk sent from Cheshire was from clean and healthy cattie, well housed He thought it was important to have the milk supply from the country instead of from city dairies. The cows in the latter were fed largely on brewers' grains, which produced unnatural milk, and if they were put out to graze anywhere within nine or ten miles of the city they had smoky grass to eat. He regretted the waste during certain times of the y,ea.r of separated milk, which was a most valuable article of food, and he suggested that the poor children attending the Board schools might be served with a glass each during the play hour. The effect of this on ill- nourished ohiidren would be greatly to improve their health. Though the milk consumed in Man- chester had increased in the last ten years from 18,000 to 30,.000 gallons, there was room for a fur- ther increase if people oouid be got to appreciate the value of milk as a food. He pointed out that though the city spent three millions a year on intoxicating drinks, its milk bill only amounted to half a million. The report was then adopted unanimously, and other routine business transacted. Lord Crewe was re-elected president. The Parlianiont-ary Committee, which met after- wards to consider the Manchester Bill, was in- vested by the Council with full power to act.

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