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REPUDIATION OF THE AMERICANS…

[FOR THE " CARDIFF ADVERTISER."]

[No title]

Cfie Bitfjai itni) the araú.

THE STATE TRIALS IN IRELAND.

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THE STATE TRIALS IN IRELAND. COURT OF QUEEN'S llEXCH. Mr. Justice Perrin took his seat on the bench, at half-past ten o'clock, to hear motions. At that hour the court was crowded in erery part, principally by members of the bar, amongst whom, as well as the public generally, the utmost anxiety prevailed to learn the decision of the Court as to the validity of the traversers' plea on the grounds argued. The Lord Chief Justice delivered the judgmsnt of the Court, which was listened to throughout with profound at- tention. In this case (said his lordship) of the Queen against Daniel O'Council and others, it now becomes my duty to deliver my own opinion and judgment, in which I am happy to have the concurrence of my learned brethren all the bench. The question turns upon what is the true construction of the act of the 1st and 2nd Victoria, chap. 37. It is contended, on behalf of Mr. O'Connell, in support of his plea, that the operation of that act is to extend only to cases where the officers employed to carry the act into execution are the clerks of the Crown on circuit, or the Clerks of the Peace at Sessions. It is contended, on behalf of the Crown, that there is a narrow construction of the act of Parliament, not accord- ing with its purport or intent, and that it ought to be held to extend to cases going before the Grand Jury of the county of the city of Dublin, either in the Court of Queen's Bench or before the commission of oyer and terminer, or at the commission of oyer and terminer in the country. I am bound to say, that after a great deal of anxious and due deliberation given- to this case, and taking advantage of all the aid that has been afforded me in the argument of the case, by so many very able gentlemen, the decision of my mind, and without much doubt, comes to this-that the construction of the act of Parliament given by the law oificers of the Crown is the right and true one. In the exeri ise of his duty he (the Lord Chief Justice) was bound to declare the unani- mous judgment of the Court to be, that they could not com- ply with the request of the traversers to have lour additional days to plead. If the traversers actually confessed that they had no case at all, it did not differ substantially from the one before the Court; therefore, the opinion of him and his brother Judges was, that Mr. O'Connell must instanter answer to the judgment. The Attorney-General then called on the parties to plead, after which Mr. O'Connell and the other eight traversers entered the court, when their pleas of Not guilty," and The general issue," were handed in by their respective solicitors. The Attorney-General then said he would give notice in the course of the day to the traversers, that on Friday he would move the Court. to fix a day for a trial at bar under the act of William IV. The traversers then left the eourt, and their lordships pro- ceeded to call on the ordinary business upon the list. CHURCH EXTENSION. A meeting of the Incorporated Society for Promoting the Enlargement, Building, and Repairing of Churches and Chapels was held at their chambers in St. Martin's-place 011 Monday se'nnight, the Lord Bishop of London in the chair. There were also present, Sir R. 1-1. Inglis, Bart., M.P., the Venerable Archdeacon Lonsdale, the Revs. Dr. Shepherd, H. N. Norris, and B. Harrison Messrs. W. Cotton, N. Connop, W. Davis, H. J. Barchard, B. Harrison, J. S. Salt, S. B. Brooke, A. Powell, J. Cocks, &c. The secretary read the reports of the sub-committees, and the meeting having examined the cases referred to their consideration, voted grants of money towards building ad- ditional churches or chapels at Alltygryg, in the parish of Llangerick, Glamorganshire; at Kensal-green, in the parish of Chelsea, Middlesex at Wood-green, in the parish of Tottenham, Middlesex; at the district parish of Saint George, Leeds at Cowhill, in the parish of Oldham, Lan- cashire a: Plymouth; and at Trawden, in the parochial chapelry of Colne, Lancashire also towards enlarging by re-building the church at Bovingdon, Hertfordshire; enlarg- ing the church at Owston, Lincolnshire; re-seating or otherwise increasing the accommodation in the churches at Batcombe, Somerset; Burton, Westmoreland; Stroke Golding, Leicestershire; Tavistock, Devonshire; and Wanborough, Wiltshire. The population of these fifteen parishes is 213,614 persons, and the accommodation provided for them in 37 churches and chapels is 29,414 seats, being less than one- seventh of the whole number; while the free sittings are only 9,672, or one free seat for 22 persons. To this iusuffi- cient provision of church-room 5,753 seats will be added when the works above referred to (which include the erection of eight additional churches) have been completed, and 3,788 of those sittings will be free and unappropriated for ever. Among the parishes now assisted areâone which contains 60,000 inhabitants, with church accommodation for less than one-tenth another with upwards of 40,000, and church room for less than one-eleventh; another with 30,000 and church-room for one-sixth another with 23.000, and church-room for less than one-fifth another with 20,000, and accommodation for less than one-seventh one with upwards of 12,000 inhabitants, and church-room for less than one-eighth one with 6,000, and accommodation for one-sixth; and in one parish, seven miles in length and six in breadth, with a population of 3,000 persons, and accom- modation for rather more than one-tenth of that number, a church is about to be built in a district containing 1,500 inhabitants, five miles distant from. the nearest place of worship belonging to the establishment. Certificates of the completion of the works in ten parishes were examined and approved, and the board issued orders to the treasurer for the payment of the grant voted in each case. The population of these parishes is 3",7-n persons and to the former provision of church-room therein, viz.â 3,909 sittings, including 1,507 free seats, 2,300 sittings are now added, ISH1 of which are free and unappropriated. in addition to the cases which have now been assisted, the committee have received notices since their last meeting that applications are about to be made for aid towards building churches at the Swindon station of the Great Western Railway; at Norland, in the parish of Kensington; at Coventry at St. Lawrence, near Ramsgate; at Thorpe A. pre, near Loughborough at Scasalter, near Whitstable at Lynn, Norfolk and at Nenthead, in the parish of Alston, Cumberland; and also towards enlarging or otherwise in- creasing the accommodation in fourteen existing churches. CAUTION TO COAL MINERS.âAt the Rochdale Petty Sessions, two coal miners, named James Lee and John Robertson, were charged by Messrs. J. Knowlcs and Co., with leaving their employment without giving notice. It appeared by the evidence of Jacob Rogers, foreman of the colliery, that defendants were engaged by him on the 4th of October, and left on the litil instant, without giving any notice. The rule requiring a fortnight's notice by each party was handed over it had been read to them when they commenced working.âThe defendants replied that they had not agreed to give the required notice. âThe magistrates advised them to return to their work, and pay expenses, to which they agreed. EXTRAORDINARY ROPE.-On Saturday last, a hempen rope was made at the rope factory of Messrs. Sandys, Carne, and Vivian, of Hayle, which measured 2880 feet in length, and IO inches in circumference, and weighed upwards of five tonsâmore than 3,000,000 feet of yarn was consumed in its manufacture. It is for one of the inclined planes on the Hayle Railway, and in weight and size exceeds any railway rope of which we have heard. It is, probably, the heaviest ever made in the county, and reflects credit on the roper, Mr. eal.â Cornwall paper. THE ROYAL MINT.âThe employes at the Royal Mint are daily at work in striking off the new gold sovereigns and half-sovereigns of 1814, so as to meet the demand that is likely to be made when the royal proclamation, dated the 2nd day of October last, respecting the light gold coinage, comes into operation on the 1st day of January next, as, no doubt, there will be a run upon the Bank of England for the full-weight gold in exchange. From and after the 1st of January, 1844, no goid sovereign will be allowed to be current, or pass in any payment whatever, unless of the weight of five pennyweights, two grains and a half, and every gold half-sovereign of less weight than two penny- weights, thirteen grains, and one-eighth and all those that are deficient are to be cut, broken, or so defaced, that they shall no longer pass in circulation. The amount of bullion at present in the Bank is upwards of eleven million and a half sterling, but a large portion will be required by government for the payment of the December quarter, pay and half-pay of the army and navy, pension-list and the dif- ferent offices, and by the bank for the treasury dividends. HER MAJESTY'S COACHMANâHer Majesty's State coachman, Mr. Henry Manwaring, died on Sunday se'n- night, leaving a wife and large family to deplore his loss. It is added, he was an old and respected servant of their late Majesties George IV. and William IV., and of the present Queen, and universally esteerjied by fellow servants. He filled the situation as State coachman only ten months- making the deaths of three of her Majesty's State coachmen in less than two years. It is reported in the higher monetary circles that the Bank of England is privately advancing money on transferable British securities at the unprecedented low rate of 2 per cent. per annum. From the source of our information we have no reason to doubt that such is the fact.âStandard. PmzE AT LIVERPOOL.âWe rejoice to record the fact that the prize of f50 has been awarded by the Liverpool Aca- demy to Mr. P. F. Poole s picture of the Plague of London." This is honourable to a provincial institution for the promotion of the fine arts. In France, the nation would have come forward long ere this to reward the painter who produced such a work in some of the states of Germany he he would have been honoured with a public triumph in England, however, he is is left to look daily in his own chamber upon the picture he has painted, until, possibly, in due course of time, having long lived with poverty, he dies in want, and nations will compete for the possession of the work he could scarcely exchange for its weight in mutton. LYNCHING IN MISSISSIPPI. The South Western Farmer (Raymond, Mississippi,) of the 10th ult. sayâ" We have before us a letter from Brandon, dated the 28th October, giving an account of an outrageous act of lynching commit- ted in that neighbourhood on the 27th. A black fellow, named Dave Gridley, had been for some weeks committing many depredations upon the property of the citizens, when he was at length caught, with the assistance of dogs, and de- livered to a guard. Subsequently he was taken from the guard in the night, dragged into the woods, and hung. His body was then thrown into an old house, which was set on fire, together with the body. It is not known who the perpetrators of this outrage were, COMMISSIONERS OF ENQUIRY AT CARDIGANSHIRE.âThe Commissioners of Enquiry, since the date of our last sum- mary, has been as follows ;âLeaving Haverfordwest on Saturday morning, they sat at Narberth on that day, and in the course of a sitting of uuusual length, received a very con- siderable number of persons. Deputations from two divisions of Narberth, from the Hundred of Castlemartin, from Begelly and its vicinity, headed by Captain Childs, and from other places, were successively heard, their statements relating, we understand, principally to the operation of the Tithe Act, which was especially complained of, to the bastardy clauses of the poor law, and increase of rates, to the.turnpike system, and the expenses attending the local administration of justice. -kt N At Newcastle-Emlyn, where the Commissioners were, occu- pied all Monday and Tuesday, and at Cardigan, where they sat the two following days, the same general subjects of com- plaint were brought forward. The Commissioners have also examined several magistrates, and have instituted particular enquiries into the workings of the poor law, and they have also gone over the several Union Workhouses at the several places which they have visited. We understand that the Commissioners have also received a good deal of important evidence from various persons, respecting the causes and cir- cumstances of the disorders which have existed in the counties last visited by them. The tolls are not so much dwelt upon as an article in the list of grievances, but we understand that forcible representations have been made to them of the depressed condition of the fanners and labouring classes, and of the general state of public feeling in the neighbourhood they have lately visited. They have gone at considerable length into the case of the tithes commuted in the parish of Pembryn, which has given rise to so much unfortunate excite- ment in that parish. To-morrow they are to renew their enquiries at Aberystwyth, where they will probably be occu- pied two or three days, and then proceed to Rhayader, and subsequently to Presteign. WELSH PEARLS.âThe Conway river, in North Wales, was noted for pearl fish, even before the Roman invasion. They were called by the natives Cregyn Dilin, the same as the Mi/d Marjtaritiferi of Linn reus and Suetonius admitted that one of his motives for subduing the country was the pearl fishery in the said river. Pliny also relates that the Romans eagerly sought for these fish, and that they gave the highest value for the pearls found in them and, as a proof of this, he mentions that Julius Cxsar once consecrated a breastplate, set with Welsh pearls, to the goddess Venus Genetrix, and placed it in her temple. Sir Richard Wynne, of Gwydir, presented Queen Catherine, the wife of Charles II., with a splendid pearl from the river Couway, and it is said that it is in the Briiish crown to this day. Lady New- borough had a large collection of these pearls, which she bought from persons who had been so fortunate as to find them and the late Sir Robert Vaughan had enough of them to appear with in court, and a boss and ring to his hat, which were formed from these extraordinary productions, about the year 1700.âFrom the September number of the" Uwmwl," (t IVelsh periodical published at Aberystwith. GEOLOGICAL CONVULSION.âOne of those convulsions of nature, the cause of which can only be guessed at, has taken place at Stybarrow Crag, on the Lake of Ullswater, in West- moreland. The road from Penrith to Patterdale leads through a narrow pass of this huge and rugged mass of limestone, and on Wednesday, the 25th, or on the morning of the 26th ult., immense masses of the rock had fa into the road, and, in some instances had evidently beett-thrown in a horizontal position previous to their being pla&ft iu the situation in which they were found. The convulsion must have produced a series of shocks, as the Patterdale postman observed the first effects in the forenoon of Thursday, and on his return the road was completely blocked up, and many stupendous lumps were rolled into the lake, there to remain as mementos of an eruption, which will, no doubt, be closely investigated by the geologist. This Stybarrow Crag has ever been regarded with much interest, and like the stupendous Pen- manmaur in North Wales, is famous for its dangers, and the many hair-breadth escapes which travellers have met with in crossing its declivities. In 1081 a Scotch pedlar was sitting half asleep, when a movement of the rock took place, which carried him, pack and all, gently into the lake, from which he escaped with only a sound ducking and in 1C88, a young man of the neighbourhood, while on horseback, was, by the slipping of the strata, carried into the water, and narrowly escaped with his life. TUB FINNOE TRAGEDY.âDeath has at length released from suffering one of the victims of the sanguinary outrage at Finnoe. Miss Vercker expired a few days since, and an inquest was held on her remains, which was attended by several magistrates, and gentlemen connected with the family. The verdict was-" Died in consequence of wounds inflicted by some person or persons unknown." Mr. Waller still con- tinues in a very precarious state Mrs. Waller, who, along with poor Miss Vereker, behaved with the greatest heroism throughout the murderous attack, is nearly convalescent; but the old butler, William Larkin, is still confined to bed, and suffering severe pain from hi3 wounds. THE RAILWAY INTEREST..âMr. J. Senior, sharebroker, of Sheffield, in a circular just issued, states that a "remark- able advance has taken place in the shares of the Sheffield and Manchesterâfrom £ 32. a few months ago, to £ 50. and upwards. The issue of the new quarter shares hits placed its finances in an easy position, whilst the creation of another set of stockholders has given the directors the power of making calls upon either. Interest, at the rate of 71 per cent., is guaranteed upon this stock for ten years, at the expiration of which time the traffic will be fully developed it will then, with the original shares, form one capital con- sequently the interests of each set of shareholders will become identical. One of the signs of the times which indicates the advanced views as to railway property, is the recent conver- sion of the shares of the London and Birmingham into stock, which may now be regularly sold as such, in any amount, however small, and is considerell equal in solidity to the Government funds. The Duke of Norfolk has directed all the game slaughtered on his preserves at Arundel Castle to be given to the inhabitants, indiscriminately, of the town. The ship-building trade in Sunderland, which in common with the other interests of that port has been so long de- pressed, is beginning to show signs of revival, several orders having recently been received for ships to be built for the India trade. In one instance the order has been for three, and in another for seven vessels. THE QUEEN'S YI.ITS. -It is Her Majesty's intention to honour Sir Robert Peel with a visit at his residence at Dray- ton Manor on Tuesday, the 28th instant. Her Majesty will proceed from Windsor Castle to Watford, and thence by tail- way to Drayton Manor, to remain till Friday, the 1st of Dec. when Her Majesty will go on a visit to his Grace the Duke of Devonshire. On Monday, the 4th of December, the Queen will honour the Duke of Rutland with a visit at Bel- voir Castle, and return to Windsor Castle on the 7th. Her Majesty will be accompanied by His j.lojal Highness Prince Albert and we learn that Her Majesty the Queen Dowager ,or has signified to Sir Robert Peel her intention to join the Royal party jit Drayton Manor on the 29th instant; so that the Premier will have the distinguished honour of receiving in his house at the same time his Sovereign and her illustrious Consort, and Her Majesty the Queen Dowager, with their respective suites and attendants.âStandard. DUEL.â A hostile meeting took place on the sand near Haverfordwest, 011 Tuesday se'nnight, between Captain ll-y, an officer who very gallantly distinguished himself in the wars in Afghanistan and Scinde, and a Mr. T. J s, in consequence of some language spoken by the latter highly derogatory to the most illustrious personage in the realm, in the presence of the captain, who resented it by a personal attack upon the disloyal subject, and a meeting ensued, in which Mr. J-s was very severely injured, so much so that his life is despaired of. -Standard. THE COAL TRAI)P,Ilrom the Taunton Courier.âThe interests in the coal and culm trade of this town are about to undergo a very material alteration, by which the public will be unquestionably benefited; but at the same time, the dealers will be probably (though we sincerely hope not) injured by the operation. A company has been announced whose arrangements are of a very comprehensive and absorb- ing nature, by which the supply of coals and culm throughout the line westward of the Bristol and Exeter Railway is to be furnished. For this purpose the collieries opposite the Somersetshire coast, on the Welsh coast, will be extensively put into requisition and, by a contract with the railway company, the entire line, from Highbridge, will be provided from convenient depots. To meet the exigency thus imposed, the proprietors of the water carriageâthese belonging to the "Bridgwatcr and Taunton Canal"âhave resolved on a re- duction of their terms and, from the 1st instant, lowered their tolls from pet- ton per mile, to I icl. This will effect a very considerable saving to the consumer but how far it will enable the proprietors to compete with the newly- announced company is problematical. The Grand Western Canal" company, whose operations are continuous with those of the Bridgwater and Taunton canal, have not as yet re- solved on any reduction of their tolls,âa measure which, perhaps, will be found indispensable to their interests, under the threatening aspects of the new competition. Already the prices of coal and culm are considerably lower than they have been for many years, so that the housekeepers in general, and especially the poorer part of the community, will, un- questionably. derive much benefit from the working of the I new interests, however lamentably they may clash with those involved in pre-existing establishments. It may be in this, as in numberless other instances of daily occurrence, that the railway enterprise, while it well lines the pockets of some, turns those of others "insideout." MUNIFICENT CHARITAISLE BEQUESTS.âWe are informed that, by an order of ,the Court of Chancery, the undermen- tioned legacies, bequeathed by the late Miss Ann Dimsdale, of Frenchay, near Bristol (one of the Society of Friends), are paid, or in the course of paymont, by the executors, viz. To the poor of the parish of Mangotsfield 500 British and Foreign Bible Society 1000 Moravian Missionary Society 1000 '3' Bristol Infirmary 500 Bristol Strangers' Friend Society. 500 Bl-tt)l Ito, fu,,e SO(!iC",Y 500 Bristol Lying-in Society 500 Bristol Guardian Society or House 500 Bristol Misericordia Society 500 v Bristol Dorcas Society 500 Prison Discipline Society. 500 :f:ö;j()O I We also understand that after the decease of certain annui- tants, a further sum of about 1:20,000 will be divisible among the ten above-named charitable institutions,

[No title]

BUTE DOCKS, CARDIFF.

GLAMORGANSHIRE CANAL.

--PORT TALBOT SHIPPING LIST.

--NEATH SHIPPING LIST.

- LL A NELLY SHIPPING LIST.

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