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QJrllrrnt Mtm. IIAFIZ BEY, an Egyptian admiral, is at present visiting Li- verpool. QUIT* PRINCIPAL DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS EVERYWHERE.â Greys and Elliots. Glasgow Examiner. AN ELOPEMENT from Cambridge was prevented on Saturday week by means of the electric telegraph. A COLOSSAL PANORAMA of 25,000 miles of scenery-a voyage round the worldâis advertised at New York. A DEPUTATION from the Quakers hAs had an interview with Mr. Macaulay upon the subject of his notice of William Penil. NOTICE TO EMIGRANTS.âJob Boxem hegs to call the atten- tion of all persons about to embark for California, to his stock of ready-made coffins, shrouds, &c., &c. A liberal allowance to families taking a quanity.âLiverpool Jones. CONSECRATION OF AN ABBOTT.âThe Rev. J. Palmer, other- wise Father Bernard, was consecrated abbott of the Monastery of St. Bernard, in Charnwood Forest, on Sunday iteek. It was the first consecration of the kind in England since the reforma- tion. RETILENCIIIIE-,T.-The IIants Independent shows how Govern- ment ought to economise in the Admiralty department, but does not, and will not, because its economy is a sham Not from the junior clerk upward, but from the First Lord down- ward." THE CALIFORNIA MANIA.â-A banker's clerk, aged ID, has fled from Fife, Scotland, after abstracting L350 from the bank safe. It is suspected that he and two other lads have had their ima- ginations so fired by what they have read about California, that they have set off for that new El Dorado. Jo, PREVENTION OF COILITOS _i._Th-- best means of preventing the corrosion of metals is to dip the articles first into very dilute nitric acid, to immerse them afterwards in linseed oil, and allow the excess of oil to drain off. By this process metals are ef- fectively preserved from rust or oxidation. METROPOLITAN MAGISTRATES.âThe vacancies occasioned by the deaths of Messrs. Ballantine and Jeremy have been sup- plied by the appointment of Mr. Ingham, of the northern cir- cuit, and Mr. Gilbert Abbott A'Becket, a well known contri- butor to Punch. CAUTION TO SERVANTS AND OTHERS.â-An Act has come into operation which inflicts a penalty with costs, amounting to 15s., upon those through whose neglect chimneys take fire. Formerly the magistrates had the power of imposing the nomi- nal fine of 6d., with os. costs. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION BETWEEN AMERICA AND EU- ROPE.âAmongst the miscellaneous proceedings of the United States Congress are projects to establish a telegraphic commu- nication across the Atlantic to Europe, to form a similar line across the American continent, and also a project to form a line of railway from the Lakes of Michigan to the Pacific. QUEEN'S COUNSBL,-The Lord Chancellor on Friday invited the following gentlemen to take their seats inside the bar :âMr. Sergeant Kinglake, on his obtaining a patent of precedence Mr. Edward Lloyd, Mr. Greenwood, Mr. Malins, Mr. Calvert, Mr. Keating, and Mr. Roundell Palmer, on their being ap- pointed Queen's Counsel. 0 FLOWER POTS.âIt you use new pots for any kinds of seeds, they ought to be first steeped in water for a few hours, as they will be too dry otherwise, and will suck away the moisture from the seeds, and nothing is worse for them than to be too often watered. All your old empty pots ought also to he steeped and well-washed to be ready for use. AAMY ESTIMATES.âThese estimates have also been issued. They show a decrease of £ 378,62 i, and a diminution of 10,593 men. Of these, however, 3,31.5 will be transferred to the Indian army. In the British army, the number of officers will be reduced by 115; but be increased in the Indian army by 156 so that while the men are reduced, the officers are, in the two services, augmented by 41 THE ORDNANCE ESTIMATES have not yet appeared but the contemplated retrenchments in the expenditure of the year, in the navy, army, and the post-office packet service, are as umler Navy £ 366,310 Army 378,621 Post-office packet-service.. 109,058 Total decrease.. £ 853,992 THE NAVY ESTIMATES.â xhe Daily News, after stating tnat the net estimate for the financial year 1848-9 was E9,726,61 0, and that the sum required to be voted for the service of 1849-50 is £ 6,260,740, proceeds to show that although this looks like a reduction of CI,465,870, the actual reduction, from post-office and other sources of expense being transferred to other esti- mates, will be only P,366,310, or less than one-third of what it at first appears to be. THE PASSPORT S YSTEM.âA step in the right direction has been taken by the English and French companies interested in tl,a ni-nmntion of the traffic between London and Paris, by for- warding a collective petition to the .Minister of the Interior, showing the advantages that would result to both cities, from abolishing the passport system for travellers between the two countries. â Railway Chronicle. AGRICULTURAL PRIZE Esskyi.-Tlie Belgian Government has instituted two prizesâof 5,000 francs with a gold medal, and 1,000 francs respectively -thei-irst for the best work on general agriculture, and the second for the best treatise on the disease of the potato. Foreigners are invited to compete, and manuscripts are to be sent to the Ministry of the Interior 1^- fore the 1st of January in next year. NEW PERIODICAL BY ELIZA COOK.âWe have much pleasure in learning that a weekly periodical of instructive and amusing interest will be commenced the first week in May, by Eliza Cook, whose popular and genuine poetry has done so much for homes and hearts." We predict a nietitorious success, and shall hail its appearance with a hearty welcome.âSun. OUR RELIGIOUS Gov, -riie Nonconformist says of the Bible-printing monopoly :â" Our Government professes an earnest anxiety for the religious instruction of the working classes, and, in the teeth of th it profession, supports a mono- poly which is questionable in law, restrictive in effect, and be- neficial to no earthly being except the patentees." O ERIN, WRO.NGED ERIN !âAccording to Mr. Macgregor, M.P., the total expenditure on account of Ireland, during "the last tairty years, has exceeded the total revenue collected thereby from two to four millions per annum, whilst three- fourths of the taxes levied in Scotland have been paid into the Imperial Exchequer.âLiverpool Albion. 0 RUSH'S CHILD.âEmily James, alias Sandford, was brought to bed .tiiis morning, in Wymondham Bridewell, of a g; ri. Norwich Mercury, Saturday. [This necoujhemunt, sooner we believe than was excepted, will probably enable her to give evidence against Rush. The circumstances under which the poor infant sees the light are melancholy enough.] JENNY LINO.âIt is stated that this excellent and charitable lady has consented to sing in aid of the fund raised for the re- lief of the widows and orpiians so suddenly made such by the explosion at the Darley Main colliery. Evron's description is realised in a way never thought of by Jen iv Lind. In the cause of charity â liie voice of the nightiugale never is mute." PrmLIC JUIBKAIUES.âA return moved for by Mr. W. Ewart, M.P., shows that the total number of volumes of printoJ books received, from 1814 to 1847 inclusive," under -tire"Copyright Act,, by the trustees of the British Museum, amount to 55,474 and the number of parts of volumes, including music, to 80,047. The number of maps, charts, ice., received since 1 amount to 187, and the number of puts of maps, &c\, to 131. The total number of vulurJcs of printed contained in the li- brary of the Museum at the end of the. vear 18 48 amounted to about 10.),000, i. HE BOARD OF IIEALTII.âThe physicians have BEEN directed to visit all pauper institutions where childron of tender age are brought up, with a view of ascertaining their exact condition, and thereby discovering their general treatment. If this pro- ceeding is carried out, it will be of incalculable advantage to that portion of the community, as well as most-satisfactory to the public generally. SCARCITY OF COAL IN OOOTLAXO.â-At this moment there is a scarcity of coed, resulting from the painful fact of so many labourers in the mines of the west country .having.been swept away by the destroying pestilence, and thereby greatly dimi- nishing the amount of manual labour. Wages nave risen in consequence, and coalmasters, mts believe, hive ottered large sums for additional men..The miners generally are an intem- perate class, and cleanliness by them has never yet been rightly prised. Sad has been the lesson taught them by the recent ravages of the scourge We hope it may be as impressive, salu- tary, and lusting.âRenfrewshire Advertiser (Feb. 19). WHar HUHXG- DINNER TO Mu. Conosx, M.P.â Mr. Cobden has signified his acceptance of the invitation which has been given to him to attend a large public dinner of the electors, which is to take place at Leeds, on. Wednesday in E ister week. Mr. Cobden, in his letter of acceptance addressed to George Goodman, Esq., Chairman of the Committee, says, "I shall hope for the happiness of meeting all those active and energe- tic men with whom it was my privilege to co-operate during our late hard struggle for free trade, and in whose veteran ranks I am prepared to march onward in a new camoaign, not p only against Government extravagance, but everv p ditieal and social corruption, which unites, in the true spirit of Conserva- tism, the hostility of all real reformers." THE IRON TRADE.âWe have much gratification in being able to continue our favourable report of this important trade. The tendency to improvement noticed in our last account, under which sales were being refused in expectation of better prices, has since rapidly progiesse'd, until at the commence- ment of last week several leading houses found it requisite to declare an advance of 20s. per ton on manufactured iron, to escape an accumulation of speculative orders that were being so abundantly forwarded. This advance has been well re- ceived, and there appears little doubt that it will be fully esta- blished by the next meeting of the trade, some dealers having already cheerfully submitted to it for parcels in immediate re- quisition. The demand for all sorts of hardware goods is also reviving, and, under the expectation of more animation as the spring advances, manufacturers are yet in the market to pro- vide themselves with material. The demand for pig-iron has been checked a little, but we have heard of some sales having been made at an advance of 10s. per ton. Several furnaces have been set to work, or, as it is termed, blown in, since we gave our last list, and others are being prepared for speedy resump- tion. A prevalent cause of delay, however, presents in the short supplies of ironstone, the small stocks on the banks having in most instances been bought up. By the reports of the Welsh and Scotch trades we also learn that much activity prevails there, and a large extension of make is likely to take place. Rejoicing sincerely as we do in such a prospect of full employment for the labourer, with remuneration to the master, we cannot refrain from repeating a word of caution lest an im- provident extension of make, urged by visionary expectations, should mar the continuance of permanent benefit. The late discoveries of an abundant and, as reported, almost inexhaust- ible supply of the precious metal has already revived the droop- ing spirit of industry and given an unusual impulse to our mercantile affairs, particularly with the United States and should this supply prove as extensive as it is represented, it must continue to operate favourably during the whole period of its dispersion, and perhaps may ultimately induce a consi- derable alteration in the relative value of money generally, com- pared with labour and produce but it should be borne in mind that no unusual channel of consumption for iron has been de- veloped, nor are railway undertakings in a position to create anv heavy demand, while the agricultural interests, which have huherto been, and ever must be, the foundation and sup- port of all others, are unfortunately steadily declining. A re- lapse, therefore, into the distressing condition from which we are scarcely yet securely extricated may be experienced should we again fall into the error of over-productioii.-Bit-i)tiityltai)i Gazette. ALARMING COLLISION .-On Tuesday night, as the passenger train to Manchester was slackening speed to run into the sta- tion at Haslingden, it was met by a heavy goods train. The two engines on coming in contact were dreadfully shattered, and both thrown off the line. There were about 60 or 70 pas- sengers in the entire train, but happily none of them suffered any injury beyond contusions of the head and knees, and se- vere shakings. The goods train was a heavy one, of 17 wag- gons, several of which were knocked to pieces.-Globc. FIRE AT ST. Jour's CHAPEL, BEDFORD-ROW.âYesterday afternoon during Divine service at St. John's chapel, Bedford- row, the congregation was alarmed by a cry of Fire." The Rev. Mr. Garrod, who had just commenced his sermon, begged the people to leave quietly, and not to be frightened, as there was no danger. They, however, hastened into the street, when they discovered that the roof of the chapel was on fire. The heat from the furnace had fired the bond timbers, and the flames extended from them to the roof. No one was aware of the building being on fire, until the children in the upper gal- lery saw the sparks falling from the roof. Patriot of Monday. THE BISHOP OF EXETER AND THE SISTERS OF MERCY.â The Dcvonport Telegraph says that seven magistrates, the Rev. J. Hatchard, Admirals R. Thomas and J. Pasco, Col. Dunster- ville, and several of the most influential inhabitants of Ply- mouth and Devonport, have signed a memorial which com- mences We, the undersigned, having been present during the inquiry held by the Lord Bishop of the diocese on the statements contained in the Devonport Telegraph of the 10th inst., respecting the Sisters of Mercy at ilorice Town, do hereby testify and declare, that whilst all the material facts al- leged in the statements were, we believe, proved, the inquiry, as conducted by the bishop, was partial, unfair, and ill calcu- lated to command public respect." THE METROPOLITAN POLICE Fotcr,i return obtained on the motion of Mr. Lushington, M.P., shows that the total strength of the police force in the 18 metropolitan police dis- tricts D amounts to 5,513, the population of the said districts being 2,336,960. The force includes 1 inspecting-superinten- dent, 18 superintendents, 125 inspectors, 588 sergeants,. 1,272 first-class constables, 2,346 second-class constables, and 1,163 third-class constables. The inspecting-superintendent receives a salary of £600, the superintendents from D32 to £200. the iuspcotoio from £ £ 100 t.j i3i 13s., lln" sergeants from Elis o. to JE63 lis., and the constables from £81 lis. to £ 44 4s. per annum. The allowances consist of clothing and coals, the lat- ter in the following pro-portion :âTo each married man 401b. a-week during the whole year, to each single man 40 lb. a-wupk during six months of the year, and 20 lb. a week for the re- mainder of the year. IMPORTANT INVENTION FOR STOPPING STEAM ENGINES.âA ,) r, i Bedford correspondent says, On Wednesday last, through the kindness of Messrs. Smith and Booth, manufacturers, Southgate, we had an opportunity of witnessing on their pre- mises the working of a simple piece of machinery by means of a steam engine of power was stopped almost â¢i11 t mfruu ou lv i to one end of a spinning- leOiti vvtien the' nium*1. < the whole mill was in full opera- "tio'i, w ithe;gte \m-en^ine at full speed, when a valve was -I- opened wh|fifis^Ufl||fcd tne atmospheric air, which instantly choked g^jsplP of the engine, shut off the throttle and water valves-, â incP'Hpened the blow valves. The instant this was done the fly-wheel only made one revolution and a quar- ter. In the ordinary manner of stopping the engine the fly- wheel makes five revolutions before it can be brought to a stand. So complete is this simple piece of mechanism that al- though the whole machinery throughout the mill is stopped so suddenly, not a single thread is broken, but all remains ready for resuming work when the engine is again set in motion. This piece of machinery, which we may term a safety-valve, may be placed in any room of the mill, or on any part of the premises, or even off the premises, and by the means of pipes it can be made to have the same effect as if within a yard of the engine itself, so that if an accident happens, such as an over- looker or other person being caught with one of the mill straps, and drawn up to go round the shaft, by using this ot- â¢stopping thG engine, before he could by any possibility come into contact with the shaft, the whole machinery would be brought to a stand-still, and his life saved. This wonderful and useful discovery is the invention of James Mills, of Horton the engine-tenter at the mill at which it is now in operation, 'and reflects the highest credit on his ingenuity as a hard-working mechanic. A patent was sealed for it on Monday, the 12th hist., in the names of Mr. G. E. Donisthorpe and James Mills, Mr. Donisthorpe carrying the invention out more fully, viz., to high pressure engines, water-wheels, &c. The expense of fixing the machinery in connexion with the invention in manufactories will be about 10s. each horse powi r.-â Times. 1 INCREASE OF THE ARMY.âA return obtained by Mr. Hume shows that the total number of commissioned and non-com- missioned officers of all ranks amounted in IS 17 to 139,816. against 121,134 in 1840; 101,014 in 1835 and 109,014 in 1829 thus exhibiting an increase of 30,323 in the space of 19 years. The forces were thus divided in 1847 --it) India, 1,588 officers, 2,40o non-commissioned officers and 29,370 privates, corno- rals, "and farriers in the colonies, 407 officers, 651 non-com- missioned officers, and 8,232 privates, corporals, and farriers; and in the land forces (exclusive of the above), 4,018 officers'. 6,973 non-commissioned officers, and 86.090 privates, corporals,' and farriers. The Indian forces have'been increased since lbi), from 84.122 to 9/,081.; the colonial corps, from 3,495 to 0.35O; and the land forces, from 84,122 to 87,081. The total number of men garrison (men and officers) in the various colo- nies and foreign dependencies, amounted on the 1st of January, 1817, to 44,278, and to 32,832 in the East Indies (total 77,110), against a total of 70,621 in January 1840, 53,034 in January 1835, and.62,710 in January 1829. The effective force (includ- ing all employed in Great Britain alone amounted, in January 18-17, to 30,790 in January 1840, to 29,799 in Janu- ary 1835 to 23,550; and in January 1829, to 22,556. The number of troops employed on the" public scrvico," exclusive of India, amounted in Januiry 1847, to 103,0SS; in Januarv 1840,'to 88,961 in January 1835, to 80,957 and in J 1829, to 8-5,140. The effective force employed in Ireland w .s, in January ISH, 28,020; in January 1840, 16,480; in January 18-Jo,.21,451 ;⢠and in January 1829, 24.601. The return show's an increase of numbers in all the branches of the "public ser- vic e. âAll advice is lost upon the Saxon, but show him a meJioa superior to his own give him but a hint of the supe- nouty existing somewhere, and nowhere on the earth will be found a person so ready to adopt the new method', so admira- bly aetive and skilful in applying the discoveries of other races to Ins own pecuniary advantage. Incentive genius he has not, is ill his own. Accumulatir-e desires haunt hun everywhere; in Ilollaud, England, America.âDr. Knox (Medical Times.)