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AUSTRIA.

. BOHEMIA.

IRELAND.

CIIURCII PROPERTY AND THE…

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EMIGRATION.

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EMIGRATION. TO THE WORKING CLASSES OF MONMOUTHSHIRE AND THE ADJOIN- ING COUNTIES, FllOM MR. M. R. EVERY, OF GRAHAM'S TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA, FORMERLY OF THE NANTYGLO IRON WORKS, MONMOUTHSHIRE. Graham's Town, South Africa, 21st March, 1848. MT DEAR FRIENDS,âThe tidings of the general distress of England have reached this part of the world. I have also been informed of the particular suffering which you have been called to endure in Monmouthshire and the adjoining counties. For many years I was a personal witness to similar events, and I have deeply felt for you amidst your patient toil and sufferings and though now far removed have not forgotten or ceased to feel for you. I laboured a little to do you good when dwelling with you in the noise, and smoke, and turmoil of your manufactories; and now, though differently circum- stanced, living beneath fairer skies, in the quiet of comparative rural life, and with few painful incidents to show forth the miseries of life, I yet feel for you. To many thousands of you I am known, and it is grateful to my feelings now to remember that while with you 111ad your confidence and esteem. I know you will give me credit for speaking the truth when I say that I earnestly wish some ten or twenty thousand of you were here exempt then, as you would be, from many troubles which you now experience, and which will be from time to time your lot, where your numbers are outgrowing all the supports that agriculture and the manu- factures can give in return for your labours. You may have, as you have had, occasional spells of prosperity, but there will of necessity followâbad times, partial employment, low ivages% and much suffering. What can you do ? is this your question i I replv, Emigrate 1 Fall in with the order of the Great Creator, who wills that the fair portions of this globe should not be left untrod by human footsteps. Do you ask where to r I say of course to the Cape-do you ask why ? That involves almost numberless replies, all of which would tend to show the priority of claim the Cape of Good Hope has to the United States or any other of the British Colonies. One great draw- back to emigration to the Cape as compared with the Canadas and the United States is the greater cost, but it is of very little consequence when you get on board ship whether you sail to America or to South Africa, as to time or the inconveniences at sea. In 73 days I reached Algoa Bay, and the voyage is generally a fine one into this lovely Southern part of the world. Depend upon it if the people can muster up money to bring them here they will find the advantage in the end. 0 The advantage which the Eastern Province of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope offers are certain subsistence, good wages, and ultimate independence. The moment a man lands at Algoa Bay he may not only dismiss all fears, but all anxious cares about getting a livelihood. He need not even trouble himself to find out an employer, for employers will sure enough find out him. Every descrip- tion of labour and handicraft is well paid. An English la- bourer can get F.1 per week carpenters, masons, and smiths, 6 shillings per day and upwards, and every industrious man may confidently look forward for independenceâthat is, for a comfortable provision for old age. Now, this is as opposite a state of things for the English labourer and artisan to what he finds at home, as it is possible to be. How many tens of thousands of you are there who get what can barely be called a subsist- ence, and the thought of independence never enters your heads and it is ten to one, if you look forward to the close of life, but what you are haunted with spending your last days in a workhouse. You have in factgnothing else before you. This is a dreadful state of things, but perhaps unavoidable where from your numbers you are almost devouring one another. I am happy to say we have no workhouses here, and I have only seen one European beggar since I left England, and that poor old afflicted man hardly ought to be called such. This climate is fine and healthy-equal to any in the world. A vast extent of fine country remains unoccupied, capable of great production, and only awaiting tlte arrival of British emi- grants. Since the conclusion of the war with the Kaffirs, a prodigious tract of country, about the size of the Welsh prin- cipality, has been added to the Colony. I travelled through this district to King William's Town to the great meeting which our governor, Sir Ilarry Smith, had with the Kaffir Chiefs and people, and I can bear testimony to its beauty and fertility. One part of it reminded me strongly of the lovely -undulating county of Monmouth, with its park-like scenery; another great stretch of district bore a strong resemblance to Salisbury Plain, on which were growing tens of thousands of tons of fine grass untrod by human footstep, and without a single head of cattle to graze it down. Many people in Eng- land would be dreadfully afraid of the Kaftirs as neighbours. In war they showed barbarity to some of the victims that fell into their hands, but lurking revenge they have not. They are great thieves of cattle, it must be admitted, but they are gene- rally acquitted of being a blood-thirsty race. If I have been struck with one thing more than another, as characteristic of the coloured inhabitants of this part of the world, it has been with their lively, cheerful and pacijie disposi- tion. However, we have now little to fear from the Kaffirs, were they as bad as supposed. Sir Harry Smith is doing great things here, which there is reason to believe will end in pro- longed peace and prosperity. To this fine Colony then I invite you, my dear fellow-countrymen of the working classes at home, and urge upon you, to strain every nerve to reach it. Here you may breathe as pure an atmosphere as wafts over any part of the world, and live beneath the fairest skies, where you will be able to lift up your heads with freedom and independence, conscious that your labour will be as earnestly sought and highly prized, as ever you can prize a good employer, and the rjwards which your labour deserves. But recollect, I invite no drunkards, no intemperate, or lazy people for these would be a bane to the Colony, and they themselves would soon go the way of all flesh. High wages with good beef and mutton from d, to 3d. per lb., and wine and brandy at is. per gallon, would only induce the lazy to be more so, and bring the drunkard to an early grave. It is the honest, industrious, temperate labourer and me- chanic I inviteâmen from 25 to 40 years of age--aitd if family tmn all tlte better. Religious men will find here ministers and places of worship whatever may be their denomination (except, I believe, Ran- ters and Quakers), and I should be right glad to see some of them out here: these extremes will by and bye meet here, I have no doubt. But as to means-How are you to get here ? FIRST.âGovernment are sending out emigrants free to some extentâtry and get out free. You can apply to Mr. James Lodwidge, Hereford, agent to her Majesty's Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners, who will aiford you every neces- sary service. SECOND.âIf the Government list is full, let some 50 or 100 of you unite together, who are possessed of sufficient means, and you will pay your own passage out for £ 10 or £ 12 each. I dare say you can get some respectable trustworthy person to head your party and manage the thing for you. TIE,,tD.-If you have not £ 10 or t 12 a-piece, and I dare be- lieve there are many hundred of you who have not and yet would be glad to comeâwhat are you to do r Why, if you cannot come out free, can you not form "Emigration Clubs" by which you may in time accomplish this object. IN CONCLUSION,âDon't engage your passage for Table Bay, but for Algoa Bay, and should the vessel put into Table Bay, let no one induce you to remain at Cape Town, but go on to Algoa Bay, and then make your way up to Graham's Town as soon as you can, and if I can be of any service to you, I shall be glad to be so. I am, your well wisher, M. R. EVERY. P.S.âI have said nothing to men of moderate means or capital, but this fine Colony is equally good for them. Men with families of grown up boys and girls would do well. Fe- male servants here are almost beyond price. Never forget that Australia and New Zealand are twice as far from England as the Cape of Good Hope is. M. R. E.

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TO THE EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPALITY.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPALITY.

CHAPTER VIII GUARANTEE OF…

ITALY.

GRAND DUCHY OF POSEN.

.FRANCE.