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JOHN KNOX AND THOMAS i CAIILYLE.…

-__-__------HUIUUCANE ON THE…

----POLITICAL ITEMS.

FUNERAfSf^liTcEARLES HEED.

--_------SlIt E. J. REED.

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SlIt E. J. REED. We doubt very much whether Sir E. .1. Peed hears of their Lordships' intention to break up the Favourite without feeling a pang of sorrow. Twenty years ago Sir Edwardâthen Mr E, J. Reed was the editor of the Mechanic's Magazine and Secretary of the Institution of Naval Archi- tects. The Construction Department at the Ad- miralty was ruled by a board composed of Messrs Watts, Abethell, and Large, When it was de. cided to build the Warrior, the services of Mr Scott Russell had to be called in, and the main features in the vessel's construction are due to that naval architect. Naval construction was theu on the verge of a revolution, and some master mind-un- trammelled by the traditions and practice of the past, was wanted to give the proper direction which naval design should take. At this juncture the Favourite, a small wooden corvette, was building at Deptford Dockyard, and Mr Reed, as we have already said, was editing the Mechanic'sMa/jazine, He proposed a plan for armour-plating the Favourite.and submitted it to Sir John Pakington, who was then First Lord of the Admiralty. Instead of covering the whole of the side with armour, Mr Reed restricted his protective ma- terial to the water-line and central of the vessel, where the guns were placed. This was, iu fact, "the belt and central battery principle," for many years adopted in the Royal Navy, and which still survives in a modified form. By this means he was enabled to place etout armour plates on a smaller vessel than was before thought practicable. The plan was accepted, and Mr Reed was instructed to superintend the work. Tim was the first step on the ladder. By one subsequent leap he reached the post of Chief Constructor of the Navy, and filled that office until 1S71. Such success as has been attained in his profession by Sir Edward Reed is rarely equalled. He commenced as a shipwright apprentice was trained at the Royal Naval College, and soon after resigned a sub- ordinate appointment in the dockyard. While still a comparatively young man, he re-entered Her Majesty's Service in the highest position which a naval architect can occupy. Proud as he must be of the Hercules, Monarch, Bellerophou, Triumph, Alexandra, Devastation, and others, lie must yet have a tender regard for the Favourite, Enterprise, and Research, his first contributions to the British Navy.âBroad Arrow.

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