BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, & DEATHS BIRTH. LOCK.—March 2nd, at 37, Llandaff-road, wife of Capt. E.J. Lock, ship Annie Maude, of Liverpool, of a daughter. 765 MARRIAGES. JONES—LAKKIN.—On March 2nd, at Con way-road Wesleyau Chapel, by the Rev. H. Burson, assisted by the Rev. E. Woolrych, Dan Elias Jones, fourth son of the late Alderman D. Jones, J.P., Cardiff, to Minnie, second daughter of Captain T. Larkiii (steamship Cresswell), 9, Plasturton-place, Cardiff. 732 SXJPFERN—ROBINSON.—March tfnd, at Charles-street We-deyan Chapel, by Rev. C. H. Hocken, Captain Robert Suffern, of Belfast, to Elizabeth Eleanor, eldest daughter of Captain J. T. Robinson, Wellfield- road, Roatii. ö96 DEATHS. BOYER.—At Penarth, on the 2nd March, Rosa. Marian, the lovely and beloved child jof Annie Susan and Robert Skeffington Boyer, of whooping cough, influenza, and pneumonia, aged 7 months. COLWTLL.—Cn March 4th, at 11. Lead-street, Cardiff, Amelia Laura, the dearly-beloved wife of George Colwill, railway inspector. DA VIES.—On February 28tli, at Fanlialog Farm, Ynysybwl, Mary Davies, aged 56 years, wife of Morgan Davies. DAVIES.—Edith Mary, Oxford Villa, on Thursday. Feb: aary 23th, beloved daughter of Rev. J. Beynon Davies, Briton Ferry. DIXON.-On February 27th, at 3, Angelina-street, Car- diff, Mary, the baloved wife of ,Iohu Dixon. EOWARos.-On Marrh 2nd, at Miskin Inn, Mountain Ahb, Mary Edwards, aged 77, widow of late Herbert Kchvanis, Grais; Berthlwyd, Quaker Yard. ENSOR.—On the 6th inst., at The Hollies, Llanishen, of l-ronehitis and pneumonia, Thomas Henry Ensor, aged 63. Funeral at Llanishen Church on Saturday, at 3 p.m. No wreaths. 49 EVANS.-On March 3rd, at, 59, High-street, Cefncoed, Jane Evans, the beloved wife of Evan Evans, butcher. Deeply regretted. GRIFFITH.- On the 3rd inst, at his residence, Glan- ffvwdwyllt, Taibacli, William Griffiths, aged 67 years. GWILUAN.- On the 4th, at 90, Court-roa.d, Joseph James, youngest beloved son of the late Captain J. Gwillian, of this port. JONE^.—March 6th, William Jones, late of Ochor, Tre- garon, diP-Ii at his residence, Fron-villa, in his 81st year. Widely known and respected. 68 LEWIS.—On the 4th insr., at Les Eaus, Clytha Park, Newport, Mon., Myra Elizabeth White Beckingham, the beloved wife of Edward Lewis, aged 55. 1981 LEWIS.—March 2nd. 1895, at 40, Windsor-street, Tre- cynon, Aberdare, Benjamin Lewis, Butcher, aged 71. Deeply regretted. LIUWIS.—On February 28tli, at 3, Windsor-terrace, ,r»rtliyr, Mr Wm. Lewid,ln,te White Horse Inn, aged is, MAUKBY.—On the 5th instant, at the residence of'her daughter, Mrs Rogers, 16, Queen-street, Barry, Jane Atkinson, wife of Edward Mackey, marine < ameer, Cardiff, aged 61 years. SJ .VVHURAY.—O11 3rd March, after a severe illness, at Walnut Tree Villa, Taff's Well, Alfred James McMurray, late postmaster of Pontypridd, aged 57 years. MITCHKLL.—On March 5, at 26. Richards-terrace, Roath, after a long and painful illness, Lydia, the beloved wife of William Mitchell (master mariner), aged 49. Funeral ou Friday, 3 p.m. Friends please accept this intimation. 7 MORGAN.—March 5th, at Iron Bridge Hotel, Aberdare, Jane, beloved wife of John Morgan, aged 67. Public funeral Friday next, at 2 o'clock. Deeply regretted. POWELL.—March 3rd, 1S95, Miss Blanche Powell, aged 52 years for 35 years Mistress of the Maesycwmmer lufauts' richool.. ^OOti PMCE.—On February 27th, at Commercial-street, New Tredegar, David Price, aged M). PRICE.—On the 4th inst., the wife of Charles Price, Troedyrhiw, Merthyr, aged 39 years. PROSSER.—At 67, Gadlys-road, Aberdare, on Tuesday, Jacob Prosser, grocer, aged i5. Funeral Friday, at 3.30, for Aberdare Cemetery. Friends please accept this intimation. PROTHEROE.—On 28th February, atMilIHouse.BKuna. Leah, the beloved wife of Thomas Protheroe, mer- chant. ROssER.-March 4th, at the residence of his daughter, in-law, 90, Miskin-street, Cathays, after a brief illness, Joseph Rosser, aged 77 years. SHEPHERD.—March 3rd, at 61, Oakfield-street" Cardiff, W. M. Shepherd, aged 36. THOMAS.—On the 28th February, at 4. Tel-el-Kebir- road, Hopkinstown, Ada Louisa, the infant daughter of Albert and Lydia Thomas. Deeply mourned. VAUGHAN.—At Donnington House, Llandaff-road, Cardiff, March 6tli, Councillor William Edmund Vaughan, J.P., 56 years of age. Funeral at Llandaff on Monday, leaving the house at 2.30 p.m. Friends t please accept this the only intimation. VINCENT.—February 27th, at 51, Cathays-terrace, Mr John Collingboume Vincent, late of Cardiff Water Works, aged 80. 520 WILLUMs,ün the 3rd inst, at 8i, Glamorgan-street, Canton, John Williams, aged 29. Deeply regretted. WOOD.—On March 2nd, at nis residence, 79, Newport- road, William Christopher Wood, aged 60. WAEN.-On the 4th March, at his residence, Studley Lodge, Seaforth, Liverpool, Abraham Wren, aged 85 years. No flowers, by request. 928 IN MEMORIAM. DAVIES.—In loving remembrance of S. A. Davies, of Glyn-y-Coed, Neath, who peacefully fell asleep March 4th, 1694, 682 EDWARDS.—Sacred to the loving memory of my dear hrsband, the late Rev. J. Salisbury Edwards (county councillor), Hermon, Treorky, who died March 3rd, 1891 "A faithful minister and fellow-servant in the Lord.' MUSTOR. —In ever-loving memory of Rowland H. Mustoe, late of Cowbridge, who died March 7th, 188^, in his 44th year. Also his dearly-beloved niece, [tose P. Mustoe, who slept in Jesus August 2nd, 1893, in her 27th year, both of Bryn Eglwys, Llandudno, N.W. Dearly loved and deeply regretted. 44
It is believed to be almost a certainty that Spibbead will be visited next summer by a Russian squadron, and it is probable, though not quite so certain, that we Bhall also have a chance of seeing a portion of the Italian Navy. It is more than 80 years since a Czar of Russia visited these^ahores, and a big naval review was then? given in hia honour, which,. on a smaller* Male, will no doubt be the case on-tHis oefflMfoa^afen. 1. ..JHSHRAJUATRJ*. ASSESS."
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SATURDAY. MARCH 9,1895. THE BURIALS BILL. THE Burials Bill, which Sir RICHARD WEBSTER described as a monstrous aggression against the Church," was passed in the House of Commons on its second reading on Wednesday night by a majority of 224 votes against 113. This majority was a good reply to Lord CRANBORNE'S motion for the rejection of the Bill "on principle." The settlement of the question of burials in 1880 was hailed with satisfac- tion and pleasure by every Welshman in the Principality. They received it as an instalment and not as a complete measure, and after the country has had full opportunities for observing the work- ing of that measure of liberty for the Nonconformists of the country, Mr CARVELL WILLIAMS and his friends come forward and ask that it shall be extended and completed. The organs of the Church are endeavouring to read into the Bill all kinds of insults and wrongs which its supporters are said to be anxious to heap upou the Church, but they cannot I very well get behind the splendid majority in its favonr on the second reading. Only he guardians of unfair orivileees can see any injustice towards the Church in the Bill. It does not touch consecration at all, but it refuses to give legal sanction to such acts by the Bishops. The Bishop may consecrate where he likes as a religious act or observance, but such an act will not receive legal force, or create rights and claims for fees. The Bill is not retrospective, for all vested rights in consecrated graveyards and cemeteries will remain as they are, but should the Bill become law, the Bishops will not be allowed to extend those rights in new cemeteries. The greatest change brought about by the Amendment Act of 1880 has been the disappearance, practically, of animosities over burials in rural Christen- dom. A source of constant friction and hardship was thus removed, and if the present Bill is allowed to pass the last traces of trouble will disappear. When the Act of 1880 was passed the majority of Churchmen accepted the position loyally, only a very few obstructing the execution of the law. It cannot be shown that the Church has suffered by the legal rights of burial then given to the Nonconformists, and there is the fact, on the other hand, that it did an immense deal of good in removing an ever present source of strife and bitterness between Churchmen and Nonconformists. The fringe of grievances which still remains will be removed by the present Bill, and a long and vexed question will thus receive final settlement. It is a question of special interest to Wales, for the Nonconformists of the Principality suffered, the full brunt of the disabilities which existed before 1880, and which many a bigoted and supercilious; Churchman in- creased and aggravated by his own hatred of Nonconformity. The friends of the Church who see sacrilege in the latest measure display their Christian charity by jeering at the "political Nonconformist conscience," but with such a majority in favour of the Bill, the friends of religious equality may safely allow this exhibition of bad feeling and worse taste to pass without concern or notice. Will Churchmen ever see that it is unwise to oppose all attempts at reform J
RACE PROGRESS. ONE of the latest, as it is certainly one of the most interesting and instructive volumes issued in the Social Science Series, is written by Dr. JOHN BURY HAYCRAJFT, F.R.S.E, Professor of Physiology at the University College, Cardiff. The title of the little volume is Darwinism and Race Progress," not a very attractive title, it is true, for the general reader, but the contents are not so dry or technical as the title indicates. The book will be read with interest and pleasure by the literary student as well as by the man who dips deep down amongst scientific theories and formulae. The man who would thoroughly understand history to-day must go to science for aid, and in "Darwinism and Race Progress" Professor HAYCBAFT very pleasantly combines the results of science and of history in the elucidation of the causes of the rise and development, decay and destruction of races. The style of the book is lucidity itself, and will be readily understood by the reader who has never spent an hour on a scientific text book. In the introductory chapter, muscle and brain versus political organisation is the topic of discussion, and the reader has placed before him a rapid sketch of the history from the representatives of the first stages of civilisation, their conquest by the Greeks, who in time were superseded by the younger Latin race, only to give place to the xeutonic races of Europe, who still hold sway. The causes for this decay are also referred to, and the dangers pointed out to be avoided in generalising from scientific and historical observation. Racial as well as organic, political as well as accidental causes are closely examined in the consideration of the main question which the author discusses. We j are dealing," he says, in the following pages with race rather than nation with | muscle, blood, and brain rather than with political power and innuence let us turn, t then, to history in order to find out whether or not organic deterioration must actually closa the history of every race." What more ] interesting subject could we pass in review than the decay of nations and the influence and deterioration and death of races ? After | dealing with the decay of power among the Greeks, Romans, and Spanish, the writer asks, Is our own preservation as a race I possible ?" and furnishes the answer :— | Guided by the historical knowledge we 1 possess, and with our better acquaintance i with man himself, and the laws of his growth and well being, we have i an advantage over all who have gone before | us, so that, if misadventure should befal us, it will be most assuredly because of our own 1 indifference, and because we wilfully shut our eyes to the light of truth." We have said sufficient to show the reader the interesting character of this very helpful and hopeful hook, and can only point out further the interesting fields of thought to which the author conducts his readers. The subject of heredity is discussed from the standpoint of the biologist, together with causes and signs of physical deterioration, the effects of insanity and alcoholism on the race, criminals, incapables, and the distressed poor, the effects of competition, and, finally, the obligations in parenthood. Professor HAYCRAFT deals with one of the greatest questions of the age, and every young man who wishes to understand j history, social questions, and what we may call broader politics, will find in his book a mine of suggestive thoughts, facts, and arguments of a helpful character. Professor HAYCRAFT has a wonderful capacity for clear statement, and he throws a halo of romance and interest over the driest facts and figures. The book is one not to borrow, but to buy and retain for reference. Fortu- nately, it> is published at?a*pr!ce" within thw' reach of any working
Death of Councillor W. E. Vaughan. HE SUCCUMBS TO THE SEVERE WEATHER. A Useful Career Ended. We regret to have to announce the death of. Councillor W. JC. Vaughan, an esteemed member of the Cardiff Corporation, and an ex-mayor, which occurred at his residence in Llandaff-road. Canton, a few minutes before eight on Wednesday morning. The deceased, who was getting on in years, had been in failing health for some time past, but 16 was not until a fortnight ago that bis state of health caused serious apprehension among; his relatives and friende. Owing to the severity of the weather he had contracted a chill, which unfortunately led to farther complications. He was at once confined to his room, and Dr. Arthur Taylor was called in. It was thoughb that with ordinary care and attention the patient would soon recover and be about again. He subsequently rallied, and appeared to be so much better as to give rise to the belief that all danger was passed. On Saturday last, however, his friends were startled to see in him a decided change for the worse. But he again rallied and seemed to gradually improve until Tuesday morning. At half-past ten that night, when visited by Dr. Taylor, he was decidedly weaker, and shortly befortt two o'clock next morning it was seen that the end was near. Dr. Taylor was sent for, and remained with his patient until the end. During the last few days the deceased had seldom been fully conscious. THE tATE COUNCILLOR TAUGHAN. I A TRIP TO THE ANTIPODES. Although to outward appearance the deceased I was of a vigorous and healthy temperament, he had been suffering from diabetes for some years, and it was this constitutional weakness which decided him about four years ago to try the effect of a sea voyage by visiting the Australian Colonies. He was away for several months, and appeared to have greatly benefited by the trip. Councillor Vaughan was for many years associated with the municipal life of Cardiff, and his loss will be greatly re- gretted by his colleagues on the council. He was mayor of the borough in 1893, being succeeded by Councillor Trounce. He was the managing clirect,or of the firm of W. E. Vaughan and Com- pany, Limited, dyers and steam laundry pro- prietors. BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. In 1892 Councillor W. E. Vaughan was elected the mayor of Cardiff. He was born in the city of Hereford, where Ins fafcher, who died six or soven years ago, served usefully on the board of guardians and other local public bodies for a. lengthened period. In 1860, when he was 21 years of age, Councillor Vaugban came to Cardiff and .commenced business in Bubo-street as a dyer and laundry-man. Matters prospered with him, and in 1871 he established the present extensive and well-eqnipped steam laundry and dye work" in Llandaff-road, Canton. In the year 1875 Mr Vaughan was elected ou the Canton Local Board; and when the borough was enlarged and Canton brought in. he became, 17 years ago, a member of the Cardiff Corporation. iSince then he has un- interruptedly held a seat on the council. For several years Councillor Vaughan had been the ohairman of the gas and electrical lighting committee, and when the proposal was before the council to purchase the Gas Works, he was a warm supporter of the project, which, however, did not find acceptance at the hands of the majority of the council. He book a deep interest in the scheme for the installation of the electric light m Cardiff. Although repeatedly pressed to allow him. self to be nominated for the board of guardians, Councillor Vaughan consistently de. clined, holding the view that to adequately attend to the dnties of one important public office is as much as can be expected from one individual who has his own business concerns to look after. It is well understood that Councillor Vaughan would have been mayor of Cardiff iu 1891-2, but the condition of his health necessitated his taking the sea voyage referred to above, and fori'eight months be sojourned in the Australasian Colonies. The sound character of the advice of his medical attendant in suggesting this trip was seen in Councillor Vaughan's restoration to robust health. His mayoralty was a distinctly successful one and in Mrs Vaughan the town had a mayoress who combined with a singular charm of manner the possession of gifts of mind which are as valuable as they are rare. REFERENCES BY PUBLIC BODIES. OABDIFF MAGISTRATES' SYMPATHY. A meeting of Cardiff magistrates was held in the Town-hall on Wednesday, Dr Taylor, in the absence of the Stipendiary (Mr T. W. Lewis) through illness, presiding. There were also present the Mayor (Alder- man Caray), Alderman Cory, Messrs Evans, F. J. Beavan, Ebenezer Bsavan, and W. J. Trounce. and Mr Rees (clerk). Owing to the absence of the Stipendiary no formal business was trans- acted. A vote of sympathy with the widow and family of the late ex-Mayor Vaughan was moved by the chairman, and after several of the members had paid a hearty tribute to the personal worth and character of the deceased, it was passed. AT THB OKNKRAL PURPOSES COMMITTEE. A meeting of the general purposes committee of the Cardiff Corporation was held on Wednesday under thoprosidencyof theMayor( Alderman P. W. Carey), when reference to the sad event was also made.—The Mayor (who spoke with much emotion), said Gentlemen, it is with deep feel- ings of regret that I heard of the death of one of our colleagues, Councillor Vaughan. I will not make any remarks all I can say is that I have lost a sincere and intimate friend; the town has lost a faithful and worthy representative-(hear, hear)—and the family a dear father and I am sure, gentlemen, you will join with me in a vote of condolence to the widow and family. I need not remind you of the strict mtettrity-(bear)-and the bold, un- flinching manner in which Councillor Vaugban performed his public duties, and I am sure you will agree with me that whilst doing his duty in what some of us thought, probably, a little dogged manner, still, I am certain he never did an injury to any man. (Hear, hear.) The funeral will take place at half-past two o'clock on Monday, and I am sure that you, with me, will endeavour to pay a mark of tribute and respect in carrying him to his last home. (Hear, hear.)—The Town Clerk read the resolution as follows That the members of this council uesire to place on record the deep regret with which they received the intelligence of the death of Mr Councillor W. E. Vaughan, J.P., who during an association of 17 years and upwards rendered many valuable services to the town and they beg to tender to Mrs Vaughan and her family an expression of'heartfelt sympathy and condolence In then* sad bereavement. Councillor TROCNCR seconded, and the resolu- tion was agreed to. Councillor GERHOLD suggested that out of respect to the memory of their late colleague the meeting should be adjourned. Councillor WHITE, however, while appreciating the spirit in which Councillor Gerhold's proposi- tion was made, explained that he and the Mayor had talked over the matter, and it seemed to them that inasmuch as the deputy town clerk, who was going away, had had the bye-laws (which they were to discuss) under his special charge, and that if the late Councillor Vanghan could be with them in spirit he would prefer to see the deliberations of the meeting continued, he thought that would be the best course to abopt. It was then agreed to proceed with the business for whiob the committee had been convened,
REFUGE ASSURANCE COMPANY. The annual report and balance-sheet issued by this flourishing company for the year ending December 31st, 1894, which will be found in another column, again exhibits remarkable progress. In the ordinary branch 13.017 policies were issued, assuring the sum of 27i2,504. The premiums received amounted to £ 109,883 19s 2d, being an increase of JB25,059 145 9^d over tho year 1893. The amount paid for claims was £ 28,673 9s lid, and for surrenders JB1,470 13s lid. In the industrial branch the premium-* received during the year amounted to £760,487 11s 2d, b-sing an increase of £ 61,396 15s over the yr>ar 1893. The amount paid for claims was £ 320,767 14s 3d. The premiums roopive>d in both branches in 1894 amounted to £870,37110, 4d, being an increase of £ 86,456 9* 9Jf2'1 over the premium income of 1893. Over £ 3.000,000 have been paid for claims in both branches since the establishment of the company. The total funds of the company have during the year been raised from £ 591,932 13s 7d to £ 728,036 6s lid, being an increase of £ 136,103 13s 4d. The secret of the company's success is the prompt manner in which the elaims arw paid. The in- vestments are of the safest possible kind, in. cluding £40,000 in tho Swansea Harbour Trust. Various other sums from £5.000 to £ 20,000 are invested with other corporate bodies. There is also jB20,000 invested in Colonial Government securities. We understand that the new chief offices in Oxford-street, Manchester, will be opened during this year. The building in an architectural wonder, the interior being hand- somely fitted up, with a desk accommodation for nearly 1,000 clerks. Prospectuses and general information may be obtained at 27, Custom House-street, Cardiff, Samuel Hayes, South Wales district manager. ■j, Tbt Chnrcb.HonseJwrreceived?an anonymous-
aD' aøOb)'m01JS- (from A. fil.000
The Cory-Zarate Case. I PROCEEDINGS IN THE COUNTY. COURT. Emphatic Denial of Base insinuations." Judgment fer Mr Ctry, There was a large attendance at the Cardiff County-court tbismorningwben, at ten o'clock, the adjourned interpleader action came on for hearing in which Mr John Oory, shipowner, of the firm of Messrs John Cory and Sons, Cardiff Docks, was directly concerned. Mr Arthur Lewis (instruc- ted by Mr Lewis Morgan) appeared for Messrs Powell, Roach, and Co., the execution creditors and Mr Bailhaahe (instructed by Mr Mr M. Rees) conducted the case for the claimant, Mr J. Oory. The third party in the matter was Madame Zarate, a Penarth lady, lately of Oakfield House, Westbourne-road, Penarth. Certain moneys, amounting to about :8100 in various sums, were claimed to have been lent to Madame Zarate by Mr John Cory, and he now contested his right to the furniture against the holders of execution for £36. Mr Morgan Rees was the first witnees, and, in answer to Mr Arthur Lewis, he said he saw Mr Cory personally some time prior to the bill of sale being given. There was a previous bill of sale given to Messrs Hern and Pertwee. He first knew judgment was expected to be signed against Mrs Zarate a week previous to the bill of sale bemg given, and informed Mr Fearney of the fact. Ib was by Mr Fearney's instructions/the terms of payment were inserted in the bill of sale, viz.. monthly payments of JB10 10s. Witness had nothing to do with the sale of the furniture. He knew the furniture was adverttscd by the instructions of Mrs Zarate or not, he could not say. When the bill of sale was given she lived at Oakfitfld Hoube, Westbourne-road, Penarth. Denial ef Accusations. A local paper was here put in containing an advertisement of the sale of furniture included in the schedule. Examination continued, witness said: There was a hill of sale given to Hem and Pertwee on Mis Z^rate's furniture, and Mr Oory instructed him to make a claim on behalf of the furniture. He charged j61 against Mrs Zarate, because she agreed to pay costa. That was, to a certain extent, for the purpose of pro- tecting the furniture. Mr Lewis Mr Cory and Madame Zarate, with regard to Hern and Pertwee's bill of sale, acted together with a view of defeating the creditors Nob at all. Had judgment been signed at that time t— Judgment had been signed at the time the claim was made. Mr Cory and Mrs Zarate combined to make the claim upon the furniture, she agreeing to pay coats ?—Yes. Was the same transaction carried out in regard to the second bill of sale ?—Nothing was said about costs. On whose instructions did you oharge them against Mrs Zarate ?-They have not been charged against her. Witness, in further examination, explained that certain cheques in the name of J. Cory and Sons" were debited to Mr J. Oory. Mr Bailhaohe here put in the bill of sale, and observed :—At the last Court Mr Arthur Lewis, in cross-examination of Mr Rees, made certain insinuations with reference to the relations between Mr Cory and Madame Zarate, and upon that his Honour said that Mr Cory ought to be here to explain His Honour I beg your pardon. Mr Lewis If Mr Cory choees to say I made any insinuations, I challenge him to prove it. Mr Cory in the Box. His Honour What I said was this. Mr Cory wrote a letter to the execution creditors saying he g^ve the monov out of charity, and his solicitor knew nothing about the lettn\ I said, under the QircuiE 'tancc -j, Mr Cory ought to have attended to explain how he came to write such a letter. As to any relationship between him and Mrs Zarate I know nothing, and care less. Mr Bailhache (to bis Honour): I don't say you made any insinuations. His Honour On the ground I have mentioned I said I thought Mr Cory ought to attend. Cer. tainly that was all that was in my mind. Mr Lewis Mr Cory is not justified in jumping to the conclusion that anything was said against bis moral character. His Honour said he was sorry if he had failed to clearly convey what was on his mind. Mr Bailhacbe Mr Cory is here and will go into the box and let Mr Lewis examine him in reference to these insinuations if he cares to do so. Mr Cory was then oalled, and examined by Mr Arthur Lewis, said he was the claimant under the bill of sale. The payments to Mrs ZArate passed through his firm's books, and were debited to him. The advances were made with the knowledge of his partners and of everyone connected with the department. He believed Mrs Zarate had not been in affluent circumstances for some time past. We have heard from your solicitor that it was by your instructions that) the instalment. of £10 10s monthly were inserted in the bill J of sale ?—I was not aware ot that. If my solicitor says so, no doubt it is eo. The Pure Charity ef a Benevelent Man. He has said so.—Ves; it is quite correct. Can you tell the Court how you expected Mrs Zarate, having regard to her pecuniary circum. stances, to pay this ten guineas monthly. Mr Fearney was your accredited agent 1—He was. He knew all about it. I have no time to go into these small matters. £101 may be a small matter to you, but it j would be an important one to most of ue. How did you expect her to pay you back ?—I did not expect it. You did not 1-1 did not; it was impossible. Did you ever expect a single penny of the jBlO which you so advanced ?—No, I don't think I did. I did not see how she was able to. His Honour: This was a bill of sale she executed to protect her property?—Partly. Mr Lewis Any other reason ?—Simply to save her property from these gentlemen. In answer to his Honour, witness admitted dictating the letter (alreadyipublished) of the 10th October, In whicblhe said he had given the moneys out of pure charity. Mr Arthur Lnwis I will give you the credit of speaking the truth when you wrote that letter. Is it true you did advance this money out of pure charity ?—Purely. The pure oharity of a benevolent man 1-Yes. To a woman m distressed circumstances whose husband had left her ?—Certainly. Content te Lese what was Given. Witness then said that he bad given Madame Zarate other sums besides thoee mentioned in the letter, and that those were the suma referred to in his letter when he wrote, I am quite content to lose what I have given her." He would have been present at the last Court if he knew that this would have been raised. His Honour thought witnees should explain the letter. He was a man of common sense, and must see that anyone reading the letter must assume that all the money handed to this lady was by way of gift. Witnees: Well, it is not, your Honour. Mr Lewis You say other moneya t Mr Cory What other moneys I have no record of them. Then, in reply to his Honour, witness said that some of these advances had been made out of his pocket, while others were obtained from the cashier, to whom he bad sent written instruc- tions. These amounts would be debited to his account as cash. He had not looked for them. His Honour "I am quite content to lose what I have given her." If you have given ill to her you can t get it back?—I have given her lots of small sums. His Honour I am content to lose what I have given her." Ignorant as to Details. Witness Tbey were not gifts. I ought to have said, no doubt, that they were loans. What was outside and not debited in the books I treated as gifts. Further examined by Mr Lewis, witness said he did not think the sums given, outside the loans now claimed, amounted to more than £25. which was not very much to lose after all. He did not know why he did not make some reference to these loans, which, as Mr Lewis put it, became loans on the 16th January, 1895, and he could not explain it. So far M his knowledge went he never took an I.O.U. from Mrs Zarate in reference to any one of these loans. He did not disguise the fact that he desired to protect the furniture of Mra Zarate from execution. The furniture was sold last week in his absence. He had not suggested until to-day that except the money entered in the books of bis firm (produced) he had given a single farthing to Madame Zarate. He could not understand why one item to pay Ingledew and Rees bad been altered to pay Madame Zarate, but his cashier was present. He never saw the account until yesterday. He bad not gone through the books, as he had been away on business every week since Christmas. He had not gone through the account before giving instructions rt the bill of sale. His atten- tion had never been called to the item mentioned. Mr Lewis Is your position in this matter entirely one of ignorance of the debails ?—I pm ignorant to a very great extent. A Vigorous and Indignant Denial. Mr Bailhache So far as the proceeds of the saU went, you considered they belonged to you ? —Yes. I now wish to ask you a question as to the insinuations made at the last Court. Mr Lswis protested that there were no insinua- tion*. His Honour made a similar comment. Mr Lewis I said his conduct was actuated by the pure charitableness of a benevolent man to II lady whose husband had left her, and if Mr Cory ohoses to think any insinuations were made upon him, be it so. Mr Cory (addressing Mr Lewis); I do oonsider the basest insinuations were made against me, and if I had been here I should have made you withdraw them. Mr Bailhaohe: No doubt insinuations were made. Mr Cory There is not the slightest foundation for them. No foundation at all ?—None whatever. There was nothing at all improper in your relationship with Mrs Zarate ?—Nothing. From first to last ?—From first to last. His Honour, having resard to the letter of the 10th October, put it to Mr Cory whether he did not think it desirable to withdraw from the proceeding?. j Mr Cory 80 far as I myself am oonoemed I would but I simply foroe the claim to pfoteet the lad v. His Honour: Yon-admit that MM letter wa* The Decision. His Honour could not help that, and failed to see how anyone could come to the conclusion that aoy insinuation could be made against the character of Mrs Zarale or Mr Cory. The reason be adjourned the case (as he said before) was this lIe thought then, and thought now, that the letter written by Mr Cory required explanation from him. If Mr Cory had remembered the letter the claim would probably never have been made. The question now reo solved itself into the simple one whether con. sideration for the bill was truly stated. The bill of sale was made up of four items. The first was £5!S 9s Id, paid for another bill of sale the next was j656 109 6d, advanced by Mr Cory to pay off judgmeut with the execution creditors aud then came £ 101;lE8d, which Mr Cory said was a loan. It must be apparent to everyone that the deed WM prepared to protect the furniture he could not say that that was illegal; he could not say the consideration in that respect was untruly stated, or that it set aside the agreement. Judgment for the claimant; but hedid not propose to give costs, because he thought the letter written by Mr Cory misled these people to make this claim.
County Council Elections RESULTS OF rHE POLLS. GLAMORGANSHIRE. The following are results of the poll in the con- tested elections which have taken place during the past week BRITON IBBBT.— Jenkin Hill, Lib., 404; E. V. Pegge. Con., 425. TRRFOREBT DISTRICT.—David Leyahon, Ind., 684 William Spickett, Lib., 520. LLWYDCOED DIVISION. -M H. Rhys (L), 577 D. Morgan (L), 561. GADLYa DIVISION. -David Morgan (L), 770; W. Thomas (L), 355. ABERDARE TOWN.—John W. Evans (L), 586 Thomas Thomas (L), 376. A BE I< AM AN.—Thomas Davies (L), 481 Thos. Rees (L). 375. BLAKNGARW.—John Howells returned unop. posed. MKHTHTK, TOWN DIVISION.—-J. W. Lewis (C), 706 Alfred Edwards (L), 597. CADOXTON DISTRICT.—Dr. Trehame (C), 367 Rev. W. Williams (L), 318. BRIDGKNC DISTRICT.—WM. Powell (L), 447 Wm. McGaul (U), 399. NKATH TowN (NORTH WARD).—John Henry Rowland, L.U. aud NON. Unopposed. NEATH TOWN (SOUTH WARD).-W. B. Trick, Con. and Non. Uuopposed. COKDFRANO.—Newafl Moore, Con. and Ch. Unopposed. DTLAis VALLEY.-E. E. Bevan, Con. and Ch. Unopposed. RKSOi.vRN.—IsMoEvaas, Lib. and Cb. Un- opjwsed. RHONDDA DIVISION, FBRNDALE.—D. Thomas. Lib. and Non., 643; Morgan Thomas, Lib. and Non., 597. MOUNTAIN ASH.—DufFBYN WARD: Thomas Morris, 549 Samuel Evans, 459 John Lewis, 316. The first-named was elected. LOOGHOR AND PNXDKRRY.—Sfr John Llewellyn, Con., 636 S. Thomas, Lib., 433. PKNTRF.—Richard Morris, Lib. and Non., 473 Howell Price, Lab. aud Non., 348. CYFARTHFA DIVISION.—David Davies (L), 516 T. Morgan (C), 370. YSTRAD RHONDDA.—Clifford J. Cory, Lib. and Non., 804 J. B. Price, 133. PKNYGRAIG.—J. Jones Griffiths, Lib.ftnd Non., 779 J. W. Jones. Con. and Ch., 424. RHONDDA DmsoN (TONYPANDT). — William Williams, Lib. and Non., 497; Daniel Thomas, Lib. and Non., 400. CARMARTHENSHIRE. KIDWJSU,Y.—Kolmes Stead, Con., 243; DL Stephens, Lib., 230. LILANDITO RURAL DISTRICT. -William Jones, L.U., 320 William Jones, Lib., 254. LLANGADOCK.—Thomas Hopkins, Lib., 236 Wm. Davies, Lib., 203. LTANDKBIE DISTRICT.—H. Herbert, Lib., 285 J. Price, Cou., 145. CENARTH.-O. E. Jeremiah, Lib. and Non., 211 David Davies, Ind. and Non., 210. LLANGBLKR.—Thomas Thomas, Con., 346; Daniel Lewis, Lib. and Non., 252. MONMOUTHSHIRE. MONMOUTH BOROUGH.—Thomas Gilbert Proaser, unopposed. SKBNFKITH DIVTSION.—James Break well. Un. opposed. Rise A (NORTH WARD).—Walter P. Nicholas, Lib. Unopposed. RISOA (SOUTH W ARD).-Edwin Allen Taylor, Lib. Unopposed. ABBRSYCHAN (CSNTRAII WARD).—J. Daniel, J.P., Lib., 374; W. B. Witchell, Lib., 33. PEMBROKESHIRE. PEMBROKE, DIVISION 30.-W. H. O. M. Bryant, Con. and Ch., 206; John Jones, Lib. and Non., 158. PEMBROKE, DIVISION 31.—Robert George, Con. and Ch., 207;, Wm. Gibbs, Lib. and Non., 118. LANGWM DIVISION.—Richatd Carrow, Con., 171 Rev. James Phillips, Lib., 101. ST. DAVID'S DIVISION.—Howard J. Griffiths, Lib., 193 J. Lewis, Con., 153. WHITCHURCH, SOLVA.-Thomas, Lib., 192, Reynolds, Ceo., 98. AMBLESTON DIVISION.—James Jenkins, Lib. and Non., 156 J. Yorke, gentleman, Ind., 139. CAMROSK.—W. J. Canton, Lib. and Non., 139 Arthur Massey, Con., 121. ST. DAVID'S DIVISION.—J. H. Griffiths, Lib., 193; J. Phillips, Con., 153. WAIWYNS CASTLE DIVISION.—W. H. Walters, Con. and Ch., 134 John George, Lib. and Non., 129. STEYNTON DIVISION.—Fishar, Con. and Ch., 168 Cole, Lib. and Non., 127. BEGKLLY DIVISION.—T. John, Lib., 158 W. Wilson, Con., 120. ST. ISSELI/S DIVISION.-C. H. Vickerman, Con., 209 George Bancroft, Lib., 112,
SENSATIONAL DEATH IN SWANSEA PRISON. Mark Morris, a young collier of 23 years of age, hailing from Porkb, died at Swansea Gaol on Sunday under conditions which are causing some comment. The secondary cause of death is said to be inflammation of the cerebellum, hut that is alleged to have been primarily due to injuries received .by him in a conflict with some mem- bers of the county police force at Porkb. Morris about a fortnight ago indulged in a drunken bout, which ended in an attempt to look him up, and whilst on the road to the station the policeman considered it neces- sary to use bis staff upon him. The prisoner is alleged to have been so violent and to have needed such restraint that his head was badly cut. When taken before the magistrates he was sentenced to a month's imprisonment with hard labour, and on his recepbion at Swansea Gaol he was with other prisoners put) upon the treadmill. He complained afterwards of pains 111 his head, and by the surgeon's instructions was placed in the infir- mary ward. On the 21st February he was known to be sutteriug from erysipelas, and late in the week his condition became so grave that his parents were communicated with. His mother and sister arrived, and the for. mer stayed with him all day on Sunday until in the evening he gradually sank and died. The Inquest. The inquest on the body of Mark Morris, a young collier, 23 years of aire, hailing from Porth, who died at Swaueea Gaol on Sunday, was opened at the gtol on Monday afternoon before Mr Edward Striok.—The first witness called was Mrs Catherine Morris, the mother of deceased, of 6, Furnace-road, Tylors- town, Ferndale, wife of a collier. The deceased, she said, was a colliei and unmarried, and lived at home with his parents. Last Wednesday she oame to Swansea to see deceased, because she was informed he was in a critical condition, and she was present when be died at 10.45 on Sunday night. She went on to say at the time of the arrest people ran to her and said there were four policemen killing her boy. and if she did not run down soon she would not see him alive. She went out and saw her daughter with her arms round deceased'sneck,lbegging the policemen not to kill him. She gaw no blows, but his face was streamiug with blnod. The witness was about to go into another question when the Coronet said he did not think they could go into that now; that was a matter which might not end at that inquesr, and they must therefore keep to strict evidence.—Witness went on to say there were plenty of witnesses as to the blows. It was on the high road just below Pantygwyllt. They beathim from the bridgedown the town, and there was blood onhis face and on the wall on one side of the road. At that time he was in the custody of four policemen. On the way to Porth for the trial she went in the same carriage. There were two policemen with him, one stationed at Ynishir named Evans, she believed, and the other from Wattstown. She spoke to ber,son. who told her that it was the two constables with him than who bad beat him worst.$That was said in their hearing. There was. a second prisoner with her son, who was also much injured. She told the constables they ought to be ashamerl of themselves. The Coroner Did the police say anything to you ?-No, they said nothing to me. This concluded the mother's evidence, but sheob- tained permission to complain that when she went to the court with money to pay the fine, should one be imposed, she could not gain admittance, the police saying the place was full. The Coroner then said he did not propose to go any further into the case that day, as the necessary witnesses were not present. Having regard to what had passed, he had ordered a post-mortem examination, whioh might disoloee a great deal. Mrs Morris said she had telegraphed her husband to get down the necessary witnesses as to the assault, and it was finally decided to adjourn the inquiry till Thursday.
SUNLIGHT SOAP WRAPPER COMPETITIONS. The December Sunlight Su..p Wrapper Com- petition is announced for the No. 6 district, which includes Wales and Moumoufchahire. Winners of silver keyless lever Walthain watches hail from Chepstow, Penmaenmawr, Wrexham, -Shrfwtbury, DowSais, and Cardiff. The prises for 1895 wiD' co%Jiist;ot books by tbe besb staudard for 1895 will consist of books by the besb standard authors, which are awarded to competitors who send in wrap". In thif way vilhMre*'Hbraries tnav be formed.
Appalling Tragedy in London. WIFE AND FIVEOHILDREN BUTCHERED. The Deed of the Father, HE COMMTrS SUtCtDE. The Ptesa Association states that terrible tragedy was reported on Thursday from Wands- worth. A wife and six children have been mur- dered. Details of the affair are at present unknown. A later telegram saya the murderer committed suicide. A domestic tragedy occurred at Tooting on Thursday at the house of a plasterer namedTaylor, in Fountain-road. The neighbours heard the sound of scuffling, and the police were informed. On an entry being made into the premises it was discovered that Taylor bad murdered bis wife and six children, and subsequently committed suicide. He had been out of work for some time. LATEST PARTICULARS. The inhabitants of Fountain-road were terrified on Thursday early by seeing a young boy, the son of a plasterer named Taylor, running through the street screaming and with blood streaming from terrible slashes about hia face and body. They immediately forced their way into the house, and the scene that met their eyes was of a most sickening description. Taylor, it transpired, had murdered his wife and five children, the boy who gave the alarm, and who is in a precarious condition, being the only survivor. Taylor himself, who is described as a quiet, inoffensive man, but who had become despondent because of want of work, completed the tragedy by cutting his own throat. He was still alive when discovered, but died on his way to the Infirmary. Some of the neighbours state that Taylor, in addition to being out of employment, had Buffered lately from an attack of influenza. He was 39 years of age, and Martha, his wife, was three or four years younger. A Runaway Match. They had been married fifteen years, and his wife, whose maiden name was Hockhng, belonged to a well-to-do manufacturing family m the Star- ordshire potteries. It is supposed that she came from Ronton. It was a runaway and unequal match, but the couple appeared to iive happily together. Children came fast and work was slack, but they stood by eaoh other, and a steadier or more affeotionate pair could not be found. Taylor was, moreover, a teetotaler, but from Christmas until last Mon. day week he had been prevented from working because of the frost, and only earned a little money by carrying water from stand pipes to his neighbours. The boy Willie Taylor, who is about 15 years of age, states that he heard screams this morning, and the father came in and called ont, Willie, Where are You P" It was dark at the time. and when the boy moved his father seized hold of him. I did not know what to do," said the lad, till he pushed my head back on the pillow and screwed it round a bit, and then I felt something keen, and then something warm. I managed to wriggle out of bed and run down stairs to call in the neighbours. Conflicting Statements. A later message from Tooting states that four of the children attacked by Taylor have been found to be dead, but that one child is still living, although the injuries inflicted are of so severe a character that its ultimate recovery is regarded as hopeless. The child in question was able to escape from the house, and, appearing outside with blood streaming from the throat, alarmed the neighbours. Names ef the Murdered Children. The Press Association telegraphing at 1.30 that afternoon, states that the first reporl that six children had been killed proves correct. The houahold consisted of Frank Taylor and his wife and family of seven, the names of the children being Frank, aged 14 Maggie, 13 Annie, 11 Florence, 7 Frederick, 5 Willie, 3; and George, aged one year and eight monbha. Taylor, who was sleeping with his wife in the front bedroom, first cut the unfortunate woman's throat with a razor, and then proceeded to the back bedroom, where he deliberately cut the throats of, and killed, all his seven children except Fravk. Then, with exclamations IiInd moans which betrayed his mental agony, he retreated to bill own room and cut his own throat, Falling Aoress the Lifeless Body of His Wife. The boy Frank, in a later statement, says that he was the first to be attacked by his father. The other children began to saream, and he thereupon lefb him (Frank) and killed the others one by one, the last victim being FJorne. A Perfeot Shambles. Before he killed Florrie. however, there was an interval which Taylor spent in sharpen- ing the razor. When the police arrived on the scene the two rooms were covered with blood and were a perfect shambles. Taylor was still breath- ing, but he was unable to ma.ke any statement and expired, as stated, on the way to the Hospital. The bodies of five of the children were found huddled together on the bed, and the state of the bed indicated that they had made a feeble attempt to escape their maddened father's onslaught. The tragedy has caused the greatest excitement in the neighbourhood, and much sym. pathy is felt for the unfortunate family. No one had heard Taylor threaten to kill either himself or his family, and he was never suspeoted of being capable of committing such a crime.
LORD ROSEBERY'S HEALTH. Sir Wm. Broadbent issued the following bulletin on Wednesday morning Lord Rosebery continues to improve, but regains strength only slowly." Having re- gard to the Premier's improved condition, Sir Wm. Broadbent dispensed with his customary afternoon visit. Upon inquiry last night it was ascertained that hia lordship was able to get up at noon and remain out of bed till four o'clock. The Queen sent a special messenger from Buckingham Palace to obtain the latest informa- tion, and Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar called personally. Thursday morning's bulletin stated that Lord Rosebery continued to improve slowly. The influenza scourge is responsible still for a great many empty seats in both Houses, but it is satisfactory to know that the Premier and Mr Balfour are both fairly on the way to recovery. One is so apt to think of the Prime Minister as a jaunty young man. due probably to his manner and his youthful style of dress, that one never realises the fact of his being the sedate father of a family. Lord Rosebery was, it may be remem- bered, married 111 1878 to Hannah, the daughter of Baron Meyer de Rothschild, whom he had the great misfortune to lose five years ago. This lady was the mother of his four children-the heir to the title Lord Dalmeny, the Hon. Neil Archibald and the Ladies Sybil end I TH* WART, OF ROSUBKRY'S CHILDREN. Margaret Primrose. It is probable that wlitn Lord Dalmeny does succeed to the title he will be one ot the richest men in England, as, although much of the mother's patrimony (said to have been £ 2,009,000) is naturally split up between the younger son and his sisters, there is believed to have been a large sum in trust for the heir, which, added to the already extensivo fortune of the Rosebery properties, must mean an enormous sum. Lord Rosebery's forbears were shrewd old Scotch lawlers, who made money in the days of Charles I., and in the degenerate days that succeeded the Commonwealth. The family was ennobled in the first year of Queen Anne, and has in five or six generations de- veloped from a barony into an earldom. One curious point about Lord Rosebery is his armorial crest, which is very similar to that of Royalty, with this difference, that a second hon is suhsn- tuted for the unioorn.
THE BANKRUPTCY OF A I SWANSEA SOllCI rOR. Mr Charles Norton, solicitor, who is now in Swansea Gaol on a commitment from the registrar of the Swansea Bankruptcy-court for neglecting to comply with certain requirements of the court, would in the ordinary course come up for his adjourned puhllo examination in bankruptcy to-day. It is, however, understood that he has not prepared the statement of account for which the examination was last adjourned, and it is improbable that the examination will proceed to-day, and it is possible that, without further examination, the case will be adjourned sine, die, and thus there will immediately com- mence a criminal proseoution by order of the Treasury against tho debtor for breach of truat in connection with the estate of Mrs Haymes, of Leamington, for whom he was a co-trustee, and whose property—worth about £ 18.00(1—he is eaid to have realised and used as his own.
1- The Liberator Coliapse. DIRECTORS AGAIN IN COURT.. The directors of the Balfour Group of Com. panics, Messrs Dibley, Brock, Wright, Theobald, and COidwells, M.P., charged with conspiracy and fraud, again answered to their recognisances at the Guildhall on Wednesday, when Alderman Davies proceeded with the hearing of the summons against them as usual. Major Wright was the first to pun in an appearance. Ho usually occupies himself throughout the day with sketoh. ing upon large sheets of foolscap. Latterly Mr Brock, who was the next to arrive, has taken to this pastime, particularly when the evidence is a. mere recital of figures. Mr Dibley, whose appearance indicated that he has quite got over his illness, ocoupied himself prior to the arrival of the Alderman with a study of portraits of parties coucerned with the case, recently published in one of the illustrated papers. The attendance of the general public was very limited. Mr Joseph J. Greaves was oalled by Mr Mathews for the Treasury. He said he was an auctioneer at Sheffield and was well acquainted with the Meresbrook Estates there. With regard to a specific item of £5,000 in the accounts of the Land Allotment for 1890, for filling np a dam, he said it had never been filled up. THE BRIGHTON ESTATE. Mr Horton Ledger, auctioneer, Brighton, said that in 1890 he had on his books tor sale a portion of the estate known as the Queen's Park, Brighton. In October, 1890, Mr Steele came to him about purchasing a portion of the estate, which included Duddell Villn. Witness sold that portion of the estate to him and included the villa in the sale, the price being £ 30,000.—Mr Matthews observed that the magistrate would remember that in 1891 £10,000 was added to the value of the estate ou the ground that the villa was not included in the original sale. He added that wit.h the exception of a witness from the Isle of Wight, who could not get here till later, this would close the Land Allotment Co.'s case. He would now ask the attention of the Court to the second division of the case, referring to a number of transactions connected with the House and Land Investment Trust. That was the third in exigence of the Balfour Group of Companies, having been preceded by the Land Allotment Company and the Liberator Building Society. TUK LAND ACLGTMICNT COMPANY. It was incorporated on the 7th June, 1875, and -existed down to the 25th October, 1892, upon which day the winding.up order was made. The three directors, who as direotors were charged before the Court, were Messrs Brook, Wright and Cold wells, but he (counsel) could not reserve either Mr Coldwells or jMr Dibley from attendance during the investigation of the oase of this trust. Mr Jabez Balfour was the chairman from the commencement, and although he was its moving and commanding spirit, i t would be found that Mr Brock was for many years a chairman of the company,he having been appointed on the 28th July, 1879, and remained in his capacity of a. director down to the date of tho winding up. Major Wrighb dated his appointment as from the 19th of March, 1883, whilst Coldwells dated his appointment from the 9tb March, 1888, and both fulfilled these positions down to the date when the company went into liquidation. Although a somewhat late comer, against Coidwelis it would have to be said that he was for many years manager and director of a property called the Brading property, situated in the Isle of Wight, and be was well able to form an estimate of ite value, whilst the books showing a gross mis- representation of tho value came before him as a director for four years. In regard to two of those years, 1891 and 1892, the transactions would be impeached before the Court. The prospectus of the company stated that it was proposed to raise the funds of the company by means of deposit and debenture certificates, possessing the principal feature of shares of a building society and whilst the direotors and friends were prepared to subscribe for the whole of the capital, it was thought thab many investors con- nected with the Liberator and other institutions with which the directors were identified would be glad to hold shares, and therefore the board invited application for them. Their capital was £300,000 divided into 30,000 JB10 shares. WHEHE THE PEOPLE'S SAVINGS WENT, In March, 1881, the capital was increased to £500,000, divided into 100,000 JES shares. Up to 1890 10,000 shares had been allotted. It was a melancholy feature of the case that as between the publication of the last balanoe-sheet and the winding-up order there was received by the com- pany in respect to share capital no less than j327,528 in deposit*. There was received the very large sum of £190.690 in the last 10 months of the existence of the company. In this oase again the Court would have to inquire into added profit and premium, which had no existence in fact. The value of these properties was swollen, swollen, swollen, swollen, until that which figured in the books of the company as of the valne of J6200,000 in the year 1880 amounted to something like con- siderably over half a million. There were two sets of figures published within eight months of each other. They would show what was the actual financial position at the date of the wind- ing-up order, October, 1892. The direotors on the balance-sheet circulated un the 11th March, 1892. stated their asset* to be £2,407,853, and after paying dividends and profits and adding £4,000 to tho reserve there was carried forward a profit balance of £8,732. A statement of affairs showing what was the position of the company according to the estimates of the accountant in October, 1892, was to the effect thab the nett assets of the company were estimated to amount to :£567,405, while the balance ot the liabilities over assets was £1,513,546, to which when was added, as must be added, the sub. scribed share capital of £103,000, there was a gross surplus of liabilities over assets of £1,656,630, Contrast those two statements assets, two millions odd surplus profit balance, £8;700 odd. FANTASTIC ACCOUNTS. So in 1892 there was a surplus of liabilities over assets of £1,656,000, The charges against the directors of the Lands Allotment Company and other directors were under sections 83 and 84 of the Larceny Act of 1861, which made it an offence for directors with intent to defraud making false entries in the books of the company, and pub- lishing statements which they knew to be false. He next called attention to an incident which occurred in October, 1890, and consequently before the publication of the balance-sheet of 1890. Mr< Leonard Balfour Bums, a nephew of Mr Jabez Balfour, wrote to the board resigning his position as a director. Specific attention must be called to the letter, because the contention of the prosecution was that the letter came before the board ftb a meeting, ab which three of the directors were present, on October 20tb, 1890, and further, it was the contention of the prosecution that any honest man wh9 read that letter was bound to take the course whioh Mr Leonard Balfour Burns took, and resign his position as director if the balance-sheets continued to be issued in the form in which, up to that time, thoy had been issued to the public. BALFOUR'S NKPHEW'S t-KTTNB. The letter was as follows :— Oakriale-road, Streatham, S.W., Oct. 16, 1890. My Dear Uncle,—I have been for some time past seriously considering ray position as a member of the board of the House and Land Trust, and, after very careful thought, I have come to the conclusion that I must resign my directorship. I beg you will therefore put my resignation before the board at their next meeting. The considerations that h»»e influenced m« in this decision are mainly theseI feel it quite im- possible to concur any longer in the policy of increas- ing the capital amounts of the large properties by charging in respect of the interest. This'has been done year after year until these accounts in many cases are swollen to figures which, in my opinion, are now far beyond the value they can ever possibly realise. The hopeful anticipations as to the future of these properties which you have always held and urged as a justification for t,his proceeding, seem to me now at least to require confirmation by the reports and valuations of independent experts before any further application of this kind and this policy of discounting the future would be justified. I think this point has special force where, as in the case in the trust, the board haa not the benefit of the assistance and advice of professional auditors. Where a company, such all the trust, has not professional auditors I feel here again nothing of the present system is justified, having regard to the enormous volume of the accounts and their complex aud varied character. But any.way, where there are no professional men as auditors the direciiw ought to have, I think, the protection of a periodical valuation of their assets ifor these reasons principally I have decided to reo sign. "There is another one, however, which I think makes it not undesirable that I should do so, namely, the fact that notwithstanding the large tnmsactions existing between the Liberator Building Society and tho Trust, with neuessai ily separate and individual interests, a. majority of tho Liberator Board are also directors of the Trust. I am taking this step now rather than at the cud of the current year because, feeling as X do, "that I could under no circumstance* be a party to the issue of another balance-sheet based on the same principle as hitherto, I must by raising these objections at a. late hour cause embarrassment. Nothing is further from my wish than to do this. On the contrary, I wish, having regard to what I feel to be my duty in this matter, to occasion as little trouble and friction by my retirement as possible. Trusting you will bring this matter before your boardjfon Monday. (signed) LEONARD BALFOUR BURNS. NOT THE ONLY WARNING. The learned counsel subsequently went into details of the alleged offences, and proceeded to call witnesses, whereupon the Alderman said that he gave an expression of opinion in the last case. In this he should not do so, but let it stand on its own merits, and therefore defending counsel might cross-examine.—Mr Woodfall asked what was the charge against Dibley in this case ?—Mr Mathews replied that he did not cha ge him here with doing anything criminal, bnthe could not dismiss him from the case. It was mentioned by Mr Mathews that the letter from Balfour Burns was not the only letter of warning that the directors received, because there was another letber sent to the direotors by Mr Hobbs, who protested against the loading of the estates with interest in the way in which the directors were doing. Mr Walter Zuainall, senior, examiner in the office of the Official Receiver, was the first wit. ness. He spoke to having examined the books for the financial year ending 31st January, 1891, and 31st January, 1892. The value placed upon the trading property in 1891 was £490,432. It bad been growing ill value in the banks since its acquisition in 1876, when its value was placed at £39,645. The property was originally taken under an Act of Parliament, for the benefit Of which the sum of £4,500 was paid with a deposit in addition of £300. In 1880 the pro- perty stood in tllA books ft the Ifand Lands Trust at £172,000, and in 1886 the book value of the property stood at £359,186, In January of thab quarter ;£30,890 was added as interest. Witness gave details of the way in which the vat"* of the oratjerfcy as r»»w«sented,in the books was increased year by year, until it was gif in 1891, as being worth £ 490,432, Witness thab on the 20bh October, 1890» the foUJJB resolution waw passed at a meeting of the with respect bo the resignation of Mr Balfour Burns:—"The chairman havinKj^H municated to the board the contents of Mr B letter, and of his wish to resign his seat board, the directors regret that they now been apprised of tLe view expressed pf 9B Burns, which appears to be inconsistent policy which has hitherto received his l'he board feel that they have no alternative JK to accept Mr Burns'a resignation, thanking for his services and for his coutinued go04^B tory Estate Resolved, to seal the ountracM^* sale aud purchase of a plot of ground knoWtf^B the Observatory Estate for £ 6,400, and plant material for £ 2,000."—Mr Avory The you see, is nearly a month after the close ofj^B financial year.—Witness went on to say that thIs date bills for jB20,000 were gIven and a defJMjf for £ 4,500 appeared by the books to have paid on the 31st January, 1892. The bills drawn by the Building Securities accepted by the House and Laud Trust. } were all signed by Wright on behalf of the iug Securities, and most of them were by Coldwells on behaif of the Trust. Half of bills,amounting to jBlO.OCO appeared to have presented and honoured, Thert) was J i trace of any transaction to £ entry of this £ 35,000 as a ? Turning to the minute book of the Trust of ? 4th of April, 1892, witness said he meeting at which Brock, Coldwells, and yfjF were present. The secretary there letter from the Building Securities Comp11^! dated 4th April, 1892, offering to purchase estate for £ 71,745 14s. The figures were in pencil in the minute book where the letter** set out. He had not found the original J. It appeared to have been discussed, and the accepted. Turning to the minute book of Sp Building Securities Company he found a of directors the same day, attended by Wfflm and Coldwells. «| INTKRWOVKN CONCERNS. FLFE It was there resolved to submit an offs, purchase from the House and Laud Trust interest in the Observatory Estate at the p1'1 £75,745 14s. On the 1>
DRAMATIC NOTES. § ■ 1, There is real life in Hansel and Greteb pi* German fairy opera by Humperdinck, as fi I ARTHUR ROBERTS. judged from fact that again started third Enf?i^jjr stage, at the *00 cess's, with ".gpf prospect of and successful tJf, f Its career at and the was cut .8, through ba IL4 make way ■ previous r tracts, and t astuta Sir ,V tus, seeing a, probabilities 1 fd secured it > London and the provinces, stick, stooK, ^j||rj| barrel. Ib is new, very beautiful entrancing music, and everyone who has ne«3ed it comes away rejoicing in its refre innocence. Gentleman Joe," the farcical n; or Robcrtian farce at the Prince of Wales ml bound to catch on, for Arthur, the inimibabl- at his very best iu i5, and what more can -pf unless it is to compliment W. H. Denny on abl« to hold his own by the side of such a n*. j)i' droll, aud to say that Hugh Moss has jus tit wonderful reputation as a producer of pieces. At the Avenue, Dandy Dick ton appears to have hit the public taste, collaboration of Ivan Caryll and George again scores heavily.
t1 At Bootle Police-court Ella Spooner Monday committed to Liverpool Assizea for cruelty to a child entrustod to her keepinff^l" married oouple connected with a travelling 01 1100 Prisoner received 5s weekly for the child» j,g said that prisoner applied a hot shovel ( buttocks, severely burning then:. When'11 (.hjJ, t to rise from bed SpooiH-r dragged her out, be (F I with a slipper, and blackened b*r eye** ^jt? | another oecasiou she burnt the child's toug^'jio*' a red-hot poker, alleging she told lies. Adi^i evidence confirmed the child'? evidence, » j^r» that but for a strong mwi.inn iw «he wou'0 succumbed- iSB Ami